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Fools! who from hence into the notion fall, That Vice or Virtue there is none at all. If white and black blend, soften, ånd unite A thousand ways, is there no black or white ? Ask your own heart, and nothing is so plain ; 215 'Tis to mistake them, costs the time and pain.
Vice is a monster of so frightfül mien, As, to be hated, needs but to be seen; Yet seen too oft, familiar with her face, We first endure, then pity, then embrace. But where th’ Extreme of Vice, was ne'er agreed : Alk where 's the North? at York, 'tis on the Tweed; In Scotland, at the Orcades;
and there, At Greenland, Zembla, or the Lord knows where. No creature owns it in the first degree,
225 But thinks his neighbour further gone than he: Evin those who dwell beneath its very zone, Or never feel the rage, or never own; What happier natures shrink at with affright, The hard inhabitant contends is right.
Virtuous VARIATIOŃS. After ver. 220. in the first Edition followed these,
A Cheat! A Whore! who starts not at the name,
In all the Inns of Court or Drury-lane ?
The Colonel swears the Agent is a dog,
Virtuous and vicious every Man must be, Few in the extreme, but all in the degree; The rogue and fool by fits is fair and wise; And ev’n the best, by fits, what they despise. 'Tis but by parts we follow good or ill; For, Vice or Virtue, Self-directs it still; Each individual feeks a feveral goal; But Heaven's great view, is One, and that the Whole. That counter works each folly and caprice; That disappoints th' effect of every vice;
240 That, happy frailties to all ranks apply'd: Shame to the virgin, to the matron pride. Fear to the statesman, rafhnefs to the chief : To kings presumption, and to crowds belief: That, Virtue's ends from vanity can raise,
245 Which seeks no interest, no reward but praise ; And build on wants, and on defects of mind, The joy, the peace, the glory of Mankind.
Heaven forming each on other to depend, A master or a fervant, or a friend,
250 Bids each on other for assistance call, 'Till one Man's weakness grows the strength of all. Wants, frailties, passions, closer still ally The common interest, or endear the tié. To these we owe true friendship, love sincere,
253 Each home-felt joy that life inherits here ; Yet from the same we learn, in its decline, Those joys, those loves, those interests, to resign; Taught half by reason, half by mere decay, To welcome death, and calmly pass away. 260 E 2
Whate'er the passion, knowledge, fame, or pelf,
265 The poor
contents him with the care of Heaven.
Behold the child, by nature's kindly law, 275 Pleas'd with a rattle, tickled with a straw:. Some livelier play-thing gives his youth delight, A little louder, but as empty quite : Scarfs, garters, gold, amuse his riper stage, And beads and prayer-books are the toys of age : 280 Pleas'd with this bauble still, as that before; Till tir'd he sleeps, and Life's poor play is o'er. Meanwhile Opinion gilds with varying rays Those painted clouds that beautify our days; Each want of happiness by hope supply'd, 285 And each vacuity of sense by Pride : These build as fast as knowledge can destroy; In folly's cup still laughs the bubble, joy; One prospect loft, another still we gain; And not a vanity is giv’n in vain ;
Evin mean Self-love becomes, by force divine,
E P I S T L E III.
Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to
Society. I. THE whole Universe one system of Society, ver. 7,
&c. Nothing made wholly for itself, nor yet wholly for another, ver, 27. The happiness of Animals mutual, ver. 49. II. Reason or Instinct operate alike to the good of each Individual, ver. 79.
Reason or Instinct operate also to Society in all animals, ver. 109. III. How far Society carried by instinct, ver. 115. How much farther by Reason, ver. 128. IV. Of that which is called the State of Nature, ver. 144. Reafon instructed by Instinct in the Invention of Arts, ver. 166. and in the Forms of Society, ver. 176. V. Origin of Political Societies, ver. 196. Origin of Monarchy, ver. 207. Patriarchal Government, ver, 212. VI. Origin of true Religion and Government, from the same principle, of Love, 231, &c. Origin of Superstition and Tyranny, from the same principle of Fear, ver. 237, &c. The Influence of Self-love operating to the social and public Good, ver. 266. Restoration of true Religion and Government on their first principle, ver. 285. Mixt Government, ver. 288. Various Forms of each, and the true end of all, ver. 300, &ç.