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alas, that great city,” &c. Rev.xviii. 9–16.—“Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog,” Ezek. xxxviii. 2. “ And Satan shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog," &c. Rev. xx. 7, 8.• Behold, at the bank of the river were very many trees on the one side and on the other. These waters, being brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed," Ezek. xlvii. 7, 8. See also Ezek. xlvii. 12. “ In the midst of either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits ; and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations,” Rev. xxii. 2. The only other scriptural resemblance that we shall produce here is the following.-" Their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the Lord,” Ezek. vii. 19. 6. Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the Lord's wrath,” Zeph. i. 18.*
34. Daniel.] The similarity between the prophecies of Daniel and those of the Apocalypse has been long remarked. “ Thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him,” Dan. vii. 10. 6 And I heard the voice of many angels : and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and
* See further -
xi. 3.-2 Pet. iii. 4.
Hab. i. 12.
Ezek. xxviii. 2.-Zeeh. ix. 2, &c.
x. 11. xxxvi. 20.-Rom. ii. 24. xlvii. 1,—Zech. xiv, 8.
thousands of thousands," Rev.v.11.-—“The judgment was set and the books were opened,” Dan. vii. 10. “ And the books were opened ; and the dead judged out of those things which were written in the books," Rev. xx. 12.—“ Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz. His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude," Dan. x. 5, 6. in the midst of the seven candlesticks one like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. His eyes were as a flame of fire; and his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice was as the sound of many waters," Rev. i. 13_15. The illustrious testimony given by our Saviour to this prophet, fully countervails any discredit which the Jews have attempted to fasten upon him, by their distinction between prophetical and sacred books—a distinction rejected by Christian theologians. “For the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate," Dan. ix. 27. “When ye, therefore, shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place,” Matt. xxiv. 15. See also Mark xiii. 14, and Luke xxi. 20. The contemporaneous testimony given by Ezekiel, both to the existence of Daniel, and to the high rank which he held in the estimation of the Jews, we have in Ezek. xiv. 14, 20-
and also in the irony of the address by the same prophet to the prince of Tyrus—“ Behold thou art wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee,” Ezek. xxvii. 3.
The name of Daniel, fixing on him the authorship of this book, occurs repeatedly throughout its chapters vi. 20; vii. 15; viii. 15, 27; ix. 2, 22; x. 2, 11; xii. 4, 5, 9. He is throughout represented as the subject of special communications from God. The following instance of a revelation like to the apocalyptic ones should be added to the former ones. “And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon
the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever, that it shall be for a time, times, and an half,” Dan. xii. 7. “ And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth, lifted up his hand to heaven; and sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, That there should be time no longer," Rev. x. 5, 6.*
35. Hosea.] We now enter on the consideration of the “ minor prophets," whose works, amounting separately to twelve, were bound up in one volume; and were altogether ranked as but one of their scriptural books by the Jews. The application to them of the epithet minor, respecte the quantity, and not the authority, of their writ
2 Chr. xxxvi. 6. iv. 34.- Mic. iv. 7.
Luke i. 33. vi. 26.
i. 33. vii. 14. Mic. iv. 7.
Dan. vii. 14.-Luke i. 33.
John y. 29.
1 Cor. xv. 40.
ings. The Jews frequently spake of them as the twelve, in like manner as the apostles are spoken of in various parts of the New Testament. The authorship of the prophecy of Hosea, is ascribed to him in the prophecy itself—he being named in the commencement, and making use of the first person, particularly in the third chapter of the book. He is the subject of undoubted and express quotations in the New Testament. The first of those which follow is most conclusive. “ And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God,” Hos. i. 10. “ As he saith also in Osee-And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people ; there shall they be called the children of the living God,” Rom. ix. 25, 26.—“I will say to them which were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God,” Hos. i. 23. “ Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God,” i Pet. ii. 10.-“ For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice,” Hos. vi. 6. “Go ye and learn what that meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice,” Matt. ix. 13. See also Matt. xii. 7.-" I called my son out of Egypt,” Hos. xi. 1. “ That it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son,” Matt. ii. 15.-“ O death, I will be thy plagues; O grave, I will be thy destruction,” Hos. xii. 14. “ Then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy
victory?" . Cor. xv. 54, 55.—“So will we rendes the caves of our lips," Hos. xiv. 2. “By him, .et us offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of our lips,” Heb. xii. 15.—Considering the small amount of the book, it is peculiarly rich in the scriptural evidence by which it is supported.*
36. Joel. Even for this brief composition, there are not wanting some decisive references in the New Testament. Peter in the Acts of the Apostles quotes it, and gives the name of the author_which also occurs at the commencement of the book. There are one or two more undoubted citations of this prophecy, which are either given here, or pointed to in a foot note below.“ And it shall come to pass afterwards, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit. And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke,” &c. Joel ü. 28.-30, &c. " But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; And it shall come to pass in the last days, (saith God) I will pour out of my spirit upon all desh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams : And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my spirit; and they shall prophesy,” &c. Acts ü. See further
Hosea vi. 2.-1 Cor. xv 4. Hosea ii. 23.-Rom. ix. 20. x. 8.-Luke xxiii. 30. iv. 1. ---Mic. vi. 2.
Rev. vi. 16.