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(if its antecedents be traced backward) in the Kew Syracuse Section, Syracuse, New York, DeObservatory, which was maintained by the Britishcember 30. Association from 1842 to 1872, in which period the

The next meeting of the national committee association spent some £12,000 on its upkeep.

will occur in New York City on December


this meeting are the consideration of the reA PRELIMINARY report of “The Reorganiza

port on “ The Reorganization of the First tion of the First Courses in Secondary School

Courses in Secondary School Mathematics,"

the report on “The Valid Aims and Purposes Mathematics” prepared by the subcommittee, which was authorized to publish it was issued

of the Study of Mathematics” and the proon November 25. It is being made the basis

posed revision of college entrance require

ments. of discussion by organizations, committees,

The United States Bureau of Education has local groups, etc., throughout the country.

offered to publish the reports of the National Over 30 such organizations are at present at

Committee in the form of leaflets or bulletins. work on this report. The whole of the meeting of the Association

A Mathematics Section of the West Virginia of Teachers of Mathematics in the Middle

State Teachers' Association was organized in States and Maryland in Philadelphia on

Fairmont on November 28. Professor John November 29 was devoted to the discussion of

Eiesland, of the University of West Virginia, this report; it had a prominent place on the

was elected chairman of the newly formed Secprogram of the Central Association of Science

tion. Professor C. N. Moore spoke in behalf and Mathematics Teachers in Chicago on

of the work of the National Committee. November 28 and 29 and at the meeting of the

CHEMICAL LECTURES AT WEST POINT AND Association of Teachers of Mathematics in

ANNAPOLIS New England in Boston on December 6.

The American Chemical Society has arCommittees representing organizations in

ranged a series of lectures on the relations of the following states are actively cooperating

chemistry to problems of interest in cadets of with the National Committee: Massachusetts,

the United States Military and Naval AcadRhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Penn

emies. The lectures to be given at West Point sylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Illi

are as follows: nois, Wisconsin, Iowa, North Dakota, Missouri and Texas.

Dr. Wm. H. Nichols, New York City. Sulfuric Local groups or clubs are studying the re

acid, the pig iron of chemistry. January 10, 1920.

Dr. Wm. H. Walker, Massachusetts Institute of port in Boston, Springfield (Mass.), Provi

Technology, Cambridge, Mass. Manufacturing dence, New Haven, New York City, Wash

problems of gas warfare. January 17, 1920. ington, Baltimore, Cincinnati, Columbus

Dr. Chas. L. Parsons, 1709 G St., N.W., Wash(Ohio), Terre Haute, Chicago, St. Louis, St. ington. D. C. Nitrogen fixation and its relation to Paul, Minneapolis and in several smaller cities. warfare. January 24, 1920.

Meetings in addition to those previously an- Dr. Henry Fay, Massachusetts Institute of Tech. nounced at which the work of the National nology, Cambridge, Mass. · The amorphous state in Committee will be discussed are as follows: metals. January 31, 1920. Mathematical Association of America in St. Dr. Chas. L. Reese, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Louis, December 29 and in New York, Jan

Co., Wilmington, Del. Explosives. February 7, uary 2; Ohio State Teachers' Association,

1920. Columbus, December 30; Pennsylvania State The lectures at Annapolis are: Educational Association, Philadelphia, De

Dr. Henry Fay, Massachusetts Institute of Techcember 30; Association of Teachers of Mathe nology, Cambridge, Mass. Iron and steel. Nomatics in the Middle States and Maryland, vember 15, 1919, to post-graduate student officers. Southern Section, Baltimore, December 13, Dr. John Johnston, Yale University, New

Haven, Conn. The utilization of research. December 13, 1919, to post-graduate student officers.

Dr. Arthur D. Little, Charles River Road, Cambridge, Mass. Natural resources in their relation to military supplies. January 17, 1920, to postgraduate student officers.

Dr. Wm. H. Nichols, 25 Broad St., New York City. Sulfuric acid, the pig iron of chemistry. February 6, 1920, to midshipmen.

Dr. Willis R. Whitney, General Electric Co., Schenectady, N. Y. Industrial research. February 7, 1920, to post-graduate student officers.

Dr. W. Lee Lewis, Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill. Organic research in toxic gases. March 6, 1920, to post-graduate student officers.

Dr. Chas. L. Reese, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Wilmington, Del. Explosives. April 2, 1920, to midshipmen, April 3, 1920, to post-graduate student officers.

