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their priests; and trust to their mortifications the Bay of Bengal, and along the west coast of and austerities as expiations for the faults of the the Malay peninsula. But although, by the whole. As among the Hindoos, suicide is re- chance of war, the Siamese have been subjected garded favorably, but is by no means so gene- to many vicissitudes, and brought frequently to rally practised. The first French missionaries the brink of destruction, they have never ceased reached Siam in A. D. 1662, after a most pain. to exist as a distinct and independent nation, for ful and arduous journey over land to the Bay of which they are probably indebted to the doBengal, where they embarked; but prior to this mestic dissensions of the Birmans, and the natural the Christian religion had made some progress strength of their country. so early as 1621, through the medium of the Siam, a city in the kingdom of Siam, of which Portuguese. The French mission was subse- it is the capital, (lat. 14° 5' N. long. 100° 25' E.) quently prosecuted with great zeal for more than situated on an island formed by the Menam, or a century, and was occasionally assisted by po- Siam River, intersected by several canals, and litical emergencies, but no essential progress was has several other islands adjacent. Although of ever made towards effecting the benevolent in- great extent it is now very thinly populated. tentions of the missionaries.
The palace of the king is a large irregular conThe Siamese histories of the Thay dynasty fused building, covering a great space of ground, are said to detail, with much minuteness and and surrounded by high walls, which include great exaggeration, the events that have occurred also several temples. In this town there are in Siam, and the adjacent states and countries, many casts of statues and cannon, the latter of a during the last 1000 years, and also the events prodigious calibre, which indicate a greater per. of 400 years prior to that period, from the build- fection in the arts at some former era than is ing of the city Maha Nakkon, but with less pre- now found among the Siamese. In 1766 this cision. The records of the other dynasty, the place was captured by the Birmans after a long Thay Jhay, are supposed still to exist. Notwith- blockade. By the Birmans the town of Siam is standing these documents, the Siamese nation frequently named Dwarawuddy, but by the nawas wholly unknown in Europe, until the dis- tives it is called See-y-thaa. Most places of covery of the route to India by the Cape of Good consequence are here distinguished by two apHope. The first traces of their authentic his- pellations, one in the vulgar tongue, and the other tory begin about A. D. 1550, and were acquired in the Pali or learned language. through the medium of the Portuguese, who fre SIAMPA (Champa), a province in the Cochinquently acted as auxiliaries to the factions con- Chinese empire, situated principally between tending for the government. From the records lat. 10° and 11°N. To the north its boundaries of the East India Company it appears that, in are undefined ; on the south it has the sea of 1684, they sustained considerable losses by a China; on the east Cochin-China and the sea; Mr. Constantine Faulcon (a Cephalonian Greek) and on the west Cambodia. It is a small mounone of their inferior servants, who ran away in tainous territory, separated into three divisions. their debt, and obtained possession of their pro SIANG-YANG, a city of China, of the second perty, by making presents to the king of Siam, rank, in the province of Quang-si, 1045 miles whose prime minister he afterwards became. In S. S. W. of Pekin. Long. 111° 39' E. lat. 32° 1684 ambassadors were sent from Siam to Louis 5' N. XIV. on board of an English vessel; and, in con SIBBALD (Sir Robert), M. D., a celebrated sequence, Messrs. Ceberet and La Loubere were and learned Scottish physician, writer, and antidespatched as ambassadors to Siam, where they quarian, born in Fifeshire in 1643. He was eduarrived the 27th of September, 1787, and imme- cated at the university of St. Andrew's, where he diately solicited the king to embrace the Roman took his degrees, and afterwards travelled into Catholic religion. In this request they were the France and Italy. On his return to Scotland he more urgent from learning that an envoy had projected the plan for establishing the Royal arrived from the court of Persia to convert him College of Physicians. He likewise planned to the Mahometan faith. The Siamese mo and commenced the Botanical Garden at Edinnarch declined the conversion proposed, but burgh, which has since been so highly improved. entered into a strict alliance with the French, His medical practice was very extensive; yet he whom he allowed to garrison Bancok and Mergui, spent much time on the study of Scottish antithe two most important havens in his dominions. quities. He wrote The Natural History of ScotThis intimacy