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11-7-52

THE

17-11-32 MFP

LONDON ENCYCLOPÆDIA.

[SEDUCTION, continued from Vol. XIX.] the man married her merely for money, of which We have seen that the loss of virtue is not the having got the posssesion, he has no farther inonly injury which a woman sustains, but that ducement to treat her with respect. Such are many others follow. One of these is, that she some of the consequences of seduction, even cannot even confide in the honor of her se- when the person seduced has the good fortune to ducer, who may reveal her secret in a fit of get afterwards a husband; but this is a fortune drunkenness, and thus rob her of her fame as which few in her circumstances can reasonably well as of her virtue; and, while she is in expect. By far the greater part of those who this state of anxious uncertainty, the agony of have been defrauded of their virtue by the arts her mind must be insupportable. That it is so, of the seducer sink deeper and deeper into guilt, in fact, the many instances of child-murder by till they become at last common prostitutes. unmarried women of every rank leave us no The public is then deprived of their service as room to doubt. The affection of a mother to her wives and parents; and instead of contributing new-born child is one of the most unequivocal to the population of the state, and to the sum of and strongest instincts in human nature, and domestic felicity, these outcasts of society benothing short of the extremity of distress could come seducers in their turn, corrupting the prompt any one so far to oppose her nature as morals of every young man whose appetites they io embrue her hands in the blood of her implor- can inflame, and every young woman whom they ing infant. Even this deed of horror seldom can entice to their own practices. All this compliprevents a detection of the mother's frailty, cation of evil is produced at first by arts, which, which is indeed commonly discovered, though if employed to deprive a man of his property, no child has been the consequence of her in- would subject the offender to the execration of trigue. He who can seduce is base enough to his fellow subjects, and to an ignominious betray; and no woman can part with her honor, death : but while the forger of a bill is pursued and retain any well-grounded hope that her with relentless vigor by the ministers of justice, amour shall be kept secret. The villain to whom and the swindler loaded with universal reproach, she surrendered will glory in his victory, if it the man who, by fraud and forgery, has enticed was with difficulty obtained ; and if she surren an innocent giri to gratify his desires at the exdered at discretion her own behaviour will re- pense of her virtue, and thus introduced her into a veal her secret. . Her reputation is then irre- path which must iniallibly lead to her own ruin, trievably lost, and no future circumspection will as well as to repeated injuries to ihe public at be of the smallest avail to recover it. She will large, is not despised by his own sex, and is too be shunned by the virtuous part of her own sex, often caressed even by the virtuous part of the and treated as a mere instrument of pleasure by other. Yet the loss of property may be easily the other. In such circumstances she cannot repaired; the loss of honor is irreparable! It is expect to be married with advantage. She may vain to plead, in alleviation of this guilt, that perhaps be able to captivate the heart of a women should be on their guard against the arts headless youth, and prevail upon him to unite of the seducer. Most unquestionably they should; his fate with her's before the delirium of his but arts have been used which hardly any degree passion shall give him time for reflection ; she of caution would have been sufficient to countermay be addressed by a man who is a stranger to act. It may as well be said that the trader her story, and married while he has no suspi- should be on his guard against the arts of the cion of her secret; or she may be solicited by forger, and accept of no bill without previously one of a station inferior to her own, who, though consulting him in whose name it is written. acquainted with every thing that has befallen Cases, indeed, occur in trade in which this cauher, can barter the delicacy of wedded love for tion would be impessible; but he must be some pecuniary advantage ; but from none of little acquainted with the workings of the huthese marriages can she look for happiness. The man heart who does not know that situations delirium which prompted the first will soon van likewise occur in life, in which it is equally imish, and leave the husband to the bitterness of possible for a girl of virtue and tenderness to his own reflections, which can hardly fail to pro- resist the arts of the man who has completely duce cruelty to the wife. Of the secret to gained her affections. The mentioning of this which, in the second case, the lover was a circumstance leads us to consider another species stranger, the husband will soon make a discovery, of seduction, which, though not so highly crimior at least find room for harbouring strong sus- nal as the former, is yet far removed from innopicions ; and suspicions of having been deceived cence; we mean the practice, which is too prein a point so delicate have hitherto been uni- valent among young men of fortune, of employformly the parents of misery. In the third case ing every art in their power to gain the hearts of Vol. XX. - Part 1.,

