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long tusks in the lower jaw: the visage is long spots on the rump. This species inhabit Moand flesh-colored, with fesh-colored ears, and a rocco, Barbary, Persia, Arabia, and other places flattish nose.

Inhabits India. This is a very ill- in Asia. natured animal, about the size of a cat : it was 12. S. cercop. nemæus, the douc, has a beard lately in the possession of a Mr. Brook, an animal on the cheeks, and a white tail; is from three merchant and exhibiter in London: the upper feet and a half to four feet high, but Pennant parts of the body are covered with a pale tawny says he is as tall as a man.

The skin of the colored fur, which is ash-colored at the roots; face and ears is almost scarlet; with a dark the hinder part of the back is orange-colored, brown band on the fore-head; the shoulders and the legs ash-colored, the belly white, and the tail upper parts of the arms, thighs, and toes, are shorter than the body.

black. It walks as often on two feet as on four. 10. S. cercop. hamadryas, the Tartarin, or This species inhabit Cochin-China, and Madadog-faced baboon of Pennant, with a long, thick, gascar. and strong nose, covered with a smooth red 13. S. cercop. nictitans, the nodding monkey, skin; ears pointed and hid in the hair; head is of a black color, mottled with paler spots, great, and fiat; hair on the head, and fore-part and has a white nose; the thumbs are very of the body as far as the waist, very long and short; the buttocks covered, and the chin is shaggy; gray and olive brindled; the sides of the beardless. There is, however, a variety with a head very full, the hair on the limbs and hind beard. They are about two feet and a half high, part of the body very short; limbs strong and and inhabit Guinea. They are playful animals, thick ; hands and feet dusky; the nails on the and nod frequently with their heads; whence the fore feet flat; those on the hind like a dog's; name. buttocks very bare and covered with a skin of a 14. S. cercop. petauristus, the agile monkey, bloody color ; tail scarcely the length of the is a gentle docile animal, inhabiting Guinea, body, and carried generally erect. They in- about thirteen inches long, from the muzzle to habit the hottest parts of Africa and Asia; the rump, and having a tail nearly twenty inches. where they keep in vast troops, and are very It has a beard; the back, upper part of the tail, fierce and dangerous. They rob gardens. They and outer sides of the legs are of a very dark will run up trees when passengers go by, shake blackish-olive color, and the face is black except the boughs at them with great fury, and chatter a triangular white spot on the nose. very loud. They are excessively impudent, in 15. S. cercop. regalis, the king monkey, or decent, lascivious; most detestable animals in full-bottom monkey, is above three feet high their manners as well as appearance. They when erect: the head is small, with a short, range the woods in hundreds; which obliges the black, naked face; and the head, cheeks, throat, owners of the coffee plantations to be continu- neck, and shoulders, are covered with long, ally on their guard against their depredations. coarse, flowing hairs, of a dirty-yellowish color, One of them was shown in London some years mixed with black, and resembling a full-bottomed ago: it came from Mokha, in the province of wig; the body, arms, and legs, are covered with Yeman, in Arabia Felix, in the Persian Gulph; short hairs of a fine glossy black color; the and was about five feet high. It was very fierce hands are naked and have no thumbs ; the feet and untameable; so strong as easily to master its have five very long slender toes, which are keeper, a stout young man. Its inclinations to armed with narrow pointed claws; the tail is women appeared in the most violent manner. A very long, and is covered with snow white hairs, footman, who brought a girl to see it, in order to having a tuft at the end; the body and limbs are teaze the animal, kissed and hugged her: the very slender. Its skin is held in high estimabeast, enraged at being so tantalised, caught hold tion by the negroes for making pouches and gunof a quart pewter pot, which he threw with such cases. They inhabit the forests of Sierra Leona. force and so sure an aim, that, had not the man's 16. S. cercop. ruber, the patas, or red monhat and wig softened the blow, his skull must have key, has a beard on the cheeks; the top of the been fractured ; but he fortunately escaped with head, back, and tail, are of a blood-red color; a common broken head.

