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which it would not be difficult to ac. who had apostatized from her comcomplish, as the county govern- munion and joined the Romish ments would be likely to second church, as to judge of the Syrian any efforts for that purpose. Their church of Malayala by the opinions occupations are various as those of or conduct of those who had quito other Christians; but they are chiefly ted her pale and conformed to the cultivators and artizans; and some Roman Catholic ritual. The joura of them possess a comfortable, if not nal of the missionaries accords en. a splendid independence. Their tirely with the Report of Dr. Kerr, clergy marry in the same manner as if we allow that they refer, not to Protestants. Their residence is en- the Syrian church of Malayala, but tirely inland.

to the Romist converts from that 2. The Syrian Roman Catholics church; but otherwise these docuare those who were constrained, ments are directly at variance. after a long struggle,to join the Latin But Dr. Kerr's Report is not the church, and who still continue in only recent and authentic informa. her pale, though distinguished from tion we possess on this subject, and her in this, that they are allowed, by with which the Society might have a dispensation from the pope, to collated the obsolete and unsatisfacperform all services of the Church tory hear-say statements of their of Rome in the Syro-Chaldaic lan- missionaries. An account of the guage."

• The Hindoos - have a Syrian Christians was published in much greater respect for the Chris. India in 1807, by the Rev. Dr. Buo tians of the original church, than for chanan, after his return from Trathe converts of the Latin commu- vancore, part of which was after-, nion.” Their priests," we are wards re-published in England by also told, “ act under the direction the late Bishop of London. It also of the Church of Rome, and leave no appeared in the Christian Observer means unessayed to draw, over their for 1807, p. 654. The following is primitive brethren to the Romish an extract from this account, which communion." These priests are contains some particulars not menspoken of as being very ignorant. tioned in the Christian Researches. “They read prayers in Malabar, ac- “ The number of Syrian churches cording to the ritual of the Church is greater than has been supposed. of Rome.”

There are at this time fifty-five Dr. Kerr closes his Report with churches in Malayala, acknowledge some general observations. -—" It ap- ing the Patriarch of Antioch. The pears,” he observes, “ from the fore. last church was erected by the pregoing statement, that pure Chris- sent Bishop in 1793. tianity is far from being a religion “ The Syrian Christians are not for which the highest cast of the Nestorians. Formerly, indeed, they Hindoos have any disrespect; and had bishops of that communion, but that it is the abuse of the Christian the liturgy of the present church is name, under the form of the Ro- derived from that of the early church mish religion, to which they are of Antioch, called · Liturgia Jacobi ayerse.”

Apostoli.' They are usually denoNo candid man can read the above minated Jacobitæ, but they differ in Report, without perceiving that the ceremonial from the church of that Syrians spoken of by the Society's name in Syria ; and, indeed, from missionaries in their journals, are any existing church in the world. identified with the Roman Catholic Their proper designation, and that part of the Syrian Christians de- which is sanctioned by their own scribed by Dr. Kerr; and it would use is · Syrian Christians,' or 'the be just as fair to judge of the Church Syrian church of Malayala.' The of Ireland by the sentiments of those old Syrians have continued till lately to receive their bishops from An- assail them whenever an opportutioch *.”

nity offers. Much allowance was, We have understood from Dr. therefore, to be made for them; and Buchanan's private communica. Dr. Buchanan, finding them placed tions, since he came to this country, in such interesting circumstances, that he had found a few of the Sy- holding fast the few Bibles and frag. rian priests who held that tenet of ments of Bibles they possessed, and Eutyches, which asserts, that Christ resisting the antichristian spirit had but one, and that a divine na- " which had deceived the nations," ture; but even these seemed to ex. he appears rather to have sought, in plain it away in words, for they what things they might agree, than spoke of Christ's human nature like in what tisey might differ ; how he Protestants.

