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cial to the ministers of the emulating generated; her creed became full bodies. The reputation which dis- of absurdity, and her worship of senting teachers have acquired for superstition; and both clergy and a more accurate knowledge of the laity necessarily sunk together into doctrines of the Gospel, and for their the very abyss of ignorance and greater zeal in enforcing them (note profligacy; while her zeal, exceptwithstanding their disadvantages in ing only in the essential articles of other respects), appears to have had replenishing her revenues and perits influence in remedying the ac- secuting heretics, became languid in knowledged deficiency of theolo- the extreme. And it appears wor. gical education in our universities. thy of consideration, whether the Hence the increasing seriousness of salutary effect of the Act of Toleraour students and the growing num. tion, in counteracting that which enbers of pious, and (as all parties forces uniformity, has not had its agree to call them) evangelical, effect in preserving us from evils of clergy. Nor is the principle of a similar tendency* emulation without its more direct It might lead us into too expanefficacy on the established clergy ; sive a field, and is not so immediatefor the careless pastor has the con- ly within the design of this paper, tinual mortification of seeing the to consider what advantages we may bulk of his parishioners neglecting have derived from our dissenting the excellent, but ill-conducted, ser. brethren with respect to our civil vices of his church, and preferring liberties; but these have been ac. the more animated worship of Me- knowledged by historians least fathodists and Dissenters; and how is voorable to their principles. this calculated (if he has any re- We have daily experience of the mains of moral sensibility) to awaken beneficial effect of the spirit of Chrisin him the most bitter reflections tian emulation in the formation of against himself, for his want of that societies, having for their object the pioas zeal, which (with far less ad- general good. A Dissenter shall vantages in other respects) are so rise up, and propose a plan of po less successful in those whom he has extensive utility than the national affected to pity or despise. And education. He shall, as probably so even in those cases where the clere ordained by Providence, belong to a gyman is of a better stamp, how denomination of Christians, calcumuch tendency has the vicinity of lated from peculiar circumstances, the laborious Dissenter or Methodist' to engage him great and high patronto stimulate him in the functions of age. His august Sovereign, and, afhis sacred vocation*.
ter him, the Prince Regent, as pas The Church of Rome, though mis- rents of the community, though calling herself the Catholic Church, themselves of another religious comdeprived herself of these advantages munion, shall, from a conviction of by her narrow and intolerant spirit. the paramount importance of the Allowing no diversity of religious profession, though distracted with * This point is carried much further by . discordant sentiments, her morals de- learned clergyman, Dr. Edwards, who thus
expresses himself :-"If we would but open • Now and then we have witnessed a rare our eyes, we should see that we are beholden instance of a Chorchman and a Dissenter to the Dissenters for the continuance of a great possessed of two kindred souls, placed by part of our theological principles; for if the Providence in the same neighbourhood, each High Churchmen had no checks, they would endued with learning, candour, piety, and have brought in Popery before this time, mutual esteem, animating and exciting each by their over valuing pomp and cereniony in other in the same great cause (though not divine worship. So that if there had been drawing in the same yoke) and infusing into no Dissenters, the Church of England had their people the same spirit. Such was the been long since rained."-Preacher, vol. ii. instance of Hervey and Doddridge.
object, favour his system with their rection*. It is no longer the insig, powerful and benignant sanction; nificant brook or petty current, but and thousands shall be instructed, so assumes the majesty and force of a far as to be enabled to read the Scrip- great river, bearing down all oppo. tures. But still the benevolent wish sition before it, and increasing con, of our beloved Sovereign, that“every tinually in its progress till it expands child" in the British dominions may itself into a mighty ocean. Here be taught to read his Bible, cannot the little private and party views of meet with its accomplishment; for individuals are overwhelmed in the the prejudice against this man, as a magnitude of the objects surroundDissenter, will prevent the complete ing them. Their prejudices and establishment of his system. To animosities subside.' Coming into meet this prejudice, and that too in nearer contact with men of other such a way as to accomplish the denominations, they can perceive and great object, it shall be ordered by admire their excellencies, aed leara Providence, in this conjuncture, that still more and more to approximate a clergymau sball step forward and in spirit, till, in essentials at least, revive his dormant claim to the they are agreed, and their differences merit of introducing the mechanism in non-essentials (if they do not by of this new plan of education, and degrees altogether subside) serve sball combine with the common only, in a sweet and powerful ri, principles of it the peculiar tenets yalry, to provoke one another to of the national church, and thus the greater measures of love and of good zeal of both parties, fostered by the works,
