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number of voters is about 700, consisting of the and, being carried away by the fervor of a heated burgesses, and such of the inhabitants as pay imagination, gave herself out as the woman scot and lot. Several royal burgesses have been spoken of in the book of Revelations. In this enrolled in this corporation, among whom are capacity, although altogether illiterate, she scribthe late king and his present majesty. The ori- bled much mystic nonsense in the way of vision gin and name of Southampton have occasioned and prophecy, and for a while carried on a lumuch discussion. The name is written Hanton crative trade in the sale of seals, which were, unor Hantune in the Doomsday book, and is sup- der certain conditions, to secure salvation. A posed to be derived from the river Ant or An- disorder of rather rare occurrence finally giving tom. The Romans had a settlement at Bittern, her the outward appearance of pregnancy, after about a mile and a half from Southampton, she had passed her grand climacteric, she named Clausenham. The present town arose announced herself as the mother of a promised after that was abandoned. Hampton must have Shiloh, whose speedy advent she confidently been a place of consequence under the Anglo- predicted. More than one clergyman of the esSaxons, as it gave name to the whole county. tablished church was numbered among her vo-From the year 873 until the accession of Canute taries. A cradle of expensive materials, and it was subject to frequent ravages by the Danes. highly decorated, was prepared at a fashionable This monarch appears to have occasionally re- upholsterer's, for the expected babe. So fully persided at Southampton; and it was here that the suaded were many of her attendants of the reality incident happened which is recorded of him, of her mission, that one of the ecclesiastics alwhen he ordered his chair to be set on the sea ready alluded to, on receiving a remonstrance shore, and attempted to control the waves. from his diocesan, offered to bind himself to reDuring the thirteenth century a good trade was sign a benefice he possessed into the bishop's carried on between this port and France. In hands, if the holy Joanna, as he styled her, 1345 the army which afterwards fought at the should fail to appear on a specified day with the battle of Cressy was embarked here, as was also expected Shiloh. As a specimen of the extrathe army which, in 1415, fought at Agincourt. vagant delusion which may be popular in the The trade of the town appears again to have neighbourhood of the most enlightened metropoAourished in the reign of Henry VI., and Cam- lis of the world, we subjoin a specimen or two of den, who wrote in the reign of Elizabeth, says her reveries. "I have this to inform the public,' that in his time the town was famous for the says the holy woman in her Warning to the number and beauty of its buildings, and the re- whole World, p. 123, that the prophecies of sort of numerous merchants. After this, how- this book show the destruction of Satan, and the ever, it appears to have declined, as Gibson, in coming of Christ's kingdom.
.. Here 1695, describes it as going fast to decay. Since my readers may ask me, what ground I have to that time, however, the trade and consequence affirm this belief? I answer, from the truth that of the town have again revived. In 1811 the is past I have ground to believe that other truths town contained 1669 houses, and 9617 inhabit- will follow. From the former I judge the latter. ants. Markets on Tuesday, Thursday, and Sa- The war that I foretold in 1792 we should be turday, well supplied with excellent fish and engaged in followed in 1793. The dearth, which other provisions. There are two annual fairs, came upon the land in 1794 and 1795, I forethe principal of which is Trinity. Twelve miles told in 1792 ; and, if unbelief did abound, that S.S.W.of Winchester, and seventy-five W. S.W. a much greater scarcity would take place, and of London. Long. 1° 24' W., lat. 50° 54' N. which too fatally followed. I foretold the bad
SOUTHAMPTON, a township of the United harvest in 1797. I foretold, in letters sent 10 States, in Rockingham county, New Hampshire. two ministers of Exeter, what would be the har-2. A township of Hampshire county, Massa- vests of 1799 and 1800 ; that the former would chusetts, which contains a lead mine. Ninety- be hurt by rain, and the latter by sun :—these eight miles west of Boston.—3. A post township followed as predicted. The rebellion which of Suffolk county, New York, on the south side took place in Ireland, in 1798, I foretold in 1795, of Long Island. 100 miles east of New York. when the Irish soldiers rebelled in Exeter against -4. A township of Cumberland county, Pevn- the English officers. ...I foretold the sylvania.-5. A township of Franklin county, secret thoughts and conversation of people in Pennsylvania.-6. A township of Bedford coun- Exeter, which took place in 1792.' • The letter ty, Pennsylvania. Population 932.—7. A town- I sent to the Rev. Archdeacon Moore last spring ship of Somerset county, Pennsylvania.—8. 'A foretold the harvest as it came. I was ordered township of Bucks county, Pennsylvania.-9. A to put it in my own hand writing, to prevent his county of the United States, in the south-east reading it before the time was expired! You may part of Virginia, bounded north-west by Sussex marvel how a woman that professed to say she and Surry counties, east by Isle of Wight and is called of God, to write such deep prophecies, Nansemond counties, south by North Carolina, and have the mysteries of the Bible explained to and south-west by Greensville county. Jerusa- her, should write such a hand as no one can lem is the chief town.
