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exiles, who had been driven out by the contrary vigorous opponent to their project of enslaving faction. The Syracusians built Acræ, Chasmenæ, Sicily; a project invariably pursued, but never and Camarina; the first seventy years, the se. accomplished. Hiero I. succeeded his brother cond ninety, and the third 135, after the foun- Gelo, and, contrary to the usual progression, dation of their own city. This is the account began his reign by a display of bad qualities. which Thucydides, a most judicious and exact Sensible of his error; and improved by experiwriter, gives us of the various nations, whether ence, he afterwards adopted more equitable Greeks or barbarians, who settled in Sicily. measures. At his death the Syracusans threw Strabo counts, among the ancient inhabitants of off the yoke, and for sixty years revelled in all Sicily, the Morgeles, who being driven out of the joys of freedoni. Their peace was, however, Italy by the Oenotrians, settled in that part of disturbed by the Athenians and the Carthagithe island where the ancient city of Morgantium nians. The latter plundered Agrigentum, and stood. The Campani, who assumed the name threatened ruin to the rest of the Grecian states ; of Mamertini, that is, invincible warriors, and but a treaty of peace averted that storm. The the Carthaginians, who settled very early in Si- Athenians, under pretence of supporting their cily, ought likewise to be counted among the allies the people of Segesta, but in reality from a ancient inhabitants of the island. Before this thirst of dominion, invested Syracuse with a forperiod the history of Sicily is blended with fa- midable land and naval armament under the bles, like the early history of almost every other command of Nicias ; but in consequence of a country. After the settlement of the Greeks in rash indigested plan, ill conducted attacks, and the island, its various revolutions have been inadequate supplies, their whole host was cut to traced from their several sources by many wri- pieces, or led away into captivity. Syracuse ters; but by none with greater accuracy or bre- had scarcely time to breathe after her victory, vity than Mr. Swinburne. From his account of ere intestine wars broke out, and raised Dionyhis Travels in the two Sicilies, we therefore sius I. to supreme command.' See Dionysius. quote the following concise history of this king- “Avarice, despotism, and cruelty, marked his dom :
reign; but his military enterprises were crown* Aristocracy prevailed at first in the Greek ed with constant success.' Like the modern settlements, but soon made way for tyranny; tyrant of Europe, he patronised men of letters, which in its turn was expelled by democracy. and was even ambitious of literary fame. He One of the earliest destroyers of common liberty died in peace, and bequeathed a powerful sovewas Phalaris of Agrigentum, who reigned about reignty to a son of his name, tainted with the A. A. C. 600. See PHALARIS. His example same and worse vices, but not endowed with was contagious; a legion of tyrants sprang up, equal capacity and martial ability; in such hands and not a commonwealth in the island escaped the rod of tyranny ceased to be formidable, and the lash of a usurper. Syracuse was most op- the tyrant was driven out of Sicily by the papressed and torn to pieces by dissension; as its triotic party ; but matters were not sufficiently wealth and preponderance in the general scale settled for popular government, and Dionysius held out a greater temptation than other cities to II. resumed the sceptre for a while, till Timothe ambition of wicked men. It requires the leon forced him into perpetual exile.' combined testimony of historians to enforce our Liberty seemed now to be established on a belief of its wonderful prosperity, and the no permanent basis ; but in Syracuse such prospects less extraordinary tyranny of some of ils sove- always proved illusory. Agathocles, a tyrapt seigns. These Grecian colonies attained to such more inhuman than any preceding usurper, excellence in arts and sciences as emboldened seized the throne, and deluged the country with them frequently to vie with the learned and inge- blood. He was involved in a perilous contest nious in the mother country : nay, often enabled with the Carthaginians, who obtained many ad. thein to bear away the palm of victory. There vantages over him, drove his troops from port needs no stronger proof of their literary merits to port, and at last blocked up his capital. In than a bare recital of the names of Archimedes, this desperate situation, when all foreign. helps Theocritus, Gorgias, and Charondas. But the were precluded, and hardly a resource remained Sicilian Greeks were not destined to enjoy the