J. L. spirit of rivalry, shall completely accomplish the effect.
The same result, from the same principle, takes place in other in. To the Editor of the ChristianObserver, stances. May we not exemplify it It is a great consideration to a seriin the different institutions for the bus and reflecting mind, in this age conversion of the Jews, and in the of angry controversy, to observe Society of Missions to Africa and the how the over-ruling wisdom of God East, which probably took the first maketh even “the wrath of man to hint of its establishment from the praise bim,” by promoting his saLondon Missionary Society, in the cred cause. The original controformation, conduct, and support of versy respecting the Bible Society, which Dissenters have taken so large commenced by Dr. Wordsworth, and liberal a part; as the Society brought the knowledge of that noble for promoting Christian Knowledge institution to many who were prehas derived a manifest accession to its viously ignorant of it, or but imperenergy, as well as its finances, from fectly acquainted with it; it put that excellent institution the British them upon inquiring into its claims and Foreign Bible Society,-a 80. upon the public support, and evenciety founded on principles at once tually produced a considerable acso simple and comprehensive, so wise
cession to the number of its memand energetic, that while its very con- bers. The venerable Society for stitution secures its permanence and promoting Christian Knowledge alextension, it bids fair to be the greatest so participated in the good effects instrument in the hands of Provi- of this discussion, which roused its dence of reforming ibe world. And dormant zeal, and inspired it with here we may observe, that our principle flows with the most powerful, nour of the Dissenters, that, on some recent
• It should be acknowledged, to the boand yet most refined energy, when occasions, they have discovered a spirit Christians of various denominations which might be contrasted, much to their combine in a great design, and all advantage, with that which has been disa their united zeal operates in one dis played by a party in the Establishment.
unwonted activity ; so that we may ligion are now generally omitted in now say of it, as Florus does of the the Book of Common-Prayer. What Roman empire in his time, “ Movet can be the reason of this omission? lacertos, et, præter spem omnium, Have not the Bishop of Lincoln and senectus imperii quasi reddita juven- other eminent divines, proved that tute revirescit.” Similar advantages they are not Calvinistie? What will, doubtless, be produced by the harm, therefore, can they do? And revival of the controversy by Dr. why should they be detruded from Marsh. His attack upon the Bible that station which they legally hold Society, like that of his predecessor, among the public formularies of our will add to its triumphs, and it will Church? Dr. Marsh very properly go on "conquering and to conquer," pleads for the distribution of the wielding “the sword of the Spirit, Prayer-book amongst our parishionwhich is the word of God."
ers, in order that they may be diOne great advantage which may rected by it to the true sense of be confidently expected from the Scripture as received and professed present discussion, is the distribu- by our church. Now to what para tion of the Prayer-hook, by the ticular portion of its formularies members of the Bible Society who would those who wished to be in. are of the Established Church, to a structed in ils doctrines, especially greater extent than has yet taken look for information but to the creeds place. Although it is certain, that and the Articles ? Why, therefore, they cannot justly be charged with should not the latter be retained as having neglected this duty, (and Dr. well as the former? The privilege Marsh himself seems afraid to ven- of printing Bibles and Prayer-books tore farther than to prove by“ ab- is properly confined to the Universtract reasoning,” that their connec- sities and the King's Printer, in or. tion with the Society ought to .pro- der to secure the integrity of the duce that effect, whether it actually text of each. Is it not, therefore, does or not); yet they will naturally a breach of trust to publish (see be anxious, in consequence of this Christ. Obs. p. 79) imperfect ediunexpected objection, “to cut off tions of either occasion from them that desire oc- It is with great pleasure I have casion " to reproach them, by re- heard that a Society is projected by doubling their activity in the distri- some Members of the Established bation of the Prayer-book : and the Church, for the purpose of a more Society for promoting Christian extensive distribution of the PrayerKnowledge will, of course, exert book and the Homilies. And I cons itself in extending the circulation fidentally trust that they will make of that book to which Dr. Marsh it a fundamental rule of their institeaches them to look “to correct the tution, that the Prayer-books disevil" of the rapidly increasing dis- tributed by them shall always con. tribution of the Bible alone by the tain the Articles of Religion. We Bible Society. Thus the two So- may then hope that, by the blesscieties will * provoke each other to ing of God upon the use of these good works... Happy would it be authorised standards of our faith, for the Church of England, and for and the diligent instructions of their the interests of religion in general, pastors, our congregations will be did they also provoke each other" to well grounded and established in
those doctrines which our Reforiners This brings me to that remark, taught, and our Martyrs sealed with for the sake of which I have address their blood. I am, &c. ed these lines to you. I have long
A. M. OXONIENSIS. observed with great regret, in common with many other members of P. S. This subject suggests to nie our church, that the Articles of Re- to notice an error which is to be
found in the greater part, if not all, yond the Atlantic. Far different from of the more modern editions of the the single adventurers that yearly Homilies. In the beginning of the emigrate to the states, they usually Sermon of good Works annexed unto keep within the bounds of British Faith, we read," and St. Paul proveth America, and prefer going very far that the eunuch bad faith, because into the interior, where they may he pleased God,” Heb. xi, instead of get as much land as will accommodate “ that Enoch had faith," p. 38, Ox- them all, to separating for a more ford edition, 1802, 8vo.
