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rich in details that throw light upon the habits of the people and on

their morali state. Then there is for five hundred years a long and runbroken silence, and we read no more of Egypt till the days of Solosmonio -It is evidently the aim of the inspired writers to give religious knowledge only, or we should be tempted to exclaim, What inquiries and, theories would have been spared us, if the facts of those five hundred years had been indicated, however briefly, and we had been told what dynasties then filled the thrones of Thebes, Memphis, and On! 11.

vist for The profane historians begin with Herodotus," the father of history.” He lived a thousand years later than Moses, i, -He was born half a cenjatury after the return of the Jews from Babylon, and while the inspired

prophets of the Old Testament were uttering their latest predictions. -Haman was preparing to exterminate all the Jews that were left in the

far East and Esther-was preparing the deliverance which the feast of Purim commemorates; Themistocles had recently visited Persia ; and Cincinnatus was returning, like another Garibaldi, from his dictatorship to his farm-while Herodotus was writing his history.

Ezra was jarranging the Old Testament canon the very year (B.C. 446) he recited > it to the assembled Greeks. All the older Egyptian dynasties, therefore, had long before passed away.

2011'lib tus*** viIn preparing this history, he visited On, the City of the Sun, where

Joseph-had resided and where Moses had studied ten or twelve centuxries before. There the priests showed him their sacred papyri, talked with him on the origin of Egyptian civilization, and told him much that was fabulous, rs et classic history begins with him; and modern research has proved, that he was oftener in the right than earlier criticism was ready to allow.

, hundred years later Manetho, a priest of On, undertook to correct the narrative of Herodotus, and compiled a history which was intended tosastonish the Greeks by revealing an antiquity greater than their own. He appealed to the monuments of Egypt, and professed to explain them. His succession of gods and heroes who reigned over, Egypt, covers 25,000 years. Then comes the first. human king, Menes, who reigns 5,702 years before Christ, and is followed by, ninety dynasties of 495 kings! A hundred years later, Eratosthenes, one of the keepers of the great library at Alexandria, formed a list of Egyptian kings, which he professed to take from the registry of Thebes. He begins with Menes, who reigned, he tells us, (not B.G. 5702, but) B.C., 2600. The works of both these authors have perished Fragments of Manetho, however, were preserved by Josephus, by Julius Africanus (fl. 220), and by George, the assistant or Syncellus of a patriarch of Constantinople (A.D. 792). In the recently, discovered Chronicon of Eusebius the lists of Africanus, and in part of Manetho, are also given. This is that Manetho of whose name modern scholars hear. so much. He would hardly deserve attention but for the fact that his fragments have suggested the Egyptian chronology of the Chevalier Bunsen. Bunsen stands entirely alone in the dates and periods he has given, and his theories

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been pronounced absolutely baseless' by Sir Cornewall i Lewis and Cother authorities."

And yet the mistake is not unnatural. Till Bilton's day English history was supposed to begin with Brutus, the Trojan king, and the

Britain was quoted in proof. - Norwould it be difficult to lengthen our chronology by making the kings of the Heptarchy successive and

Ut contenidoneous. A like principle would add the reigns of the chiefs of Wales and of Ireland to the list."' unt si l uoght Ilitvut Vul

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The most remarkable sources

urces of our knowledge of Egypt, however, e the monuments. ' In the creation and preservation of these records two causes seem to have combined. In the first place, the Egyptians had an intense desire to preserve the memory of themselves and of their doings to posterity. Instead of burning their dead or burying them in the , them tion, and which enables tilse to write an art which seems to defy corrup

museums with men and women who died three thousand years ago. Every man's grave was made a biography. All the scenes of his life were frescoed on the walls of his chamber, or sculptured on his coffin, or brilliantly painted on the graveclothes that bound him: JdB fobia

11) din In the same way the national history, the law and religionlo. the country, are written on buildings innumerable. With the exception of the pyramids, all the ruined temples and palaces of Egypt are covered with sculptures and painting. "At Herculaneum and Pompeii we have pages from the history of ancient Italy.' " In the Nineveh sculptures we have in stone the grotesque conceptions and some of the history of the Assyrians. But in Egyptian antiquities we have Egypt herself living and moving before us. * Egypt to the life" would be no inappropriate inscription over the Egyptian rooms of otir Museum, or over the pictures of Rosellini and Champollion. 21119}!, not llursa B phys

And further, this tendency of the people has been wonderfully aided by the climate: Surrounded'as Egypt is on three sides by desert, moisture one great agent in decay is almost

unknown. The winds from the east, west, and south have all their moisture drunk up by the burning sand, while the clouds that come from the Mediterranean carry theit rain to the mountains of Syene or of the Moon. The effect is that fragments of temples which Cambyses threw down four-and-twenty centuries ago bistill retain'theit po

"polish, while on the walls of roofless buildings the figures and even the colouring' may be traced. The very obelisk of Alexandria, which has been in ruins for sixteen centuries, is as fresh

sharp, on the north or protected side as if it had come within a few years from the workman's hand. Even when we take less favoured climates * the motiufnents seem superior to decay. Opposite the church of St.

