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from the middle pier, then lying in Moorfields, practise smelling or a marked sagacity: the power and throw them into the river to guard the or faculty of smelling; scent: a smeller is the sterlings. The apprehensions concerning the person who smells, or an organ of smell. falling of the bridge were great; his advice was Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell pursued with alacrity; the stones were repur- thereto, shall be cut off.

Exod. xxx. 38. chased that day; horses, carts, and barges were The king is but a man as I am: the violet smells to got ready; and they began the work on Sunday him as it doth to me ; all his senses have but human

conditions. morning. Thus Mr. Smeaton saved London

Shukspeare.

Down with the nose, take the bridge quite away, Bridge from falling, and secured it till more effectual methods could be taken. The vast

Of him that, his particular to forefend,
Smells from the general weal.

Id. variety of mills which Mr. Smeaton constructed

The daintiest smells of fowers are out of those show the great use he made of his experiments plants whose leaves smell not. in 1752 and 1753; for he never trusted to theory

Bacon's Natural History. in any case where he could investigate it by ex Honey in Spain smelleth apparently of the rosemary periment. He built a steam-engine at Aust- or orange, from whence the bee gathereth it. Bacon. horpe, and made experiments thereon, to ascer The sweetest smell in the air is the white double tain the power of Newcomen's steam-engine, violet, which comes twice a year. which he improved and brought to a far greater

Next, in the nostrils she doth use the smell,' degree of perfection, both in its construction and As God the breath of life in them did give: powers, than it had before. Mr. Smeaton was a

So makes he now this power in them to dwell, frequent attendant on parliament, his opinions

To judge all airs whereby we breathe and live.

Davies. being often called for; and, by the clearness of

Now God, that was before annoyed with the illhis description and the integrity of his heart, he

savour of sin, smells a sweet savour of rest. seldom failed to obtain the act wished for. No

Bp. Hall. one had ever more confidence placed in his tes A work of this nature is not to be performed upon timony. In the courts of law he had several one leg, and should smell of oil if duly handled. compliments paid him from the bench by lord

Browne. Mansfield and others, for the light which he Pleasant smells are not confined unto vegetables, threw on difficult subjects. About 1785 Mr. but are found in divers animals. Smeaton's health began to decline ; and he then

Id. Vulgar Errours. took the resolution to avoid all the business he

A man so smelling of the people's lee,

Dryden. could, that he might have leisure to publish an The court received him first for charity. account of his inventions, which was certainly came in his head how to countermine him.

l'he horse smelt him out, and presently a crochet the first wish of his heart. But he got only his

L'Estrange. account of the Eddystone Lighthouse completed The ant lives upon her own, honestly gotten, (see EDDYSTONE); and some preparations to his whereas the fly is an intruder, and a common smelintended Treatise on Mills; for he could not feast, that spunges upon other people's trenchers. resist the solicitations of his friends in various works; and Mr. Aubert, whom he greatly loved There is a great variety of smells, though we have and respected, being chosen chairman of Rams- but a few names for them; the smell of a violet and gate harbour, prevailed upon him to accept the of musk, both sweet, are as distinct as any two

smells.

Locke. place of engineer to that harbour; and to their joint efforts the public are chiefly indebted for And far enough on this occasion smelt.

A cudgel he had felt,

King the improvements that have been made there

I had a mind to know whether they would find (see RAMSGATE), which appears in a report that

out the treasure, and whether smelling enabled them Mr. Smeaton gave into the board of trustees in

to know what is good for their nourishment. 1791, which they published. Mr. Smeaton

Addison's Spectator. being at Austhorpe walking in his garden, on Their neighbours hear the same musick, or smell the 16th of September, 1792, was struck with the same perfumes, with themselves ; for here is the palsy, and died the 18th of October, aged enough.

Collier. sixty-eight, greatly resigned to the Divine will. If you have a silver saucepan, and the butter smells Mr. Smeaton had a warmth of temper and ex of smoak, lay the fault upon the coals. Swift. pression that appeared to those who did not Smell, odour, with regard to the organ, is an know him well to border on harshness; but it impression made on the nose by little particles arose from the intense application of his mind, continually exhaling from odorous bodies. With which was always in the pursuit of truth, and regard to the object, it is the figure and disposiinvestigating difficult subjects. In all the social tion of odorous effluvia, which, sticking on the duties of life he was exemplary; he was a most organ, excite the sense of smelling; and, with affectionate husband, a good father, a warm, zea- regard to the soul, it is the perception of the imlous, and sincere friend, and an encourager of pression of the object on the organ, or the affecmerit whererer he found it.

tion in the soul resulting therefrom. See Ana SMELL, v. A., v. n., &, Belg. smoel, warm. TOMY, Index.

