Abbildungen der Seite

Of the Nature and State of. Man with respect to the

Universe ibid.

That Happiness depends upon our Ignorance of suture

Events, and the hope of a suture State i5?"

The folly of craving for Persections which Providence

has denied us iJo

The madness of Man's desiring to be other than what he is


Absulute Submission due to Providence ibid.

Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to himself as

an individual - ibid.

Of Self-love, and Reasun, with their use i6z

Of the Passions, and their use 163, 164.

Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to Society 165

That no Creature subsists wholly for itself, nor wholly for

another, the happiness of Animals therefore is mutual 165

Reasun instructed by Instinct in inventing of Aits, and in

forming Societies 166

The true end of Government, and the use of Self-love

to Society 167

Of the Nature and State of Man, with respect to Hap-

piness ibid.

Happiness balanced among Mankind by the two Passions

of Hope and Fear 168

But that good Men have the Advantage ibid.

Eternal Goods are su far from being the Rewards of Vir-

tue that they are often destructive of it 169

That Virtue only constitutes HappineJs ibid.

Of the Universe, a Poem, by Ms. Baker 170

Of Virgil'^, Georghs 17;
The Prodigies supposed to havepreceded thedeath olCasar

• 7+

/ The manner of grafting Trees 175

Of transplanting Trees 176

A beautisul description ot Italy 177

The Pleasures of Rural Lise ibid.

Of training npCalves to theYoke,and breaking of Horses 17 8

Description of a War Horl'e 180

Description of a Distemper among the Cattle ibid.

The Nature and Government of Bees 1 82

Of Gqy's Rural Sports 'rS5

Of Angling '»W.

Of Setting 187

Of Shooting 188

Of Hunting 189

Of Gay's Trivia, or Art of walking the Streets 190

The Rise of the Patten, a Fable ibid.

The Rise of the Shoe-blacking Trade i9a

t Description of Frost-Fair on the Thames 195

That a Critic should study his own Abilities 197

Nature the best Guide to the Judgement ibid.

But the Judgement may be improved by Art, and by study-
ing the Ancients, especially Homer and Virgil ibid.

Of the Licences allowed in Poetry 198

Pride and impersect Learning the suurce of Error 199

Of judging of a Performance by a Part of it zoo
Of being pleased with glittering Thoughts only ibid.
Of judging only from the Language of a Piece, or from
the Numbers ibid.

Of being too hard to please, or too apt to admire 201

Ofjudgingpartially, andcoilectingOpinionsfromother320z

Wit is ever pursued with Envy; but the true Critic will

temper his Mind with good Nature 20%

Characters of an incorrigable Poet, an impertinent Crilic

and a good one 204.

An Admonition to the Critics 205

Of Dr. Armstrongs Art of preserving Health 106

Invocation to the Goddess of Health 107

Of Air, and particularly of that breathed in London ibid.

Of the benefit of burning Pit-coal ibid.

Of the choice of Air, and of a Country Situation 208

Difeases arising from a Situation too marshy or too dry ibid.

Of the force of Custom, and the sriendly Power of native

Air 210

The necessity of a free Circulation os Air, andof draining
Bogs, and clearing away Trees ibid.
Of the regard which ought to be paid to Diet and Exercife,
by those who live in Countries that are very dry or very
marshy ibid.

Advice to those who would avoid an over moist Air 211

That gratifying the Fancy contribute; to Health 2i»
The Essect which running Water has on the Air ibid.
The benesit of sunny Situations, with a House rather airy
than warm, proved from the languishing state Plants
are in when consined to the Shade ibid.

Of Diet f »i;

Of the Circulation of the Blood, its waste, and how

Aiivly'd ibid.

Of thu use of Labour in concocting the Food into Chyle

and then into Blood ibid.

Of the choice ot Food ; liquid Food, Vegetables, and
young Animals, easiest of Digestion; but not those made
fat by unnatural means ibid.
Every Brute is directed by Instinct to its proper Aliment,
but voluptuous Man seeds with all the Commoners of
Nature, and is led in pursuit of Pleasure to his own
Destruction. «'4-

E-ating to excess, of any Aliment, dangerous, and espe-

cially after long Abstinence . *l*

The use of sumetimes indulging the Appetite, and of Fast-

ing occasionally to unload the Wheels of Life 216

The Regimen to be observed in the several Seasuns of the
Year. That each Month and each Clime produces the
Food which is most proper, but Winter demands more
generous Liquors than the other Seasuns ibid.

Ot the Choice and proper use of Water 217

The only Liquors drank in the sirst Ages of theWorld ibid.

That which is most pure, which is suonest evaporated, and

which generally falls from the Sides of Mountains, or

rifes from a fandy Spring is best 218

Of sermented Liquors, and their use. ibid.

When drank unmixed with Water they retard Concoc-
tion, as appears by their Property of preserving Reptiles,
and animal Food from Putrefaction ibid.

That Generous Liquors may sumetimes be drank freely and
to good purpose, tho' but seldom ; for whatever too much
accelerates the motion of the Fluids, whether it be
Wine, high seasun'd Meats, or laborious Exercife long
continued, impairs the Constitution ibid.

Of Exercise '119

The Importance of Exercife to tholeofadelicateFrame ib.

The Pleasures of a rural Lise and Converfation 220

That the Fancy is to be indulged in our choice of Exercife,

since it is this only which distinguilhes Exercife from

Labour 221

That in all our Exercifes we should begin and end leifure-
ly; avoiding the use of cold Liquors while we are
hot, and taking care to cool by degrees ibid.

