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cies of game he means to pursue as to the season The Proportions of Power and Shot in the v! killing it. Thus, in the first month of part- Charge. To find the charge that gives the longridge shooting, shot No. 1 should be used; for est range, in fowling pieces of different dimensince, at this time, the birds spring near at hand, sions, must be allowed to be a discovery of intiand we seldom fire at more than the distance of nite importance to every sportsman; and, as it forty paces, if the shooter takes bis aim but to seems to be an opinion pretty generally received lerably well, it is almost impossible for a bird at and established, that every barrel has a partithis distance to escape in the circle, or disk, cular load (not a measure estimated by any rules which the shot forms.' Hares also, at this season to be drawn from a comparison made between of the year, sit closer; and, being at this time the proportions of the calibre and the length of thinly covered with fur, may easily be killed the barrel) with which it will shoot with greater with this sized shot at thirty or thirty-five paces. certainty and effect : it cannot be doubted that In snipe and quail shooting, this sized shot is he will make some experiments with his own peculiarly proper; for, in using a larger size, barrels, in order to attain this end. Before we however true the sportsman may shoot, yet he proceed, therefore, to lay down rules for the will frequently miss; the objects being so small loading of fowling pieces of different dimenthat they have great chance of escaping in the sions, we beg leave to engraft an excellent prinvacant spaces of the circle or disk.

ciple in the practice of the artillery, on this point, About the beginning of October, at which time upon the shooting science. It is asserted that the partridges are stronger in the wing, No. 3 is by using small charges at first, and increasing the proper shot to be used. This size seems to the quantity of powder by degrees, the ranges be the best of any; it preserves a proper me

will increase to a certain point; after which, if dium between shot too large and that which is the charge be augmented, they will progressively too small, and will kill a hare from the distance diminish; though the recoil will still continue of thirty-five to forty paces, and a partridge at in the ratio of the increase of the charge. This fifty, provided the powder be. good. It will is a consequence that may be deduced from a serve also for rabbit shooting. In short, it is ex- variety of experiments, and is perfectly agreecellent for all seasons, and many sportsmen use able to the principles of mechanics ; since the no other the season round. It is true that dis- recoil and the range ought to be in the reciprotant objects are frequently missed for the want cal ratio of the gun and the shot, making allowof larger shot; but then these bear no propor ance for the resistance which these bodies meet tion to the number which are daily missed by with. using shot of too large a size, especially with For a fowling piece of a common calibre, the feathered game. If a man were to shoot which is from twenty-four to thirty balls to the constantly with shot No. 5, for one partridge, pound weight; a drachm and a quarter, or at which he might chance to kill with a single pel- most, a drachm and a half, of good powder ; et, at the distance of eighty paces, he would and an ounce, or an ounce and a quarter, of niss twenty birds at fifty paces which would in shot, is sufficient. But when shot of a larger such case escape in the vacant spaces of the size is used, such as No. 5, the charge of shot circle. But if the sportsman expressly proposes may be increased one-fourth, for the purpose of to shoot wild ducks, or hares, then, indeed, he counterbalancing, in some degree, what the size had better use the No. 5. However, in shooting of the shot loses in the number of pellets, and with a double barrelled gun, it may be prudent also to enable it to garnish the more. For this to load one of the barrels with large shot, for the purpose the sportsman will find a measure marknecessary occasions; and, in any case where large ed with the proper gauges very convenient to shot is required, No. 5, will be found to be bet- him. An instrument of this nature may now be ter than any other; for its size is not so large as purchased at most of our locksmiths. to prevent it from sufficiently garnishing, or be Different opinions, however, are entertained ing equally spread in the circle, and it can at the on the proportions of the charge. Some detersame time perform, in effect, all that a larger mine the charge of a fowling piece by the weight sized slot can do, which garnishes but very little, of a ball of the exact size of the calibre; estiif any at all.

mating the weight of the powder at one-third of In order, therefore, to show clearly, at one that of the ball, whether it is proposed to shoot view, the comparative difference in the garnish- with ball or with shot; and the weight of the ing of shot of different sizes, we here subjoin a shot they estimate at a moiety more, or, at the table, which indicates the number of pellets pre- most, at double the weight of the ball

. This cisely composing an ounce weight of each sort calculation comes pretty near to the proposiof shot.

tions we have just laid down, except in the difPatent Shot.

Common Shot.

ference of size between the calibres twenty-four No. B. B. 60 No. 7.

