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DESTRUCTION OF THE SHIP BOYD. The following copy of the very inter sting Letter left at New Zealand by the City of Edinburgh, and transmitted by Captain Swain, by the w
of Norfok Island, contains the original Account of the fate of the Boyd; some parti culars of which we have already had the melancholy occasion to detail:
All masters of ships frequenting New Zealand, are directed to be careful in not admitling many natives on board, as they may be cut off in a moment by surprize.
• These are to certify, that during our stay in this harbour, we had frequent reports of a ship being taken by the natives in the neighbouring harbour of Wangarooa ; aud that the ship's crew were killed and eaten. In order to ascertain the truth of this repori, as well as to rescue a few people who were said to be spared from the general massacre, Mr. Berry, accompanied by Mr. Russel, aud Matengaro (a principal chief of the Bay of Islands, who volunteered his service) set out for Wangarooa with three armed boats on Sunday, the 31st of December, 1809, and upon their arrival found the miserable remains of the ship Boyd, Captain John Thompson, which the natives (after stripping of every thing of value) kad burnt down to the water's edge. From the bandsome conduct of Malengaro they were able to rescue a boy, woma, and two children, the only survivors of the shocking event; which, according to the most satisfactory information, was perpetrated entirely under the direction of that old ras cal Tippahee, who has been so much, and so undeservedly, caressed at Port Jackson. This unfortunate vessel (intending to load with spars) was taken three days after her arrival. Theralives informed the masler on the second day, that they would shew the spars next day. In the morning Tippahee arrived from Tippuna, and went on board; he staid only a few minutes, and then went into his canoe; but remained alongside the vessel, which was surrounded with a pumber of canoes that appeared collected for the purpose of trading ; and a considerable number of the natives gradually istruding into the ship, sat down upou the deck. After breakfast, the mas ter left the ship with two boats, to look for spars ;.and i'ippabte wailing a convenient time, now gave the signal for massacre. lu an insiant, the savages, who appeared sitting peaceably on the deck, rushed on the uparmed crew, who were dispersed about the ship at their various emplorments. The greater part were massacred in a moment; and were cc sooner knocked down ihan cut to pieces while still alive. Five or six of the bands escaped up the rigging Tippahce cow having possession of the ship, hailed them with a speaking trumpet, and ordered them to undead their sails and cut away the rigging, and that they should dot be hurt: they complied with his commands, and came down ;- he then took ther. ashore in a canoe, and immediately killed them. The master went on shore without arms, and was, of course, easily dispaiched. The names of the few survivors are, Mrs. Morley and child, another, a girl, and Thomas Davis (boy). The natives of the spar district in this harbour have bebaved well, even begood expectaijon; and seem much concerned on ac. count of this unfortunate event; and dreading the displeasure of King George, have requested certificates or their good cooduci, in order to exempt them from his vengeance ; . but let po man after this trust a Noi Zealander. We further certily, that we gave Terra, the bearer of ibis, a small flat-boltomed boat, as a reward for his good conduct, and the assisla ance of getting us a cargo of spars.
• Given on board the ship City of Edinburgh, Caplain Simeon Patti-
• S. Pattison, Master.
'A. Berry, Supercargo, J. RUSSELL, Male,' « Terra behaved very well, and all his tribe ; for that reason I gave bima several gallons of oil. I came in January 17th, and sailed the 28th, 1810.
(Signed) • W. Swain, Ship Cumberland.'
The expected Journal of the Missionaries having not yet come to hand,
we copy from the Sydney Gazette some Particulars respecting the War in Otaheite.
• The cause of Pomarre's dethronement appears to have been the im. perfection of his policy in governing, and his imposing upon his people the most grievous burdens. Without any regular mode of levying con. tributions by a fair and equal taxation, the disposal of all property was vested solely in his own arbitrary will; as he could, with or without the plea of emergency, and without any formality of procedure, seize upon ihe property of any of his subjects, whether chief or commoper, without offering any reason whatever : and, as it mostig happens, the persons delegated to execute his oppressive mandales, instead of inflicting the un merited penalties of sequestration with delicacy or reluctance, generally evinced their obedience by unnecessary brutality and insult. Under this system of government, the body of the people were kept for ever in a state of miserable penury; and from which they could never hope to emerge as long as the system itself continued'; for, independent of the miserics entailed on particular families by every such act of confiiscation, a still greater calamity was inflicted upon the general body, by the total extinction of that industry, on which the happiness of every nation so much depends.
