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Be merry,

that the disengagement of light does not neces The mighty Tyrian queen, that gained

With subtle shreils a tract of land, sarily imply that of caloric; and that the more vivid it is the less are we warranted to state it as Did leave it with a castle fair

To his great ancestor.

Hudibras. a cause of fusion, vitrification,' &c. "Gaseous substances,' adds the Dr., “arranged in spherical And shred the leeks that in your stomach rise?

Where did you whet your knife to night, he cries, masses, in the upper regions of the air, being ad

Dryden's Jurenal. mitted, the various agitations of the atmosphere

A beggar might patch up a garment with such should naturally waft some of these masses from shreds as the world throws away.

Pupe the medium which insulates them, into a medium

Shreds of wit and senseless rhimes capable of combining with them. If, then, the Blundered out a thousand times.

Swift. combination begins, the disengagement of light is His panegyrick is made up of half a dozen shred, explained. Hence this theory explains the phe- like a schoolboy's theme, beaten general topicks. Id. nomenon in its most minute details, and even

SHREW, n. s.

Belg. schreyen, to when the phenomenon is incomplete!' By such

SHREWD, adj. clamor. A peevish, dexterous management of his spherical gaseous

SHREWD'LY, udv. clamorous, vexatious masses, and with the help of double, treble, and

SHREWD'NESS, n. S. nicely reduced combinations, Dr. Izarn concocts

SUREw'isii, adj. from Robert of Gloua subtle explanation of showers of sand, of winds,

Shrew'ISHLY, adv. cester and Shakspeare of stones, and of metalliferous vapors; and on

Shrew'ISHNESS, n. s. ) that this word signified the whole draws this general conclusion : Each anciently any one perverse or obstinate, of either of these bodies then, strictly speaking, is only a mineral abortion; a premature union of gaseous contracted from shrewed, i.e. having the qualities

sex : shrewd seems originally to have been principles, combined in trouble and disorder, by of a shrew; sly; mean; mischievous ; troubleperturbing circumstances; while, in the natural

some: the derivatives corresponding. course of their destiny, they would proceed separately and in silence to their prototypes on

There dede of hem vor hunger a thousand and mo, the surface or in the bowels of the earth. This and yat nolde the screwen to none pes go.

Robert of Gloucester. fact, therefore, is a mere anomaly in the grand

be act of mineralisation.' If any thing can exceed

merry, my wife has all ;

For women are shrews both short and tall. the absurdity of this incoherent mass of words

Shakspeare. Henry 11%. without meaning, it is the doctor's lunatic idea

By this reckoning he is more shrew than she. of giving an algebraical demonstration of the

Shakspeare. possibility of stony substances being driven off Her eldest sister is so curst and shrewd, from the moon into the earth’s prevailing attrac That till the father rids his hands of her, tion !' • Hence,' says this French physician, 'we Your love must live a maid.

Id. infer that, taking for granted the existence of a This practice hath most shrewdly past npon thee. Id. propelling cause at the moon's surface, a cause Her garboiles, which not wanted shrewdness of

Id. adequate to the projection of bodies in every di- policy too, did you too much disquiet. rection beyond the sphere of her attraction, a

Angelo, you must excuse us; great many of these bodies would revolve in My wife is shrewish, when I keep not hours. space, as satellites to our planet, while scarcely mother's milk were scarce out of him.

He speaks very shrewishly; one would think his

Id. any but those which were driven off at small

I have no gift in shrewishness, angles would fall on the earth's surface!! If

I am a right maid for my cowardice; this ridiculous supposition of Dr. Izarn's were Let her not strike me.

Id. possible, that any particle of matter could be At Oxford, his youth, and want of experience in driven off from one planet, beyond its atmos maritime service, had somewhat been shreudly phere, so as to fall under the prevailing attrac- touched, even before the sluices of popular liberty tion of another planet, then all the celestial

were set open.