350 and thirty, which, notwithstanding, is not suffiB. id.

6. id. 260 ciently great in the two cases to require a grada1. id. 86 5.

235 tion in the weight of the charge. Others again id. 109 4. id. 190 lay down as a rule for the charge of powder, a 3. id. 160 3. id. 140 measure of the same diameter as the barrel: and 4. id. 200 2. id. 110 double that diameter in depth : and, for the shot, 5. id. 256 1. id. 95 a measure of the like diameter, but one-third 6. id. 444

less in depth than that for the powder; this also 7. 530

agrees tolerably well with the proportions we 8. id. 603

have mentioned, at least for the powder, but the

1 oz.

1 oz.

67

id.

2.

measure of shot seems to be too small. In shoot Garth, generous as his muse, prescribes and gives i ing with a rifle-piece, some persons proportion The shopman sells, and by destruction lives.

Dryden, the quantity of powder to three times the quanlity which the mould of the ball adapted to the their understandings, will be as unfit for it, as one

They that have wholly neglected the exercise of piece will contain. Although proverbs are generally true, or at unpractised in figures to cast up a shopbook. Locke.

It dwells not in shops or workhouses ; nor till the least possess some portion of truth, yet nothing late age was it ever known that any one served seven is so glaringly absurd, or less founded in rational

years to a smith or a taylor, that he should comprinciples, than that old adage, Sparing of pow mence doctor or divine from the shopbvard or the der, and liberal of shot:' a saying which is not anvil; or from whistling to a team come to preach only in the acquaintance, but in the constant to a congregation.

South's Sermons. practice of most sportsmen. As a consequence Nothing is more common than to hear a shopof overloading with shot, the powder has not suf- keeper desiring his neighbour to have the goodness

Addison. ficient strength to throw it to its proper distance; to tell him what is a clock. for, if the object be distant

, one-half of the

pel; the poor business of a shop, should keep us so sense

What a strange thing is it, that a little health, or lets composing the charge, by their too great less of these great things that are coming so fast upon quantity and weight, will strike against each

us!

Lau. other, and fall by the way; and those which reach the mark will have small force, and will produce

SHOP-LIFTERS (from shop and lifter), but little or no effect. Thus to overload is the those that steal goods privately out of shops; strange fancy of poachers, who imagine they can

which, being to the value of 5s., though no person not kill unless they put two ounces, or more, of be in the shop, is felony without the benefit of large shot into their pieces. It is true, that they clergy, by the 10 and 11 W. III. c. 23. destroy a great quantity of game, but then it is

SHORE, n. s. & v.a.? Sax. score; Goth.

SHORE'less, adj. not fairly shot. Such men are in some measure

S skier. The coast of the punished by the severe strokes they receive on

sea : hence both a drain, and a prop or supthe shoulders and cheeks, in consequence of the port: to support; hold up; and, in an obsolete excessive recoil.

sense, to set on shore: the adjective correspondSHOOTER'S-HILL, on the road to Dart- ing. ford, in Kent, eight miles and a half from Lon Beside the fruitful shore of muddy Nile, don, is supposed to have derived its name from Upon a sunny bank outstretched lay, the exercise of archery, in the neighbouring In monstrous length, a mighty crocodile. Spenser. woods, in former times. On the summit of this They undermined the wall, and, as they wrought,

Knolles. hill are some pleasant houses, particularly the shored it up with timber. Bull Inn, which commands a most extensive

I will bring these two blind ones aboard him ; if prospect of Kent and the adjoining counties. he think it fit to shore them again, let him call 'me

Shakspeare. This neighbourhood was formerly noted for rob- rogue.

There was also made a shoring or under-propping beries, till the road was widened, and much of

act for the benevolence; to make the sums which the coppice-wood cut down. Within the last few years the road on the summit has been any person had agreed to pay leviable by course of

.

Bacon's Henry VII. lowered many feet, leaving the Bull Inn thirty He did not much strengthen his own subsistence feet above the level. On the right of the road in court, but stood there on his own feet, for the stands a triangular tower, 482 feet above the level most of his allies rather leaned upon him than shored of the sea, which was erected by the lady of Sir him up.

Wotton. E. W. James, in commemoration of his conduct

Sea covered sea ; in the East Indies at the laking of Severndroog,

Sea without shore.

Milton. from which it is named; near it stands the Ad

This ocean of felicity is so shoreless and bottommiralty telegraph.

less that all the saints and angels cannot exhaust it. SHOP, n. s.