Of Bathing, and of the use of the Cold Bath (to fortify the

Body against inclement Weather) to those whose Con-

stitutions will admit of it 221

The warm Bath recommended to those who dwell in sul-

try climes, and sumetimes to the Inhabitants of our own,

'when the Skin is parched, the Pores obstructed, and

Persniration impersectly performed ibid.

The SHsuns for Exercife should be adapted to the Con-

stitution. Labour, when fasting, is best for the corpu-

lent Frame; but those of a lean habit shousd deser it

until a Meal has been digested ibid.

No Labour either of Body or Mind is to be admitted

when the Stomach is sull, and the Spirits are required

to promote Digestion; for it is dangerous to hurry an

half concocted Chyle into the^Blood ibid.

The corpulent Frame requires much Exercife, the lean

less ibid.

No Labours, are too hard in the Winter; but in the Sum-

mer milder Exercifes are best, and those are most proper

in the Morning andEvening, avoiding the noxious Dews

of the Nieht * 222

The Pleasures of Rest after Labour, and an Admonition

against eating too much, and too late at Night ibid.

Caution against mifapplying those Hours, either in Study

or Company, in which Nature intended we should rest 224.

The Reasun why those who labour obtain fo much Re-

freshment from Sleep, while the Indolent sind but little

Relief ibid.

Of Cloathing-—The necessity of putting on the Winter
Garb early, and not leaving it otf till late in the Spring


Of the sweating Sickness ibid.

Of the Passions ibid.

Of the Soul and its Operations ibid.

That painsul Thinking, or the Anxiety, which attends se-

vere Study, Difcontent, Care, Love, Hatred, Fear and

Jealousy satigues the Soul and impairs the Body 226

Precepts for Reading-—The Postures most proper, and the
Advantage of reading loud ibid.

It is a great Art in Lise su to manage the restless Mind

that it may not impair the Body 227

The dreadsul Effects of those misguided Passions which
sill the Mind with imaginary Evils ibid.

Those chronic Passions wnich spring from real Woes and

not from any Disurder in the Body, are to be cured by

such Diversions or Business, as sill the Mind, or remove

it from the Object of its Concern 228

- The Folly of seeking Relief from Drinking ibid.

Of the Mifchiefs that attend Drunkenness, such as doing
ram Deeds that are never to be forgotten, the Loss of
Friends, Money, Health, &e. ibid.

The Poet's Tribute to the Memory of his Father ibid.

The wretched Situation of those who having nothingtodo

are obliged to spend their Days in quest of Pleasure 229

Indolence and Luxury are Enemies both to Pleasure and
to Health ibid.

Of Virtue and good Sense—Their Efsects ibid.

Whatever supports the Mind in a State o£Serenity and

Chearsulness, supports the Body alsu ; henw the Blessing

of Hope which Heaven has kindly thrown into our Cup

as a Cordial for all our Evils 230

The dreadsul Effects of Anger, and of other Passions 231

Violent Sallies of Passion are sumetimes usesul in cold and
corpulent Constitutions ibid.

But those who are subject to violent Passions shouldrefram
from strong Liquors ibid.

Of the Use of Mustek in suothing the Passions ibid.

Of the Power of Poetry and Misick united 232

Of the great use of Didactic Poetry ibid.

Of the use of Episudes and Dgressions which should be oc-
casionally pathetic" a«-

Of the necessity of enriching the Style ibid.

Of Painting and Music 234

PRECEPTS for Tales in Verse, with occasional Re-

marks 235 to 145

Those best which keep the Mind in a. state of Suspense

and Anxiety to the End 235

The Hermit, by Dr. Parncl 236

The Apparition, by Mr. Gay 242

PRECEPTS lor Fables, with occasional Remarks

245 to 25z

The great usesulness of Fables , 245

The Jugglers, by Mi. Gay 246

The Poet and his Patron, by Mr. Moore 24s

The Bag-Wig and Tobacco-Pipe, by Mr, Smart 150


PRECEPTS for Allegorical Poetry, with oc-
casional Remarks Page 1 to 39

The Business of Poetry, especially of that which is Allego-

rical . s

Of Spencer ibid.

Desinition of Allegorical Poetry 3

Allegorical Poetry most esteem'd by the Ancients 4

Of the Fable ibid.

The Fairy Queen, by Spenser 5

The Castle ot Indolence, by Thomson 25

Pain and Pleasure, by Mr. Addison 27

Care and Generosity, by Mr. Smart 30

That fort of Allegory which is made up of real or historical

Persuns, and ofActions either probable or possible; and

where the Moral is obvious, and the Mind fatissied with-

out seeking for a mystical Meaning, ought to be distin-

guilhed by another Name 31

Improvement of Lise. An Eastern Story, by 'Mr.JohnJbfi-1,%

Of the Force and Propriety of Parables in the New Testa-

ment »- 37

Of the Affinity between Poetry and Painting 38

The Reasun why we are su affected by a beautisul Passage

in Shakespeare . 39

The Heads and Hearts of Men not su bad as they are

generally represented ibid.

PRECEPTS for Lyric Poetry, with occasional Re-

marks 391096

Of the origin of this Species of Poetry ibid.

Of invoking the Muses 40

Of the excellencies of Phdar ibid.

Division of Lyric Poetry into the Sublime C de, the lejser Ode

and the Song 43

^ Of

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