B

heedless girls, whom they resolve neither to The goat, now bright amidst her fellow stars, marry nor to rob of their honor. Should a man Kind Amalthæa, reached her teat, distent adhere to the latter part of this resolution, which With milk, thy early food : the sedulous bee

Prior. is more than common fortitude can always pro- Distilled her honey on thy purple lips. mise for itself, the injury which he does to the

The bare majority of a few representatives is often object of his amusement is yet very great, as he procured by great industry and application, wherein raises hopes of the most sanguine kind, merely to

those who engage in the pursuit of malice are much

more sedulous than such as would prevent them. disappoint them, and diverts her affections, per

Swift. haps, for ever from such men as, had they heen fixed on one of them, might have rendered her leek, a genus of the pentagynia order, and de

SEDUM, orpine, in botany, or lesser house completely happy. Disappointments of this kind candria class of plants; natural order thirteenth, have sometimes proved fatal to the unhappy girl; succulentæ : Cal. quinquefid : cor. pentapetaand even when they have neither deprived her lous, pointed, and spreading; there are five necof life, nor disordered her reason, they have tariferous squamæ or scales at the base of the often kept her wholly from marriage; which, whatever it be to a man, is that from which every viz. 1. S. acre; 2. Aizoon; 3. Album ; 4. Ana

germen : caps. five. There are twenty species, woman expects her chief happiness. We cannot therefore conclude this article more properly campseros ; 5. Annuum ; 6. Atratum ; 7. Cethan with warning our female readers not to give Hybridum; 11. Libanoticum; 12. Lineare; 13.

pæuin; 8. Dasyphyllum; 9. Hispanicum; 10. up their hearts hastily to men whose station in Populifolium ; 14. Reflexum ; 15. Rupestre; 16. life is much higher than their own; and we may Sexangulare ; 17. Stellatum; 18. Telephium; assure every one of them that the man who so

19. Verticillatum; 20. Villosum. Of these the licits the least favor, under the most solemn pro- following are the most remarkable :- 1. S. acre, mise of a subsequent marriage, is a base seducer, acrid sedum, common stonecrop of the wall, or who prefers a momentary gratification of his own wall pepper, has small fibry roots, very slender to her honor and happiness through life, and has succulent stalks, four or five inches high; very no intention to fulfil his promise.

SEDULIUS (Cælius), a priest and poet of the small, suboval, gibbous, erect, alternate leaves, fifth century, who wrote a heroic poem in Latin close together, and the stalks terminated by trifid verse, entitled Paschale Carmen, which is highly sort grows abundantly on rocks, old walls, and

bunches of small yellow flowers. This celebrated by Cassiodorus. He was a native of Scotland: and wrote his poem by the persua- often appear covered with the flowers in summer.

tops of buildings, almost every where, which sion of Macedonius, a presbyter, about A. D. 430, It is so acrid that it blisters the skin when apto whom it is dedicated, as well as to the empe- plied externally. Taken inwardly, it excites ror_Theodosius. After a missionary progress vomiting. In scorbutic cases, and quartan agues, in France and Italy, he was consecrated a pres- it is said to be an excellent medicine under probyter and a bishop. After his death his works were collected by Turcius Rufus Asterius, who per management. Goats eat it; cows, horses, was consul A.D. 494. They were printed by Siberian yellow orpine, has a tuberculate, fibrous,

sheep, and swine, refuse it. 2. S. aizoon, or A. Minutius, Basil, 1502; at Paris by Juretus 1585; and at Edinburgh by Anderson, in 1701. Stalks, a foot high; lanceolated, plane, serrated,

perennial root; many upright, round, succulent In the preface to this last edition, it is said, thickish leaves ; and the stalks terminated by a there were other two learned Scotchmen of the same name; of whom the one attended the coun- flowers. 3. S. album, the white stone-crop, has

close-sitting cymose cluster of bright yellow cil at Rome in 721; and the other flourished fibry perennial roots ; trailing slender stalks, six about A. D. 818. SED'ULOUS, adj.