Their bishop never might do them good by the comonce mentioned the subject, although munication of scriptural light, than he knew that Dr. Buchanan held a how he might find reasons to justify contrary opinion ; and, as for the his exclusion of them from the pale bulk of the people, they seemed to of Christian fellowship. know no more of Eutychian doc- In following such a conduct, we trine than the common people in think Dr. Buchanan acted wisely England; and they are probably as and well. In giving an account of little acquainted with it as our popu- them in his Christian Researches, he lation is with the Arian or Socinian has chiefly confined himself to his doctrine. In his discussions with conversations with their most learn. the Syrians, Dr. Buchanan appears ed men on important subjects. In not to have thought it fit to canvass regard to the state of the people gewith them difficult points of doc- nerally, he has observed “ that he trine. He wisely made it his chief perceived all around symptoms of object to forward the translation of poverty and political oppression ; the Bible, knowing that this was the that in the churches and in the peofountain of light ; and that if they ple there was the air of fallen greatwere once possessed of this, it would ness; and that they appeared like be easier io adjust particular doc- a people who had known better trines. Under the peculiar circum. days;" to which one of their priests stances, indeed, in which this peo- replied, “We are in a degenerate ple are placed, it is impossible that state, compared with our forefathers; their minds should not be in a some- the learning too of the Bible is very what fluctuating state with respect low amongst us." Dr. Buchanan 10 doctrical points. The nation in also notices, that “ they have some general are called St. Thomé Chris- ceremonies nearly allied to those of tians, This is their name in all the Greek church ;” and in his conparts of India, and it imporis an an- versation with the Bishop, he remarktiquity that reaches far beyond the ed, " that there were some riles and Eutychians or Nestorians, or any practices in the Syrian church which other sect; but in process of time our church might consider objeccertain Nestoriari

, and after them tionable or nugatory." Had the certain Eutychian, bishops obtained Society thought proper to examine the supremacy among them t; and this living witness, they might have now the Roman Catholics constantly found reason to quality, if not en

tirely to withhold, their statements. Account of Syrian Christians, p. S. Cal.

"But the most competent authocutta, 1807,

+ It surely would be unfair to infer the rity on subjects relating to the Sy. character of any church ; of our own, for ex.

rian Christians, is Colonel Macaulay, ample, from the character and doctrinal sen. This is the only fair test. Even supposing riments of individual bishops or priests. What that all our bishops and all our clergy are say our Articles? What says our Liturgy? now orthodox, have they always been so ?

late Political Resident for the Bri- not misinformed, constantly exerted tish Government, in Travancore; his influence with the Rajahs of who is now in this country. This Travancore and Cochin, to defend officer, we are informed, resided for the old Syrian Christians, and also about eight or ten years in the vi- the Syrians of the Romish Church, cinity of the Syrians, had constant against the oppression of the Rajah's official intercourse with them, saw officers, and particularly of the them very frequently, and often vi- Dewan of Travancore, the chief who sited and received visits from their afterwards fomented the war of metropolitan and chief priests. We 1808-9 against the English, which also understand this officer to bave ended in the humiliation of the Tra. declared, that the account which vancore power. It was 10 Colonel states the Syrian Christians in Ma- Macaulay, also, that the Syrian layala, who are not in the connec- Bishop entrusted the portions of the tion of Rome, to be Nestorians, and New Testament, as he translated that they worship the Virgin Mary, them into Malayalim; and the print. is utterly groundless; for that the ing of them afterwards at Bombay was metropolitan Mar Dionysius (whom conducted under the direction of the he is said to describe as having been same officer.

As Colonel Macaulay a man of great piety and respectabi- possesses such indisputable means of lity) had sent to him the Creed of communicating to the Society for his Church, which disclaims the er- promoting Christian Knowledge and rors of Arius and Nestorius by name * to the public at large the most authen. Dr. Kerr has stated in his Report, tic accounts of the present state of that "the direct protection of the the Syrian Christians, we trust that British Government had been ex

he will be induced by the importtended to the Syrians.” This was ance of the points which have been done through this British Resident mooted, to the interests, not only of (Colonel Macaulay), who, if we are the Syrian Church, but of ChristiaThis information appears to be con

nity itself, to come forward with a firmed by a statement in our volume for statement on the subject, which may 1807, p. 655, wbere there is the following serve to remove all farther doubts note : "In a written communication to the respecting it. If the charge brought Resident of Travancore, the Metropolitan against the Syrian church be, as we states their creed " (viz. that of the Syrian believe, unfounded, he will thus aschurch of Malayala) “to be as follows: sist in rescuing from an unmerited