was, however, of short duration; land, and The History of Fifeshire. He died in as in 1688, by a sudden revolution, the king 1750. was dethroned and murdered, Faulcon executed, SIBBALDIA, in botany, a genus of the penand the French expelled. From this period tagynia order, and pentandria class of plants ; Siam experienced much internal discord, and natural order thirty-fifth, senticosæ: CAL. divided many sanguinary massacres; but remained ex- into ten segments; the petals are five, and are empt from external annoyance until 1754, when, inserted into the calyx : STYLES attached to the in consequence of the conquest of Pegu, the side of the germens : SEEDS five. There are three Birman dominions came in contact with those species :-1. S. altaica ; 2. S. erecta ; and, 3. S. of Siam. War immediately ensued, and has procumbens, the reclining sibbaldia, is a native continued, with the exception of a few short in- of North Britain, baving never been discovered tervals, ever since; and, greatly to the detriment in the southern parts of the island. It grows on of the Siamese, who were repeatedly defeated Ben-Lomond and Ben-Mor, within a mile of the with great slaughter, had their capital sacked in summit. It is distinguished by a procumbent 1766, and lost all their maritime ssessions on ling stem; by three leaves growing on the
top of a small foot-stalk, which are trifid at the advantage. The eastern side of the Uralian extremity, and somewhat hairy. The flowers are mountain is the chief mining district in the Asiyellow, and blossom in July or August.
atic part of the empire ; and the metals obtained SIBBENS, or Sivvens, in medicine, an infec- in that region are mostly gold, copper, and iron. tious disease of a chronic nature, somewhat resem- Valuable gold mines are worked at Catherinburg bling syphilis, prevalent in the western parts of in lat. 57°, and those of Berezoff, in the same Scotland. It is said to be so denominated from vicinity, are esteemed the richest in the Russian the appearance of a fungous extuberance from some dominions. Metallic veins extend in various of the cutaneous sores, not unlike a raspberry; directions from this centre, and there are numethe word sibben, or sivven, being the Highland rous iron and copper foundries in the same appellation for a wild raspberry. Whence it has neighbourhood. The silver mines of Kolyvan, also been sometimes confounded with the yaws, in the Altaian range, are near the place where a disease of tropical climates, brought from the Oby enters the southern confines of Siberia, Africa, and so denominated by the negroes from and were first opened in 1745. They have proved the same fruit. The disease is commonly com- very advantageous. The mines at Nertschink, municated by the direct conveyance of the infec. in the Daourian range, were discovered in 1704, tious matter by some species of contact, and but they are less productive. The Altai range generally through the medium of the mouth. contains mines of lead and copper, with which The extensive propagation of the disease in gold and silver are sometimes mixed. But the Scotland seems ascribable to the uncleanly prac- most valuable of the Russian mines are those of tices which prevailed among the lower classe iron, which are principally in the eastern branches the people, such as using the same utensils in of the Ural mountains. The inferior metals are eating and drinking, passing the same pipe from less plentiful. Antimony is obtained in the mines mouth to mouth, sleeping in the same bed, of Nertschink, and zinc is found both there and using the same towel, &c.; the most effectual in the Altaian chain, where nickel, cobalt, and check, therefore, to the progress of it, was to be bismuth, have been obtained in small quantities. expected from a system of prevention, which Quicksilver has also been discovered in the consisted in adopting a more decent and cleanly eastern part of Siberia. Coal is scarcely known; proceeding. Dr. Gilchrist recommended the but salt, sulphur, alum, nitre, vitriol, and natron, persons employed in harvest-work each to carry abound. A variety of gems and precious stones with bim a dish, cup, knife, spoon, and a cloth likewise exist in the mountains. The topaz is to wipe them with, that all the party might not found in the Daourian hills, and the beryl is met eat with the same utensils, and transfer contagion. with both there and near Catherinburg: Red He also strongly urged the impropriety of admit- garnets are numerous near the sea of Baikal; ting that common familiarity which every one and others of a pale yellow have also been obclaims by custom to kiss and fondle children, tained in the same region. The onyx, agate, and especially to deny it to strangers, and those jasper, and lapis lazuli
, are also found in the of low rank. By attending to these and similar distant mountains of Siberia; while many parts means of prevention the disease appears to have of the Uralian chain afford fine marble, and been materially controlled.