• After the first general engagement, Pomarre and his mother Edea continued to reside in the island about sevea months, without any apprehension of attack from the rebels, who shewed a disp:sition rather to avoid than to come to an action, as most of the muskets were then in the king's possession; hut many of these were unfortunately frost iu a subsequent en. gagement, and by which he is rendered (almost) hopeless of ever regain. ing the island. In the last action, he was assisted by the chief of Haaheine, with an armament consisting of twelve double canoes, capable of contaia. ing 69 or 70 men each. This army shared the fate of Pomarre's owa, and the chief himself narrowly escaped.
• Pomarre did not command in person, it being contrary to their usage for the king lo expose bimself to personal danger ;- and to his absence from the field of batile, the defeat was in a great measure attributed.
• The chiefs of Ulitea and Bolabola were latterly preparing to assist him with their whole force, to which they were stimulated less by any wish to serve Pomarre than to check a system which may extend itself throughout the islands, and overthrow their own governments : bui as the jusurrection was general, much doubt was entertained whether any aid they could afford would render probable a successful issue.
To the last encounter, Pomarre is said to have brought into the field between three and four hundred men, besides dependents, who accompany the army. chicfly for the sake of plunder.
• The schooner Venus, beionging to Sydney, calling at Otaheite for pork, and not suspecting that the rebels had possessed themselves of the government, was unexpectedly attacked, and taken by the natives as soon as she came to an archor in the Matavai Bay. This outrage they endeavoured to justify on the plea of necessity, as they were in want of ammunition. The captured vessel was dragged ashore into one of their Morais, or sacred places, with an intent to be pluudered, and afterwards demolished, in honour of their deities.
• On tbe arrival of Captain Campbell, in the brig Hibernia *, he received
* It was by this vessel that the Missionaries left Huaheine, and were conveyed, by the way of the Fejee' Islands, to Port Jackson. By the Sydney Gazette, of Feb. 24, we learn that a vessel had just arrived from Otaheite, which brought further accounts of the anarchy which prevailed in that island, in consequence of Pomarre's expulsion; which, it is added,' . is the more to be regretted, as he had ever evinced ap inviolable attachment to the British interests. So far from relioquishig bis elaim to the sovereignty of the island, however, his exertion to
a letter informing bim of what had happened; but, previously to this, he was suspicious of something amiss, from the appearance of the place, the Missionaries being absent, and their houses burnt. The natives went on board, and appeared as friendly as usual, with a view to capture bis vessel also by surprize and treachery; but Captain Campbell's caution and firmness were superior to their designs, so that be not only saved his own ship, but succceded in recapturing the Venus, which he afterwards repaired and got off.'
Sydney Gazette, Feb. 17, 1810. • Ia confirmation of the melancholy account received from Captain Chace, of the King George, of the capture of the Bogd, at the Bay of Islands, and the atrocities attending that melancholy event, Capt: Wilkinson states, that he was under repeated apprehension of aitack from the natives at Mercury Bay ; from whence he went for the Bay of Islands, in hopes of finding protection from Tippahee ; from whose conduct it was no, less observable that hostility was intended. A watering party from the ship was once entirely surrounded by armed vatives, who endeavoured to get possession of the arms in the boat ; from which they were, however, prevented by the precautions that were observed.'
Sydney Gazette, March 31, 1810.