and in some of a brilliant red. There are other 11. S. cercop. mona, the monina of Buffon two varieties; the one with a black band over and Kerr, has a prominent, semilunar, whitish- the eyes, and a yellow beard; the other with a gray arch, over each eye; and is gray bearded. white band, and a white beard. They all inhabit This is the most common species of the monkeys, Senegal, Congo, and other hot parts of Africa. and agrees best with the climate of Europe. "It They have cheek-pouches, and callosities on the has cheek-pouches and callosities on the but- buttocks. They are from eighteen to twentytocks; is about eighteen inches long from the four inches long, from muzzle to rump; the tail muzzle to the rump; the tail is two feet; the about twenty-six inches. The females menhead small and round ; the face a bright tawny struate. brown; the muzzle is thick and short; the

17. S.

cercop. sabæus, the green monkey, has cheeks are surrounded with a beard of white, a black and fattish face : the side of it bounded yellow, and black hairs; on the head a mixture by long white hairs, falling backwards, and alof yellow and black, with a gray band over the most covering the ears, which are black, and like fore-head, and a black band from the eyes to the the human : head, limbs, and whole upper part ears, shoulders, and arms: the hair on the body of the body and tail covered with soft hair, of a is reddish-black; the belly and inside of the yellowish-green color at their ends, cinereous at thighs whitish; the outsides of the legs and feet their roots : under side of the body and tail, and are black; the tail grayish-brown with two white inner side of the limbs, of a silvery color: tail


very long and slender. They are of the size of three feet and a half high ; the tail is eight a small cat; inhabit different parts of Africa: inches long; it has cheek-pouches, and callosikeep in great flocks, and live in the woods: are ties on the buttocks; its tusks are larger and scarcely discernible when among the leaves, ex- longer than in man; the muzzle is thick and cept by their breaking the boughs with their strong; the head is environed with a broad gambols: in which they are very agile and si mane and a large black beard ; it both walks lent: even when shot at, they do not make the erect and on all fours. In the woods, where least noise: but will unite in company, knit they are in a state of liberty, they are exceedingtheir brows, and gnash their teeth, as if they ly wild; and, being violently fond of women, a meant to attack the enemy: they are very com woman would have no chance of resistance, if mon in the Cape de Verd Islands. The females meeting one of them alone. The females menmenstruate.

Dr. Kerr enumerates several other spe18. S. cercop. silenus albibarbatus, the white- cies and varieties of cercopitheci, but their hisbearded black' wanderu, the ouanderou of tory is uncertain and unimportant. Buffon, and lion-tailed baboon of Pennant, lias a 23. S. inuus, the maggot, or Barbary ape, has dog-like face, is naked, and of a dusky color; a a long face, not unlike that of a dog ; canine very large and full white or boary beard ; large teeth, long and strong ; ears like the human; canine teeth; body covered with black hair; nails flat; buttocks bare; color of the upper part belly of a light color; tail terminated with a tuft of the body adirty greenish-brown; belly of a dull of hair like that of a lion. Its bulk that of a mid- pale yellow; grows above four feet in length. dling sized dog. It inhabits the East Indies and They inhabit many parts of India, Arabia, and the hotter parts of Africa.

all parts of Africa, except Egypt. A few are 19. S. cercop. silenus purpuratus, the purple- fonnd on the hill of Gibraltar, which breed faced monkey, has a great triangular white beard, there; probably from a pair that had escaped short and pointed at the bottom, and on each from the town, as they are not found in any other side of the ears, extending in a winged fashion part of Spain. They are very ill-natured, misfar beyond them; face and hands purple, body chievous, and fierce; agreeing with the characblack. They inhabit Ceylon; are very harmless; ter of the ancient cynocephalia. They are very live in the woods, and feed on leaves and buds common in exhibitions. By discipline they are of trees; and when taken soon become tame. made to play some tricks; otherwise they are