others supply granite and porphyry. An ample SIBERIA, sometimes denominated Asiatic field for mineralogical research, however, is still Russia, is that part of the immense territory of open in this portion of the globe. the Russian empire which lies to the east of the The mineral waters of Siberia have been little Ural chain, by which the empire is intersected explored. The principal that are known are the from north to south. It has already received our warm baths near the Caucasan mountains, parattention under the article Russia, which see. It ticularly at Terek, and at Tiflis, the capital of may be described, distinctly, as a flat tract of Georgia, with those in the vicinity of the sea of land of considerable extent, declining impercep- Baikal, and some others in the most eastern part tibly towards the Frozen Ocean, and by equally of the same mountains. There is also a fetid gentle gradations rising towards the south; sulphureous spring at Sarepta, a few versts from where at last it forms a great chain, constituting Astracan, and others in Siberia. Kamtschatka the boundary of Russia on the side of China. likewise contains several mineral springs. Those The greatest breadth from the cape of Cevero near the sonthern extremity are of a very hot and Vostochnoi, called in some maps Taimara, to the penetrating quality, and emit clouds of smoke. Altaian mountains south of the sea of Baikal
, may Chalybeate springs are found among the iron be estimated at 28°, or 1680 geographical miles. mines in the vicinity of Catherinburg. In British miles the length, at a gross computa
The whole of northern Asia was first known tion, may be stated at 5350, and the breadth at by the name of Sibir, or Siberia; but the appel1960, which extent exceeds that of Europe. The lation is gradually passing into disuse. When vast country of Siberia, says Mr. Tooke, con- the Monguls established a kingdom in these retains, by calculation, upwards of 10,500,000 of gions, the first residence of the princes was on square versts, comprehending within it several the river Tura, on the site of the town now called kingdoms, taken by roving Kozaks (Cossacks) Tiumen, about 180 miles south-west of Tobolsk ; on their own account, and then surrendered to but they afterwards removed to the eastern shore the czar, who completed the conquest.
of the Irtisch, and there founded the city of Isker One of the chief sources of Russian wealth near Tobolsk. This new residence was also has long been the mineral treasures of Siberia. called Sibir, of unknown etymology, and the These were first explored by order of Peter the name of the city passed to the Mongul princiGreat, and have since been worked with much pality. Although this is doubted by Coxe,
Pallus says that the ruins of Sibir are still visible E. This boundary between two states is the twenty-three versts from Tobolsk, and that it gave most extensive on the globe, reaching from about name to the rivulet Sibirka, and the whole of Si- 65° to 145° of long., or 80° (lat. 500); yielding, beria. When the Russians began the conquest by the allowance of thirty-nine geographical of the country they were unapprised of its ex- miles to 1°, 3120 miles. See Russia. tent; and the name of this western province was SIBILATION, n. s. Lat. sibilo. A hissing gradually diffused over the half of Asia. The sound. principality established by the Monguls under
Metals, quenched in water, give a sibilation or Sheibuni in 1242 in the western part of Siberia, hissing sound.