ARABIA --The Weehabites, to the there were nearly forly at the comnumber of 120,000 men, advanced mupion, and a number of persons dariog the monih of June last to are propounded ; indeed, the im-, Bussora, on the Persian Gulf. The pression is general. Our minister is Parha of Bagdad, at the head of truly faithful. We have service in the 40,000 men, is said to bave repuiseu forero00, afternoon, wid evening, them, and driven them back to on Sabbath; and coníerences, two, Arabia. Nevertheless, they still re- three, and four evenings in the tain possession of the holy cities of week, in differeot parts of the town. Mecca and Medina, which they have There are, however, as may be expillaged. When the Turks shall be pected swine onposers; but some of relieved from the pressure of the these, it is believed, are struck with war against Russia, the most vigor. conviction. nus ineasures are intended to be ! I have also to inform you, that taken against thefe enemies of the much greater work has taken place Mahometan faith.
in the town of Guildhail, about During the last five years, the twenty-five miles from here, caravans of pigrims to the hviy minister was settled there about a cities have entirely ceased.
year ago; be had formerly been a
Methodist, but is now a CongregaAMERICA.
tionalist. When he was first settled,
he had but one person that came forEx!ract of a Leller froin Genile.
ward in assisting him ; but there has man in ('oacord, V'ermenl, to his
been, within a few weeks back, an Friend in New York, dated Ilth
asionishing revival. 42 new comJanuary, 1810.
municants were admitted at the last, • It is with much satisfaction 1 and 13 at the preceding communion ; have to inforın yox, that your and it is said, there is scarcely a perprayers bave not only been heard, son in the town who is not under deep but have been answered beyond our
There are two judges and expectations, in crowning the work two allornies in lbe place, who have the Lord has begun in this towu *. .come forward in the cause; and, at A considerable number of persons the conference meetiogs which are have come forward and joined the hed there, it is said they plead more Church here: last Sabhalb, week, poweriully for the cause of Christ regain it were indefatigable; and his expectations were considerably heightened by the hope of eventually deriving effectual assistance from our adventurers, as faithful allies, bound by the ties of friendship and reciprocal esteem.' * A place where, not long ago, the Sabbath was hardly koown,
than ever they did at the bar. singularity of the place, at which it They have all joined the church, ex- was proposed. They, however, cept one of the atiornies and his mostly, if not all, consented to at. wife, who will join it at the next tend." Thongh to appearance there communion.'
W&s' not any very extraordinary im
pressions on the minds of this party, Account of the late Revival in
dariug the evening, several relurned Middlebury,
with wounded spirits, and inost of them are
row members of the [Extracted from the Vermont Evan
church, or contemplate a union. gelical Magazine for March, 1810.]
At a conference, October 31, a On the 26th of October, 1809, gentleman was present, who had a day which will long be memor. been formerly cxcoinmunicated from able in Middlebury, a large party of a neighbouring Church, for embracyoung people was formed in the ing corrupt sentiments and disre. villag: for the purpose of a ride, to garding religious institutions. On the visit one of their friends a few miles preceding Sabbath, he had exhidistant, and spend a joyful evening. bited to thať Church a satisfactory The occurrence foreboded evil, but confession, and been restored to a was overruled for good. Though regular standing. Flis offence having most of the pariy felt no unusual becn potorious, he proposed, unsoliimpressions, some individuals, sensi cited, to read his confession at the ble that the event was not calculated conference. As he had formerly to make a thoughtful person more been a preacher of the Gospel, he serious, experienced such secret re- very familiarly, while reading his proaches of conscience, that, could confession, interspersed such they have been exoneraled from marks as were calculated to excite obligations of previous engagement, the Christian to watchfulness, and to they would rather have spent the alarm the secure sinner. Save the time with their Bibles in their
occurrence of the preceding week, closels. One young lady resolved, perhaps no event has been instru-a resolution worthy of perpetual mental in the conviction of more and universal observance,-' lo say persons than the exhibition of this nothing for which she expected to confession. From about this time be sorry;' and that, on arriving the revival progressed in the village at the destined place, • she would
with a rapidity which is almost witbintroduce the subject of religion to
out a parallel." Never before had I the first person who should iake a witnessed such solemnity as appear. seat by her. She made the latter ed in the couwlenarces of the asserresolution with trembling anxiety, hiyou the following Salıbath, Nos. and many suspicions of her own
5. A spectator wouid scarcely be. firmness; but God enabled her to
liere it the same congregation which keep her vow. Though she little had net for worship a pon precedsuspected it, the person to whom ing Sabbaths. How difficult to conshe addressed herself, was predis- ceive the impression which was 'posed to hear and to conyerse ; and made by reading, at the opening of secretly resolved never again to re- the morning service, the second tire to rest till he had implored the chapter of Acts ! It appeared as if Author of his existence to have indeed it were the day of Pentecosl! mercy op him. In such a manner, as if, during the exercises of the day, as not to attract the attention of the every person put himself into a poscomans, the young lady proposed ture to hear, nor changed his atti. to suverai female friends to visit hier tude, save at the cluse of the paraon a ceriain aftern on of the next graph. For a number of weeks weck, with the view of having a subacquent to this period, relizious pary, in 'which no conversation
meetings were frequently altended, ganisa'd he intri.duced but on religi. icuch througed, and generally blessc's sujets. Some of her friends ęd. The revival has contioued 80 We inderstruck, not only at the progrees till the present time, and Prely of the motting, but at the stili prevails in some parts of the town; but in the village, few new to show his sovereignty, has taken cases of conviction have occurred some who were stout-hearted, and since the commencement of January. far from righteousness.'