Il'otton, bodies might fall into their supposed original It was a shrewd saying of the old monk, that two chaos, and the proverbial tale told by the Scot- kind of prisons would serve for all offenders, an intish nurses to children might be realized, that "quisition and a bedlam: if any man should deny the the lift (firmament) would fall and smother the being of a God, and the immortality of the soul, such

a one should be put into the first, as being a despelaverocks, or larks. But see METEOROLOGY,

rate heretick; but, if any man should profess to beand METEORIC STONES.

lieve these things, and yet allow himself in any SHRED, v. a. & n. s.

Pret. shred. Saxon known wickedness, such a one should be put into screadan. To cut into small pieces: the small bedlam.

Tillotson. pieces so made. Commonly used of cloth or Her sallow cheeks her envious mind did shew, herbs..

And every feature spoke aloud the shrew. Dryden. One gathered wild gourds, and shred them.

This last illusion rubbed upon the sore ;

2 Kings. Yet seemed she not to winch, though shrewdly pained. It hath a number of short cuts or shreddings, which

Id. may be better called wishes than prayers. · Hooker. A man had got a shrew to bis wife, and there could I'hey said they were an hungry; sighed forth pro- be no quiet in the house for her. L'Estrange. verbs,

No enemy is so despicable but he may do a body That hunger broke stone walls; that dogs must eat: a shrewd turn.

Id. And with these shreds they vented their complainings. When a man thinks he has a servant, he finds a


traitor that eats his bread, and is readier to do him a Gold, grown somewhat churlish by recovering, is mischief, and a shrewd turn, than an open adversary. made more pliant by throwing in shreds of tanned

South. leather.

Bacon. The obstinate and schismatical are like to think


themselves shrewdly hurt, forsooth, by being cut off gallant achievements in the late war. The free. from that body which they choose not to be of. Id. grammar-school is a stately building, not inferior

Corruption proceeds from employing those who have the character of shrewd worldly men, instead of brary, and spacious chapel. It has several exhi

to some of the colleges, and has an excellent lisuch as have had a liberal education, and trained up bitions to Cambridge. Here are twelve trading in virtue.

Every one of them, who is a shrew in domestick companies, all incorporated by charter in the life, is now become a scold in politicks.

same manner as in London, several of them Id. Freeholder.

having very neat halls. The staple trade of The neighbours round admire his shrewdness, Shrewsbury is in fine flannels and Welsh webs. For songs of loyalty and lewdness. Suift. The flannels are bought at Welshpool, and are

SAREWSBURY, a borough and market- finished here, and hence sent to the home and town, consisting of five parishes, in the liberties foreign markets. A large mill, for the purposes of Shrewsbury, Salop, situate on a kind of of spinning, fulling, &c., is erected at the Isle, peninsula formed by the winding of the river about five iniles from Shrewsbury; and there are Severn, 155) miles north-west from London. also mills in the county for dyeing woollen cloth. The inhabitants are employed in trade and Here are large manufactories of linen yarn, a manufactures, principally in those of flannels. porter brewery, and an extensive iron foundry. It is a place of great antiquity, and is supposed This town is famous for the excellence of its to have been built by the Britons, on the ruins of brawn, and has for many years been noted for an ancient city called Uriconium. The Britons its delicate cakes. Shrewsbury supplies Wales called it Penguerne, and the Saxons named it with all kinds of necessary articles. The greatest Serobbes Byrig. Here are two fine stone bridges ornament of Shrewsbury is that beautiful tract over the Severn. The eastern, called the New of land between the walls of the town and the Bridge, is a noble structure, consisting of seven river, called the Quarries. It consists of about arches, and being 410 feet in length. The other twenty acres of land, laid out in the most beautiis called the Welsh Bridge, from its leading into ful walks for the accommodation of the inhabiWales, which has of late years been rebuilt. tants, shaded by a double row of lime-trees. This bridge has a handsome gate. The streets