SMEL'LER, n. s. [n. s. J Skinner, “because SMELLIE (William), an eminent surgeon smells are increased by heat.' But Mr. Thomson and man-midwife, born in Scotland. He resided says, more probably, of Belg. smeulen, to smoke many years in London, where he had great pracor reek, which in all the Gothic dialects signifies tice, and was universally celebrated as a public to smell. To perceive by the nose; hy the odor; lecturer. He was the first who treated of the or (me orically) by mental sagacity: to strike form and size of the female pelvis, as adapted to the nostrils ; have a particular scent or tincture; the head of the fætus. He published a Ccm

Id.

plete System of Midwifery, and a set of Anato- the fibrillæ of the olfactory nerves, which the mical Tables, with explanations. Being one of figure of the nose and the situation of the little the first who wrote in English on the obstetrical bones, render opposite thereto, as to shake ther, art, he threw much light upon it, and paved the and give them a vibratory motion; which action, way for the numerous improvements that have being communicated hence to the common censince been made upon that most important sory, occasions an idea of a sweet, or fetid, or branch of medical science by the Hamiltons and sour, or an aromatic, or a putrefied object, &c. others, which before his time had been too much The matter in animals, vegetables, fossils, &c., left to the random skill and practice of ignorant which chiefly affects the sense of smelling, Boermidwives. Dr. Smellie, in the course of his haave observes, is that subtile substance, inheprofessional career, was engaged in a controversy rent in their oily parts, called spirits; because, with Dr. Burton of York, and with Dr. William when this is taken away from the most fragrant Douglas physician extraordinary to the prince of bodies, what remains has scarcely any smell at Wales; but though some of the critical animad- all; and this, poured on the most inodorous versions of those gentlemen were not destitute bodies, gives them a fragrancy. Willis observes of foundation, they by no means detracted from that brutes have generally the sense of smelling the reputation of their antagonist. After a long in much greater perfection than man. By this and successful practice at London, he returned alone they distinguish the qualities of bodies, to Scotland, and died at Lanark (probably his which could not otherwise be known; hunt out birth-place), at a very advanced age, in 1763. their food at a great distance, as hounds and

Smellie (William), F. R. S. E., a late emi- birds of prey; or hid among other substances, nent and learned Scottish printer. After as ducks, &c. Man, having other means of he had commenced business, in Edinburgh, he judging of his food, &c., did not need so much was much patronised by the late learned lord sagacity in his nose; yet there are instances even Kames (see Home), who not only introduced in man. In the Histoire des Antilles, negroes him to his literary friends in general, but recom are mentioned, who, by the smell alone, can dismended him to the university of Edinburgh as tinguish between the footsteps of a Frenchman their printer. In 1780, when the earl of Buchan and a negro. The sense of smelling may be founded the Royal Society of Scottish Antiqua- diminished or destroyed by diseases; as by the ries, he associated Mr. Smellie as a member, and moisture, dryness, inflammation, or suppuration appointed him printer of its journals and trans- of the olfactory membrane, the compression of actions; and a few years afterwards, on the the nerves which supply it, or some fault in the death of James Cummyng, esq., secretary to rain itself at their origin. It may also be inthat society, Mr. Smellie was unanimously elect- jured by immoderate use of snuff. When ed secretary, and keeper of its museum of natural the nose abounds with moisture, such things as history, antiquities, &c. Of his admission as a tend to take off irritation and coagulate the thin member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, a sharp serum may be applied; as the oil of anise society instituted nearly about the same time mixed with fine four, camphor dissolved in the with the antiquarian, we neither know the date oil of almonds, &c. For moistening the mucus, nor indeed the certainty of the fact, which we when it is too dry, some recommend snuff made mention only upon the authority of Dr. John of the leaves of marjoram, mixed with the oil of Watkins, who, in his Biographical and Histori- amber, marjoram, and aniseed; or a sternutatory cal Dictionary, styles him fellow of it. Mr. of calcined white vitriol, twelve grains of which Smellie published several learned works, parti- may be mixed with two ounces of marjoram cularly the Philosophy of Natural History, in water and filtrated. If there be an ulcer in the one vol. 4to., and translated count Buffon's nose, it ought to be dressed with some emollient Natural History. As a member of society Mr. ointment, to which, if the pain be very great, a Smellie was a kind father, a warm-hearted friend, little laudanum may be added. If it be a veneand a social companion. As to opinions in real ulcer, twelve grains of corrosive sublimale religion and philosophy, his sentiments were may be dissolved in a pint and a half of brandy, tinctured with the scepticism of the age, as ap a table spoonful of which may be taken twice a pears from his writings; and some of his phi- day. The ulcer ought likewise to be washed losophical opinions, particularly his theory re with it, and the fumes of cinnabar may be respecting instinct and the passions, have been ceived up the nostrils. If there be reason to severely and justly censured by the reverend and suspect that the nerves which supply the organs learned Dr. Gleig. He died at Edinburgh, June of smelling are inert, or want stimulating, vola24th, 1795.