Boyle. Sax. sceop, a magazine; SHOP'BOARD, Fr. eschoppe ; low Lat. shopa. the middle part of the channel, and those shory parts

There is commonly a declivity from the shore to SHOP'BOOK, Ainsworth.

A place where

are generally but some fathoms deep. Shop'KEEPER, ( any thing is sold, and hence

Burnet's Theory of the Earth. Shop'man. where certain things are ma When I use the word shore, I may intend thereby nufactured : the derivatives corresponding, a coast of land near the sea, or a drain to carry off Our windows are broke down,

water, or a prop to support a building.

Watts's Logick. And we for fear compelled to shut our shops.

Shakspeare. Shore is otherwise defined a place washed by In his needy shop a tortoise hung,

the sea, or by some large river. Count Marsigli An alligator stuft, and other skins

divides the sea shore into three portions ; the Of ill-shaped fishes ; and about his shelves

first of which is that tract of land which the sea A beggarly account of empty boxes.

just reaches in storms and high tides, but which We have divers mechanical arts and stuffs made it never covers; the second is that which is by them; and shops for such as are not brought into covered in high tides and storms, but is dry at vulgar use.

other times; and the third is the descent from That beastly rabble, that came down From all the garrets in the town,

this, which is always covered with water. The And stalls, and shopboards, in vast swarms,

first part is only a continuation of the continent, With new-chalked bills, and rusty arms. Hudibras.

and suffers no alteration from the neighbourhood Scarce any sold in shops could be relied on as of the sea, except that it is rendered fit for the faithfully prepared.

Boyle. growth of some plants, and wholly unfit for that

Id.

Bacon.

of others, by the saline streams and impregna- Bramber, Sussex, six miles west from Brighton, sions; and it is scarcely to be conceived by any and fifty-six south by west from London, on the but those who have observed it, how far on land river Adar. The town lies about a mile within the effects of the sea reach, so as to make the the haven, is singularly built, in the centre of earth proper for plants which will not grow with- which is the market-house, standing on Doric out this influence, there being several plants fre- pillars. It has a considerable traffic, and has a quently found on high hills and dry places at custom-house with a collector, comptroller, and three, four, and more miles from the sea, wbich inferior officers. Along the neighbouring coast, yet would not grow unless in the neighbourhood during peace, much smuggling is carried on. of it, nor will ever be found elsewhere. The The church is an extensive building, and was second portion of the shore is much more affected formerly collegiate ; of late it has been repaired by the sea than the former, being frequently and greatly beautified. Although it is only a tide washed and beaten by it. Its productions are haven, yet, as it is the best upon the coast

, vesrendered salt by the water, and it is covered with sels of considerable burden come into it, it havsand, or with the fragments of shells in form of ing eighteen feet water at spring tides, but does sand, and in some places with a tartarous matter not rise higher than twelve in common, and has deposited from the water ; the color of this whole only three feet at the ebb. High-water, full and extent of ground is usually dusky and dull, change, a quarter before ten o'clock. Seven especially where there are rocks and stones, and leagues west from Beachy Head. Beyond the these covered with a slimy matter. The third town, across the river, is a timber bridge, leadpart of the shore is more affected by the sea than ing to Arundel and Chichester. The town is a either of the others; and is covered with a borough by prescription, and has sent members uniform crust of the true nature of the bottom of to parliament ever since 1298. It was disfranthe sea, except that plants and animals have chised for corruption in 1771; but soon after their residence in it, and the decayed parts of restored, which circumstance produced an extenthese alter it a little.

sion of the elective franchise to all the freeholders SHORE (Jane), the celebrated concubine of of 40s. within the rape of Bramber, being in king Edward IV., was the wife of Matthew Shore, number about 1300. Shoreham has a considera goldsmith in Lombard-street, London. Kings able trade in ship-building, and is noted for the are seldom unsuccessful in their amorous pur- excellence of its oysters. Ella is supposed to suits ; therefore there was nothing wonderful in have landed here with his three sons, in the year Mrs. Shore's removing from Lombard-street to 477, when he defeated the Britons, and founded shine at court as the royal favorite. Historians the kingdom of the South Saxons. Market on represent her as extremely beautiful, remarkably Saturday. Fair, July 25th. It is a vicarage, cheerful, and of most uncommon generosity. value 6l 18s., in the patronage of Magdalen ColThe king, it is said, was no less captivated with lege, Oxford. The church is in lat. 50° 49' 59" her temper than with her person; she never N., long. 0° 16' 19" W. made use of her influence over him to the pre SHORLING AND Morling, are words to judice of any person; and, if ever she importuned distinguish fells of sheep; shorling being the him, it was in favor of the unfortunate. After the fells after the fleeces are shorn off the sheep's death of Edward, she attached herself to lord back; and morling the fells flead off after they Hastings: and, when Richard III. cut off that die or are killed. In some parts of England nobleman as an obstacle to his ambitious schemes, they understand by a shorling, a sheep whose Jane Shore was arrested as an accomplice, on face is shorn off ; and by a morling a sheep that the ridiculous accusation of witchcraft. This, dies. however, terminated only in a public penance;

