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« The taste for knowledge, which this instrument, were intended for would return to them (the High- the abbreviation of Clement Rome. landers) with this best knowledge, The instrument itself is exactly would do much to revive and pre- such an imitation of a papal bull as serve their national character. How would be made by a person who far this last is calculated to make had never seen one. "The Pope's them good soldiers, good subjects, bulls are written in Latin, but this affectionate relatives, and faithful paper bears all the marks of an adherents, I leave the patient and English original. In the third line, candid reader of these pages to the author talks of “ the Holy judge."

Saiots ;" an expression which cannot be converted into Latin. Im

mediately afterwards, mention is To the Editor of the Christian Observer. made of “ the Devil of Hell."

“ The Holy Saints" are brought in In the Christian Observer for Janu- three times more before the concluary, page 27, you have inserted a sion of the piece. I shall not trou. paper, enlitled, “ The Pope's Curse, ble you with a minute examination Bell, Book, and Candle, on a Here' of the paper in question. Every tic at Hampreston.” It requires person who is conversant even with very little knowledge of the style of our own ecclesiastical law, will at the Court of Rome, to pronounce the once perceive that it is not genuine. paper in question to be a clumsy. I am somewhat surprised at observforgery. The author of it, having ing, that your correspondent, who observed in some old Court Calendar, appears by his letter to be a clergythat Clement XIII. was elected Pope man of the Church of England, apon the 6th of July, in the year 1758, plies the appellation, " original dobas dated his instrument “the tenth cument,” to a paper which, if it were day of August, in the year of our genuine in other respects, can only be Lord Christ, one thousand seven a translation of an original document. hundred and fifty-eight, and in the The title of it, which appears to be first year of our pontificate.” He copied from the manuscript, shews has allowed about two months for that the paper was written by a the transportation of bis document Protestant. from Rome to Dorsetshire, and has This paper is also inserted in the added the notification of three seve- Antijacobin Review for February, ral proclamations of it by the priest, page 193, as a communication just on the 8th, 15th, and 22d of Octo. received from the Rector of Hamber, in the same year. In this re- preston, in Dorsetshire." The letter spect also, he has been correct; as of the ' real or pretended rector, the 8th, 15th, and 22d of October, which appears in your publication, in the year 1758, were Suodays. is copied verbatim, except that the This information he might easily words " in the Christian Observer, derive from the tables prefixed to if you think it worth observing," the Book of Common Prayer. are altered to, “in the Antijacobin

The author was aware that En- Review, if you think proper." A glish bishops adopt, for their signa- neater alteration would have been, ture, their Christian names prefixed. In the Antijacobin Review, if you to the names of their sees. As the think it worth reviewing." Pope is Bishop of Rome, he very Allow me to add a few words on naturally supposed that the signature another subject. The Bishop of of the Pope, as well as of the Arch Lincoln, in his Refutation of Calvinbishop of Canterbury, consisted of ism, page 155, inserts the following his own name prefixed to the name words in a note, as one of the canons of bis see. I make no doubt that of the Council of Trent: the letters C. R, which conclude " Si quis dixerit justificati hominis opera bona non vere mereri via this purpose, Dr. Carey was employtam æternam, anathema sit.” ed by the officers of the college, he

I will venture to assert, without being the firtest person for such a the smallest apprehension of being service, from his accurate know. contradicted, that no such canon is ledge of the language and customs to be found among the decrees of of the Hindoos, and from his having the Council of Trent. The Bishop made a calculation on the subject, has copied it, perhaps at twentieth for his private satisfaction, the year hand, from some controversial writer before. He accordingly engaged whose zeal was superior to his in- ten persons, of the Hindoo cast, who tegrity. Something to the same were stationed, during a period of effect may be found in the thirty, six months, at different places within second canon, “ de Justificatione,” thirty miles round Calcutta; that is, but in very different words, and with in a diameter of sixty miles in every qualifying expressions, which the direction. They sent in their res author of the Bishop of Lincoln's turns, written in the Bengalee lana canon thought proper to suppress. guage, every month; and the ProWhat should we think of a Roman fessor delivered them regularly to Catholic writer, who should invent the vice-provost of the college ; and a set of articles for our own church, every person who wished it, was at for the purpose of refuting them? liberty to see them. The subject, I am, &c.

at the time, very much engaged the PHILALETHES. minds of those who were interested

in the promotion of Christianity, and in the suppression of inhuman

and idolatrous rites. But other petBURNING OF WOMEN IN BENGAL.

sons paid little attention to what As this subject has of late much in- was passing in the college; they terested the public mind, we publish did not even know that the Scripthe following particulars, which have tures were translating into the been communicated to us by a re- Oriental languages. spectable authority. They will serve

The report of the burnings for sit to obviate the doubts which the réo months, thus made by the Shanscrit presentations of some Anglo-Indians Professor, was sent home to England may have caused with respect to for publication in Dr. Buchanan's the existence and extent of this prac- Memoir; and when that work artice.