tile şalts, or strong snuffs, and other things which SMELLING, the act whereby we perceive occasion sneezing, may be applied to the nose; smells, or whereby we become sensible of odor- the forehead may likewise be anointed with ous bodies, by means of certain effluvia thereof, balsam of Peru, to which may be added a little which, striking on the olfactory organ briskly oil of amber. enough to have their impulse propagated to the • There escapes ' says Magendie from almost brain, excite a sensation in the soul. The prin- every body in nature certain particles of an cipal organs of smelling are the nostrils and the extreme tenuity, which are carried by the air olfactory nerves ; the minute ramifications of often to a great distance. These particles conwhich last are distributed throughout the whole stitute odors. There is one sense destined to concave of the former. See ANATOMY, Index. perceive and appreciate them. Thus an imporSmelling is performed by drawing into the nos tant relation between animals and bodies is trils the odorous effluvia floating in the air in established. All bodies of which the atoms are inspiration, which strike with such force against fixed are called inodorous.

"The difference of bodies is very great relative direction. This membrane is thick, and adheres to the manner in which odors are developed. strongly to the bones and cartilages that it Some permit them to escape only when they are covers. Its surface presents an infinity of small heated; others only when rubbed. Some again projections, which have been considered by some produce very weak odors, whilst others produce as nervous papillæ, by others as mucous follicles, only those which are highly powerful. Such is but which, according to all appearance, are the extreme tenuity of odoriferous particles, that vascular. These small projections give to the a body may produce them for a very long time membrane an appearance of velvet.

The pituwithout loosing weight in any sensible degree. itary is agreeable and soft to the touch, and it Every odoriferous body has an odor peculiar to receives a great number of vessels and nerves. itself. As these bodies are very numerous, there The passages through which the air proceeds to have been attempts made to class them, which arrive at the fauces deserve attention. These are have nevertheless all failed.

three in number. They are distinguished in Odors, can be distinguished only into weak anatomy by the names of inferior, middle, and and strong, agreeable and disagreeable. We can superior meatus. The inferior is the brondest recognise odors which are musky, aromatic, and the longest, the least oblique and least fætid, rancid, spermatic, pungent, muriatic, &c. crooked; the middle one is the narrowest, almost Some are fugitive, others tenacious. In most as long, but of greater extent from top to bottom. cases an odor cannot be distinguished but by The superior is much shorter, more oblique, comparing it with some known body. There and narrower. It is necessary to add to these have been attributed to odors properties which the interval, which is very narrow, and which are nourishing, medical, and even venomous; separates the partition of the external side of the but, in the cases which have given rise to these nostrils in its whole extent. These canals are so opinions, might not the influence of odors have narrow that the least swelling of the pituitary been confounded with the effects of absorption ? renders the passage of the air in the nostrils difA man who pounds jalap for some time will be ficult, and sometimes impossible. purged in the same manner as if he had actually . The two superior meatus communicate with swallowed part of it. This ought not to be certain cavities, of dimensions more or less attributed to the effects of odors, but rather to considerable, which are hollowed out of the the particles which, being spread around, float in bones of the head, and are called sinuses. These the air, and are introduced either with the saliva sinuses are the maxillary, the palatine, the or with the breath. We ought to attribute to sphenoidal, the frontal ; and those which are the same cause the drunkenness of persons who hollowed out of the ethmoid bone, better known are exposed for some time to the vapors of by the name of ethmoidal cells. spirituous liquors. The air is the only vehicle “The sinuses communicate only with the two of odors; it transports them to a distance; superior meatus. they are also produced, however, in vacuo, and The frontal, the maxillary sinus, the anterior there are bodies which project odoriferous par- cells of the ethmoid bone, open into the middle ticles with a certain force. This matter has not meatus ; the sphenoidal, the palatine sinus, the yet been carefully studied; it is not known if, posterior cells of the ethmoid, open into the in the propagation of odors, there be any thing superior meatus. The sinuses are covered by analogous to the divergence, the convergence, to other soft membranes, very little adherent to the the reflection, or the refraction of the rays of sides, and which appear to be of the mucous light. Odors mix or combine with many kind. It secretes more or less abundantly a liquids, as well as solids. This is the means matter called nasal mucus, which is continually employed to fix or preserve them. Liquids, spread over the pituitary, and seems very useful gases, vapours, as well as many solid bodies re- in smelling. A more considerable extent of the duced to powder, possess the property of acting sinus appears to coincide with a greater perfecon the organs of smell.