Bacon's Natural History. around Tobolsk and, the river Tura, from which A pipe, a little moistened on the inside, maketh it has sometimes been called Tura, has been al- a more solemn sound than if the pipe were dry; ready mentioned. The actual conquest of Siberia but yet with a sweet degree of sibilation or purling. commenced in the reign of Ivan Vassillievitch
Id. II., who ascended the Russian throne in 1534. SIBIR, an ancient city of Asia, and the capiInduced by the prospect of establishing a traffic tal of Siberia, to which it gave name. It was for Siberian furs, he determined to undertake the seated on the right bank of the Irtisch, about conquest of the country, and in 1558 added to eighteen versts from Tobolsk, and was the resihis titles that of lord of Sibir, or Siberia. Yar- dence of the ancient sovereigns of Siberia. The mak, a Cossack chief, being driven by the Rus- ruins of a ram part are all that remain of this sian conquests in the south to take refuge, with ancient seat of Siberian monarchs. 6000 or 7000 of his followers, near the river SIBIRIA, the ancient name of Siberia, from Kama, afterwards marched down the Ural chain, Sibir, its capital; still used by authors who write defeated the Tartar Kutchun, khan of Sibir, and in Latin respecting that country or its products ; pressed forwards to the Tobol and the Irtisch, and as Ovis Sibiricus, &c., Pallas. also to the Oby, and, in this astonishing expedi SIBRECHTS (John), an eminent Flemish tion, subjugated Tartars, Vogules, and Ostiaks. painter, born at Antwerp, in 1625. He came Finding it impossible to maintain and complete over to London, where he was much employed his conquests with his small army, he surrendered by the nobility. He excelled in painting landthem in 1581, by a formal capitulation, to the scapes with cattle. He died in 1703. czar Ivan Vassillievitch, who nobly rewarded his SIBTHORP (John), a late celebrated botanmagnanimity and exertions. This conqueror of ist, was the youngest son of Dr. Humphrey SibSiberia, however, did not live to witness the full thorp, professor of botany at Oxford, where the accomplishment of this enterprise. He died in subject of this article was born, October 28th, 1584; and after his death the discovery and con- 1758. He received the first rudiments of his quests which he had made were prosecuted by education at Magdalen school, whence he was regiments of Donskoi Cossacks, sent thither for removed to that of Lincoln. In due time he that purpose, as far as the Eastern Ocean and the entered Lincoln College, Oxford; but upon obmountains of China; and in the middle of the taining the Radcliffe travelling fellowship, beseventeenth century this whole part of the world came a member of University College. Being had become a Russian province. A person, intended for the medical profession, he was sent whose name was Cyprian, was appointed first to Edinburgh; but he took the degree of doctor archbishop of Sibir in 1621, and at Tobolsk, of physic in his own university, The taste he where he resided, he drew up a narrative of thé had early imbibed for natural history, especially conquest. About the middle of the seventeenth botany, was indulged in a tour to the Highlands century the Russians had extended east as far as of Scotland : after his return from which he the river Amur; but Kamtschatka was not finally visited France and Switzerland, spending a conreduced till the year 1711. Behring and other siderable time at Montpelier, where he formed navigators afterwards proceeded to discover the an intimacy with Broussonet, collected many other extreme parts of Asia. In his first voyage plants of that country, and communicated to the in 1728 Behring coasted the eastern shore of Si- Academie des Sciences of Montpelier, of which beria as high as lat. 67° 18', but his important he became a member, an account of his numediscoveries were made during his voyage of 1741. rous botanical discoveries. The death of an The Aleutian Isles were visited in 1745; and in elder brother of his father, by which a considerthe reign of the empress Catharine II. other im- able estate