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them,” Ezek. xxii. 11_“Ye shall be holy for I the Lord your God am holy," Lev. xix. 1.
“ Because it is written, Be ye holy, for I am holy,” 1 Pet. i. 16.-" Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself," Lev. xix. 18. “ Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself,” Matt. xxii. 39, Rom. xiii. 9, Gal. v. 14. “According to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself,” James ï. 8.—“Eye for eye, tooth for tooth,” Lev. xxiv. 20. “ Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth,” Matth. v. 38.—“And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people,” Lev. xxvi. 12. “ As God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them ;and I will be their God, and they shall be my people,” 2 Cor. vi. 16. We cannot take leave of this book, without adverting to the rich mine of evidence, that awaits those students of the Mosaic ritual, who have the patience to explore and the taste to enjoy those recondite harmonies, which obtain between the Christianity in figure of the Old, and the Christianity in substance and express declaration of the New Testament.*
• It is a beautiful saying of Jerome, “ In Levitico singula sacrificia, imo singulæ pene syllabæ, et vestes Aaron, et totus ordo Leviticus spirant cælestia sacramenta.” The doctors of the ancient Church tell us, “ literam hujus libri inutilem aut etiam noxiam, si spolietur spirituali intelligentia.” For further scriptural references to the book of Leviticus, seeLev. viii. 12.-Ps. cxxxiii. 2.
Luke v. 14. x. 1.--I Chr. xxiv. 2. Lev. xvi. 34.—Heb. ix. 7. xi. 44.-1 Pet. i. 15.
xviii. 5.-Gal ji. 12. xii. 3.-Luke ii. 21.
xviii. 21.-2 Kings xxiii. John vii. 22.
10. xiii. 46.—2 Kings xv. 5. xix. 12, 15, 17, 18.—Matt. xiv. 2-4.—Matt. viii. 4.
v. 33, 43. Mark i. 44.
James v. 12.
14. Numbers.] There are several striking and decisive testimonies to this book which might be singled out from that crowd of references scattered over the Old and the New Testament. Of these the first which occur to us are the type of the brazen serpent—the red heifer by Paul in the epistle to the Hebrews—and the Nazarite by Matthew, i. 23. The references from the earlier scriptures, as in Joshua, have often this remarkable distinctness in them, that they state a commandment to be found in the book of Numbers, as the commandment of Moses or of God by Moses thus connecting with it the name of this prophet and inspired man. The following is a part of these scriptural testimonies. " And the mixed multitude that was among them fell a lusting,” Numb. xi. 4. “ Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted," 1 Cor. x. 6.—“My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all mine house," Numb. xii. 7. “ Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was in all his house,” Heb. ii, 2.-" And the Lord spake unto Aaron,
Prov. xxiv. 23.
Matt. xviii. 15.
Matt. xv. 4.
John viii. 5. xxii. 8. Ezekxliv. 31. xxüi, 3.-Luke xiii. 14. xxiv. 9. -Matt. xii. 4.
Lev. xxv. 36.-Ezek. xviii. 8.
xxii 12. XXV. 39.Jer. xxxiv. 14. xxv. 43.-Eph. vi. 9.
Col. iv. 1. xxvi. 1, 8, 14, 17.-Josh.
xxiii. 10. Ps. xcvii. 7. Lam. ii. 17. Mal. ii. 2.
Prov. xxvii. I xxvi. 44.-Rom. xi, 2.
Thou shalt have no inheritance in their land, neither shalt thou have any part among them: I am thy part, and thine inheritance, among the children of Israel," Numb. xviii. 20. “Only unto the tribe of Levi he gave none inheritance; the sacrifices of the Lord God of Israel made by fire are their inheritance, as he said unto them," Josh. xiii. 14. “ But unto the tribe of Levi Moses gave not any inheritance: the Lord God of Israel was their inheritance, as he said unto them,” Josh. xiii. 33.—“ And Moses made a serpent of brass, and put it upon a pole : and it came to pass, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass, he lived,” Numb. xxi. 9. “ He removed the high places and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brazen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it; and he called it Nehushtan,” 2 Kings xviii. 4. “ And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up,” John iii. 14.—“And the Lord opened the mouth of the
and she said unto Balaam, What have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me these three times ?” Numb. xxii. 28. was rebuked for his iniquity; the dumb ass speaking with man's voice forbade the madness of the prophet,” 2 Peter ii. 16.—“'Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses ; but one witness shall not tify against any person to cause him to die,” Num. Xxxv. 30. “ He that despised Moses' law died
without mercy under two or three witnesses," Ileb. X. 28.*
15. Deuteronomy.] In this book we are told of two most important securities for its own preservation, if not rather for the preservation of the whole book of the law of Moses. The first is an injunction given to each king, that he should copy this law in a book and read it continually ; Deut. xvii. 18, 19. And secondly there is an injunction for reading this law to all Israel once in seven years, for the sake both of the people's knowledge and of their children, Deut. xxxi. 9-13. The practice of far more frequent public reading than this is clearly stated in Acts xv. 21.