We believe in the Father, Son, and Holy stigma, a body of Christians, whose Ghost, three persons in one God, neither confounding the persons nor dividing the sub- the profession of a comparatively

constancy through so many ages in stance; one in three and three in one; the Fatber generator, the Son generated, and the pure faith, while almost every other Holy Ghost proceeding. None is before or

church yielded to the overwhelming after other in majesty, honour, might, and power either of the Latin or Greek power, cuequal; Unity in Trinity, and Tri- superstition, is well fitted 10 comnity in Unity.' He then proceeds to dis- mand our highest veneration. claim the different errors of Arius, Sabellius, In one important particular, the Macedonius, Manes, Marcianus, Julianus, journals of the missionaries confirm Nestorius, and the Chalcedonians, and ends the more recent intelligence; we with repeating their belief in the doctrine of mean, as to the respectable characthe Trinity, and that in the appointed ter of the Syrjan clergy in their own time, through the disposition of the Father nation. It is stated, “ that the and the Holy Ghost, the Son appeared on earth for the salvation of mankind ; that he priests claim an equality with the was born of the Virgin Mary, throngh the highest cast of that country, the means of the Holy Ghost, and was incarnate Nairs." It may be expected, that God and man ; so that in this union of the when such shall be led io turn their divine nature, there was one nature and one attention to biblical literature, they substance.'"

should make some proficiency in ita

As to their incompetence to instruct These journals also, as far as they the poor on account of their differ-go, shew that there was no unwillence of raok, such an objection ingness on the part of the Syrian would apply equally to the clergy Christians, not in connection with of England. Give them the means ihe Church of Rome, to listen to of studying the Bible in their ver- proposals for an union with Protesnacular tongue, and let them im- tants. The only person mentioned bibe its spirit, and we have po doubt in these journals, who appears not to that

any difficulties arising from dif- have been of the Romish commuference of rank will speedily vanish. nion, is one of the bishops with We have already alluded to the de- whom the Rev. Valerius Nicolai corfence made by Messrs. Kolhoff and responded on the subject of the EuHorst against what they call a charge tychian heresy *, and whom he inof Messrs. Cran and Desgranges, vited to unite " in the true orthothat they had “ allowed the cast- dos doctrine.” i. e. the difference between nobility, The bishop, Mar Thornas, did not clergy, gentry, and common people receive this invitation in an ungra--to subsist.” This charge they cious manner; he merely answered, pronounce to be «

highly unchari- "that he could not reply to the subtable.” They admit, at the same ject until he had received permission time, that they, the missionaries, from his patriarch in Syria." - Now, never did " insist on any person, if the Syrian bishop was willing to who wished to embrace Christian- give the subject a consideration at ity, to renounce his cast. To desire the suggestion of an individual, the a man to renounce his cast,” they Dutch minister at Cochin, what proceed to argue, “ signifies, for might not be expected if our Church example, to require a man of the were to use her influence to concia high Seyva, or. Wellaler cast, who liate, and instruct, and reform that is accustomed from his infancy to nation? If it be true that they are live only upon vegetables, to eat in the low stale which has been almeat, lo enter into a close connec- leged, the proper inference from tion or to level himself with the lower this is, that we should use the opporclasses, or to intermarry with one tunity, if such be offered, of instruct. another, e. g. with the Pariars ;'- ing them. It does not seem possible " and we do not feel ourselves war. to be entirely indifferent to a people ranted to require of the higher ranks in their circumstances, who notwithsuch an unscriptural surrender of standing their having had, from time their birthright, to which no noble. to time, spiritual heads who held erman or gentleman in our own coun- roneous opinions; and notwithstand. try would ever submit.”-Society's ing the cruel persecutions they have Report for 1810, p. 104.