devolved on the latter, occasioned portant discoveries followed, which were com Dr. J. Sibthorp to return to England in 1783, pleted by captain Cook. In the south the Mon- when, on his father's resignation, he was apgul kingdom of Kazan was subdu 1552, and pointed to the botanical professorship. that of Astrakhan in 1554, and the Russian Dr. Sibthorp, having passed a portion of the monarchy extended to the Caspian Sea. In year 1784 at Gottingen, projected there his first 1727, after previous conflicts, the Russian limits tour to Greece; the botanical investigation of were continued westward from the source of the which celebrated country, and especially the Argoon to the mountain Sabyntaban, near the determination of the plants mentioned by its conflux of two rivers with the Yenisei ; the classical authors, had, for some time past, bebo ndary being thus ascertained between the come his leading object. He first visited the R nians and the Mongols subject to China. principal seats of learning in Germany, and culT» utrade with China has been conducted at tivated the friendship of the two professors JacZssychaitu, on the river Argoon, lat. 50° N., quin, father and son; studied with peculiar care long. 337° E., and at Kiachta, about ninety miles the celebrated manuscript of Dioscorides, which south of the sea of Baikal, lat. 51° N., long. 106o has so long been preserved in the imperial libra
ry of Vienna; and procured a most excellent summer sun has scorched up the spring plants, draugntsman, Mr. Ferdinand Bauer, to be the may make a considerable addition to this list. companion of his expedition. On the 6th of My intention was to have travelled by land March, 1786, they set out together from Vienna, through Greece: but the disturbed state of this and passed through Carniola to Trieste, Venice, country, the eve of a Russian war, the rebellion Bologna, Florence, Rome, and Naples, keeping of its bashaws, and the plague at Larissa, rendered an exact record of their botanical observations. my project impracticable.' Of the mammalia After viewing the celebrated environs of Naples, of Greece, thirty-seven are enumerated, with their they sailed thence early in May, and touching at modern names, twenty-five reptiles, and eightyMessina, as well as at the Isle of Milo, proceed- two birds. All these catalogues were greatly auged to Crete. Having narrowly escaped ship- mented by subsequent observations, insomuch wreck, in returning to Milo by one of the coun- that the number of species, collected from an try vessels, Dr. Šibthorp and his companion investigation of all Dr. Silthorp's manuscripts touched successively at several islands of the and specimens for the materials of the Prodromus Archipelago, visited Athens, and remained for a Floræ Græcæ, amounts to about 3000. while at Smyrna: they traced the steps of She We cannot particularly trace our traveller's rard and Hasselquist
, proceeded by land to Bursa, steps through Greece, or the various islands of climbed the Bithynian Olympus, and at length the Archipelago. His health, which suffered reached Constantinople, where they spent the from the confinement of a ship, and the heat of ensuing winter, in the course of which Dr. Sib- the weather, was restored at Athens, where he thorp devoted himself to the study of modern arrived on the 19th of June, 1787. Thence he Greek. In a botanical excursion to Belgrad, on prosecuted his journeys in various directions, the 17th of February 1787, and another to Bu- and with various successes: the ascent of Mount juckderi, March 5th, the plants found in flower Delphis, or Delphi, in Negropont, in a storm of were almost entirely the same as are met with, wind and rain, on the 3d of August, was one of at the same season, in England. Dr. Sibthorp's his most laborious, if not perilous adventures ; residence at Constantinople, or in the neigh- but his botanical harvest was abundant. With bouring Isle of Karki, proved very favorable to regard to scenery, Mount Athos, which he visited his investigations of the fishes and birds of those a week after, seems to have made most impresregions.