SHORN. The participle passive of Shear: excepting that Richard rifled her of her little which see: with of. property : but, whatever severity might have

So rose the Danite strong, been exercised towards her, it appears that she Shorn of his strength,

Milton. was alive, though sufficiently wretched, in the Vile shrubs are shorn for browze : the towering reign of Henry VIII. when Sir Thomas More height saw her poor, old, and shrivelled, without the Of unctuous trees are torches for the night. least trace of her former beauty. Mr. Rowe,

Dryden. in bis tragedy of Jane Shore, has adopted the

He plunging downward shot his radiant head; popular story related in the old historical ballad, Shorn of his beams, a man to mortal sight.

Dispelled the breathing air that broke his fight;

Id. of her perishing by hunger in a ditch where Shoreditch now stands. But Stow assures us SHORT, n. s., adj., & adv. saxon scoere; that street was so named before her time.

SHORTEN, v. a.

Goth. and Swed. SHOREHAM, a parish in Codsheath hundred SHORT'HAND, n. s. skort; qu. Latin and lathe of Sutton-at-Hone, Kent, four miles SHORTLIV'ED, adj.

curtus ? Scanty; north from Seven Oaks, and twenty from London, SHORT'LY, adv.

inadequate; denear the river Darent. Here is an antique SHORT'NESS, 1. s.

fective; contracthouse still called Shoreham Castle. It has a SHORT'RIBS,

ed; not long in charity-school, and a fair on the 1st of May. It SHORTSIGHT'ED, adj. space, extent, is a rectory, value £34 9s. 9d., united with Ot SHORTSIGHT'EDNESS, n. S. time, or duration; ford. Patrons, the dean and chapter of West SHORTWAIST'ED, adj. brittle; friable: a minster.

SHORTWIND'ED,

brief account: as SHOREHAM, New, a sea-port, borough, and SHORTWING'ED.

an adverb, used market-town, in Fishergate hundred, rape of in composition for not long : to shorten is to

Id.

make short in any way; contract; confine; re He commanded those, who were appointed to atstrain : shorthand, a compendious or short tend him, to be ready by a short day.

Id.

This less voluble earth, niethod of writing: the other compounds and derivatives seem obvious in their meaning.

By shorter flight to the east, had left them there.

- Milton. They changed their night into day : the light is short, because of darkness.

Job xvii. 12.

Nor love thy life, nor hate, but what thou livest Some cottons here grow, but short in worth unto

Live well ; how long or short permit to heaven. Id. those of Smyrna.

Sandys. I know them not; nor therefore am I short The Turks give you a quantity rather exceeding Of knowing what I ought. Id. Parudise Regained. than short of your expectations.

Id.

To attain Her breath, then short, seemed loth from home to The height and depth of thy eternal ways, pass,

All human thoughts come short, supreme of things. Which more it moved the more it sweeter was.

Milton, Sidney.

His flesh is not firm, but short and tasteless. Immoderate praises the foolish lover thinks short

Walton. of his mistress, though they reach far beyond the To place her in Olympus' top a guest, heavens.

Among the' immortals, who with nectar feast ; The Irish dwell together by their septs, so as they That poor would seem that entertainment short may conspire what they will; whereas, if there were of the true splendour of her present court. Waller. English placed among them, they should not be able We err, and come short of science, because we are to stir but that it should be known, and they short so frequently misled by the evil conduct of our imaened according to their demerits. Spenser. gir ons.

Glanville. Because they see it is not fit or possible that Another account of the shortness of our reason, churches should frame thanksgivings answerable to and easiness of deception, is the forwardness of our each petition, they shorten somewhat the reins of understanding's assent to slightly examined conclutheir censure. Hooker. sions.