20. S. cercop. sinicus, the rillow or Chinese more dull than the rest of this genus. They asbonnet, has a long smooth nose, of a whitish semble in great troops in the fields of India, and color; hair on the crown of the head long, lying will attack women going to market, and take flat, and parted like that of a man; color, a pale their provisions from them. The females carry cinereous brown. They inhabit Ceylon; keep the young in their arms, and will leap from tree in great troops; and rob gardens of their fruit, to tree with them. Apes were worshipped in and fields of their corn; to prevent which the India, and had inagnificent temples erected to natives are obliged to watch the whole day; yet them. When the Portuguese plundered one in these animals are so bold, that, when driven Ceylon, they found in a little golden casket the from one end of the field, they will immediately tooth of an ape ; a relic held by the vatives in enter at the other, and carry off with them as such veneration that they offered 700,000 ducats much as their mouths and arms can hold. Bos- to redeem it, but in vain; for it was burnt by man, speaking of the thefts of the monkeys of the viceroy, to stop the progress of idolatry. Guinea, says that they will take in each paw 24. i. S. lar, the great gibbon, or long-armed one or two stalks of millet, as many under their ape, has a flat swarthy faoe, surrounded with arms, and two or three in their mouth; and, grey hairs ; hair on the body black and rough; thus laden, hop away on their hind legs; but, if buttocks bare ; nails on the hands flat; on the pursued, they fling away all, except what is in feet long; arms of a most disproportionate their mouths, that it may not impede their flight. length, reaching quite to the ground when the They are very nice in the choice of the millet; animal is erect, its natural posture. They inhaexamine every stalk; and, if they do not like it, bit India, Malacca, and the Molucca isles; are fling it away; so that this delicacy does more mild and gentle ; grow to the height of four feet, harm to the fields than their thievery.

sometimes as tall as a man. The great black ape 21. S. cercop. talaponius, the talapoin, is a of Mangsi, in China, seems to be of this kind. native of India; about a foot long from nose to “This species,' says Mr. Kerr, "is impatient of rump, and has a tail nearly eighteen inches long. cold and rain; and approaches nearer to the It has cheek-pouches, with a beard on the chin manners of mankind than even the orang-outang, and cheeks, and callosities on the buttocks; being more inclined to the erect posture.' The it is a beautiful figure, of a brownish-green color; female has the catamema. with the tip of the nose, ears, and soles of the 24. ji. S. lar argentea, the silvery gibbon, is feet black.' The species are gentle and playful. a variety resembling the great gibbon, except in There is a variety which differs only in being all color, and it is more elegantly shaped. The black.

body and arms are covered with silvery hairs; 22. S. cercop. veter, the lowando, has a long the face, ears, crown of the head, and hands are tail and is bearded; the body and limbs are black. It is three feet high when erect. They white; the beard black. This animal has all inhabit the forests of Devat in Bengal. Lord the characters of a baboon in ure and disposi- Clive brought home one of them. They are tions. It is so wild and ferocious that it must good natured and frolicksome. be kept in an iron cage. It is from three feet to 24. 11. S. lar minor, the lesser gibbon, resem

bles the great gibbon, but is much less, being feet two inches. It was very fierce and falacionly about a foot and a half high; the body ous ; went on all fours, but would sit up on its and face are of a brown color. They inhabit rump, and support itself with a stick ; in this Malacca.

attitude, it would hold a cup in its hand, and III. S. papiones, baboons. These have short drink out of it. Its food was fruits. tails; a long face; a broad high muzzle; longish 31. S. papio nemestrina, the maimon, or pigdog-like tusks, or canine teeth; and naked cal- tailed baboon, with a pointed face, which is losities on the buttocks. They are only found naked, of a swarthy redness; two sharp canine in the old world, and are the papiones and kvvo teeth; ears like the human; hair on the limbs κεφαλα of the ancients. .