Dr. Wilder D. Bancroft, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. Organized research. April 30, 1920, to midshipmen, May 1, 1920, to post-graduate student officers.

Dr. Wm. H. Walker, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. Manufacturing problems of gas warfare. May 15, 1920.

versity, who passed his seventieth birthday anniversary last July, was stricken with pneumonia in November.

SIR HENRY A. MIERS, vice-chancellor of the University of Manchester, and formerly professor of mineralogy at the University of Oxford, has been elected president of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society.

THE Royal Meteorological Society has awarded the Symons memorial gold medal for 1920 to Professor H. H. Hildebrandsson for distinguished work in connection with meteorological science.

DR. A. PIRELLI has been elected president of an Italian Society of Chemical Industry which has been organized at Milan.

Dr. J. C. MOLENNAN, professor of physics in the University of Toronto, who has since 1917 been engaged in work for the British Admiralty, will shortly return to Toronto.

Dr. Nelson W. JANNEY, New York City, has been appointed director of the new Memorial Laboratory of the Santa Barbara Hospital, founded by the late Dr. Nathaniel Bowditch Potter, for research on metabolistic diseases.

DR. RALPH B. SEEM, Baltimore, assistant superintendent of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, has accepted the position of superintendent of the Billings Memorial Hospital, Chicago.

MR. CHESTER G. GILBERT has resigned from the Smithsonian Institution to accept a position on the staff of Arthur D. Little, Inc., of Cambridge, Massachusetts, which has opened a Washington office in the Munsey Building, with Mr. Gilbert in charge.

Dr. E. MILLER, associate in chemistry at the Johns Hopkins University, has resigned to take a position with the DuPont Powder Company.

Mr. W. J. Cotton has resigned from the color laboratory of the Bureau of Chemistry to accept a position with the National Aniline and Chemical Company, of Buffalo, New York.

We learn from Nature that Captain P. R. Lowe has been appointed assistant in charge of

SCIENTIFIC NOTES AND NEWS A SECTION of engineering has been established in the National Academy of Sciences and is now constituted as follows: Messrs. H. L. Abbot, J. J. Carty, W. F. Durand, J. R. Freeman, H. M. Howe, F. B, Jewett, G. O. Squier, D. W. Taylor All members of the sections of physics and chemistry were given an opportunity to remain with the section with which they had been affiliated or to be placed in the section of engineering.

At a recent meeting of the corporation of Yale University it was voted "to extend the sincere congratulations of the corporation to Professor Ernest Brown on the completion of his monumental work on the “Tables of the Motion of the Moon,” and to assure him that the university considers the work that he has done on these volumes as among the most important scientific contributions ever made by an officer of Yale University.”

We regret to learn that Sir William Osler, regius professor of medicine in Oxford Uni

and 3. He smiversity of ;

carry on geolonien, granted leads Hopkins Uni

the bird-room at the Natural History Mu- ject of the address will be “Yellow fever." seum in succession to Mr. W. R. Ogilvie General Gorgas is chairman of the Yellow Grant. Captain Lowe has for many years de- Fever Commission of the International Health voted himself to ornithological research at the Board, Rockefeller Foundation, and has just Natural History Museum, the Royal College returned to the United States from an extenof Surgeons, and Cambridge University, and sive trip through Central and South America. has made extensive collections of, and obser. In his address he will describe the present vations on, birds in Madeira, the Canaries, the plans and progress of the work on yellow Azores, the Cape de Verde Islands, the West fever. Indies, Mexico, Florida, the Mediterranean is- PROFESSOR WM. E. RITTER, director of lands and coasts, South Africa and the Brit Scripps Institution for Biological Research. ish Islands.

visited the University of Illinois December 2 DR. JOSEPH T. SINGEWALD, JR., professor of and 3. He spoke before the graduate students economic geology at the Johns Hopkins Uni- and faculty on “Research Problems and versity, has been granted leave of absence to Facilities of the Scripps Institution.” The carry on geological investigations in northwest department of zoology tendered him a dinner ern Peru. He will sail from New Orleans on at which he led a discussion on marine biology. December 20.

Dr. E. G. CONKLIN, professor of zoology at ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR FREDERICK STARR, of Princeton University, lectured on December 3 the department of sociology and anthropology at Mount Holyoke College on “Has human at the University of Chicago, who is now in evolution come to an end?” Japan on a research expedition, will return to THE Boyle lecture was delivered by Prothe university in time to give in January a fessor A. Keith on November 19. at Oxford series of illustrated lectures on Mexico.