read. But this must be to fulfil the Bible. SOUTHCOTT (Joanna), a remarkable fanatic Every vision John saw in heaven must take of recent times, who attracted by her pretensions place upon earth; and here is the sealed book numerous converts in London and its vicinity. that no one can read. The following is a comThey are said to have amounted at one period to munication given to Joanna in 1794 concerning upwards of 100,000. She was born in the west the vials in the Revelation, and taken from the of England, about 1750, of very humble parents, sealed writings opened January 12th, 1803.
* No man by learning can these truths find out: much solemnity, and signed by herself, with her It is of God, I say, let no man doubt!
hand placed on the Bible in the bed . . . This Thy pen's put down, and thou no more can'st say, being finished, Mr. Howe again observed to her, Till I shall further on direct thy way,
Mother, your feelings are human. We know And now thy way I surely will direct. 'Tis on the sun the vial is pour'd out;
that you are a favored woman of God, and that And fervent heat it shall so strongly burn,
you will produce the promised child ; and whatThat all the earth shall feel it and shall mourn;
ever you may say to the contrary will not dimiBecause the sun shall burn so very strong,
nish our faith.' This assurance revived her, and That all the corn it surely will consume.
the scene of crying was changed with her 10
laughter. She died 27th of December 1814; Great peace in England after that shall be,
four days after which event her body was inBecause the remnant will believe in me.'
spected, but no child was found. The faith of In p. 37, we find the following prophecy,
her disciples, however, was not extinguished by
her death. The dead body was kept warm for • I write to you, Sir, as a friend, to judge for four days, according, as was said, to her own di yourself. If unbelief do still abound, the next rections, in hopes of a revival, and the birth of harvest will be worse than the last, and your re
the promised child; and it was not consigned to pentance may come too late. I am ready to an, the dissector, till putrefaction had rendered it swer for myself in all I have said or done. I
extremely offensive. have written no cunningly devised fable to any understand, cherished, that, although she has been
Hopes are even yet, we man, but written to make known unto all men the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ; with her son, and fulfil the promises, whose ac
withdrawn for a season, she will one day return and am, with the greatest respect, your humble complishment has been delayed on account of servant, JOANNA SOUTHCOTT.
the wickedness of the world. In fact, as some of Now, I must beg my readers to observe,' says her disciples, and particularly Mr. Sharp, hare the prophetess, this letter was written the żd suggested that she is the woman described at the of March, in the year 1800; and the harvest that beginning of the twelfth chapter of the Revelafollowed was worse, as foretold, than the former tion; it is evident from the perusal of that chapof 1799.'—With regard to her last and most ex- ter, that both the mother and the child were ta traordinary attempt at delusion, more than one disappear from the earth, but to return at the medical man who examined her, attested her end of a period not easy to be defined. Mr. pregnancy; and a numerous body of partizans Sharp publicly asserted his conviction that she were the dupes of her imposture to the moment was only gone to heaven for a season, in order to of her death. Dr. Reece gives the following ac- legitimate the embryo child.' In this persuasion count of a visit, at which he was present a few he, as well as many others, lived and died, dor és weeks before she died. Five or six of her the sect yet extinct; on the contrary, within a friends, who were waiting in the next room, short period several families of her disciples were admitted into her bed-chamber.- She de- were living together in the neighbourhood of sired them,' says our author, “to be seated round Chatham remarkable for the patriarchal length her bed; when spending a few minutes in ad- of their beards and the general singularity of justing the bed clothes with seeming attention, their appearance. After the body of Joanna had and placing before her a white handkerchief, she been submitted to anatomical investigation (when thus addressed them, as nearly as I can recollect, the extraordinary appearance of her shape was in the following words.