John Lateran at Rome is the obelisk that commemorates the victories of a Pharaoh who was probably contemporary with Moses. It is covered with exquisite sculptures, was conveyed from On by Constantine to Alexandria, and thence by his son to Rome. Four empires rose and fell while it was in Egypt, and it has witnessed unchanged all the vicis.

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era. The Luxor obelisk at Paris is scarcely less ancient. It comes from Thebes, and was old at the date of the siege of Troy, oris The inscriptions on these monuments are all hieroglyphic. They trepresent men and animals, plants, instruments, and natural objects of b Farious kinds. And they answer, a threefold purpose. od In many of the scenes represented they are pictures way they tell the life, the employment, the victories, of

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whom they describe. In other scenes the hieroglyphics are symbols, and describe not the object, represented, but some other object ideal or - materiak». Thuß an eye represents seeing i, a sceptre, a king; the lotus

and papyrus, Egypt Upper and Lower. So also a transitive verb is "I represented by logs, walking, and the fact that shepherds, were an abomination to the Egyptinn," by painting one of the despised race

on the isole of the shoe that the wearer might have the luxury of rr keeping him down. At the end of the last century the capture of the 3 "Rosetta stone which is now in the British Museum, led to icovery of a third use of hieroglyphic writing. That stone contains an in

. scription in three languages, hieroglyphic, Enchorial, or popular Egyptian, and Greek. This inscription was published, and finally deciphered by Dr. Thomas Young, and by Champollion. The result was, in brief, that each figpire was found to represent a; letter of a monosyllabic word and each

picture a longer word. Alphabets have since been invented, and though there is still some uncertainty in the application, gris undoubted truth in it, and some of the results are very satisfactory To

give a single example of the system: a teacher might be represented picutorialty by a figure of a man teaching; symbolically, as in Greek painting,

, by a hand passing on a torch; phonetically (as it is called) by pictures of astube, an eye, an axe, a gat, a house, an eye, a r'ope, the initial le

letters of which names spell the word. Judging from examples we have seen, an pold Egyptian historian would not have scrupled to describe a teacher by two signs, jone representing tea and the other cheer fri What

these light

Molly 4 t-inquiries and discoveries have thrown on the Pentateuch we leave to be 1 .bexamined in another paper,ih) y toms ting liquam d1!104 bis 217 sier Meanwhile our readers may be pleased to see the remains

ther earliest Egyptian, temples., The Frontispiece represents Phila, a r beautiful island of the Nile, in, Nubia, just beyond Egypt, though in. 'cluded in Egypt after the Persian conquest. The temples were dedicated into-Athor, the Egyptian Venus, who was also known as Isis, Inc of the temples is a chamber in which is, depicted the birth of the child-god Horasi vzamong the sculptures is one of two priests who worship a serpent suspended on a , cross, r. It is to the fable of. Isis seeking the pieces of the body of her murdered husband Osiris Milton, refers in a well-known passage in his “Areopagitica.; ; ; -40 dB Otel inol.

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it by (s; 77 of 10: not forget,kjort THE FIRST PERIODICAL FOR SUNDAY SCHOOL! " I borehead all tid i "soit TEACHERS $13541!12-13 23a 12.101 Dat 11:41!17

;4,4748', 1-115 to florile Bristoit, "lakinil tuoliin tulsar The appearance of the Sunday School Teacher seemis to call for somo's notice, in its first number, of those periodicals of a similar character, which have preceded, and to which it is the legitimate successór!)"},[**)3.3

. The objects of the Sunday School Union were declared, at its forma}ion in 1803, to be --lst, ito stimulate and encourage each other in the education and religious instruction of children and youth ; 2nd, by mutual communication to aim at improving each other's method of in-' struction; and 3rd, to promote the opening of new schools by influence and personal assistance whererer it might be deemed expedient. The first ? two of these objects were sought to be carried out by the publication of sound elementary works, adapted to assist teachers in their labours, and by the quarterly mdetings of teachers, which were held in various parts of London. The reports read and the discussions conducted at these meetings excited attention, encouraged and instructed teachers, and led to the restablishment of many new schools, as well as to the improvement sit"? of existing schools.: ottimo bordt.ro} told::7 juta ut 70's-1113 n.1 rid