University, on “ Race and nationality from an To express the admiration and gratitude in anthropological point of view." which Dr. George M. Kober is held by his THE Harveian festival has been celebrated pupils, friends and coworkers, it has been de

with full honors by the Royal College of

with full honors by t cided to issue as a testimonial to these senti

Physicians of London, for the first time since ments an anniversary publication dedicated

1913. The oration was delivered by Dr. Rayto him, on the occasion of his seventieth birth

mond H. P. Crawford, and dealt with the foreday, March 28, 1920. George Tully Vaughan

runners of Harvey in antiquity. After the has been elected chairman of the organization; oration the president presented the Baly Felix Neumann, of the Army Medical Mu

Medal to Dr. Leonard E. Hill. seum, secretary; John Foy Edson, treasurer,

As a memorial of Professor J. Dejerine, and as members of the committee at large, General Robert E. Noble, Drs. Charles D. Wal

Madame and Mlle. Dejerine have placed a cott, Wilfred M. Barton, J. W. Fewkes, Walter

fund at the disposal of the Paris Society of D. Hough, L. 0. Howard, Aleš Hrdlička, T.

Neurology for research in neurology. Michelson, W. H. Holmes and N. M. Judd. Louis VALENTINE PIRSSON, professor of geolThe anniversary publication will be the issue ogy in the Sheffield Scientific School of Yale of the American Journal of Physical Anthro- University, died in New Haven, on December pology, which will be published in the latter 8, at the age of fifty-nine years. Professor Pirspart of March, and will be known as the son had held the chair in physical geology since George M. Kober anniversary number.

1897, and for the same period was associate The annual Mellon lecture of the Society

editor of The American Journal of Science.

editor for Biological Research of the University of John TAPAN STODDARD, professor of chemPittsburgh will be delivered by General W. C. istry at Smith College since 1878, died on Gorgas on the evening of January 8. The sub- December 9.

DR. ALLAN McLANE HAMILTON, at one time to the various chemical industries of Savanprofessor of mental diseases in the Cornell nah and the vicinity were made. Medical College, died on November 25, aged As December 20, 1920, is the centennial of seventy-one years.

the Academy of Medicine at Paris, a commitThe death is announced at the age of tee of six members was recently appointed to seventy-eight years of Dr. Walter Knorre, have charge of the celebration of the anniverlong an astronomer at the Berlin Observatory. sary.

DETAILED accounts of the railroad wreck in THE Geological Survey of Great Britain the Engo forest, Belgian Congo, in which Dr. and Museum of Practical Geology, Jermyn Joseph R. Armstrong and William Stowell, Street, S.W., have been transferred for adminboth of Los Angeles and members of an ex- istrative purposes from the Board of Educaploring expedition sent out by the Smith tion to the Department of Scientific and Insonian Institution and the Universal Service dustrial Research as from November 1, but motion picture company, were killed have correspondence with reference to the work of been received from railway headquarters in the Survey should be addressed as hereofore to Rhodesia. The expedition left Sakania, Bel- the director of the survey and museum, Jergian Congo, for Elizabethville in a special myn Street, S.W. coach attached to a freight train. While the

· THE Agricultural Experiment Station Jourtrain was stopping for fuel a water truck

nal states that an announcement was recently broke away and crashed into the rear of the

made in the British parliament of a change train.

in policy in 1918 regarding research in entoA CONFERENCE of representatives of the mology and plant pathology through public State and Local Academies of the Central funds. These subjects were originally alloStates will be held at St. Louis in connection cated to the University of Manchester and the with the meeting of the American Association Royal Botanic Garden at Kew, respectively, for the Advancement of Science. Officers of with grants from the Development Fund for the academies are requested to meet at the their support. In 1918, however, the DevelopSoldan High School at one thirty on Monday, ment Board decided that all research in plant December 29. Professor H. B. Ward, of the diseases, whether due to insects or fungi, University of Illinois, whose address at St. should be concentrated at a single phytopathoLouis will be Hotel Statler, will be ready to

logical institute at Rothamsted, where also the give further information concerning the con

board's scientific advisory staff in the subject ference.