pleasant or advantageous setilement. How desirable that those
associate bands of brothers, who To the Editor of the Christian Observer. carry with them such a principle of
union, and such a desire of preserving A constant Reader of the Christian the sacred fire of their first principles Observer, having felt much inte- and attachments : how desirable, rest in perusing Mrs. Grant's Essays I say, would it be, that they should on the Superstitions of the High- be encouraged to preserve, as much landers, has been particularly im- as is compatible with removal, their pressed with her suggestions respect- former character and opinions. They ing the pressing want of religious in- cannot afford any inducements to struction among the Gaelic emic prevail on a clergyman, or even a grants, which appears a point well school-master, to accompany them ; worthy the attention of those socie- yet what a divine charity would it Lies who are so laudably engaged in be, to send out a missionary, with a the successful promotion of the best small salary, to preach to them in of all causes; but having no such their own language, and support access to them as through the chan- their souls in the wilderness with nel of your valuable work, she has the bread of life. transcribed the passage with a view « The want of such instruction, to its publication, if it should be and of such a bond of union is sethought likely to do good ; or in the verely felt by those poor exiles in hope that a more judicious extract upper Canada. In some instances may be made, and the case so stat- they have, for wantof this and other ed, as to draw the attention of such mental indulgences,given themselves as have it in their power to relieve up almost entirely to the chace, and the wants of those to whom a relapsed into a state little better than little belp, now seasonably afforded, savages. promises an abundant benefit. “Last year, there was at Montreal,
I know not whether a regular clergy“ In various instances, a set of ile man or a mere itinerant, who preache literate peasants have, when forced ed Gaelic, and, I ibink I was told, to remove, gone about it in the niost administered the sacraments in the systematic manner. They have same language. Multiludes came themselves chartered a ship, and en- from all the parts of upper Ca. gaged it lo come for them, to one nada to hear the glad tidings once of their Highland ports, and a whole more in their native language. I cluster of kindred, of all ages, from heard, indeed, of some that came four weeks to fourscore years, have five hundred miles for that purpose. gone in njournful procession to the It may appear a paradox to say, tbat shore; the bagpipes mournfully those who went across the Atlantic, playing before them a sad funereal without any knowledge of the Engair, and all their neighbours and lish language, were less likely to relations accompanying them on acquire it there than among their board to bid a last farewel. Those native mountains. This is, neverthekindred groupes have gone on with less, strictly true. By means of the the same union and constancy be schools dispersed over all the Highlands, the English spreads quickly: seed in the soil softened by tender yourbs and maidens, who go to serve sorrow, while it is moist with the in the bordering countries, also bring tears of parting anguish! How it home. But when a shipful of sweet to those subdued and melted emigrants go together to settle in the souls, to be enabled, in social wora remote wilds, they adhere so much ship, to lift up their voices in sacred to each other, and are so entirely chorus, with the words so dear to detached from others, that they lose every pious Highlander: "Shi Dhia any little English they carried out, fheiri'm buachalich.”
fheiri'm buachalich.” “ The Lord and speak nothing but Gaelic. himself is my Shepherd!” And how
“ Emigrations have been going melancholy to allow the fire that on these fifty years and upwards ; keeps the poor banished breast warm, and there are numbers of people even in exile, to languish into exborn in America, who never spoke tinction for want of a favouring a word of English in their lives: not breath of instruction: that they may only so, but when they have grown be thus forced to hang the harp of wealthy, and been enabled to pur- sacred melody on the willows, by chase slaves, they have taught them those unknown streams, till they li. their own language. I myself have terally know not how to sing the seen negroes, born in such families, Lord's song in a strange land. who could not speak a word of Eng. “ If their original impressions, lish. Music, poetry, and, indeed, the pious fervour which serves as a imagination, do not seem to bear resource in this hopeless alienation, transplanting. The language re- be once allowed to languish into exgains; but its delicacies and its tinction, the wish for instruction spirit evaporate.
will diminish, as the power of pro“ Enthusiasm and superstition curing it increases. But, at present, seem to die together; anii Donald while the desire continues in full is afraid of nothing but wolves and ardour and the power is entirely rattlesnakes, when once he gets be with held, if the spiritual wants of yond the mighty waters of the west. this well-meaning people were at His devout propensities, however, tended to, the union, industry, and ştill continue, and require but little good morals, that are the invariable encouragement to shoot out and results of strong impressions of reliflourish with fresh vigour. How gion, would soon enable them to melancholy, even in a political procure for themselves this hallow. view, to let those energies of mind ed and much desired luxury. New which devotion nourishes, die away; settlers, that can barely exist till and to see people, inclined to make they draw subsistence from the bo80 much of a little knowledge, re- som of the earth, may in a very few lapse into profound ignorance! Four years have abundance of food and or five missionaries, who were mas- clothing ; but then, from the reters of the Gaelic language, and moreness of their situation, they qualified and disposed, not only to have nothing they can turn into preach, but to teach to read the money, to answer so desirable a Scriptures in that congenial and ex- purpose. How auspicious an omen pressive tongue, would do incalcula. would it be to the beginning of a ble good in British America. These new reign, if the golden sceptre of poor well-meaning exiles have, even a compassionate Sovereign were ex. in their expatriated state, a more tended to these remote, yet faithful than common claim on the maternal subjects! how earnestly would they feelings of the parent country. pray for him, whose munificence
" How very immaterial would be should enable them to worship tothe expense, and how unspeakable gether in their native tongue, and to the advantage, of supplying aheir learn through that medium to • fear spiritual wants, of gowing the good God and honour the king.' CHRIST, OBSERY, No. 124,