— My friends, some of fully accounted for upon medical principles), you have know we nearly twenty-five years, her remains were conveyed for interment under and all of you not less than twenty.' When you a fictitious name to the burying ground attached have heard me speak of prophecies, you have to the chapel in St. John's Wood. A stone has sometimes heard me say that I doubted my in- heen erected to her memory, which, after recitspiration. But at the same time you would ne- ing her age, and other usual particulars, CODver let me despair. When I have been alone cludes with some lines, evidently the composiit has often appeared delusion ; but, when the tion of a still unshaken believer. communication was made to me, I did not in SOUTHEND, a hamlet, risen of late into the least doubt. Feeling, as I now do feel, that great repute as a watering-place, in the parish of my dissolution is drawing dear, and that a day Prittlewell(with which the population is returned), or two may terminate my life, it all appears de- hundred of Rochford, Essex, at the mouth of the lusion.'—She was by this exertion quite exhaust- Thames, opposite to Sheerness, three miles ard a ed, and wept bitterly. On reviving, in a little half east from Leigh, and forty-two from London, time, she observed that it was very extraordinary, is pleasantly situate on the slope of a hill. The air that after spending all her life in investigating is esteemed very salubrious, and the water, notthe Bible, it should please the Lord to inflict withstanding its mixture with the Thames, is that heavy burden on her. She concluded this clear and salt. The terrace is a row of houses discourse, by requesting that every thing on this handsomely finished with pilasters and cornices occasion might be conducted with decency. She of stone, and, being on an eminence, has a potle then wept; and all her followers present seemed prospect of the Nore, Medway, Sheemess, and deeply affected, and some of them shed tears. the sea. The assembly-room is fitted up in a • Mother,' said one (I believe Mr. Howe), "we handsome style, and the theatre is Deat: the will commit your instructions to paper; and Jibrary, situate on the brow of the hill, between rest assured they shall be conscientiously follow- the Old and New Town, is an elegant Gothic ed.' They were accordingly written down with building. The accommodations are respectable.
SOUTHERN (Thomas), an eminent dramatic Southwark, afterwards the bailiwic, and the writer, born at Dublin in 1660, and educated in mayor and commonalty of London appointed the the university there. He came young to London bailiff. This power, however, not being sufficient to study law, but devoted himself to poetry and to remedy the evil, in the reign of Edward VI. it the drama. His Persian Prince, or Loyal Bro- was formed into a twenty-sixth ward by the title ther, was introduced in 1682, when the Tory in- of Bridge-Ward Without. In consequence of terest was triumphant in England; and the cha- this it was subjected to the lord mayor of Lonracter of the loyal brother being intended to don, with the steward and bailiff. But this was compliment James duke of York, he rewarded only the division called the Borough Liberty. the author, when he came to the throne, with a For the city division the lord mayor by his commission in the army. On the revolution he steward holds a court of record every Monday retired to his studies, and wrote several plays, at the sessions-house on St. Margaret's Hill in from which he derived a very handsome subsist- this borough, for all debts, damages, &c. The ence, being the first who raised the profits of other division is called the Clink, or the Manor of play-writing to a second and third night. The Southwark, and is subdivided into the Great Limost finished of all his plays is Oroonoko, or the - berty, the Guildhall, and the King's Manor; for Royal slave, which is built on a true story, re each of which subdivisions a court-leet is held. lated in one of Mrs. Behn's novels. He died in A court-house, called Union-hall, has been built 1746, aged eighty-six. The latter part of his in the new street called Union Street. The Clink days he spent in a peaceful serenity, having, by liberty is under the jurisdiction of the bishop of his commission as a soldier, and the profits of Winchester. Court-leets are also kept at Lamhis dramatic works, acquired a handsome fortune; beth, Bermondsey, and Rotherhithe, districts adand, being an exact economist, he improved what joining to the Borough. The Marshalsea prison he had gained to the best advantage. He en is the county jail for felons, and the admiralty joyed the longest life of all our poets; and died jail for pirates. In this quarter is also the King's one of the richest of them. His plays are printed Bench prison, the rules of which are above two in 2 vols. 12mo.
miles in circuit, and comprise the greatest part SOUTH'ERNWOOD, n. s. Sax. sudern- of St. George's Fields. Here was committed pudu. Abrotanum.
