Loudon's Hortus Britannicus: A Catalogue of All the Plants Indigenous, Cultivated In, Or Introduced to Britain (Classic Reprint)

1kg Limited, 19.09.2016 - 632 Seiten
Excerpt from Loudon's Hortus Britannicus: A Catalogue of All the Plants Indigenous, Cultivated In, or Introduced to Britain

In this work, with the exception Of the first sixty-two pages of the Linnean Arrangement, the sounds Of the accented vowels are indicated by the mark placed over each, the long sound by a grave accent the short by an acute but, as in the abovementioned sixty-two pages the acute accent alone is employed, the following observations will be found useful in showing when the vowel is to be sounded long, and when short: Every accented penultimate vowel is pronounced long, when followed by a vowel or a single consonant, as Achillea tomentosa; but it is shortened when followed by two consonants or a double one, as Sorbus, Taxus; except when the first consonant is a mute and the second a liquid, as A'brus.

Every accented antepenultimate vowel, except a, is pronounced short, as Helleborus, Humulus but when succeeded by a single consonant, followed by e or i and another vowel, it is lengthened, as Stellaria; except which is short, as Tilia.

A unaccented, ending a word, is pronounced like the interjection ah, as Sticta (ah).

E final, with or without a consonant preceding, always forms a distinct syllable, as Silene, A'loe; also when the vowel is followed by a final consonant as Trichoma-nes, not Tricho-manes.

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