at home, the genius of Agathocles compassed his sweets of their situation without molestation. deliverance by a plan that was imitated among Very soon after their arrival, the inhabitants of the ancients by Hannibal, and among the mothe neighbouring coast of Africa began to aspire derns by the famous Cortes. He embarked with to a share of Sicily. Carthage sent large bodies the flower of his army; forced his way through of forces at different times to establish their innumerable obstacles; landed in Africa; and, power in the island, and about 500 years before having burnt his fleet, routed the Carthaginians the Christian era they had made themselves mas- in a pitched battle, and laid their territory waste. ters of all the western parts of it. The Siculi Carthage seemed to be on the briuk of ruin, and retained possession of the midland country, and that hour might have marked her downfal had the south and east coasts were inhabited by the the Sicilian host been composed of patriotic solGreeks. About that time Gelo was chosen diers, and not of ungovernable assassins ; disprince of Syracuse on account of his virtues, cord pervaded the victorious camp, murder and which grew still more conspicuous after his exal- riot ensued; and the tyrant, after beholding his tation; had the example he set been followed by children and friends butchered before his face, his successors, the advantages of freedom would escaped to Sicily, to meet a death as tragical as never have been known or wished for by the bis crimes deserved. See AGATHOCLES. AnarSyracusans. The Carthaginians found in him a chy now raged throughout the island, and every
faction was reduced to the necessity of calling peace and the labors of agriculture. Their in the assistance of foreign power; among whom position in the centre of the Roman empire Pyrrhus king of Epirus took the lead, and re- preserved them both from civil and foreign foes, duced all parties to some degree of order and except in two instances of a servile war. The obedience. But ambition soon prompted him to rapacity of their governors was a more constant invade those rights which he came to defend; and insupportable evil. In this state of apathy he cast off the mask, and made Sicily feel under and opulence Sicily remained down to the his sway as heavy a hand as that of its former seventh century of our era, when the Saracens oppressors; but the Sicilians soon assumed cou- began to disturb its tranquillity. The barbarous rage and strength enough to drive him out of nations of the north had before invaded and the island. About this period the Mamertini, ravaged its coasts, but had not long kept poswhom Mr. Swinburne indignantly styles a crew session. The Saracens were more fortunate." In of miscreants, surprised Messina, and, after a 827 they availed themselves of quarrels among general massacre of the citizens, established a the Sicilians to subdue the country. Palermo republican form of government. See MAMER- was chosen for their capital, and the standard of
Their commonwealth became so trouble- Mahomet triumphed about 200 years. In 1038 some a neighbour to the Greeks that Hiero II., George Maniaces was sent by the Greek emwho had been raised to the chief command at peror with a great army to attack Sicily. He Syracuse in consideration of his superior wisdom made good his landing, and pushed his conquests and warlike talents, found himself necessitated with vigor; his success arose from the valor of to form a league with Carthage to destroy this some Norman troops, which were at that time nest of villains. In their distress the Mamertini unemployed and ready to sell their services to implored the assistance of Rome, though the the best bidder. Maniaces repaid them with senate had recently punished with exemplary se- ingratitude; and by his absurd conduct gave verity one of their own legions for a similar out- the Mussulmans time to breathe, and the Norrage committed at Rhegium. The virtue of the mans a pretext and opportunity of invading the Romans gave way to the temptation, and the Imperial dominions in Italy. Robert and Roger desire of extending their empire beyond the li- of Hauteville afterwards conquered Sicily on mits of Italy cast a veil over every odious cir- their own account, not as mercenaries ; for, cumstance attending this alliance. A Roman having substantially settled their power on the army crossed the Faro, relieved Messina, defeat- continent, they turned their arms against this ed the Carthaginians, and humbled Hiero into island obedience to the dictates of zeal and an ally of the republic. Thus began the first ambition. After ten years struggle, the Saracens Punic war, which was carried on for many years yielded up the rich prize, and Robert ceded it iu Sicily with various success.