Henry, prince of Wales, by the spirited and This plant agrees in most parts with the worm honest judge Gascoigne. In this prison, the alwood, from which it is not easy to separate it. lowance being better than that of the common
prisons, many debtors remove themselves hither SOUTHGATE (Rev. Richard), F. S. A., a by habeas corpus. late eminent English antiquary. Having gone
Southwark is first mentioned in history on octhrough the usual course of study, and taken casion of earl Godwin's sailing up the river to orders, he was appointed rector of Warsop in attack the royal navy of fifty ships lying before Nottinghamshire and curate of St. Giles's in the the palace of Westminster, in 1052, when he Fields. He was an active parish priest, and was went ad Suthweorce,' and stayed there till the indefatigable in his attendance on the poor,
return of the tide. Southwark consists of the whom he waited on in all places and at all hours, parishes of St. Olave, St. Saviour, St. George, by day and night, in the garrets and cellars of and St. Thomas. That of Christ Church is in St. Giles's, and made a surprising reformation Surry. The principal church Southwark is upon many of them. As an antiquarian he was that of St. Saviour, formerly a priory of regular almost unrivalled in numismatic knowledge; on canons. Being dedicated to the Virgin Mary, which account he was made a fellow of the So and situated near the Thames, it was called St. ciety of Antiquaries, and assistant librarian to Mary Over Ree, or Overy. It is built like a the British Musæum. He died January 25th, cathedral, with three aisles from east to west, 1795.
and a cross aisle. It is the largest parish church SOUTH'SAY, v. n. & n. s. Corrupted from in England, the three aisles measuring 269 feet SOOTHSAY, which see. To predict; prediction.
in length, and the cross aisle 109 feet. The All those were idle thoughts and fantasies,
height within is forty-seven feet, and it has a Devices, dreams, opinions unsound,
tower with four spires 150 feet high. It has Shews, visions, southsays, and prophecies,
lately been extensively repaired. Near St. And all that feigned is, as leasings, tales, and lies. George's church stood the magnificent palace of
Faerie Queene. Charles Brandon, duke of Suffolk, the deserved Young, men, hovering between hope and fear, favorite of Henry VIII. After his death in 1545 might easily be carried into the superstition of south- it came into the king's hands, who established saying by names.
here a royal mint. It was then called SouthSOUTHWARK, an ancient borough of Eng- wark place. Edward VI. once dined in it. The land, adjacent to London, on the opposite bank mint became a sanctuary for insolvent debtors, of the Thames. It was called by the Saxons and at length the pest of the neighbourhood, by Suth, or the South work, in respect to some fort giving shelter to villains of every species ; till bearing that aspect from London. It was also parliament, by the stats. 8 & 9 W. III., 9 Geo. called the Borough, or Burg, and was long.inde- I., and 11 Geo. I., abolished its abused privipendent of London ; but, in consideration of the leges. In
the parish of Christ Church, near the inconveniences arising from the escape of male- water on Bankside, stood Paris garden, one of factors into this place, it was in 1327 granted the ancient play-houses. Ben Jonson performed by Edward III. to the city on payment of £10 the part of Zulman in it. It was much frequented annually. It was then called the village of on Sundays. This profanation, Mr. Pennant ob
serves, was at length fully punished by the dire lected, and became ruinous. "No pious real accident which befel the spectators in 1582, when (says Mr. Pennant) restored the place, but the the scaffolding suddenly fell, and multitudes of madness of priestly pride. Boniface, a wrathful people were killed or miserably maimed. The and turbulent primate, elected in 1244, by way manor of Paris garden was then erected into a. of expiation for a riot he had committed, rebuilt parish, and a church founded under the name of it with great magnificence. It was very highly Christ's. Beyond this place of amusement were improved by the munificent Henry Chichely, the bear-garden and place for baiting of bulls, who was primate from 1414 to 1443. I lament the British circi, those disgraces of English taste. to find so worthy a man the founder of a buid. This was then an amusement for persons of the ing so reproachful to his memory as the Lollard's first rank. Elizabeth caused even the French Tower, at the expense of nearly 1280. Neither ambassadors to be diverted with these bloody Protestants nor Catholics should omit visiting spectacles. Near these scenes of cruel pastime this tower, the cruel prison of the unhappy fol. were the bordello or stews, licensed by govern- lowers of Wickliffe. The vast staples and rings ment. They were farmed out. Even a lord to which they were chained, before they were mayor did not disdain to rent them to the froes, brought to the stake, ought to make Protestants or bawds of Flanders. Among other regulations bless the hour which freed them from so bloody no stewholder was to admit married women; nor a religion. During the civil wars of the serenwere they to keep open their houses on Sundays; teenth century, this palace suffered greatly; but nor were they to admit any women who had on at the restoration the whole was repaired