In the year. 1812, Mr. William Freeman Lloyd, who had become the secretary of the Union, thought that something more was required, and ought to be attempted, in order to carry out these important objects to more efficiently. He adcordingly, in the April of that year, submitted "'11 to the Committee of the Union la prospectus of the Sunday Schools -Teachers' Magazines That prospectu8 was examined by Mr. Stepheni!? Warneri and Mr. Edward Thomas, two members of the Committee, and 500 copies of it were ordered to be printed and circulated at the 114? first publis breakfast of the Union, held at the New London Taverni, on"!!!'? Wednesday (May 13th. The Committee, however, seems to have con] fined themselves to this sanction of the publication, probably feeling" reluctant to incurithe attendant expenses 1 Mr. Lloyd, therefore, at hisown risk commended the periodicali on January 1, 1813, under the 1,1) title of the Sunday School Repository; or Teachers' Magamine, and fori', twenty-two years conducted it as 'editor: It was at first only published quarterly, libut afterwards became a monthly/ periodical. The : Union rendered some pecuniary assistance from time to time ; lbåt'at length it !!!! became remunerative, and some part of the profits was contributed to the funds of the Union.

When Mr. Lloyd retired from the office of editor, he handed it over to several members of the Committee of the Sunday School Uniqui, among whom were Daniel Benham, William Bugby, Francis Cuthbertson, Wile liam Groser, John Mann, Peter Jackson, and John í Stoneman. These became the proprietors, and Mr. Henry Althans was appointed the editor, to whom after some time the copyright was given. Upon his death it passed into the hands of his son. In May, 1859, the Committee of the Union learnt with regret that, in consequence of the sudden decease of Mr. H. R. Althans, the magazine had ceased to be published, there being no

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one prepared to step forward and carry it on. There were pecuniary considerations which might have made it desirable that the periodical

, which had long since assumed the title intended for it by Mr. Lloyd, The Sunday School Teachers' Magazine, should quietly pass out of existence; but the Committee, feeling that its maintenance was likely to promote the improvement of Sunday schools and the encouragement of teachers, determined to undertake the publication of the magazine, "which has for nearly nine ygars been conducted under their direction. lije!

The peçunjary considerations referred to were connected with the Union Magazine for Sunday School Teachers, which was commenced in the year 1844, in consequence of a suggestion made to the Committee that a cheaper periodical would be very useful to the teachers. That maga. zine has been carried on with great success, and under the editorship of Mr.W.J. Morrish, obtained a large circulation. It was obvious that the ?. discontinuance of the Teachers' Magazine would in all probability con siderably increase that circulation, and thus materially benefit the funds » of the Union. The Committee did not allow this to influenco their decision, and have used every effort in their power to render - both magazines effectual for the purposes they were designed to accomplish.

In the course of the last year, however, the Committee wbre 'compelled to receive the resignation of the editor of the Sunday School Teachers' Magazine, They had besides this seven othér monthly periodicals, five', of which were conducted gratuitously by members of their body, while the whole received their careful supervision. The inbour attending this) is necessarily great, and they did not find it practicable to induce one of their number to oçcupy the vacant post, « The cheapness and excellende of the Union Magazine and thie Teachcrs- Magazine, now published for, the benefit of Church of England and Wesleyan schools, all render it *** impossible to obtain a large circulation for a magazine published at a price which now appears large, but which could not be reduced without risk of losse! They therefore hesitated at: incurring the expense of ". engaging an oditor who must have been adequately remunerated, and...".. determined upon the course;of which the Sunday School Teacher is theís result+thys merging both their former periodicals for teachers into one, the conduct of which has been undertaken by the editor of the Union, Jaganinc; and, its, excellence, usefulness, and success will, it is , trusted, far exceed those of its predecessorss--s; y'thir)W. H. Wil Just 03 botsdrution ?? ritirse 3:1 '?19966] 240- biss v USTAVI Oli

. Tutto chuti ?! 1,5 1970 1 bus CHRIST IN THE HEART! (MULI Km "In the Highlands they tell that the treen went one day into' a poor cottage.

hoz, The old woman did not know who was seated under her roof, and even when toia?

i , she did not say much of what she felt, to see her Queen there. But then the Queen rose to go, she set aside the chair on which she had sat, and said, “None shall ever sit on that seat again.' It was a loyal word. In a way just as real as that Jesus comes into the soul ; and He brings as much with Him when He comes to

grest in the richest home and with the best-loved of the sons of men, as when He comes to the poorest child's or vilest sinner’s dwelling."

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