6. For Moses of old time, hath in every city them that See further
Numb. xxv. 4.-Josh. xxii. 17. Numb. iii. 4.-1 Chr. xxiv. 2. xxv, 7.JPs, coi. 30. iii. 13.-Luke ii. 23.
xxv. 9.-1 Cor. x. 8. iii. 17.-1 Chr. vi. 1.
xxvi. 5.-1 Chr. v. 1. ix. 12.-John xix. 36.
xxvi. 29.-Josh xvii. 1. ix. 18.-1 Cor. x. I.
xxvi. 55.-Josh. xi. 23. x. 35.-Ps. Ixviii. 1, 2.
xiv. 2. xi. 1. lxxviii. 21.
xxvi. 65.- 1 Cor. x. 5, 6. xi. 23.- Is. 1. 2.
xxvii. 1.-Josh. xvii. 3. lix. I.
xxxi. 8.-Josh. xiii, 21. xi. 31, 33.-Ps. lxxviii. 26, xxxi. 16.-2 Pet. ü. 15. 30, 31.
xxxii. 20. -Josh. i. 13, 14. xiv. 18. ciii. 8.
xxxii. 27.-Josh. iv, 12. xiv. 37.-1 Cor. x. 10.
xxxii. 33.-Josh. xiii. 8. Heb. iii. 17.
xxii. 4. Jude 5.
xxxiii. 51, 52.-Josh. xi. xvi. 1. Jude 11.
12. xvi. 31. Ps. coi. 17.
xxxiii, 55.-Josh. xxiii. 13. xx. 13. cvi. 32.
Judg. ii. 3. xxi, 6.-1 Cor. x. 9.
xxxiv. 3.-Josh. xv. l. xxi. 21.-Judges xi. 19. xxxiv. 14.-Josh. xiv, 2, 3. xxi. 24.-Josh. xii. 1.
xxxiv.17.-Josh. xix. 51. Ps. cxxxv. 10, 11. xxxv, 2. Josh. xxi. 2. Amos ij. 9.
Xxxv, 6.-Josh. xx, 2. xxü. 5.- Josh. xxiv, 9.
xxi. 3, 4, xxii. 23.-Jude 11.
Xxxvi. 2.-Josh, xvii. 3.
preach hin, being read in the Synagogues every Sabbath-day.” It is in this book also we are told of a third great security for the Jewish canon, in the deposition of the book of the law in the ark, Deut. xxxi. 26, as in a place of safe and sufficient custody for those oracles of God which had been committed to the nation. Certain it is that this particular book of Deuteronomy is the subject of clearest references and quotations in other parts Scripture, as in Rom. xii. 19, “ It is written, Vengeance is mine, I will repay, saith the Lord;" and in Hebrews, x. 30.—“ We know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord.”
These are clearly taken from Deut. sxxii. 35. The phrase, “it is written," when thus introduced, is tantamount to, “we have it in Scripture." It is quite doing scriptural homage to any book, when it is quoted in this way. But we must now begin to limit the number of our examples; for, should we attempt a full presentation of these, the work would be quite interminable. Once more, however, we shall offer, for this book too, a pretty copious list of those notices which are made of it, throughout the Old and New Testament. The following specimens we give at large in the text. “ For the Lord thy God is a consuming fire,” Deut. iv. 24. “For our God is a consuming fire," Heb. xii. 29. " Ye shall not tempt the Lord your God,” Deut. vi. 16.—“ Jesus said unto him, it is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God,” Matth. iv. 7.—“Man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the Lord