tion of the smell. This is at least one of the Apparatus for smelling.-The olfactory appa- most positive results of comparative physiology. ratus ought to be represented as a sort of sieve, “The olfactory nerve springs, by three distinct placed in the passage of the air, as it is intro- roots, from the posterior, inferior, and internal duced into the chest, and intended to stop every parts of the anterior lobe of the brain. Prismatic foreign body that may be mixed with the air, at first, it proceeds towards the perforated plate particularly the odors. This apparatus is ex- of the ethmoid bone. It swells all at once, and tremely simple; it differs essentially from that of then divides itself into a great number of small the sight and the hearing ; since it presents no threads, which spread themselves upon the pitupart anterior to the nerve, destined for the phy- itary membrane, principally on the superior sical modification of the external impulse, the part of it. It is important to remark that the nerve is to a certain degree exposed. The ap- filaments of the olfactory nerves have never been paratus is composed of the pituitary membrane, traced upon the inferior spongy bones, upon the which covers the pasal cavities, of the membrane internal surface of the middle meatus, nor in any which covers the sinuses, and of the olfactory of the sinuses. The pituitary membrane receives nerve

not only the nerves of the first pair, but also a “The pituitary membrane covers the whole great number of threads, which spring from the extent of the nostrils, increases the thickness of internal aspect of the spheno-palatine ganglion. the spongy bones very much, is continued beyond These threads are distributed in the meatus, and their edges and their extremities, so that the air in the inferior part of the membrane. It covers cannot traverse the nostrils but in a long narrow also, for a considerable length, the ethmoidal

to read of the nasal nerve, and receives from it a air charged with odoriferous particles, ku ang. considerable number of filaments. The mem. ment the extent of the surface which is sensible brane which covers the sinus receives also a to odors, and to receive a portion of the air number of nervous ramifications.

that we inspire for the purpose of putting the “The nasal fossæ communicate outwardly by power of smell in action, &c. These are far means of the nostrils, the form and size of which from being certain. Vapors and gases appear are very variable. The postrils are covered with to act in the same manner upon the pituitary hair on the inside, and are capable of being membrane as odors. The mechanism of it increased in size by muscular action. The na- ought, however, to be a little different. Bodies sal fossæ open into the pharynx by the posterior reduced to a coarse powder have a very strong nostrils.

action on this membrane; even their first con* Mechanism of smelling:-Smell is exerted tact is painful; but habit changes the pain into essentially at the moment when the air traverses pleasure, as is seen in the case of taking snuff. the nasal fossæ in proceeding towards the lungs. In medicine this property of the pituitary memWe very rarely perceive any odor when the brane is employed for the purpose of exciting a air proceeds from the lungs; it happens some- sharp instantaneous pain. times, however, particularly in organic diseases • In the history of smell, the use of those hairs of the lungs.

with which the nostrils and the nasal fosse are *The mechanism of smell is extremely simple. provided, must not be forgotten. Perhaps they It is only necessary that the odoriferous particles are intended to prevent the entrance of foreign should be stopped upon the pituitary membrane, bodies along with the air into the nasal fossa. particularly in the places where it receives the In this case, they would bear a strong analogy threads of the olfactory nerves. As it is exactly to the eye-lashes, and the hairs with which the in the superior part of the nasal fossæ, where the ear is provided. It is generally agreed that the extremes are so narrow that they are covered olfactory nerve is especially employed in transwith mucus, it is also natural that the particles mitting to the brain the impressions produced shouid stop there.