sion on his mind. This spot also greatly enHaving on the 14th of March, 1787, joined riched his collection of rare plants. Hence company with captain Emery and Mr. Hawkins, he proceeded to Thessalonica, Corinth, and PaDr. Sibthorp sailed from Constantinople in a tras, at which last place he embarked with Mr. Venetian merchant ship for Cyprus, taking the Bauer, on board an English vessel, for Bristol, islands of Mytilene, Scio, Cos, and Rhodes, on the 24th of September. After a tedious and and touching at the coast of Asia Minor, in their storiny voyage, they arrived in England the first way. A stay of five weeks at Cyprus enabled week in December. He became a fellow of the Dr. Sibthorp to draw up a Fauna and Flora of Royal Society in 1789, and was among the first that island. The former consists of eighteen members of the Linnæan Society, founded in mammalia, eighty-five birds, nineteen amphibia, 1788. and 100 fishes; the latter comprehends 616 spe On the 20th of March, 1794, Dr. Sibthorp cies of plants. The particular stations, domestic set out on his second tour to Greece. He traand medical uses, and reputed qualities of these velled to Constantinople in the train of Mr. Lislast, are amply recorded; and the vernacular ton, ambassador to the Porte, and was attended names of the animals, as well as of the econo- by Francis Borone, as a botanical assistant. mical plants, are subjoined. The same method They reached Constantinople on the 13th of is pursued, in a subsequent part of this journal, May, not without Dr. Sibthorp’s having suffered respecting the plants and animals of Greece, much from the fatigues of the journey, which with every thing that could be collected relativé had brought on a bilious fever. He soon recoto the medicine, agriculture, and domestic eco- vered his health at Constantinople, where he was nomy of that country and the circumjacent isles. joined by his friend Mr. Hawkins from Crete. The illustration of the writings of Dioscorides, Towards the end of August they made an excurin particular, was Dr. Sibthorp's chief object. sion into Bithynia, and climbed to the summit of The names and reputed virtues of several plants, Olympus, whence they brought a fresh botanirecorded by that ancient writer, and still tradi- cal harvest. Dr. Sibthorp discovered at Fanar tionally retained by the Athenian shepherds, an aged Greek botanist, Dr. Dimitri Argyrami, served occasionally to elucidate, or to confirm who had known the Danish traveller Forskall, their synonomy. The first sketch of the Flora and who was possessed of some works of LinGræca comprises about 850 plants. “This,' says næus. Recovered health caused Dr. Sibthorp the author, may be considered as containing to set out with alacrity on his voyage to Greece, only the plants observed by me in the environs on the 9th of September. Passing down the of Athens, on the snowy heights of the Grecian Hellespont, on the 13th, with a light but favorAlp Parnassus, on the steep precipices of Del- able breeze, they anchored at Koum Cale, in the phis, the empurpled mountain of Hymettus, the Troad, spent two days in examining the plains Pentele, the lower hills about the Piræus, the of Troy, and then proceeded to the Isles of Im. olive grounds about Athens, and the fertile plains bros and Lemnos.' On the 25th they anchored of Baotia. The future botanist, who shall exa at Mount Athos, and passed ten days in examinmine this country with more leisure, and at a ing some of the conve and hermitages, with more favorable season of the year, before the the romantic scenery, and botanical rarities, of Vol. XX.
that singular spot, on all which Dr. Sibthorp one had given way. That which forms the portal descants at length, with great delight, in his jour- is described by Dr. Sibthorp as the largest stone nal. Their departure was for some time pre- he ever saw employed in any edifice. A numvented, by a tew Barbary pirates hovering on ber of fragments of vases, like those commonly the coast, whom these monks, unlike the priests called Etruscan, lay among the ruins of Myof the Athenian Bacchus, were not potent or cena. At Hermione, now called Castri, in the valiant enough to defeat, or to turn into dol- Argolic peninsula, famous for the purple dye phins. Our voyagers sailed on the 5th of Oc- anciently prepared there, a vast pile of the shells tober, and on the 7th landed at Skiatho. Hence, from which that dye was obtained, and still denoon the 11th, they proceeded down the strait, of minated porphyri, served to ascertain the species, Negropont, and on the 13th passed under the which is murex trunculus of Linnæus, figured bridge of five arches which connects that island by Fabius Columna in his rare and learned with the main land of Greece. On the 15th, at work, de Purpurâ, under the name of Purpura noon, they entered the harbour of the Pyræus, nostras violacea. See Purple Fish. From this and proceeded to Athens, where the four suc- place Dr. Sibthorp and his friend intended to ceeding weeks were employed in collecting