Ou reviewing God's providential How marvellous have been the dealings with this town, for five dealings of Gud with this people ! months past, many scenes present How great the change within ten themselves, which are calculated to years! The church, then consist. awaken the liveliest sentiinsats of ing of but a handful of members, is gratitude and praise. Sacramental now increased to upwards of 280, Sabbaths have been peculiarly in- with the prospect of shortly being teresting, particularly Lord's Day still increased to upwards of 300.
Jan. 7. Though the travelling was The revival has extended from - very unpleasant, never before bad Middlebury to the neighbouring
such a numerous congregation as- towns; and prevails in Shoreham, sembled in town on the Sabbath. Corawall, Salisbury, Orwell, and At the close of the afternoon ser- Whiting. It is understood that, in mon, 43 persous, of whom 34 were these five towns, between two and young people, mostly between the three hundred persons have become ages of fifteen and twenty-one, pre. subjects of divine grace, within sented themselves in the centre aisle, three months. for admission into the church. Respecting the number who have
Provincial Intelligence. already been the happy subjects of the present revival, man cannot speak with precision : God only can
Aug. 30. Rev. John Gleed, from distinguish the wheat from the Hoxton Academy, was ordained at chaff. I should, however, compule
Teignmouth. Mr. Pinck back, of the number who habitually attend on
Plymouth, began with prayer ; Mr. the meelings of the congregational Allen, of Exeter, the introduciory
address; Mr. Winton, of Exmouth, society, at upwards of one hundred. About thirty of this number are
offered the ordination-prayer; Mr.
the members of College. Besides these, Mends, of Plymouth, gare I wenty of the students are professors charge, from 2 Tim. iv. 1 and 2; of religion ; so that about 50 young Lawrie, of Budleigh, preached from
Mr.Cobbin, of Crediton, prayed; Mr. men of religious character, in the eye of Charity, are now acquiring Newton, concluded. Mr. Windeat,
I Thess. ii. 19, 20; Mr. Crook; of an education in this town.
During the revival, an unusual of Totness, preached in the evening disposition to attend religious meet. Scpt. 9, the gospel was introduced ings, chasłened by a strict regard to at Bagnall, a village about three proper hours, has prevailed; -- and, - miles from Hanley, Staffordshire, as always heretofore, there has been by the Hanley Itinerant Society, esin all respects, that pleasing regu- tablished at iho Taheruacle. The Tarity, without affectation, which, it house being too small for the numis thought, ever accompanies just ber of people who sembled, the conceptions of the great doctrines of sermon was preached out of doors the Gospel, and hunbling views of to a very attentive congregation. the majesty, purity, and universal This Society commenced iis operaprovidence of Go:1,
tione by forming a Library of Tracis The subjects of the work were and Religious Books, to be lent from mostly young, between the ages of house to house in the neighbouring 14 and 25. Very few had advanced villages. The books are left at as far as 40. The greater propor
farin - houses and cottages for a tion had experienced the advantage montb ; at the expiration of which, of religious instruction in youth; they are exchanged for others. been dedicated to God in baptism ; The result of this novel plan of dogenerally at cended public worship ing.good bas exceeded the most sanon Sabbath; were persons of regu- guine expectations of the Members lar habils; and respected religion of this Insiitution ; for, besides the and ils ordinances. Gud, however, congregaijons raised at Bagaall, an