rived in Calcutta, which was in The report of the women burned 1800, a year and a half before Dr. in the vicinity of Calcutta, ju 1804, Buchanan left India, the printed rewhich was afterwards published in port was compared with the original Dr. Buchanan's Memoir, was made vouchers, and found to be literally by the Rev. Dr. Carey, professor of accurate. Copies of the Memoir the Shanscrit and Bengalee lan. were in the hands of the members guages in the college of Fort Wil- of government: the subject was disJiam. When the officers of the cussed in almost every company, college were investigating, in the and no exception was taken, in any books of the Hindoos, the circum- public manner, to the accuracy of stances of the female sacrifice, in the report. Indeed, it was not posregard to its antiquity and its au- sible to disprove its truths, but by thority, it became necessary to as- the government instituting a pablic certain the actual extent of the prac. and official investigation of the same tice, in order to obtain an authentic kind. But tlie government declined record for the information of go- to repeat the bloody tale. For if, vernment and of the public, pre. instead of a hundred burnings in paratory to urging its abolition. For half a year, it should prove that only twenty were authenticated, there be a few instances évery year. even these few, it was perhaps But all transactions of this nature, thought, were too many for a Chris- which take place remote from the tian government to contemplate in banks of the Ganges, are seldom, if an official manner.

ever, heard of by Europeans. When The responsibility for the accu- a Hindoo sheds his blood before the sacy of the printed report lies, of idol, there is nobody to mention it to course, with the Rev. Dr. Carey a Christian. Even the burnings of and the ten persons whom he em- women are chiefly discovered by ployed. But he is still on the spot the necessary circumstances of pub. in the college of Fort William, and licity; the flame and smoke, and will be very happy to superintend din of drums; not by the voluntary another inquiry under the direction report of the people. of the government. It was before Dr. Buchanan gives an account observed, that Dr. Carey had made only of one of the rults or towers in a calculation of the number of burn- Bengal, namely, that which belongs ings for the whole of the previous to Juggernaut's temple at Ishera, year 1803. This calculation amount- near Calcutta ; and he states, that ed to 275. On being asked how he this tower has been often stained accounted for a smaller number in with human blood. On the other 1801, he observed, that the year rutts in the province, he makes no 1803 was remarkable for a mortality remark. That the rutt at Ishera is among the Hindoos, during the un- not bloodless, he is warranted in ashealthy season of the rains.

serting, from the well-known fact, It is evident, that, until a new re- that a considerable number of perport be made officially by the Ben- sons were crushed to death under gal government, the present report the wheels of this tower some years must supersede all others of a pri- ago, an account of which was revate kind; and the burden of proof corded in the Calcutta papers at the lies with those who deny its accu. time; only it became a question, racy. If the Bengal government, whether so many deaths had taken knowing the circumstances under place by religious phrensy or acciwhich the printed report was made, dent. In order, however, to prevent, and having it in their power to dis- if possible, the recurrence of such prove it if it were not true, have not scenes, it was determined that perdone so for seven years past; the sons, from the Calcutta police, should conclusion is, that they admit it to attend at the annual procession of be accurate, or, at least, sufficiently Juggernaut's tower at Ishera; and accurate for the purposes for which when Dr. Buchanan visited the place it was taken.

in 1807, he saw the officers on the It will be worth while to notice spot.

It appears that an instance another mode of suicide, mentioned of self-immolation took place at the by Dr. Buchanan, viz. self-immola- same festival; but Dr. Buchanan zion under the wheels of the Rutt, or states, that he did not himself witJuggernaut's Tower.

ness it. The fact was, he did not The practice of self-devotement hear of it until after he had left the under the rutt, is very rare in the place, and had arrived in Calcutta. province of Bengal. But when we But that he might not notice, in the consider that there are upwards of account which he intended to an hundred rutts in the province publish, a fact which might be (for almost every considerable vil. thought doubtful, he requested the lage has one), and recollect the Rev. David Brown, senior chaplain proneness of the people to meet of Calcutta, whose country-house is death by what they think merito- near to the spot where Juggernaut's rious suicide, we need not wonder if temple stands, to endeavour to as.

certain the truth of the occurrence;

Yet didst thou not disdain awhile and the consequence was, that the

An infant form to wear; fact was established as fully and

To bless ily mother with a smile, certainly as any fact can be, which

And lisp thy falter'd prayer : rests on Hindoo evidence.

But, in thy Father's own abode, The exact truth, in regard to the

With Israel's elders round, prevalence of this kind of self-de- In converse high with Israel's God, votement, cannot be ascertained, Thy chiefest joy was found. upless the Bengal government were So may our youth adore thy name! to require every village, having a And, Teacher, deign to bless rutt, in Bengal and the adjoining With fostering grace the timid flaine provinces, to make a report of the Of early holiness! number of suicides for the last twenty years. But this particular atrocity is not

ANOTHEP, ON THE SAME OCCASIOX. that which needs to be chiefly in- BY cool Siloam's shady fountain, sisted on. The chief enormity, for How sweet the lily grows ! the immediate attention of a Chris- How sweet the breath on yonder mountain tian administration, is, the MURDER Of Sharon's dewy rose ! of children by their own parents; Lo! such the Child whose young devotion and the next in importance and in

The paths of peace las trod; crime is the BURNING of women.