would be stationed. Accordingly the staff at THERE will be a joint dinner of members of Manchester and a portion of the mycological Section A of the American Association and of staff at Kew were transferred to Rothamsted. the American Mathematical Society on Tues- A grant of $5,000, per annum, was however day, December 30, at 6.30 P.M. in the American continued to the University of Manchester to Hotel Annex, 6th and Market Sts. The cost maintain certain phases of its entomological per plate will be $1.50. Those who will attend work and also to take up work in mycology are requested to notify Professor W. H. there. Roever, Washington University, St. Louis, be

CAPTAIN WILLIAM C. VAN ANTWERP has fore December 26.

given $5,000 to the California Academy of The twelfth annual meeting of the Amer. Sciences, to meet the cost of one of the large ican Institute of Chemical Engineers was held habitat groups of California mammals which in Savannah, Ga., December 3 to 6. A series the academy is installing in its museum in of papers and addresses devoted particularly Golden Gate Park. Captain Van Antwerp to such southern industries as cotton, turpen- recently visited the museum and was so detine and rosin was presented, and excursions lighted with the beauty of the groups already

installed and so strongly impressed by their oratory provided with the most modern equipscientific and educational value, that he at ment has been recently inaugurated at Valonce expressed the wish that he might be per- paraiso, Chile, in connection with the hospital mitted to assist the museum in its efforts to of San Juan de Dios. The laboratory combe of service to the public. After conference prises sections devoted among others to bacwith Dr. Evermann, director of the museum, teriology, chemistry and serum manufacture. Captain Van Antwerp selected the Roosevelt Ir is stated in Nature that the British Minelk group as the one that he would like to istry of Ways and Communications Bill was finance. This group is now being prepared read a third time in the House of Commons on under Dr. Evermann's supervision. Paul J. July 10. Sir Eric Geddes, the minister-desig. Fair is installing the group and Charles Brad- nate, announced the names of the prospective ford Hudson is painting the background. The heads of departments as follows: Civil Engianimals will be shown at the edge of a heavy neering: Sir Alexander Gibb, civil engineerredwood forest such as is found in their in-chief, Admiralty, 1918. Mechanical Enginatural habitat in the northwestern part of neering: Lieutenant-Colonel L. Simpson. RE.. California.

chief mechanical engineer in charge of railThe erection of a new building for the De- way equipment and rolling stock of the British partment of Health in New York City has Armies in France. Consultant Mechanical been made possible by an appropriation of Engineer: Sir John Aspinwall, president of $1,000,000 granted by the Board of Estimate the Institution of Civil Engineers. Traffic The new building will be erected on a plot of Department: Sir Philip Nash. Finance and ground, 100 x 100 feet, on West Thirtieth Statistics : Sir J. George Beharrell. DevelopStreet, between Seventh and Eighth Avenues. ment Department: Rear-Admiral Sir Charles It will provide space for the offices of the

Martin de Bartolome. Public Safety and director of the Bureau of Hospitals and for Labor: Sir William Marwood, joint permanent the director of the Bureau of Laboratories.

secretary of the Board of Trade. Roads DeThree or four floors will be given to the labora

partment: Brigadier-General Sir Henry P. tories. The first floor will be for the Bureau

Maybury. Secretarial and Legal: Sir R. of Records and another floor will be a modern

Francis Dunnell. health station where clinical work will be STEPS are being taken by the Commondone. One floor will also be devoted to a wealth Advisory Council of (natural) Science medical library.

and Industry of Australia to establish a forest

products laboratory, at Perth, West Austrialia, The Journal of the American Medical As

for the purpose of experimenting in the utilisociation states that the Reale Accademia

zation of the by-products of the timber mills delle Scienze of Turin, Italy, announces that

and of the forests. With a view to securing the Vallauri prize of 26,000 lire, is to be

all the information available at similar labawarded for the best work on any of the

oratories such as those at Madison, Wisconsin, physical sciences that was published in the

and Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Mr. I. H. four years ending December 1, 1918. The

Boas, M.Sc., lecturer in chemistry at the prize is open to foreigners as well as to

Perth Technical School, has been sent to the Italians. The works sent in to compete for United States to conduct inquiries. the prize must reach the Academy Via Po 18,

The board of overseers of Harvard UniverTurin, before December 31, 1919. A further

sity has recommended that the Harvard Boprize of 1,200 lire is offered for the best manu

tanical Garden should be combined with the script or article published since January 1,

Bussey Institution and moved to. the grounds 1915, on the etiology of endemic cretinism. of the latter at Jamaica Plains following a

We learn from the Journal of the American report to the board of overseers of the uniMedical Association that a new hygienic lab- versity by the committee visiting the Botanic

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