Besides the Severn, the town has the advantage are wide and clean, well paved and lighted, and of a canal to Wales, with branches to Ellesmere, many of the buildings are elegant. The church Madeley, and Newport. This town was incorof St. Alkmund was entirely collegiate; it was porated by king Charles I., the corporation conrebuilt in 1796 in an elegant manner. St. Mary's sisting of a mayor, recorder, steward, town-clerk, church was also collegiate; it has a very high twenty-four aldermen, and forty-eight commonspire, which is seen at a distance, but it has councilmen, with inferior officers. The corporabeen damaged by storms. St. Chad's was also tion has the power of trying all criminals, except collegiate as early as the reign of William the traitors, for crimes committed within their liberConqueror. This ancient structure was nearly ties; but, as the assizes are held here twice destroyed by the falling of the decayed tower in a-year, their cases are generally left to the de1788, whilst it was repairing. It was rebuilt in termination of the judges. Shrewsbury sends 1792 ; the body of the church being externally two members to parliament, chosen by the free a circle of 100 feet diameter. St. Michael's was burgesses; the returning officer is the mayor. a royal free chapel in the castle, and was granted The town was formerly of great strength, having by Henry I. to the college at Battlefield. St. been encompassed with a strong stone wall, and Julian's,' a neat modern structure, erected in defended by a castle. Markets, Wednesday 1748, except the tower, was also a royal free and Saturday, for corn, cattle, and provisions, chapel, and at length annexed to St. Michael's. and on Thursday for Welsh flannels, cotton, St. Giles's church is a small plain building. A friezes, baise; &c. Fairs, Saturday after March part of the former magnificent abbey is now the 15th, Wednesday after Easter-week, Wednesday church of Holy-Cross. In addition to these, before Holy-Thursday, July 3d, August 12th, here are several places of worship for dissenters, October 2d, and December 12th. About one and a Roman Catholic chapel. The gaol for the mile distant, in a large wood, stands Boscobelcounty stands near the castle, and under the House, where the Pendrils lived, who preserved same roof is the town bridewell. The shire-hall king Charles II. after the battle of Worcester, is a modern building, in which the county busi- and which is famous for the royal oak, where ness is transacted, and the courts of assize and

the king hid himself from his pursuers. Near sessions are held. A suitable house is now Shrewsbury is the great Roman road, called building for the accommodation of the judges. Watling Street, which ran from London through The market-house was erected in 1819, by sub- this town, to the extremity of Wales. The scription. Near it is a reservoir for supplying churches of St. Mary, St. Chad, and St. Julian, the town with water. Here are assembly rooms are curacies; Holy-Cross is a vicarage, value £8, and a theatre. The charitable institutions in the and St. Alkmund's a vicarage, value £6, both in town are an infirmary, opened in 1747; the the patronage of the crown. house of industry, under excellent regulations; a

SHIRIEK, v. n. & n. s. Dan. skrieger; Ital. hospital founded in 1784, together with several scricciolare. To cry out inarticulately with alms-houses and charity-schools. At the entrance anguish or horror; to scream : a cry of this kind. of the town from London a splendid column of freestone, surmounted with a statue of the Shrop

Una, hearing evermore

His rueful shrieks and groanings, often tore shire hero, lord Hill, has been erected at the ex Her guiltless garments, and her golden hair, vense of £6090, to commemorate his lordship’s For pity of his pain.

Faerie Queene.

On top whereof ay dwelt the ghastly owl, You living powers, inclosed in stately shrine Shrieking his baleful note.

Id. Of growing trees ? you rural gods, that wield It was the owl that shrieked, the fatal belman

Your scepters here, if to your ears divine Which gives the sternest good night. Shakspeare. A voice may come, which troubled soul doth yield. Time has been, my senses would have cooled

Sidney. To hear a night shriek, and my fell of hair

Come offer at my shrine and I will help thee. Would at a dismal treatise rouse and stir

Shakspeare. As life were in't.

Id, Macbetn.

They often placed
In a dreadful dream

Within his sanctuary itsell their shrines,
I saw my lord so near destruction,

Abominations! and with cursed things
Then shrieked myself awake. Denham. His holy rites profaned.

