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Reflection, Rcafon, still the ties improve,
145 Still spread the interest, and preserve the kind.
IV. Nor think, in NATURE'S STÁT E they blindly trod; The State of Nature was the reign of God: Self-love and Social at her birth began, Union the bond of all things, and of Man. 150 Pride then was not ; nor Arts, that Pride to aid Man walk'd with beast, joint tenant of the Made; The same his table, and the same his bed; No murder cloath'd him, and no murder fed. In the same temple, the resounding wood, 155 All vocal beings hymn'd their equal God: The shrine with gore unstain'd, with gold undress’d, Unbrib’d, unbloody, stood the blameless priest : Heaven's Attribute was Universal Care, And man's prerogative, to rule, but spare.
160 Ah! how unlike the man of times to come! Of half that live the butcher and the tomb;
Who, foe to Nature, hears the general groan,
See him from Nature rising now to Art!
The Ant's republic, and the realm of Bees
190 " In vain thy Reason finer webs shall draw, " Entangle Justice in her net of Law,
“ And right, too rigid, harden into wrong ; “ Still for the strong too weak, the weak too strong, * Yet go! and thus o'er all the creatures fway, 195 “ Thus let the wiser make the rest obey : « And for those Arts mere Inftin&t could afford, “ Be crown'd as Monarchs, or as Gods ador'd."
V. Great Nature spoke; observant Man obeyed; Cities were built, Societies were made : Here rose one little státe; another near Grew by like means, and join'd, through love or fear. Did here the trees with ruddier burdens bend, And there the streams in purer rills descend? What War could ravish, Commerce could bestow; 205 And he return d a friend, who came a foe. Converse and Love mankind might strongly draw, When Love was Liberty, and Nature Law.
Ver. 197. in the first Editions,
Who for those Arts they learn'd of brutes before,
As Kings Thall crown them, or as Gods adore. Ver. 201. Here rofe one little state, &c.] In the MS.
thus, The neighbours leagu'd to guard their common spot; And Love was Nature's dictate ; Murder, not. For want alone each animal contends; Tigers with Tigers, that remov'd are friends. Plain Nature's wants the common mother crown'd, She pour'd her acorns, herbs, and streams around. No Treasure then for rapine to invade, What need to fight for lun-line or for shade? And half the cause of contest was remov'd, When beauty could be kind to all who lov'd.
Thus States were formd; the name of King unknown,
VI. Till then, by Nature crown'd, each Patriarch fate,
True faith, true policy, united ran,
240 Who first taught souls enllav'd, and realms un
done. Th’enormous faith of many
made for one ; That proud exception to all Nature's laws, T'invert the world, and counter-work its Cause ? Force first made Conquest, and that conquest, Law; Till Superstition taught the tyrant awe, Then shar'd the Tyranny, then lent it aid, And Gods of Conquerors, Slaves of Subjects made : She ʼmiềst the lightning's blaze, and thunder's found, When rock'd the mountains, and when groan'd the ground,
250 She taught the weak to bend, the proud to pray, To Power unfeen, and mightier far than they : She, from the rending earth, and bursting skies, Saw Gods descend, and fiends infernal rise : Here fix'd the dreadful, there the blest abodes; 255 Fear made her Devils, and weak Hope her Gods; Gods partial, changeful, passionate, unjust, Whose attributes were Rage, Revenge, or Lust; Such as the souls of cowards might conceive, And, form'd like tyrants, tyrants would believe. 260 Zeal then, not charity, became the guide; And hell was built on spite, and heaven on pride, Then facred feem'd th' ethereal vault no more ; Altars
Marble then, and reek'd with gore: Then first the Flamen tasted living food;
265 Next his grim idol imeard with human blood ;