Lat. sedulus. As

or eight inches long; oblong, obtuse, sessile, SED'ULOUSLY, adv. siduous; industrious ;

spreading leaves; and the stalks terminated by SED'ULOUSNESS, n. s. ) laboriously diligent:

branchy cymose bunches of white flowers. This the adverb and noun substantive corresponding. grows on old walls, rocks, and buildings, in Eng

land, &c. Man oftentimes pursues, with great sedulity and

4. S. anacampseros, or decumbent earnestness, that which cannot stand him in any root, decumbent or trailing stalks, wedge-shaped

evergreen Italian orpine, has a fibrous perennial stead for vital purpose.

Hooker,
Not sedulous by nature to indite

entire leaves, and the stalks terminated by a coWars, hitherto the only argument

rymbus of purple flowers. 5. S.-Hispanitum, Heroick.deemed. Milton's Paradise Lost. Spanish sedum, has fibrous perennial roots, What signifies the sound of words in prayer crowned with clusters of taper, acute, succulent without the affection of the heart, and a sedulous ap- leaves; slender succulent stalks, four or five plication of the proper means that may naturally inches high, garnished-also with taper leaves, and lead us to such an end.

L'Estrange. terminated by downy cymose clusters of white All things by experience

flowers. 6. S. reflexum, reflexed smah yellow Are most improved; then sedulously, think

sedum, or prick-madam, has a slender fibrous To meliorate thy stock, no way or rule Be unessayed.

perennial root; small trailing succulent stalks,

Philips. Let there be but the same propensity and bent of garnished with thick awl-shaped succulent leaves will to religion, and there will be the same sedulity sparsedly, the lower ones recurved, and the and indefatigable industry in inen's enquiries into it. stalks terminated by reflexed spikes of bright

South. yellow flowers. It grows naturally on old walls The ritual, preceptive, prophetick, and all other and buildings in England, &c. In Holland and parts of sacred writ, were most sedulously, most reli- Germany, it is used as a sallad. 7. S. rupestre, giously guarded by them. Government of the Tongue. rock sedum, or stone-crop of St. Vincent's rocks,

has slender, trailing, purple stalks ; short, thick, Dan. see. To perceive by the eye; observe; find; awl-shaped, succulent, glaucous leaves in clus- discover ; attend ; remark; converse with: to ters, quinquefariously imbricated round the have the power of vision ; be attentive ; enquire; stalks, and the stalks terminated by roundish contrive: as an interjection it means behold; cymose bunches of bright yellow flowers. It look: seeing that, as Dr. Johnson says, should grows naturally on St. Vincent's rock near Bris- rather be written seen that,' and means protol, and other rocky places in Europe. It is vided or conditioned that : a seer is one who eaten with lettuce as a sallad, in Holland and sees; and particularly one who foretels future Germany. 8. S. sexangulare, sexangular stone- events. crop, has a fibry perennial root; thick, short, Seven other kine came up, lean fleshed, such as I succulent stalks; small, suboval, gibbous, erect never saw for badness.

Gen, xli. 19. leaves close together, arranged six ways imbri Woho maketh the seeing or the blind? have not I, catim, and the stalks terminated by bunches of the Lord ?

Exodus iv. 11. yellow flowers. It grows on rocky and other I was bowed down at the hearing of it; I was disdry places in England, &c. 9. S. telephium, mayed at the seeing of it.

Isaiah xxi. 3. common orpine, or live-long, has a perennial

I speak that which I have seen with my father,

and root, composed of many knobbed tubercles, ye do that which you have seen with yours.

John vii. 38. sending up erect, round, succulent stalks, branching half a yard or two feet high, garnished with long time as the ships are, usually for a year, seeing

Why should not they be as well victualled for so oblong, plane, serrated, succulent leaves, and the it is easier to keep victuals on land than water ? stalks terminated by a leafy corymbus of flowers,

Spenser on Ireland. of different colors in the varieties. This species How shall they have any trial of his doctrine, is an inhabitant of woods and dry places in Eng- learning, and ability to preach, seeing that he may land, &c., but has been long a resident of gar- not publickly either teach or exhort, because he is dens for variety and medical use. All these not yet called to the ministry ? Whitgifte. species are hardy herbaceous succulent peren

Dear son Edgar, nials, durable in root, but mostly annual in stalk, Might I but live to see thee in my touch, &c.; which, rising in spring, flower in June, I'd say I had eyes again. Shakspeare. King Leir.