Hark! peace!

Falling on his knees before her shrine, At this she shrieked aloud ; the mournful train He thus implored her power,

Dryden. Echoed her grief. Dryden's Knight's Tale. Lovers are in rapture at the name of their fair The corps of Almon and the rest are shown ;

idol ; they lavish out all their incense upon that Shrieks, clamours, murmurs, fill the frighted town.

shrine, and cannot bear the thought of admitting a Dryden.. blemish therein.

Hatts. SIIRIFT, n. s. Sax. script. Confession made

SHRINK, v. ., v. a., & n. s. Pret. I shrunk, to a priest. A word out of use.

or shrank; part. shrunken. Sax. scrincan. To

contract into less room ; shrivel; be drawn togeOff with Bernardine's nead : I'll give a present shrift,

ther : fall back; express in this way fear or horAnd will advise him for a better place.

ror: to make to shrink; a contraction or corrugaSkakspeare.

tion of this kind. The duke's commands were absolute ;

The children of Israel eat not of the sinew which Therefore, my lord, address you to your shrift, shrank upon the hollow of the thigh. Gen, xxxii. 32. And be yourself ; for you must die this instant. The wicked shrunk for fear of him, and all the

Roue. workers of iniquity were troubled. 1 Maccabees. SHRILL, adj.& v.n. Swed. skrælla. A word banqueting-house, where the pictures were. Sidney.

Leaving the two friends alone I shrunk aside to the supposed to be made per onomatopæiam, in imi

She, weighing the decaying plight, tation of the thing expressed, which indeed it And shrunken sinews, of her chosen knight, images very happily.—Johnson. Sounding with a Would not awhile her forward course pursue. piercing, tremulous, or vibratory sound : to pierce

Faerie Queene. the air with such sounds.

There is no particular object so good but it may Hark how the minstrels 'gin to skrill aloud

have the shew of some difficulty or unpleasant quaTheir merry musick that resounds from far,

lity annexed to it, in respect whereof the will may shrink and decline it.

Hooker. The pipe, the tabor, and the trembling crowd, That well agree withouten breach or jar. Spenser.

I am a scribbled form, drawn with a pen Thy hounds shall make the welkin answer them,

Upon a parchment, and against this fire

Shakspeare. King John. And fetch shrill echoes from the hollow earth.

Ill-weaved ambition how much art thou shrunk!

When that this body did contain a spirit,
Look up a height, the shrill gorged lark so far
Cannot be seen or heard.

A kingdom for it was too small a bound :

Id. King Lear.
A shrilling trumpet sounded from on high,

But now two paces of the vilest earth
Is room enough.

Shakspeare. And unto battle bade themselves address.

l'll embrace him with a soldier's arm,
That he shall shrink under my courtesy.

Here no clarion's shrilling note

The sixth age shifts
The muse's green retreat can pierce ;

Into the lean and slippered pantaloon,
The grove, from noisy camps remote,
Is only vocal with my verse.

His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wide
For his shrunk shanks.

Fenton's Ode to Lord Gower.
The females round,

I have not found that water, by mixture of ashes,

will shrink or draw into less room. Maids, wives, and matrons, mix a shrilling sound.

Bacon's Natural History.

Pope. Up springs the lark, shrill voiced and loud.

If there were taken out of men's minds vain opi

nions, it would leave the minds of a number of men Thomson.

poor shrunken things, full of melancholy. Bacon. SHRIMP, n. s. Teut. schrumpe, a wrinkle ;

Many shrink, which at the first would dare, Belg. scrympe. A small crustaceous vermicu- And be the foremost men to execute. lated fish.

Daniel's Civil War. It cannot be, this weak and writhled shrimp

This public death, received with such a chear, Should strike such terror in his enemies. Shakspeare.

As not a sigh, a look, a shrink bewrays

The least felt touch of a degenerous fear. Id. He hath found,

If he lessens the revenue he will also shrink the
Within the ground,

At last, no shrimp,
Whereon to imp

I laugh when those who at the spear are bold

And vent'rous, if that fail them, shrink and fear His jolly club.