by odoriferous bodies; but there is nothing to “We may conceive the utility of mucus. Its prove that the other nerves, which are placed physical properties are such that it appears to upon the pituitary, as well as those near it, may have a much greater affinity with the odoriferous not concur in the same function.'— Magendie's particles than with air; it is also extremely Physiology. important to the olfactory sense that the nasal SMELT, ns. Sax. smelt. A small sea fish. mucus should always preserve the same physical Of round fish there are brit, sprat, barn, smelts. properties. Whenever they are changed, as it is

Carew. observed in different degrees of coryza, the smell SMELT, v.a. 2. Island. smalta ; Belgic is either not exerted at all, or in a very imper SMELT'ER, n. s. S smelten. To melt ore, so as fect manner.

to extract the metal : the noun substantive cor• After what has been said of the distribution

responding of the olfactory nerves, it is evident that the

A sort of earth, of a dusky red colour, found odors that reach the upper part of the nasal chiefly in iron mines. Some of this earth contains cavities will be perceived with greater facility as much iron as to render it worth smelting. and acuteness : for this reason, when we wish to

Woodward. feel more acutely, and with greater exactness, The smelters come up to the assayers. the odor of any body, we modify the air in such

Id. On Fossils. a manner that it may be directed towards this

SMERK, v. n. Sax. smercian. To smile point. For the same reason, those who take wantonly. snuff endeavour also to make it reach the upper part of the nasal fossæ. The internal face of the So smirk, so smooth, his pricked ears?

Seest how bragg yon bullock bears, ossa spongiosa appears well disposed to stop the His horns been as brade as rainbow bent, odors at the instant the air passes. And, as His dew-lap as lith as lass of Kent. Spenser. there is an extreme sensibility in this point, we Certain gentlemen of the gown, whose aukward, are inclined to believe that here the smell is spruce, prim, sneering, and smirking countenance exerted, though the filaments of the first pair have got good preferment by force of cringing. have not been traced so far. Physiologists have

Suifl. not yet determined the use of the external nose To SMIGHT, for smite. Used only by in smelling; it appears intended to direct the Spenser. air charged with odors towards the superior As when a griffon, seized of his prey, part of the nasal cavities.

A dragon fierce encountreth in his flight, “Those persons who have their noses deform- Through widest air making his idle way; ed, particularly if broken; those who have small . That would his rightful ravin rend away: nostrils, directed forward, have in general almost With hideous horror both together smight, no smell. The loss of the nose, either by sick. And souce so sore that they the heavens affray.

Faerie Queene. ness or accident, causes almost entirely the loss of smell. Such people recover the benefit of SMILAX, rough bindweed, in botany, a genus this sense by the use of an artificial nose. The of plants belonging to the class of diæcia, and only use of the sinuses which is generally ad- order of bexandria; and in the natural system mitted is that of furnishing the greater part of ranking under the eleventh order, sarmentaceæ. the nasal mucus. The other uses which are The male calyx is hexaphyllous, and there is no attributed to thein are, to serve as a depôt to the corolla; the female calyx is also hexaphyllous

without any corolla ; there are three styles, a vol. I., sarsaparilla has been in more general use trilocular berry and two seeds. There are four- than formerly. Sir William seems to think sarteen species, viz. :-1. S. aspera; 2. bona nox; saparilla a specific in all stages of lues; but from 3. caduca; 4. Chinensis ; 5. excelsa; 6. herbacea; an attentive and careful observation of its effects, 7. lanceolata ; 8. laurifolia ; 9. Pseudo-Chinen- in some thousands of cases, I must declare that I sis; 10. rotundifolia ; 11. sarsaparilla; 12. tam- could place no dependence on sarsaparilla alone. uoides ; 13. tetragona ; and 14. Zeilanica. But, if mercury had been or was used with sarsa

1. S. Chinensis, the China, or oriental china parilla, a cure was soon effected. Where the root, has roundish prickly stalks and red berries, patients had been reduced by pain, disorder, and and is a native of China and Japan.