Id. Scepsis. The necessity of shortness causeth men to cut off It may be easily conceived, by any that can allow impertinent discourses, and to comprise much matter for the lameness and shortness of translations out of in few words.

Id. languages and manners of writing differing from Would you have been so brief with him, he would ours.

Temple. Have been so brief with you to shorten you,

Short were her marriage joys: for in the prime For taking so the head, the whole head's length. Of youth her lord expired before his time. Dryden.

Shakspeare.

He wills not death should terminate their strife, The short and long is, our play is preferred. Id.

And wounds, if wounds ensue, be short of life. Id. To be known, shortens my laid intent;

He seized the helm ; his fellows cheered, My boon I make it, that you know me not. Id. Turned short upon the shelfs, and manly steered. I must leave thee, love, and shortly too. Id.

Id. Thou art no friend to God, or to the king;

As one condemned to leap a precipice, Open the gates, or I'll shut thee out shortly. Who sees before his eyes the depth below, Id. Henry VI. Stops short.

Id. Sir, pardon me in what I have to say,

None shall dare
Your plainness and your shortness please me well. With shortened sword to stab in closer war,
Shakspeare. But in fair combat.

Id.
And breathe shortwinded accents of new broils War, and luxury's more direful rage,
To be commenced in strands afar. Id. Henry IV. Thy crimes have brought, to shorten mortal breath,

It is better to sound a person afar off than to fall With all the numerous family of death. Id. upon the point at first ; except you mean to surprise If he meet with no reply, you may conclude that him by some short question.

Bacon. I trust to the goodness of my cause : the short on't They move strongest in a right line, which is is, 'tis indifferent to your humble servant whatever caused by the shortness of the distance.

your party says.

Id. Id. Natural History.

From Medway's pleasing stream Whatsoever is above these proceedeth of short. To Severn's roar be thine : ness of memory, or of want of a stayed attention. In short, restore my love, and share my kingdom. Bacon.

Id. The English were inferior in number, and grew

Beauty and youth, short in their provisions.

Hayward. And sprightly hope, and short-enduring joy. We shortened days to moments by love's art,

Dishonest with lopt arms the youth appears, Whilst our two souls

Spoiled of his nose, and shortened of his ears. Perceived no passing time, as if a part

Your follies and debauches change Our love had been of still eternity. Suckling.

With such a whirl, the poets of your age Repentance is, in short, nothing but a turning Are tired, and cannot score them on the stage ; from sin to God; the casting off all our former evils, Unless each vice in shorthand they indite, and, instead thereof, constantly practising all those Even as nocht 'prentices whole sermons write. Id. christian duties which God requireth of us.

Unhappy parent of a shortlived son!

Duty of Man. Why loads he this embittered life with shame? Ia. With this the Mede shortwinded old men eases, He celebrates the anniversary of his father's funeral, And cures the lung's unsavory diseases.

and shortly after arrives at Cumæ.

12. May's Virgil.

Skortwinged, unfit himself to fly, The foolish and shortsighted die with fear

His fear foretold foul weather.

Id. That they go nowhere, or they know not where. Ducklegged, shortwaisted, such a dwarf she is,

Denham. That she must rise on tip-toes for a kiss. In shorthand skilled, where little marks comprise

Id, Juvenal. Whole words, a sentence in a letter lies. Creech. So soon as ever they were gotten out of the hearing The arinies came shortly in view of each other. of the cock, the lion turned short upon him aad lor Clarendon. hiin to pieces.

i Estrange.

Id.

Id.

In short, she makes a man of him at sixteen, and a One strange draught prescribed by Hippocrates, boy all his life after.

Id. for a short-breathed man, is half a gallon of hydroOther propositions were designed for snares to the mel, with a little vinegar.

Id. shortsighted and credulous.

Id. A gentleman was wounded in a duel : the rapier If speculative maxims have not an actual universal entered into his right side, slaating by his shoriribs assent from all mankind, practical principles come

under the muscles.

Wiseman's Surgery. short of an universal reception.

Locke. The signification of words will be allowed to fall Boys have but little use of shorthand, and should much short of the knowledge of things. Baker, by no means practise it till they can write perfectly Weak though I am of limb, and short of sight. well.

Id. Far from a lynx, and not a giant quite, Where reason came short, revelation discovered on I'll do what Mead and Cheselden advise, which side the truth lay.