in- have coasted along the bay of Argos in a boat, formation relative to the present state of the but the sea was then infested with pirates, which government, the manufactures, and the domestic obliged them to give up that project, and to re. economy of that celebrated spot. Here Dr. turn by land to Argos, whence they proceeded Sibthorp lost his assistant Borone, who perished to Corinth, Patras, and by way of Elis to Pyrgos. by an accidental fall from a window, in his sleep, Here they obtained another escort from Said on or about the 20th of October. November Aga, to whose protection they had before been 16th Dr. Sibthorp and Mr. Hawkins left Athens indebted, and safely reached Calamata, on the by the ancient Eleusinian way, where the clas- gulf of Corone, where they were detained by sical streams of the Cephisus, the heights of the celebration of Easter, on the 12th of April, Helicon and Parnassus lay before them. They amid a profusion of sky-rockets and crackers. proceeded to Patras and to Zante, where they Proceeding in a boat along the barren and craggy arrived in the middle of December, enriched shore, covered with bushy and prickly euphorwith a large collection of seeds, the only bota- biæ, they reached Cardamoula. Here the Greeks nical tribute that could, at this season, be col were tolerably free from the tyranny of the lected from those famous mountains. An apo. Turks, and their persons and demeanour exhithecary at Zante furnished Dr. Sibthorp with bited less marks of degeneracy. an ample and splendid herbarium, of the plants
From Cardamoula the travellers were escorted of that island, with their modern Greek names; by the dependents of a hospitable Grecian chief, nor did the winter pass unprofitably or unplea- along a precipitous road, io Mistra, where they santly in this sequestered spot; where neither had the unexpected pleasure of meeting a party agreeable society, nor copious information rela- of their English friends, in the garb of Tartars, tive to our learned travellers' various objects, with whom they explored the site of ancient was wanting. The season was sufficiently favor- Sparta. After returning to. Calamata, and surable, in the middle of February 1795, to allow veying from the summit of a neighbouring prethem to visit the Morea, of which peninsula cipice the ruins of Messenia, with the rich they made the complete circuit in somewhat plains watered by the Paniscus, and bounded more than two months. The violet and prim- by the hills of Laconia, Dr. Sibthorp and Mr. rose welcomed them in the plains of Arcadia; Hawkins' hastened to Corone, where a Venetian and the Narcissus tazzetta, which Dr. Sibthorp vessel waited to convey them to Zante, which was disposed to think the true poetic Narcissus, place they reached on the 29th of April. Here decorated in profusion the banks of the Alpheus. Dr. Sibthorp parted from the companion of his The barbarian horde, under whose escort they tour, whom he was destined never to see again, were obliged to travel, had taste enough to col- but in whose friendship he safely confided in his lect nosegays of these flowers. The oaks of the last hours. Mr. Hawkins returned to Greece; Arcadian mountains presented them with the while the subject of our memoir, leaving Zante true ancient miseltoe, loranthus europæus, which on the 1st of May, experienced a most tedious still serves to make birdlime; whilst our misel- voyage of twenty-four days to Otranto, though toe, viscum album, in Greece grows only on the five days is the most usual time for that passilver fir. The jay, still called by its ancient sage. He touched at the island of Cephalonia,
which is generally taken for the and next at Preversa, on the Grecian shore, magpie, was screaming among these oaks : and where, being detained by a contrary wind, he the water ouzel, sturnus cinclus, flying along the employed the 7th of May in visiting the ruins rocky sides of the alpine rivulets of Arcadia, of Nicopolis. The weather was unfavorable, presented itself to Dr. Sibthorp's recollection, and Dr. Sibthorp here caught a severe cold, from as probably the white blackbird, which Aristutle which he never recovered. It seems to have says is peculiar to the neighbourhood of Mount proved the exciting cause of that disease which Cyllene. Proceeding to Argos, and thence to had long been latent in the mesenteric and pulMycena, the travellers were highly gratified by monary glands, and which terminated in a confinding, on the gate of the latter, those ancient sumption. Being obliged by the weather to put lions which Pausanias describes as the work of in at the little island of Fanno, May 11th, the the Cyclops'; and near it the reputed tomb of violent north-west wind continued,' as he too Agamemnon, a circular building, formed of im- expressively says in his journal, 'to nurse his mense masses of stone, placed with such geome- cough and fever.' He was confined to his bed, trical precision, though without mortar, that not in a miserable hovel, to which, after frequent