and body brown, inclining to ash-color, palest 25. S. papio apedia, the little baboon, has on the belly; fingers black; nails long and flat ; a roundish' head, with a projecting muzzle, and thumbs on the hind feet very long, connected roundish naked ears; the hair on the body is to the nearest toe by a broad membrane; tail yellow, tipt with black; the face is brown, and four inches long, slender, exactly like a pig's, almost naked, having only a few scattered hairs; and almost naked; the bare spaces on the rump the nails are all compressed and oblong, exceptred, and but small; length, from head to tail, on the thumbs and great toes, the nails of which twenty-two inches. They inhabit the isles of resemble man; the tail is very short, being Sumatra and Japan, and are very docile. In hardly an inch long; the body is about the size Japan they are taught several tricks, and carried of a cat. It is uncertain, says Gmelin, if this about the country by mountebanks. Kempfer animal should be considered as a distinct species, was informed by one of these people that the or only as a variety of the simia sciurea.

baboon he had was 102 years old. Mr. Kerr 26. S. papio cinerea, the cinereous baboon, is says, it has check pouches, callosities on the butabout two feet high, and has a dusky face with a tocks, and a naked curled up tail; five or six pale brown beard ; the body and limbs are of a inches long. The male organs are concealed cinereous brown; and the crown of the head is under the skin. When erect it is from two to mottled with yellow.-Pennant.

two and a-half feet high. The female menstruates. 27. S. papio cristata, the crested baboon, has This is a vivacious, gentle, tractable, and even very long and dishevelled hair on the head and caressing animal, without any of the immodesty cheeks. It is about two feet high, and the tail of most baboons. seven inches, taper and slender; the body and 32. S. papio platypygos, the brown baboon, limbs are covered with long black hair ; the has pointed ears ; face of a dirty white; nose breast is whitish; the face, hands, and feet, are large and broad; hairs round the face short and naked and black. They inhabit Africa.

straight; color of the upper part of the body 28. S. papio livea, the blue-faced baboon, has brown; of the under ash-color; a tail about four a pale brown beard, a bluish face, and two very inches long; taper and almost bare of hair; bebroad, flat, fore-teeth. It is about three feet neath quite naked. Mr. Pennant refers the new high; has long hairs over its eyes, and a tuft baboon, described in his first edition, to this behind each ear.

species. 29. S. papio maimon, the mandril, or ribbed 33. S. papia porcaria, the hoggish baboon, has nose baboon, has a short tail, and a thin beard a short tail, and colored buttocks; the head is on the chin; the cheeks are blue and striped, like that of a hog, with a naked snout; the body and the buttocks are naked. This species is is of an olive brown color, the nails are sharp found on the Gold coast, and in other southern and compressed. Inhabits Africa, and is about provinces of Africa, where he is called boggo by three feet and a-half high when standing erect. the negroes, and mandril by the Europeans. This probably is the same animal with the hogNext to the orang-outang, he is the largest of all faced ape, adopted from Pennant. the apes or baboons. Smith relates that he had 34. S. papio sphinx, the great baboon, with a present of a female mandril, which was only hazel irides ; ears small and naked ; face canine, six months old, and that it was as large as an and very thick; middle of the face and forehead adult baboon. He adds that these mandrils naked; and of a bright vermilion color; tip of walk always on two feet; that they weep and the nose of the same, and ending truncated like groan like men; that they have a violent passion that of a hog; sides of the nose broadly ribbed, for women, which they never fail to gratify when and of a fine violet bue; the opening of the they find a woman at a distance from relief. mouth very small; cheeks, throat, and goat-like