to his brother Roger, who assumed the title of The genius of Hamilcar Barcas supported the great earl of Sicily, ruled the state with wisdom, African cause under numberless disappoint- and ranks deservedly among the greatest chaments, and the repeated overthrows of his col- racters in history. He raised himself from the leagues; at last, finding his exertions ineffectual, humble station of a poor younger son of a private he advised the Carthaginian rulers to purchase gentleman, to the exalted dignity of a powerful peace at the price of Sicily. Such a treaty was monarch, by the sole force of his own genius not likely to be observed longer than want of and courage; he governed a nation of strangers strength should curb the animosity of the van- with vigor and justice, and transmitted his posquished party; when their vigor was recruited, sessions undisputed to his posterity. Such an Hannibal, son of Hamilcar, easily persuaded assemblage of great qualities is well entitled to them to resume the contest, and for sixteen years our admiration. waged war in the heart of the Roman territories. Earl Roger was succeeded by his son Simon, Meanwhile Hiero conducted himself with so whose reign was short, and made way for a much prudence that he retained the friendship. second son called Roger II. In 1127 this prince of both parties, and preserved his portion of joined to his Sicilian possessions the whole inSicily in perfect tranquillity. He died in ex- heritance of Robert Guiscard (see Naples), and treme old age, beloved and respected both at assumed the regal style. The greatest part of home and abroad. See Hiero II. His grand- his reign was taken up in quelling revolts in son Hieronymus, forsaking this happy line of Italy, but Sicily enjoyed profound peace. In politics and contracting an alliance with Car- 1154 his son William ascended the throne, and thage, fell an early victim to the troubles which passed his life in war and confusion. William his own folly had excited. Once more, and for II. succeeded his father and died without issue. the last time, the Syracusans found themselves His defeat by Saladin is noticed under the article in possession of their independence; but the EGYPT. Tancred, though basely born, was times were no longer suited to such a system; elected his successor, and after him his son dissensions gained head and distracted the public William III., who was vanquished by Henry of councils. Carthage could not support them, or Suabia. During the troubles that agitated the prevent Marcellus from undertaking the siege of reign of his son, the emperor Frederick, peace Syracuse, immortalised by the mechanical efforts appears to have been the lot of Sicily. A shortof Archimedes, and the immensity of the plunder. lived sedition, and a revolt of the Saracens, are See SYRACUSE.
the only commotions recorded. For greater seThe Sicilians after this relinquished all mar- curity the Saracens were removed to Puglia, 400 tial ideas, and, during a long series of genera- years after the conquest of Sicily by their antions, turned their attention solely to the arts of cestors. Under Conrad and Manfred Sicily
remained quiet; and from that time the his a royal mandate by which the holy office was at tory of Sicily is related under the article once annihilated. He assembled all the nobility, Naples. At the death of Charles II. of Spain judges, and bishops, on the 27th of March, 1782, his spoils became an object of furious conten- in the palace of the inquisition, and commanded tion; and, at the peace of Utrecht, Sicily was the king's order to be read ; after which he took ceded to Victor, duke of Savoy, who, not many possession of the archives, and caused all the years after, was forced by the emperor Charles prisons to be set open: in these were at that VI. to relinquish that fine island, and take Sar- time only two prisoners who had been condinia as an equivalent. But, as the Spaniards demned to perpetual confinement for witchcraft. had no concern in these bargains, they made a sud- The papers relating to the finances were preden attempt to recover Sicily, in which they served ; but all the rest were publicly burned. failed, through the vigilance of the English ad- The possessions of the holy office were assigned miral Byng. lle destroyed their fleet in 1718, to the use of churches and charitable instituand compelled them to drop their scheme for a tions : but the officers then belonging to it retime. In 1734 the Spanish court resumed their tained their salaries during their lives. The design with success. The infant Charles drove palace itself is converted into a custom-house, the Germans out, and was crowned king of the and the place where heretics were formerly two Sicilies at Palermo. When he passed into roasted alive, for the honor of the Catholic faith, Spain, to take possession of that crown, he trans- is now changed into a public garden. The ferred the Sicilian diadem to his son Ferdinand cognizance of offences against orthodoxy is comIII. of Sicily and IV. of Naples, and it has ever mitted to the bishops ; but they cannot cite any since remained in the possession of the same one to appear before them without permission family. See Naples. We conclude the history from the viceroy ; neither can they confine any of Sicily with a piece of very important local person in a solitary prison, nor deny him the history. About 1785 Count Caraccioli was ap- privilege of writing to his friends, and converspointed viceroy. The government of this noble- ing freely with his advocate. In 1798 the king man was very beneficial to Sicily, as he, in a of the two Sicilies having irritated the French great measure, cleared the island of the banditti republicans, by taking part in the war, they soon that used to infest it, and made several excellent made reprisals and obliged him to flee for refuge, regulations for the establishment of social order with the whole royal family, on board the British and personal security. He deserves the thanks of feet under lord Nelson; who landed them safely every well-wisher to mankind for having abolished at Palermo in Sicily, on the 27th of December, the court of inquisition which had been established where they continued till the French were finally in this country by Ferdinand the Catholic, and expelled from Italy; after which they returned made dependent on the authority of the grand in to Naples. Thence they were again driven in quisitor of Spain. Its last auto-da-fe was held the beginning of the year 1806 : Naples, see in 1724, when two persons were burnt. At that article, was given to Buonaparte's brotherlength Charles III. rendered it independent of in-law, Murat; until, in May, 1815, he partithe Spanish inquisitor, and abridged its power, cipated in the general overthrow of that despot's by forbidding it to make use of the torture, and schemes; and, in the June of that year, the old to inflict public punishments. The marchese royal family was restored. Squillace and his successor for the marchese SICK, adj. & v. n.