Ben Jonson.

To endure exile, ignominy, bonds. Milton. Of shell fish there are wrinkles, shrimps, crabs.

The noise increases ;

She comes, and feeble nature now I find
Hawks and gulls can at a great height see mice on

Shrinks baek in danger, and forsakes my mind. the earth, and shrimps in the waters. Derham.

Dryden. SHRINE, n. s. Sax. scrin ; Lat. scrinium. A

The sky shrunk upward with unusual dread, case in which something sacred is reposited. And trembling Tyber dived beneath his bed.

Do I shrink up.


The gold-fraught vessel, which mad tempests and Brimstay, on the north-east side of the Sebeat,

vern; the liberty of Shrewsbury, the franchises He sees now vainly make to his retreat ;

of Wenlock, and the hundred of Stoddesden, And, when from far the tenth wave doth appear, extending on both banks of that river; the hunShrinks up in silent joy that he's not there. Id.

dreds of Ford, Chirbury, Condover, Mupslow, Fall on : behold a noble beast at bay,

Overs, Purslow, and the honor of Clun, on the And the vile huntsmen shrink.


south-west side of the Severn. Shropshire is Inuring, children to suffer some pain without partly in the three dioceses of Hereford, Litchfield shrinking, is a way to gain firmness and courage.


and Coventry, and St. Asaph, an included Keep it from coming too long lest it should shrink in the Oxford circuit. There are in this county the corn in measure.


262 churches, of which 229 are parochial. Th9 If a man accustom himself to slight those first air is, generally, very salubrious. There are motions to good, or shrinkings of his conscience from mines of lead ore, of a good quality on the westevil, conscience will by degrees grow dull and un ern side of the county, which have been producconcerned.

South's Sermons. tive. In some of these, tools, judged to be RoThere is in this a crack which seems a shrink or man, have been found, a few of which are contraction in the body since it was first formed.

preserved in the library of Shrewsbury free-school. Woodward.

Calamine is also met with, and the rock at PimAll fibres have a contractile power, whereby they hill is strongly tinctured with copper. Symptoms shorten; as appears if a fibre be cut transversely, both of copper and lead appear in the Carding, the ends shrink, and make the wound gape.


ton hills. Coal of an excellent quality is found Love is a plant of the most tender kind,

on the eastern side of the county, particularly in That shrinks and shakes with every ruffling wind.

the parishes of Wellington. Lilleshall, Wrock

Grunville. wardine, Wombridge, Stirchley, Dawley, LittleWbat happier natures shrink at with affright, Wenlock, Madeley, Barrow, Benthall, and The hard inhabitant contends is right. Pope. Broseley, which promise a great and lasting supSHRIVE, v.a. ?

Sax. serifan. To hear at ply for the extensive iron manufactories in the Shri’ver, n. s. $ confession: a shriver is a neighbourhood, for domestic use, and for exportaconfessor. Not in use.

In this district are the following iron

works :-On the south side of the Severn are What, talking with a priest, lord chamberlain ? Your honour hath no shriving work in hand,

Willey, Broseley, Calcot, Benthall, and BarShakspeare.

nett's-Leason; on the north of that river is If he had the condition of a saint, and the complex- Madeley Wood, Colebrook-dale, Lightmoor, ion of a devil, I had rather he should shrive me than Horsehay Old-Park, Ketley, Snedshill, Donningwive me.

ton, Queen's-Wood, and Wrockwardine Wood. The ghostly father now hath done his shrift; These works employ about 6000 hands, and When he was made a shriver 'twas for shift. Id. about 260,000 tons of coal are raised annually

Shrive but their title, and their monies poise, - in this district. In the year 1802 there were on A laird and twenty-pence pronounced with noise, the different iron and coal works 180 fire enWhen construed but for a plain yeoman go, gines; and, thirty years preceding, there were And a good sober two-pence, and well so.

not more than twenty. Cleaveland.