had to sustain from their Romish Now if all this be sound reasoning, brethren in former ages, and their no as it respects the converts made by less prejudicial arts of secluction in the Society's nrissionaries, why the present; to say nothing of the should it not be good when applied sufferings they have experienced to the Syrian Christians? We can from the native powers to whom see no difference in the two cases; nor, indeed, is there any proof in the • This bishop seems not to have been journals of the missionaries, that the aware that he was an Eutychian, until lie attachment to cast on the part of the

was informed of it by Mr. Nicolai. The Syrian priests, or their separation rius Nicolai wrote, on the 11th July, 1729,

words of the journals are, “ The Rev. Vale, from the lower classes, was, in the both to Mar Gabriel and to Mar Thomas, very slightest degree, greater than and pointed out to them that Mar Gabriel is what they themselves (be it right or a Nestorian, and Mar Thomas an Eutychian, wrong) allow and justify in their and offered his mediation, for to unite them own congregations.

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they are in subjection, have main. be “a happy event, and favourable tained, to this day, a primitive cha: to the advancement of religion.” racter. Nor would it be a grateful It ought not to be alleged, that we reflection to the Church of England cannot have any intercourse with the to learn hereafter, that, in conse- SyrianChristians merely because they quence of her passing them by (as are denominated Eutychians. We being called Eutychians) they had believe it to be a fact, and if so it will at last, after 1600 years or more of be allowed to be most important, independence, and of resistance, for that both the Syrians in Malayala the truth's sake, even unto blood, and the Christians in Ceylon (Royielded to the solicitation and local mish and Protestant) are, at this power of the Church of Rome. time, in a state to become what we

As to the idea of employing the may choose to make them. Surely, Syrian priests in the missions of the under those circumstances, it will Society on the east coast of India, it not be said that we are in no way to is not for a moment to be entertain- connect ourselves either with the ed: and we cannot help expressing Dutch church of Ceylon, or with the our surprise, that such a plan should Eutychians of Travancore. These have been thought of by the Society are not times when we ought to scan For even supposing that they were too accurately the nominal creed of qualified, which we believe they our neighbour, particularly in beaare not, the language is quite differ- then lands. We” that have knowent. Indeed, it is evident, from all ledge," must bear the infirmities of that is said above, that the miss the weaker brethren.” The great sionaries at Tranquebar and Tan- dispute in these lands is not between jore know no more of the Syrian shades of Christian doctrine, but beChristians of Malayala, of their lané tween light and darkness, between guage, religion, manners, or cus- the true God and an idol. It will toms, than the Society's missionaries be time enough, at least, to enter on in Scilly know of the Syrian Chris- particular points of doctrine, after tiaas in the island of Cyprus. But, we have given them the Bible, and surely, their unfituess for becoming can refer to a common testimony. missionaries at present, is no reason We ought to remember, that our for not endeavouring to enlighten church has even cherished the hope and improve them.

of a union with the Roman CathoIn regard to a union with the Syrian lics themselves. It is well known, Christians in India, even supposing that Archbishop Wake, while presiit to be at present impracticable, dent of the Society for promoting either on account of the political Christian Knowledge, was engaged circumstances of the country—they in a correspondence with doctors of being the subjects of another state- the Sorbonne, the object of which or on account of certain differences a union with the Gallican of religious opinion or practice; yet church; and the present Bishop of surely there is nothing, even now, Durham, in his last Charge, observes, to prevent a friendly intercourse “ that there appears to bim to be, in with them; or, as the late Bishop of the present circumstances of Europe, London expressed it, " such a con- better ground of hope for a successnection as might appear to both ful issue to a dispassionate investichurches practicable and expedient:" gation of the differences which sepasuch a connection as should tend to rate the two churches of England their improvement in scriptural and Rome, than at any former peknowledge, as well as to their civil riod.” Charges, p. 441. And the learnhappiness. Such a connection as ed prelate adds, that if, “ by persethis, we will venture to add, in the vering in a spirit of truth and chawords of that lamented prelate, would rity, we could bring the Roman caCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 122,



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