See whether fear doth make thee wrong her. July, and August, in different sorts; the flowers

Shukspeare. consisting universally of five spreading petals, generally crowning the stalks numerously in co

Mark and perform it, see'sl thou ? for the fail

Id. rymbose and cymose bunches and spikes, ap

Of any point in't shall be death.

Petruchio shall offer me, disguised in sober robes, pearing tolerably conspicuous, and are succeeded to old Baptista, as a schoolmaster by plenty of seeds in autumn, by which they Well seen in musick.

Id. may be propagated, also abundantly by. parting Air hath some secret degree of light; otherwise the roots, and by slips or cuttings of the stalks cats and owls could not see in the night. in summer; în all of which methods they rea

Bacon's Natural History. dily grow and spread very fast into tufted

Such command we had, bunches; being all of succulent growth, they To see that none thence issued forth a spy. Milton. consequently delight most in dry soils, or in any Measured this transient world the race of time,

How soon hath thy prediction, seer blest, dry rubbishy earth. As flowering plants, they Till time stand fixed. Id. Paradise Lost. are mostly employed to embellish rock work, ruins, and the like places, planting either the dition enough for all kind of learning, therefore we

Seeing every nation affords not experience and traroots or cuttings of the shoots in a little mud or

are taught the languages of those people who have any moist soil at first, placing it in the crevices, been most industrious after wisdom. where they will soon root and fix themselves,

Id. on Education. and spread about very agreeably.

Many sagacious persons will find us out, will look SEDUM, PYRAMIDAL. See SaxifRAGA. under our mask, and see through all our fine preten

SEE, n. s. Lat. sedes. The seat of episcopal sions, and discern the absurdity of telling the world power; the diocese of a bishop.

that we believe one thing when we do the contrary.

Tillotson. You, my lord archbishop,

Noble Boyle, not less in nature seen,
Whose see is by a civil peace maintained,
Whose beard the silver hand of peace hath touched,

Than his great brother read in states and men.

Dryden. Whose learning and good letters peace hath tutored,

He'll lead the life of gods, and be
Wherefore do you so ill translate yourself
Out of the speech of peace, that bears such grace,

By gods and heroes seen, and gods and heroes see.

Id. Into the barsh and boisterous tongue of war ? Shakspeare. Henry IV.

It was a right answer of the physician to his It is a safe opinion for their sees, empires, and patient that had sore eyes : If you have more pleasure

in the taste of wine than in the use of your sight, kingdoms; and for themselves, if they be wise.

wine is good for you ; but, if the pleasure of seeing be

Bacon. The pope would use these treasures, in case of any greater to you than that of drinking, wine is naught.

Locke. great calamity that should endanger the holy see.

Addison.

Give them first one simple idea, and see that they Episcopal revenues were so low reduced that three perfectly comprehend it, before you go any farther.

Id. or four sees were often united to make a tolerable competency.

Swift.

See! see! upon the banks of Boyne he siands,

By his own view adjusting his commands. Halifax. SEE, v. 9., v. n. & interj.

Preter. I saw; part. The thunderbolt we see used, by the greatest poet pass. seen. Sax.seon; of Augustus's age, to express irresistible force in Belg. sien ; Swed. see; battle.

Addison

Seeixo, part.1
SEER', 1. s.

woe.

I had a mind to see him out, and therefore did If he would have two attributes in one year, he not care for contradicting him. Id. Spectator. must give them two seedtimes and two harvests. We are in hopes that you may prove a dreamer of

Bacon. dreams, and a seer of visions.

Id. To counsel others, a man must be furnished with By day your frighted seers

an universal' store in himself to the knowledge of all Shall call for fountains to express their tears, nature; that is, the matter and seed plot : there are the And wish their eyes were foods : by night from seats of all argument and invention. Ben Jonson. dreams

Our hatred of the serpent and his seed is from God : Of opening gulphs, black storms, and raging flawes, their hatred of the holy seed is from the serpent. Starting amazed, shall to the people show

Bp. Hall. Emblems of heavenly wrath, and mystick types of Their very seedtime was their harvest, and by sow

Primr. ing tares they immediately reaped gold. You may see into the spirit of them all, and form

Decay of Piety. your pen from those general notions. Felton.

The thing doth touch Seeing they explained the phenomena of vision, The main of all your states, your blood, your seed.