30. S. papio mormon, the mantegar, or man beard, yellow; hair on the fore-head very long, tiger, commonly called the tufted ape; but it is turns back, is black, and forms a kind of pointed improperly named an ape, as it has a tail. It is crest. Head, arms, and legs, covered with short described in the Philos. Trans. Abr. No. 290. It hair, yellow and black intermixed; the breast had a nose and head fourteen inches in length; with long whitish-yellow hairs, the shoulders with the nose of a deep red, face blue, both naked; long brown hair. Nails flat; feet and hands black eye-brows; ears like the human ; on the black; tail four inches long, and very hairy; top of the head a long upright tuft of hair; on buttocks bare, red, and filthy; but the space the chin another; two long tusks in the upper about them is of a most elegant purple color, jaw; fore feet exactly resembling hands, and the which reaches to the inside of the upper part of nails on the fingers flat; the fore part of the body, the thighs. This was described by Mr. Pennant and the inside of the legs and arms naked; the from a stuffed specimen in Sir Ashton Lever's outside covered with mottled brown and olive

In August 1779 a live animal of this hair. Length, from the nose to the rump, three species was shown at Edinburgh, and in October


following at Chester, where, being seen by Mr. and body eight inches long, tail twelve. They Pennant, that inquisitive naturalist has described inhabit the banks of the Amazons; and were disit in his History of Quadrupeds. It differed covered by M. de Condamine. little,' he observes, in color from the above, be 38. i. S. sagoinus jacchus, the sanglin, or ing in general much darker. Eyes much sunk striated monkey, with a very round head; about in the head and small. On the internal side of the ears two very long full tufts of white hairs each ear was a white line, pointing upwards. standing out on each side; irides reddish; face The hair on the fore-head turned up like a tou a swarthy flesh color ; ears like the human ; pee. Feet black; in other respects resembled head black; body ash-colored, reddish, and the former. In this I had an opportunity of ex- dusky; the last forms striated bars across the amining the teeth. The cutting teeth were like body; tail full of hair, annulated with ash-color those of the rest of the genus; but, in the upper and black; body seven inches long; tail nearly and lower jaw, were two canine, or rather tusks, eleven; hands and feet covered with short hairs ; nearly three inches long, and exceedingly sharp fingers like those of a squirrel ; nails, or rather and pointed. This animal was five feet high, of claws, sharp. They inhabit Brasil; feed on vea most tremendous strength in all its parts; was getables ; will also eat fish; make a weak noise ; excessively fierce, libidinous, and strong.' Mr. are very restless, and are often brought over to Kerr confirms this account, and adds that they Europe. are very apt to offer violence to women. Mr. 38. ii. S. sagoinus Jacchus moschatus, the Schreber says, that this species lives on succulent yellowish sanglin, is a variety of a whitish yellow fruits and on nuts; is very fond of eggs, and will color, smelling strongly of musk. It also inhabits put eight at once into its pouches, and, taking Brasil. ihem out one by one, break them at the end, and 39. S. sagoinus Midas, the tamarin, or greatswallow the yolk and white; rejects all flesh eared monkey, with a round head, swarthy, feshmeat, unless it be dressed; would drink quanti- colored, naked face ; upper lip a little divided ; ties of wine or brandy; was less agile than other ears very large, erect, naked, and almost square; baboons; very cleanly: for it would fing its hair on the forehead upright and long ; on the excrements out of its hut. That which was body soft, but shaggy; the head, whole body, shown at Chester was particularly fond of cheese. and upper part of the limbs, black, except the Its voice was a kind of roar, not unlike that of a lower part of the back, which is tinged with yellion, but low and somewhat inward. It went low; hands and feet covered with orange-colored upon all fours, and never stood on its hind-legs hairs, very fine and smooth; nails long and unless forced by the keeper; but would frequently crooked ; tail black, and twice the length of the sit on its rump in a crouching manner, and drop body; teeth very white. It is of the size of a its arms before the belly. They inhabit the hotter squirrel. It inhabits the hotter parts of South parts of Africa.