by them the perilous infirmity of burning. These archbishop Juxton. The parish church of Laminfamous houses were very properly suppressed beth, which is near the palace, has a plain tower; by Henry VIII. Besides several alms-houses the architecture is Gothic. It has the figure of a here are 'St. Thomas's and Guy's hospitals, two pedlar and his dog painted in a window. The of the noblest endowments in England. The pedlar bequeathed the piece of ground called former was first erected in 1215 by Peter de Pedlar's Acre to the parish. In the church-yard Rupibus, bishop of Winchester, who endowed it is the monument of the three great travellers with land to the amount of £343 a year. In 1551, named Tradescant. after the citizens of London had purchased of The charitable institutions in Southwark are Edward VI. the manor of Southwark and its ap- extremely numerous and respectable; the principurtenances, of which this hospital was a part, pal are, the Magdalen Hospital, for Female Pe ihey spent £1100 in repairing and enlarging the nitents; the School for the Indigent Blind; the edifice, and admitted into it 260 patients ; upon Philanthropic Society, for the protection and which the king in 1553 incorporated this hos- reform of the orphans and children of convicted pital with those of Christ Church and Bridewell felons ; the New Bethlehem Hospital for lunatics; in London. The building being much decayed, the Surry Dispensary; many 'alms-houses for three beautiful squares adorned with colonnades infirm old people; two free grammar-schools; tbe were erected by voluntary subscription in Royal Lancasterian Free-School, and a great 1693, to which in 1732 the governors added a number of other charities of less importance. magnificent building, consisting of several wards. The county prison, in Horsemonger Lane, is a Near St. Thomas's stands Guy's Hospital, the commodious building, erected on the late Mr. most extensive charitable foundation that ever Howard's plan ; attached to which is a new and was established by one man in private life. The spacious sessions-house. The Dissenters also founder was Thomas Guy, a bookseller in Lom- enjoy numerous commodious places of worship. bard Street, who lived to see the edifice roofed in the Borough are also Union Hall, a public in; and at his death, in 1724, left £238,292 168., police office, the Town-hall, and the Borough including the expense of the building, to finish Compter, for the confinement of prisoners preand endow it. See Guy. It was incorporated vious to their examination. The 'Surry Theatre by charter from parliament, and the first gover- is a neat edifice, and a much frequented place of nors were appointed in 1725. In St. George's amusement. An elegant cast-iron bridge of three Fields, west of the king's-bench prison, is the arches, called Southwark Bridge, has been Magdalen, for the reception of penitent prosti- erected over the Thames from Bankside to Queen tutes; a little farther is situated the Asylum for Street, in the city, which has greatly contributed orphan girls; and not far distant the West- to the improvement of that part of the borougb. minster Lying-in hospital. St. George's Fields On the banks of the Thames are numerous iron, are now covered with new buildings. At Lam- glass, and other manufactories, and many extenbeth the archbishops of Canterbury had a palace. sive wharfs, and other mercantile establishments
, According to Mr. Pennant it was in earlier times belonging to merchants of opulence. Southwark a manor royal; for the great Hardiknut died sends two members to parliament, who are rehere in 1042, in the midst of the jollity of a wed- turned by about 3200 of the inhabitants, paying ding dinner; and here the usurper Harold II. scot and lot. The Bridge House, near St. snatched the crown and placed it on his own Olave's Church, was formerly used as a storehead. At that period it was part of the estate of house for keeping the materials for repairing the Goda, wife to Walter earl of Mantes, and Eustace bridge, but is now converted into offices belongearl of Boulonge; who presented it to the church ing to the Bridge House estate. Adjoining the of Rochester, but reserved to herself the patron- Bridge House yard formerly stood the city resiage. It became, in 1197, the property of the seedence of the abbot of St. Augustines, in Canterof Canterbury by exchange. The building was bury, the site of which is now converted into a improved by Langton, but was afterwards neg- wharf. On the east side of Bridge Yard also
stood the mansion of the abbot of Battle, in Sus. whole establishment of the college consists sex; the site whereof is now called Battle Bridge; of sixteen prebendaries, six vicars-choral, one opposite to this on the south were its spacious organist, and other officers. Two fellowships gardens, wherein was a labyrinth, or maze, and two scholarships in St. John's College, the name of which is also preserved, though the Cambridge, are in the presentation of Southwell. place is covered with buildings. Near St. Sa. They were founded by Dr. Reton, canon of viour's church is the Borough market, for all Salisbury, in the time of Henry VIII. The archkinds of provisions, but principally vegetables. bishop of York had formerly a palace here, situated