This county is also well supplied with lime, SHRIV'EL, v. n. & v. a. Belg. schrompelen. and in general the limestone is at no great disTo contract itself into wrinkles; to contract into tance from coal; it is also well supplied with wrinkles.

building-stone. At Pitchford, near Shrewsbury, He burns the leaves, the scorching blast invades a mineral pitch is found exuding from a red The tender corn, and shrivels up the blades. Dryden. sand stone ; near Jackfield, south of the Severn, When the fiery suns too fiercely play,

is carried on a manufacture of coal tar; and in And shrivelled herbs on withering stems decay,

the hundred of North-Bradford, are found seveThe wary ploughman on the mountain's brow, ral salt springs. The river Severn runs through Undams his watery stores.

Id. the county, from north-west to south-east, and Leaves, if they shrivel and fold up, give them is navigable the whole way, neither lock nor drink.

Evelyn. weir þeing upon it from Poolquay, in MontgoIf she smelled to the freshest nosegay it would meryshire, to the mouth of the Avon near Brisshrivel and wither as it had been blighted.

tol, a distance of 155 miles. The other rivers Arbuthnot.

are the Camlet, the Teme, the Clunn, the Vyrnwy, SHROPSHIRE, or Salop, an inland county the Perry, the Weaver, the Cund-brook, and of England, bounded on the north by Denbigh, several smaller streams. Here are several lakes a detached part of Flintshire, and by Cheshire; or meres, each covering from forty to 116 acres on the east by Staffordshire; on the south by of ground. The turnpike roads are kept in toWorcestershire and Herefordshire ; and on the lerable repair, but the private roads are generally west by Radnorshire, Montgomeryshire, and bad, particularly in the clayey part of the county: Denbighshire. It is about forty miles in length and accommodation by canal navigation in from north to south, thirty-five in breadth from Shropshire is very considerable by means of the east to west, 218 in circumference, and contains Shropshire, the Shrewsbury, the Ketley, the Elles1341 square miles, and 858,240 acres. Its mere, and other canals. The Shropshire canal shape is an irregular parallelogram. This county may be called a system of water levels and incontains fifteen hundreds or divisions; viz. Os- clined planes ; its general direction is from north westry, Pimhill, Bradford-north, Bradford-south, to south, and it commences in the Severn at.


Coalport. It was completed in the year 1792,

The winds and is said to have cost only £45,000. The Blow moist and keen, shattering the graceful locks Shrewsbury canal commences in that town, and of these fair spreading trees ; which bids us seek terminates in the Shropshire canal; it was com

Some better shroud, some better warmth, to cherish

Id. Paradise Lost. pleted and opened in 1797. The Ellesmere Our limbs benumbed. canal is, rather than one, a system of canals,

If your stray attendants be yet lodged distributed over that extensive and fertile dis- Or shroud within these limits, I shall know

Ere morrow wake.

Milton, trict of country which lies between the banks of the Severn and the Mersey, and between the skirts

So Venus from prevailing Greeks did shroud of North Wales and the borders of Staffordshire; The hope of Rome, and saved him in a cloud.

Waller, this canal unites the rivers Severn, Mersey, and Dee, and opens a communication by water to the

The Aaming shrouds so dreadful did appear, ports of Liverpool and Bristol. There are seven

All judged a wreck could no proportion bear.

Druden. teen market-towns in Shropshire, and nine towns or villages which have fairs but not markets. And blow out all the stars that light the skies,

Moon, slip behind some cloud: some tempest rise, Various branches of the linen, flannel, and wool- To shroud my shame.