Saxon, seoc; Tanucci, were both enemies to the hierarchy; Sick'en, v. a. & v. n. Dutch, sieck. Af and, during their vice-royalties, took care to Sick’ly, udv., adj., & v. a. appoint sensible and liberal men to the office of SICK'NESS, n. s.
Sdicted with dis
ease; with of beinquisitor; the last of whom was Ventimiglia, a fore the disease; disordered ; corrupted ; disman of a most humane and amiable character, gusted: as a verb neuter (obsolete) to take who heartily wished for the abolition of this a disease: to sicken, verb active, is to make diabolical court, and readily contributed towards sick; disease; weaken : as a verb neuter, to grow it. While he held the office of inquisitor, he sick ; grow weak; decay; be filled with disgust: always endeavoured to procure the acquitial of the adverb, adjective, and noun substantive folthe accused; and, when he could succeed no lowing, correspond. other way, would pretend some informality in
Himself took our infirmities and bare our sicknesses. the trial. The total annihilation of this instru
Matthew. ment of the worst of tyranny was reserved for
In poison there is physic; and this news, *Caraccioli. A priest, being accused to the in- That would, had I been well, have made me sick, quisition, was dragged out of his house and Being sick, hath in some measure made me well. thrown into the dungeon. He was condemned ;
Shakspeare. but on account of informality, and a violation of Cassius I am sick of many griefs. Id. Julius Cæsar. justice in the trials, he appealed to the viceroy,
What we oft do best, who appointed a committee of jurists to examine By sick interpreters, or weak ones, is the process. The inquisitor refused to acknow- Not ours, or not allowed : what worst, as oft ledge the authority of this commission; pre- for our best act.
Hitting a grosser quality, is cried up tending that to expose the secrets of the holy
Id. Henry VIII.
A little time before office, and to submit its decisions to the ex
Our great grandsire Edward sicked and died. amination of lay judges, would be so incon
Id. Henry IV. sistent with his duty, that he would see the
Kinsmen of mine have inquisition abolished rather than consent to it. By this so sickened their estates, that never Caraccioli took him at his word, and procured They shall abound as formerly. Id. Henry VIII.
I know the more one sickens the worse he is.
SICK-BAY, or SICK-BIRTH (Fr. poste aux
Shakspeare. malades), in line of battle ships, is a place imImpute
mediately under the forecastle, usually fitted up His words to wayward sickliness and age.
on the starboard side, and appropriated to the Id. Richard II.
It We wear our health but sickly in his life,
reception of the sick and wounded seamen. Which in his death were perfect. Id, Macbeth.
is partitioned off by wooden frames screened I'm fallen out with more headier will,
with canvas, and may be easily taken down and To take the indisposed and sickly fit
folded on coming to action. When there is not For the sound man.
Id. King Lear.
sufficient room in the sick bay for the patients, A pleasing cordial, Buckingham,
other places are fitted up between decks, &c. Is this thy vow unto my sickly heart.
The sick and hurt and trunsport board for
Id, Richard III. prisoners of war consists in time of war of six The native hue of resolution
commissioners and a secretary, one of whom is Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought. always physician, who are called commissioners
Shakspeare. of that board. Their duty consists in arranging, My people are with sickness much enseebled,
in the most advantageous manner, the varions My numbers lessened.