America, and the isle of Gorgona, South of Pana35. S. papio sylvatica, or, as Mr. Kerr has it, ma, in the South Sea. sylvicola, the wood baboon; has a long dog 40. S. sagoinus æpidus, the pioche, or redlike face, covered with a small glossy black skin; tailed monkey, is beardless; has a flowing head hands and feet naked, and black like the face; of hair, which hangs down on each side; a red hair on all parts long, elegantly mottled with tail and sharp claws. It has neither cheekblack and tawny; nails white: is about three pouches nor callosities on the buttocks. His feet high when erect; tail not three inches, and tail is not prehensile, and is more than twice the very hairy on the upper top. Inhabits Guinea, length of the head and body. The partition of where it is called by the English the man of the the nostrils is thick, and the apertures are placed woods.

at a side. The face, throat, and ears, are black; 36. S. papio variegata, the yellow baboon, is on the head are long white hairs. The muzzle is of a bright yellow color, variegated with black. broad, and the face round. The hair on the body It strongly resembles the wood baboon, except is pretty long; of a yellowish-brown, or reddish in size, and in having hairy hands. The face is color till near the tail

, where it becomes orange; long, black, and naked; the ears are hid in the on the breast, belly, hands, and feet, it is white, fur. It is two feet high.

and shorter than on the body. The tail, from the IV. S. sagoini, sagoins; these have long tails, origin to one-half of its length, is a vivid red, which are proportionally longer than those of then brownish-red, and toward the point it is the sapajous, straight, faccid, entirely covered black. He is about nine inches long, and walks with hair, and not prehensile; that is, incapable on four feet. The females are not subject to the of laying hold of any object : the cheeks have no menstrual evacuation. pouches; and the buttocks, which are covered 41. S. sagoinus pithecia, the saki, or fox-tailed with hair, have no callosities, the partition be- monkey, with a swarthy face, covered with short tween the nostrils is very thick, and the aper- white down; forehead and sides of the face with tures are placed on the sides of the nose. The whitish and pretty long hair; body with long females do not menstruate. This race of animals dusky brown hairs, white or yellowish at their is only found in America. There are six species. tips ; hair on the tail very long and bushy;

37. S. saguinus argenteus, or argentatus, the sometimes black, sometimes reddish ; belly and mico, or fair monkey, with a small round head ; lower part of the limbs a reddish white; length face and ears of the most lively vermilion color; from nose to tail nearly a foot and a half; tail body covered with most beaut long hairs of longer, and like that of a fox; hands and feet a bright and silvery wniteness, of matchless ele- black, with claws instead of nails. They inhabit gance: tail of a shining dark chestnut: head Guiana.

42. $. sagoinus rosalius, the marikina, or silky conceived ; owing to a hollow and hard bone monkey, is beardless ; has a very hairy head; the placed in the throat, which the English call the circumference of the face and the feet are red; throttle-bone. These monkeys are very fierce, and the claws are sharp and narrow. A brisk untameable, and bite dreadfully. There is a animal, less impatient of cold than the rest of variety of a ferruginous or reddish bay color, this race; the body is of a yellowish white co- which the Indians call the king of the monkeys; lor; the nails on the thumbs and great toes are it is large, and as noisy as the former. The na. rounded ; the ears are naked, but are hidden be- tives eat, and are fond of this species, as well as neath the fur. It has a round head and a brown several other sorts of monkeys. Europeans will face, which is surrounded with a kind of mane also eat it, especially in those parts of America of a bright red color; the hair on the body and where food is scarce; but, in doing so, they become tail is long, silky, and of a pale but vivid yellow a kind of cannibals. color, almost white, with a considerable tuft at 45. S. sapajus capucinus, the sai, or weeper, the extremity of the tail. It walks on four feet, with a round and flat face, of a reddish brown and is eight or nine inches long, from the muzzlé color, very deformed; the hair on the head and to the rump; and the tail is above thirteen upper part of the body black, tinged with brown; inches long. This species has the same man beneath and on the limbs tinged with red ; tail ners and vivacity with the other sagoins, but is black, and much longer than the head and body; more robust in constitution, as an individual the young excessively deformed ; their hair very lived five or six years in Paris, being kept in a long, and thinly dispersed. In the British Muwarm room during winter. They inhabit South seum are specimens of old and young. M. de America.