Id. len manufactures are carried on near Shrewsbury; and at Coalport and Caughley are manufactures

The Surouds are a range of large ropes exof China ware of great excellence, the blue and tending from the mast-heads to the right and left white, and the blue, white, and gold China made side of the ship, to support the masts and enable the is in many instances equal to

from the them to carry sail

, &c.' The shrouds as well as east. Shropshire, though not remarkable for its the sails are denominated from the masts to agriculture, is in general well cultivated. Its which they belong. Thus they are called the chief products are wheat, coal, iron, limestone, main, fore, and mizen shrouds; the main-toplead, &c., and its manufactures are flannel, mast, fore-top-mast, or mizen-top-mast shrouds; broad-cloth, Welsh cottons, mineral tar, cast

and the main-top-gallant, fore-top-gallant, or iron, &c. This county sends twelve members to mizen-top-gallant' shrouds. The number of parliament, two for the shire; and the boroughs shrouds by which a mast is sustained, as well as of Shrewsbury, Ludlow, Bridgenorth, Wenlock, the size of rope of which they are formed, is al. and Bishop's Castle, two each. In history, this ways in proportion to the size of the mast and county has been conspicuous for its military the weight of the sail it is intended to carry. Bowevents from the time of the Roman invasion; sprit shrouds are those which support the bowand during the civil war of Charles I. it was sprit. Bumkin shrouds are those which support Jistinguished for its loyalty.

the bumkins. Puttock shrouds are shrouds which SHROUD, n. s., v. A., & v. n. Sax. rcrud.

connect the efforts of the top-mast shrouds to the A shelter; a cover; winding sheet ; the sails and lower shrouds. Bentick shrouds are additional sail-ropes of a ship : the verb active and verb shrouds to support the marks in heavy gales. neuter corresponding.

Preventer shrouds are similar to bentick shrouds,

and are used in bad weather to ease the lower I turned back to the mast of the ship; there! found my sword among some of the shrouds. Sidney.

rigging. See Mast and Sail. By me invested with a veil of clouds,

SHROVE'TIDE, n. s. / From shrove, the And swaddled, as new-born, in sable shrouds,

SHROVE-TU'ESDAY. 3 preterite of shrive. For these a receptacle I designed. Sandys.

The time of confession; the day before Ash That same evening, when all shrouded were Wednesday or Lent. In careless sleep, all without care or fear,

At shrovetide to shroving.

Tusser. They fell upon the flock.

Spenser. He got himself to Mege, in hope to shroud himself

SurovE-TUESDAY is the Tuesday after Quinuntil such time as the rage of the people was ap- quagesima Sunday, and is so called from peased. Knolles. the Saxon shrive, i. e. to confess.

On this day The tackle of my heart is crackt and burnt ; all the people in every parish throughout EngAnd all the shrouds wherewith my life should sail land, while popery prevailed, were obliged to Are turned to one little hair.

Shukspeare. confess their sins, one by one, to their own paIt would warm his spirits,

rish priests, in their own parish churches; and, To hear from me you had left Antony,

that this might be done the more regularly, the And put yourself under his shroud the universal great bell in every parish was rung at ten o'clock;

landlord. Id. Antony and Cleopatra. Now the wasted brands do glow;

and, though the Romish religion is now abolishWhilst the screech-owl, screeching loud,

ed, the custom of ringing the great bellin several Puts the wretch that lies in woe

ancient parish churches of England, still remains, In remembrance of a shroud.

Shakspeare. . and obtains in London the name of pancake-bell; One of these trees, with all his young ones, may customary for the confessed to dine on pancakes.

perhaps because, after the confession, it was shroud four hundred horsemen.

Raleigh. Whoever comes to shroud me, do not harm

Most churches, indeed, have dropt the custom That subtle wreath of hair about mine arm. Donne. of ringing the bell on Shrove-Tuesday ; but the

Besides the faults men commit, with this immedi- dining on pancakes still continues. ate avowed aspect upon their religion, there are

SHRUB, n. s. ? Sax. scribbe. A bush; a others which slily shroud themselves under the skirt SHRUBľby, adj. S small tree; abounding in of its mantle.

Decay of Piety.

shrubs. A weather-beaten vessel holds

He came unto a gloomy glade, Gladly the port, tho' shrouds and tackle torn. Covered with boughs and shrubs from heaven's light. Milton.

Faerie Qucine.

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