Daniel. imagination, and thought, by certain thin fleeces of atoms that how from the surfaces of bodies, and by which thrives best when 'tis deep rooted in the hum

Humility is a seedplot of virtue, especially Christian, their subtlety penetrate any obstacle, and yet retain

Hammond. the exact lineaments of the several bodies from which ble lowly heart. they proceed: in consequence of this hypothesis they

It will not be unuseful to present a full narration maintained that we could have no phantasy of any of this rebellion, looking back to those passages by thing, but what did really subsist either intire or in which the seed plots were made and framed, from its several parts.

Bentley's Sermons.
whence those inischiefs have successively grown.

Clarendon.
See! the sole bliss heaven could on all bestow,
Which who but feels can taste, but thinks can know.

Day and night,
Pope.

Seedtime and harvest, heat and hoary frost,
A little busy mind runs on at all events, must be Shall hold their course till fire purge all things.

Milton. doing, and, like a blind horse, fears no dangers, be

The first rain fell upon the seedtime about October, cause he sees none.

Chesterfield

and was to make the seed to root; the latter was to SEED (Jeremiah), an English divine, born fill the ear.

Browne. at Clifton, near Penrith, in Cumberland, and Praise of great acts he scatters, as a seed educated at Queen's College, Oxford; of which which may the like in coming ages breed. Waller. he became a fellow in 1732. He was minister

Of mortal seed they were not held, of Enham in Hampshire, and died in 1747. He

Which other mortals so excelled; published two volumes of Sermous, which were

And beauty too in such excess much admired; and his posthumous works

As yours, Zelinda! claims no less.

Id. made other two.

That every plant has its seed is an evident sign of divine providence:

More. SEED, n. s. & d. n. ) Sax. sæd; Dan. seed; In the dissolution of seedpearl in some acid menSEED-CAKE,

Belg. sued; Goth. sæd. struum, if a good quantity of the little pearls be SEED'LING,

The organised germ from cast in whole, they will be carried in swarms from SEED'NESS, which plants and ani- the bottom to the top.

Boyle. SEED-PEARL, -mals are produced; first

When God gave Canaan to Abraham, he thought SEED'-PLOT,

principle; original; off- fit to put his seed into the grant too. Locke. Seed'-TIME, spring; descendant :

Did they ever see any herbs, except those of the SEEDS'MAN,

seed-pearl is pearl of grass-leaved tribe, come up without two seed leaves ; Seedy, adj. small grain : the other there being no reason else why they should produce

which to me is an argument that they came all of seed, derivatives are of obvious meaning.

two seed leaves different from the subsequent. Ray. While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest They pick up all the old roots, except what they shall not cease.

Gen. vii. 22. design for seed, which they let stand to seed the next Remember, wife, year.

Mortimer. The seedcake, the pasties, and furmety pot. Tusser, Carry into the shade such seedlings or plants as are

Next him king Lear in happy peace long reigoed; for their choiceness reserved in plots. But had no issue male him to succeed,

Evelyn's Kalendar. But three fair daughters which were well uptrained Just gods! all other things their like produce ; In all that seemed fit for kingly seed. Faerie Queene. The vine arises from her mother's juice :

The seed of whatsoever perfect virtue groweth from When feeble plants or tender flowers decay, us is a right opinion touching things divine. They to their seed their images convey.

Prior. Hooker. He that too curiously observes the face of the If you can look into the seeds of time,

heavens, by missing his seedtime, will lose the hopes And say which grain will grow, and which will not, of his harvest.

Atterbury. Speak then to me.

Shakspeare. Macbeth. Whate'er I plant, like corn on barren earth,
Blossoming time

By an equivocal birth,
From the seedness the bare fallow brings

Seeds and runs up to poetry.

Swift. To teeming foyson. Id. Measure for Measure.

Seeds, preservation of, in a state fit for veThe higher Nilus swells

getation, is a matter of great and general imporThe more it promises : as it ebbs, the seedsman

tance, because, if it can be accomplished, it will Upon the slime and ooze scatters his grain,

enable us to rear many useful plants in one And shortly comes to harvest. Id. Antony and Cleoparra.

country which are there unknown, being indiSeed of a year old is the best, though some secd genous only in others at a great distance from and grains last better than others.

it. There is a letter on this subject in the Bacon's Natural History. Transactions of the Society of Arts, vol. xvi.,

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