Id. Henry V. The judges that sat upon the jail, and those that the United Kingdom, with respect to receiving,
departments relating to the prisoners of war in attended, sickened upon it and died. Bucon. Where's the stoick can his wrath appease,
discharging, exchanging, victualling, and clothing To see his country sick of Pym's disease ?
them. It also extends to our naval hospital
Cleaveland, departments, so far as victualling, clothing, and Despair
supplying medicines, necessaries, &c.; and they Tended the sick, busiest from couch to couch. have the appointment of all officers thereto, ex
cept governors, chaplains, physicians, and lieuMerely to drive away the time, he sickened, tenants, who are within the patronage of the Fainted, and died ; nor would with ale be quickened. admiralty board. They appoint first and second
lieutenants, stewards, and clerks to prison-ships;
The fruitfulness of the several years.
medical commissioner has the examining of the Time seems not now beneath his
stoop, Nor do his wings with sickly feathers droop.
surgeons and assistant surgeons, intended for the Dryden.
royal navy, in physic, chemistry, &c., after they The ghosts repine at violated night,
have passed Surgeon's Hall; he has also the And curse the invading sun, and sicken at the examination of all the surgeon's journals. The sight.
is united in the appointThe moon grows sickly at the sight of day, ment of all officers within the limits of the And early cocks have summoned me away. Id. board, which has an immediate intercourse with
Would we know what health and easc are worth, the Admiralty Board. let us ask one that is sickly, or in pain, and we have
Regulations for sick and hurt seamen the price.
board our own ships.-In every ship convenient He was not so sick of his master as of his work.
room must be made between decks for the recepWhy should one earth, one clime, one stream, under the immediate care of the surgeon, or
tion of sick and hurt seamen, who are placed one breath, Raise this to strength, and sicken that to death ?
assistant where no surgeon is allowed, who
Prior. visits them twice a day, or oftener if occasion To animate the doubtful fight,
requires. The captain is to appoint some of the Namur in vain expects that ray;
ship's company, by turns, to serve the sick night In vain France hopes the sickly light
and day, and keep the place clean, to be washed Should shine near William's fuller day. Id.
with vinegar, and fumigated if the surgeon shall Nothing makes a more ridiculous figure in a man's deem it necessary. life than the disparity we often find in him sick and By orders from the captain, the cooper may well.
make buckets out of the old staves and hoops ; Why will you break the sabbath of my days, Now sick alike of envy and of praise ?
and the carpenter cradles for the use of the sick,
and those who have fractured bones. When men Abstract what others feel, what others think, All pleasures sicken, and all glories sink. Id.
are taken ill with infectious fevers, they are to Trust not too much your now resistless charms, be stripped at their entry into the sick birth, Those age or sickness soon or late disarms. Id. and, if practicable, washed with soap and warm There affectation with a sickly mien,
water; their clothes are also to be immersed Shows in her cheek the roses of eighteen ;
and washed in boiling water, in order to destroy Practised to lisp, and hang the head aside,
infection, and the strictest attention must be paid Faints into airs, and languishes with pride. Id, to the cleanliness of the patient. The surgeon is When on my sickly couch I lay,
also to direct in regulating the diet of the sick, Impatient both of night and day, Then Stella ran to my relief.
according to their several symptoms and dis
orders, restricting salted provisions, and such
in cases I mean every individual sickness as well as every where wine is required, he is to apply to the kind.
Your bodies are not only poor and perishing, like captain, that the purser may supply them with your clothes, but, like infected clothes, fill you with the quantity he shall judge necessary. When all diseases and distempers, which oppress the soul fish is caught for the ship's company, he is to with sickly appetites and yain cravings. Lau. give the captain a list of the men who stand
most in need of such refreshment, that they may That with fond terms, and witless words be the first attended to.
To bleer mine eyes dost think. Spenser. Regulations for sending sick and hurt seamen Being some honest curate or some vicar, from their ships for cure.-Sick men are never to
Content with little, in condition sicker.
Hubberd's Tale. be sent to hospitals, neither attending the ship nor on shore, except when their distempers or SICK'LE, n. s. Sax. sicol; Belg. sickel, of hurts render it inconvenient to keep them on
Lat. secule or sicula. The hook with which corr board their own ships. In that case they must is cut; a reaping hook. ve sent under the charge of an officer and a sur
Their sicklers reap the corn another sows. Sandys. geon's assistant, as the case may require, with
God's harvest is even ready for the sickle, and all their clothes, bedding, and a sick ticket, express
the fields yellow long ago.