Buffon had a variety with a white throat. They V. S. sapaji, sapajous, have no cheek-pouches, inhabit Surinam and Brasil; appear as if always but long prehensile tails, which, at the extre- weeping; are of a melancholy disposition ; but mity, are generally deprived of hair on the un- ready to imitate what they see done. These der side, and covered with a smooth skin ; this probably are the monkeys Dampier saw in the part they can fold, extend, curl up, and unfold bay of All Saints, which he says are very ugly, at pleasure; by which they are enabled to hang and smell strongly of musk. They keep in large upon branches, or to lay hold of any thing which companies; and make a great chattering, espeis beyond the reach of their hands, using the ex- cially in stormy weather; reside much on a spetremity of the tail like a finger ; the partition be- cies of tree which bears a podded fruit, which tween the nostrils is very thick ; and the apertures they feed on. are situated on the sides of the nose ; the but 46. S. sapajus exquima, the exquima of Contocks are clothed with hair, and have no callosi- go, is of the same size with the quato (No. 48), ties; the females of this subgenus do not men and has a prehensile tale, but differs in the costruate; and this race of animals is only to be lor, and in having a beard. It is of a variegated found in America. This subdivision of the genus black and yellow color on the back; the throat is made with great propriety by Dr. Gmelin, and belly are white. They inhabit Guinea, after the count de Buffon.

Congo, &c. 43. S. sapajus apella, the brown sa pajou, has 47. S. sapajus fatuellas, the horned sapajou, a long sub-prehensile tail, and no beard; the has two tufts of hair on the head, resembling body is brown; the legs black, and the buttocks little horns; and is beardless. The face, sides, hairy. It is a lively active animal; constantly belly, and fore parts of the thighs are brown; looking about on all sides; bears cold well; its the top of the head, middle of the back, tail, cry resembles that of a young turkey; the cir- legs, and posterior parts of the thighs, are black; cumference of its face appears as if shaved. the nails are long, and rather blunt; the tail is

44. S. sapajus beelzebub, the guariba, or prehensile, and twisted spirally. Perhaps of the preacher monkey, has black shining eyes ; short same species with the simia appella or capuchin round ears; and a round beard under the chin (Gm.). They inhabit South America. and throat. The hairs on the body are of a 48. S. sapajus paniscus, the quato, or fourshining black, long, yet lie so close on each other fingered monkey, has a long flat face, of a that the animal appears quite smooth ; the feet swarthy flesh color; the eyes are sunk in the and end of the tail are brown; the tail is very head; ears like the human ; limbs of a great long, and always twisted at the end. They are length, and uncommonly slender; the hair is of the size of a fox; inhabit the woods of Brasil black, long, and rough. There are only four and Guiana in vast numbers, and make a most fingers on the hands, being quite destitute of a dreadful howling. Sometimes one mounts on a thumb; five toes on the feet. The tail is long, higher branch, the rest seat themselves beneath; and naked below, near the end. The body is the first begins as if it was to harangue, and sets slender, about a foot and a half long; the tail up so loud and sharp a howl as may be heard at nearly two feet, and so prehensile as to serve every a vast way, and a person at a distance would purpose of a hand. They inhabit the neighbourthink that a hundred joined in the cry; after a hood of Carthagena, Guiana, Brasil, ånd Peru; certain space, he gives a signal with his hand, associate in vast herds; and are scarcely ever seen when the whole assembly join in chorus; but on on the ground. Dampier describes their gamanother signal are silent, and the orator finishes bols in a lively manner: “ There was,' says he, his address. This is related by Marcg rave, a a great company dancing from tree to tree over writer of credit, from his own knowledge, having my head, chattering, and making a terrible noise, long resided in Brasil. Their clamor is the and a great many grim faces and antic gesmost disagreeable and tremendous that can be tures; some broke down dry sticks and flung

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