mercury, I prescribed a decoction of sarsaparilla 2. S. Pseudo-Chinensis, the Pseudo-China, or and a table spoonful of the powder of it twice a occidental China root, has rounder smooth stalks day, with the greatest success, in the most deand black berries, grows wild in Jamaica and plorable cases of lues, ill-cured yaws, and illVirginia, and bears the cold of our own climate. disposed sores or cancers.' See Pharmacy, Index. These roots have scarcely any smell or taste ; SMILE, v. n. & n. s. Belg. smuylen. To when fresh they are said to be somewhat acrid, Smi'LINGLY, adv. S contract. the face with but as brought to us they discover, even when pleasure; express kindness, love, or gladness, long chewed, only a slight unctuosity in the by the countenance; look gay, or joyous; exmouth. Boiled in water they impart a reddish press slight contempt: the action or look itself: color, and a kind of rapid softness; the decoc- the adverb corresponding. tion, when inspissated, yields an unctuous, fari

Let their heirs enrich their time daceous, almosi insipid mass. They give a gold With smiling plenty and fair prosperous days. yellow tincture to rectified spirit, but make no

Shakspeare. sensible alteration in its taste. On drawing off I frown upon him, yet he loves me still. the spirit from the filtered liquor there remains -Oh that your frowns would teach my smiles such an orange-colored extract, nearly as insipid as skill. Id. Midsummer Night's Dream. that obtained by water, but scarcely in half its

His flawed heart, quantity. China root is said to promote per- Twixt two extremes of passion, joy and grief, spiration and urine, and by its soft unctuous

Burst smilingly.

Id. King Lear. quality to blunt acrimonious humors. It was first

Our king replied, which some will smile at now, introduced into Europe about 1535 as a specific but according to the learning of that time. Camden.

For see the morn, against venereal disorders ; the patient was kept Unconcerned with our unrest, begins warm, and a weak decoction of China root taken

Her rosy progress smiling:

Milton.. twice a day in bed to promote a sweat. But, The river of bliss through midst of heaven whatever may be its effects in the warmer cli- Rolls o'er Elysian flowers her amber stream; mates, it is in this of itself greatly insufficient. With these, that never fade, the spirits elect At present it is very rarely used, sarsaparilla Bind their resplendent locks inwreathed with beams; being supposed more effectual. Prosper Alpinus Now in loose garlands thick thrown off, the bright says that this root is in great esteem among the Pavement, that like a sea of jasper shone, Egyptian women for procuring plumpness. Impurpled with celestial roses smiled.

Id. 3. S. sarsaparilla affords the sarsaparilla root, is

Sweet intercourse the most valuable, and is well described in the of looks and smiles : for smiles from reason flow,

Id. London Medical Journal by the ingenious Dr. To brute denied, and are of love the food.

Carneades, stopping him smilingly, told him, we Wright of Edinburgh, who, during a long resi

are not so forward to lose good company. Boyle. dence in Jamaica, made botany his peculiar

The goddess of the mountain smiled upon her vostudy:- This species,' says he has stems of taries, and cheared them in their passage to her pathe thickness of a man's finger; they are jointed, lace.

Tatler. triangular, and beset with crooked spines. The Yet what avail her unexhausted stores, leaves are alternate, smooth and shining on the Her blooming mountains, and her sunny shores, upper side ; on the other side are three nerves or With all the gifts that heaven and earth impart, costæ, with sundry small crooked spines. The The smiles of nature, and the charms of art? flower is yellow, mixed with red. The fruit is a

Addison black berry, containing several brown seeds. Sar.

But, when her anxious lord returned, saparilla delights in low moist grounds and near

Raised is her head ; her eyes are dried : the banks of rivers. The roots run superficially

She smiles as William ne'er had mourned,

Prior. under the surface of the ground. The gatherers

She looks as Mary ne'er had died.

The smiling infant in his hand shall take have only to loosen the soil a little, and to draw

The crested basilisk and speckled snake. Pope. out the long fibres with a wooden hook. In this

The desert smiled, manner they proceed till the whole root is got And paradise was opened in the wild. ld. out. It is then cleared of the mud, dried, and Should some more sober criticks come abroad, made into bundles. The sensible qualities of If wrong, I smile; if right, I kiss the rod.

Id. sarsaparilla are mucilaginous and farinaceous, I kept him for his humour's sake, with a slight degree of acrimony. The latter,

For he would oft beguile however, is so slight as not to be perceived by My heart of thoughts that made it ache, many; and I am apt to believe that its medici

And force me to a smile.

Cowper. nal powers may fairly be ascribed 10 its demul SMILT, v. n. Corrupted from smelt or melt. cent and farinaceous qualities. Since the pub Having too much water, many corns will smilt, or lication Sir William Fordice's paper on sarsa have their pulp turned into a substarce like thick parilla in the Medical Observations and Enquiries, cream.

Mortimer, Vol. XX.

2 K

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