Whose secret soul's instinctive motion

Tends upward to his God.
HYMNS APPROPRIATE TO THE SUNDAYS By cool Siloam's shady fountain

The lily must decay:

The rose that blooms on yonder mountain
(Continued from Vol. for 1811, p. 698.) Must shortly fade away.
FIRST SUNDAY AFTER THE EPIPHANY. A little while the bitter morrow
Luke ïi.

Oi man's maturer age ABASH'D be all the boast of age!

Will shake the soul with cank’ring sorrow, Be hoary Learning dumb!

And passion's stormy rage. Expounder of the myslic page,

Oh Thou!. whose every year, untainted, Behold an Infant come!

In changeless virtue shone, Oh, Wisdom! whose coequal power Preserve the powers thy grace has planted, Before the Almighty stood,

And keep them still thine own! To frame in Nature's earliest hour,

D. R. The land, the sky, the flood;


Two Sermons preached at the Visita- nity College, Cambridge. Lon

tion of the Reverend the Arch- don: Hatchard. 1811. deacon, at Leicester, in the years 1805 and 1811: to which is add- Visitation sermons have of jate ed, a Sermon on the Salvation which years been so generally occupied is in Christ only. By the Rev. with controversial or other unproEDWARD THOMAS VAUGHAN, M.A. fitable discussions, that it is no small Vicar of St. Martin's and Alle relief and gratification to us, occaSaints in Leicester, Domestic ' sionally to light upon some of a difChaplain to the Right Hon. Lord ferent order; which, like those now St. John, and late Fellow of Tri. before us, have an evident tendency

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to promote the important objects for While, therefore, we lament that in which such discourses were origi. too many instances this is far from nally designed. Few things can be being the ease, we rejoice whenmore useful and laudable than the ever, as in the sermons now before institution which gives birth to us, we see an example of able and them, or can serve to place the faithful conduct. From St. Paul's wisdom of our ecclesiastical polity declaration to the Corinthians, that in a more striking point of view. he preached not himself,“ but Christ The mutual encouragement, sup- Jesus the Lord," Mr. Vaughan takes port, and animation naturally to be occasion, in the first of his two visiexpected from the stated meetings cation sermons, to consider the exof a body of men, supposed at least celleney of the institøtion of preachto be engaged in the same great work ing--the best method of conducting --the countenance, the scrutiny, the it--and some reasons for the method counsel, and sometimes the reproof, thus recommended. Under the first proceeding from the superior, vest- of these divisions, what the Apostle ed with visitatorial authority-the once styled « the foolishness of instruction, admonition, quickening, preaching," is ably vindicated as the and comfort, to be derived from the grand appointed instrument of inpreaching of a brother, as Mr. Struction, conversion, and edificaVaughan well describes his charac- tion in the church of God-on the ter, " old enough to teach, yet still, ground both of Scripture and expea learner like themselves, the part- rience. ner of their corruptions and infir

" If,” observes the pious author, mities, of their toils and expecta« preaching be without efficacy, we must fear Lions," canoot, one would iniagine, it is not that word which has the promise, but be productive of the most im- it shall not return into me roid ;' that we portant and beneficial consequences. are not of those ministers to whom it is ex. When we thus reflect on the admis pressly declared, 'And lo! I am with you rable order not only of visitations, always, even unto the end of the world. but of every other part of our eccle. Let us inquire, my beloved brethren, whether siastical establishnient, as the whole we have been fully aware of the great im-, is set forth in the work of the im- portance of this part of our office? Does mortal Hooker, we can scarcely help the institution of preaching, indeed, possess exclaiming, concerning it, in the this efficacy? Then we must take heed how words of the royal visitor of King

we preach. Every particular sermon which

we hear or utter has its share of the general Solomon, Happy are thy men, importance. To every particular sermon, happy are these thy servants, which which we hear or uttet, we are to look for a stand continually before thee !"- saving efficacy. How should we watch unto But, alas! how frequently is a prayer whilst making our preparation ! how Christian observer conipelled to con- lift up our hearts whilst delivering the word ! fess, when too often witnessing the how renew our supplications when we have perversion, or the neglect, of the closed the book ! How should we labour most wise and salutary appointments and strive, how should we believe and hope, of our church, that, of ecclesiastical desire and expect, that good may come." as of civil governments, there is a After remarking, that it is not to sense in which it may be justly ás. every kind of proposition, much less serted, that " whate'er is best admi- to the mere moral disquisition, or to sister'd is best." In our own es- the assertion even of scriptural doetablishment, all that is required to trine, in á tame and lifeless manner, render it, what it is designed to be, that this energy belongs, Mr. Vauthe instroment of defending, diffus- ghan proceeds to consider the best ing, and cherishing real Christianity method of conducting the institution throughout the land, is the faithful of preaching. Here, having laid and conscientious discharge of their down from various apostolic testiduties by all its public functionaries. monies; that the subject-matter of it,

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