SOUTHWELL, a market-town, in the county on the south side of the church yard; the ruins of Nottingham, situated on an eminence, on the of it are still extensive, and, being overshadowed banks of the river Greet, in a well-wooded with ivy, form a great ornament to the place. country, and enclosed by an amphitheatre of The archiepiscopal parks were four in number, hills. The town was formerly much more consi- but these have been divided and enclosed since derable than at present; but as the hamlets of the destruction of the palace in the civil wars, East and West Thorpe, which are contiguous, during which Charles I. was often here. On the appear to form part of it, and go under the name, north side of the church-yard is a very conveniSouthwell has still the appearance of a pretty ent public walk, made in 1784. The county large place. It is divided into a civil and eccle- bridewell here is used as a prison for the various siastical portion. The former, called the Bur- manors belonging to the archbishopric in the gage or Burridge, comprehends all the space be- county. It was built in 1656 and 1787. This tween the market-place and the river; the prison, called the Nottinghamshire house of corthe Prebendage, includes the collegiate churchrection, has also received considerable additions to and its property. This church forms the only its size during the last two or three years. It is interesting object in the town, and has been long under the immediate direction of county magiscelebrated for the antiquity, beauty, and variety, trates, who are appointed visiting justices, a resiof its architecture. It consists of a nave, with dent governor, a surgeon, chaplain, and turntwo aisles, two towers at the west end, a transept, keys. The adaptation of the structure, and the a choir with aisles, and a chapter-house. The regulations and discipline, are highly and warmly length from east to west is 306 feet, the width of spoken of. . Southwell possesses no trade of any the transept from north to south is 121 feet, and consequence. The government of the town is the breadth of the nave fifty-nine feet. The divided between the clergy and the laity, the foundation of it is ascribed to Paulinus, arch- former ruling over the prebendage, and the latter bishop of York, who was sent by pope Gregory, over the Burgage. Its civil jurisdiction extends in 627, by the advice of St. Augustine, to estab over twenty towns or villages; its ecclesiastical lish Christianity in Britain. During a succes over twenty-eight. The civil administration is sion of ages it was liberally patronised by mo held at Southwell and Scroby, by the justices, narchs and nobles, and distinguished by the who are nominated by the archbishop, but act decrees of popes and prelates, until it shared under a commission from the crown. The chapter, the fate of other collegiate establishments in the in the person of the vicar-general, exercises all the reign of Henry VIII. It was in that reign de- episcopal functions except ordination and confirclared by act of parliament the mother church of mation. Southwell is thought to have been a Nottinghamshire. In Edward VI.'s reign the Roman station. Market on Saturday, and an chapter was dissolved and granted to the duke annual fair on Whit-Monday. Fourteen miles of Northumberland, but was restored by queen north-east of Nottingham, and 132 N. N.W. of Mary. It suffered much in the civil wars, and London. has not yet recovered the damage done by Crom SOUTHWOLD, a sea-port, market-town, and well's troops, who converted it into a stable. bathing-place of Suffolk, is situated on the The architecture is Saxon and Norman; the Blyth, and on a point of land alınost surrounded great mass of the building has sustained little al- by the sea; twenty miles south from Yarmouth, teration, except in some of the windows, whose and 105 north-east from London. The church Saxon arches have given place to the Gothic is a fine building, 143 feet long, and fifty-six pointed style of the fourteenth century. There wide; and the town is governed by two bailiffs, is a tradition that the oldest part, which is pure a recorder, and twelve aldermen, who hold their Saxon, and where the pillars are large, plain, meetings in the Guildhall. It is a member of and singularly massive, was built in the short the port of Yarmouth, and its creek spreads to reign of Harold ; and, on the whole, there is lit- Dunwich and Walderswick. Here is a considertle doubt that, excepting St. Augustine's at able trade in the herring and sprat fishing, in Canterbury, this is the oldest building now in salt and old beer; and the town has risen to its existence in England. The entrance is by a present consequence from the decline of DunGothic gateway, from which there is a direct view wich. The harbour has been repaired and of the west front.
improved by the erection of two piers. The The chapter-house is a beautiful structure, and bay, called Solebay, is remarkable in history for the arch of entrance forms a most striking object. an engagement in 1666, between the British and Of the tombs in this church is a large alabaster Dutch Heets, when the latter was defeated with one to archbishop Sandys. In the church-yard the loss of nearly seventy ships, while the Engwas a college for the chantry priests. The lish lost only one. High water, at full and chantry itself has lately been taken down, and change, half past nine o'clock. This part of the an excellent school erected on the ground. The coast is noted for the arrival and departure of Vol. XX.