Id. To keep these limbs, and to preserve these eyes. To shorten its way to knowledge, and make each

Pope. perception more comprehensive, it binds them into Though short my stature, yet my name extends bundles.

Id. To heaven itsell, and earth's remotost ends. Id. Marl from Derbyshire was very fat, though it had

Virgil exceeds Theocritus in regularity and brevity, so great a quantity of sand that it was so short, that, and falls short of him in nothing but simplicity and when wet, you could not work it into a ball, or make propriety of style.

Id. it hold together.

Mortimer. Then palaces shall rise; the joyful son My breath grew short, my beating heart sprung

Shall finish what his shortlived sire begun. Id. upward,

Even he, whose soul now melts in mournful lays, And leaped and bounded in my heaving bosom. Shall shortly want the generous tear he pays. Jd

Smith. The short is, to speak all in a word, the possibility tion ; in short, to be encompassed with the greatest

To see whole bodies of men breaking a constituof being found in a salvable state cannot be suf- dangers from without, to be torn by many virulent ficiently secured, without a possibility of always per- factions within, then to be secure and senseless, are severing in it.

Norris.
As in many things the knowledge of philosophers death.

the most likely symptoms in a state of sickness unto

Swift. was short of the truth, so almost in all things their That great wit has fallen short in his account. practice fell short of their knowledge : the principles

More. by which they walked were as much below those by which they judged as their feet were below their and let death and eternity be often in your minds.

Think upon the vanity and shortness of human life, head. South's Sermons.

Law. They, since their own short understandings reach No farther than the present, think even the wise, SHORT (James), A. M. and F. R. S., an emiLike them, disclose the secrets of their breasts. nent optician, born in Edinburgh on the 10th of

Rowe. June, O. S,. 1710. At ten years of age, having The people fall short of those who border upon lost his father and mother, and being left in a them in strength of understanding. Addison.

state of indigence, he was received into Heriot's The frequent alterations in publick proceedings, Hospital, where he soon displayed his mechanthe variety of shortlived favourites that prevailed in ical genius in constructing for himself little their several turns under the government of her suc- chests, book-cases, and other conveniences, with cessors, have broken us into these unhappy distinc- such tools as fell in his way.. At the age of tions.

Id. Freeholder. Cunning is a kind of shortsightedness, that discovers twelve he was removed from the hospital to the the minutest

objects which are near at hand, but is High School, where he showed a considerable not able to discern things at a distance. Spectator.

taste for classical literature, and generally kept May they not justly to our climes upbraid at the head of his class. In 1726 he was entered Shortness of night, and penury of shade? Prior. into the university, where he passed through the

As the language of the face is universal, so 'tis usual course of education, and took his master's very comprehensive : no laconism can reach it: 'tis degree with great applause. By his friends he the shorthand of the mind, and crowds a great deal in was intended for the church; but, after attending a little room.

Collier.

a course of theological lectures, he thought that When I made these, an artist undertook to imitate profession little suited to his talents; and devoit; but, using another way of polishing them, he fell fed his whole time to mathematical and mechamuch short of what I had attained to, as I afterwards nical pursuits. Having the celebrated M’Laurin understood.

Shortsighted men see remote objects best in old for his preceptor, he soon discovered the bent of age; therefore they are accounted to have the most his genius, made a proper estimate of the extent of lasting eyes.

Id. his capacity,and encouraged him to prosecute those Some vices promise a great deal of pleasure in the studies in which nature had qualified him to make commission ; but then, at best, it is but shortlived the greatest figure. Under the eye of that eminent and transient, a sudden flash presently extinguished. master, he began, in 1732, to construct Grego

Calamy's Sermons. The time will shortly come wherein you shall in a letter to Dr. Jurin, by taking care of the

rian telescopes; and, as the professor observed more rejoice for that little you have expended for the figure of his specula, he was enabled to give benefit of others, than in that which by so long toil them larger apertures, and to carry them to you shall have saved.

It is not credible that the Phænicians, who had greater perfection, than had ever been done beestablished colonies in the Persian gulph, stopt short, Short was called to London, at the desire of

fore him.' See Optics, Index. In 1736 Mr. without pushing their trade to the Indies.

Arbuthnot. Queen Caroline, to give instructions in matheWhatever shortens the fibres, by insinuating them- matics to William duke of Cumberland : and, selves into their parts, as water in a rope, contracts. immediately on his appointment to that very

Id. honorable office, he was elected F. R. S. and

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