Spenser on Ireland. ing their names, entry, and number on the ship's Come hither from the furrow, and be merry.
You sunburnt sicklemen of August weary, books, with a case from the surgeon particular
Shakspeure. ising the previous symptoms and treatment Time should never, which he or his assistant has experienced and In life or death their fortunes sever; adopted. An officer is never to be sent to an But with his rusty sickle mow hospital except in cases of urgency, without the Both down together at a blow.
Hudibras. approbation of the commander-in-chief, who is O'er whom Time gently shakes his wings of down, to direct the captains to visit the hospitals, and Till with his silent sickle they are mown. Dryden. enquire into the conduct of the medical attend When corn has once felt the sickle, it has no more
South's Sermons. ants, &c., and to attend to any complaints the benefit from the sunshine. patients may have to make. The commander-in Sickle. The same instruments are denomichief, or senior-officer present, must occasionally nated sickles and hooks. Some of them are visit the hospital when other duties will admit of also used in one part of the country and some it. The captain is to send an officer on dis- in another. charging days, to receive such men as are re The common sickle is a sort of semicircular covered, and to take an account of such as are piece of wrought iron faced with steel, which in dead, discharged, &c.
general is from about twenty to thirty inches in When any are discharged from sick-quarters, length, and about half an inch in breadth, having a and do not return to their ship in twenty-eight sharp toothed edge cut in the steel part, from days, a D. S. Q. is placed against their names, twenty-six to thirty teeth being formed in every in order to stop their pay. Captains are to inch in length. The teeth all incline towards the receive such men as the agent of an hospital shall handle of the tool, so that it only cuts when it is send to them; and if they think thein unser drawn towards the person using it, and not when viceable, they are to apply for their being sur- introduced through the standing corn in the act of veyed. Slop clothes are not to be issued to any reaping. The Furness sickle, a valuable tool of man during his continuance in sick-quarters, this kind, made use of in a district of that name unless when it is absolutely necessary, and then in the northern part of Lancashire, has a blade they must be entered in the ship's books to be two feet six inches long, edged with fifteen teeth charged against his wages. When ships are in in every inch, and in the span of its curvature a foreign port where there is not a naval hospital, measures two feet from the heel to the point. It nor any person appointed by the commissioners is a powerful tool, and capable of doing much for sick and wounded seamen, when necessity work in a given time when in good hands, as requires, the commander-in-chief, senior officer, seen below. or captain present, must cause tents to be made The smooth-edged sickle, or reap hook, has a for their reception with the old sails of the ship, shape and length which are inuch the same as and appoint the best qualified surgeon in the those in the common sickle, only a little broader; squadron, &c., to attend them. . But, if the raising but the edge is smooth or sharp, and without of tents and the attendance of surgeons be im- teeth. practicable, the commander-in-chief, &c., may The badging or bagging sickle, or hook, is a contract with proper persons to supply the sick tool of the same kind, but which is a great deal with lodgings, provisions, &c.; and to appoint larger and heavier, as well as broader at the point. some well-qualified medical maa or surgeon of It can, however, be used with great effect and the place to attend them, who shall be allowed expedition by those who are accustomed to this specified sum for medicines and attendance. mode of reaping. With the sick men are sent the usual sick-tickets, The sickle-hook is also another tool of this which the surgeon is never to deliver to them, nature, which is made use of in some districts. but is to send them to the captain of the ship It is only toothed from about the middle to the into which they may be discharged; and he is to point end, by which the waste of grain in cutting receive from the captain a certificate of the day is said to be prevented. on which the men are sent on board.
The most ancient of these tools is the common Sick-List (Fr. ètat des malades), a list con- sickle, and it is probably on the whole the best taining the names of all those who are unable to do of them, though it is getting much out of use in duty in the ship, is daily sent up by the surgeon many parts of the country, being now even to the captain, for his inspection and guidance. scarcely known or employed in the counties of
SICK'ER, adj. Welsh, sicer; Belg. seker. Devon, Cornwall, and Somerset, and many other Sure; certain ; firin. Obsolete.
places in the more western districts of the kingSicker thou's but a lazy loord,
dom, having long since given place to the hooks, And rekes much of ihy swink,
the reason of which seems to be the greater ease