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RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

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Funkeen.-An English gen. not that we should be hailed as tleman, who has an extensive well known friends by a great personal acquaintance with Ja- many; while in other provinces, va, Malacca, Singapore, and we should be viewed with suisSiam, and with the Chinese who picion, and treated perhaps as visit or inhabit those and the eneinies. adjacent countries, thus writes “ Moreover, Fuhkeën is, like in a familiar letter concerning Tarsus, a province of no mean “Fukien."

name ;' it ranks among the most "With the people of this wealthy and flourishing of the province, we have a closer and provinces; its people are of an more extensive intercourse, than enlightened and enterprising with those of any other pro- spirit; and their dialect is not a vince in the empire, excepting vulgar one, as many suppose. Canton; if indeed we ought to For conciseness, nervousness, except it, which I very much and perspicuity, it is, perhaps, doubt. Fuhkeën is the great tea not equalled by any other in the province;-its people are the empire; I think I might even inost commercial in the empire; term it a classical language. Ma-perhaps two thirds of the ny Fuhkeën men are learned and Chinese colonists in Cochinchi- intelligent; 2. 1 their dialect is na, Siam and the British set reduced to the strictest critical tlements, and scattered over the rules, both in reading and in Archipelagu, are Fuhkeën men. writing." He adds concerning With them the missionaries have had the greatest inter HAINAN.-" The dialect of the course; knowledge has been ex people of the island of Hainan in tensively diffused amongst thein Canton province is only a slight by tracts and the Scriptures; variatiou from the Fuhkeën. I their prejudices have given way have frequently met with Hainan very inuch; and we have al men in Siam, and have generalready become so well acquaint- ly been able to converse with ed with them, and so far con them very well by means of ciliated their friendship, that I the Fuhkeël. Their language think we ought to consider them would be soon acquired by a almost as a people prepared for Fühkeën missionary; they are the Lord. Should an opening a pretty numerous people too, be made in China, I am per and of a very mild and friendsuaded our way would be mostly spirit, and have a good maopen in Fuhkeën ; and I doubt ny readers; so that Hainan may

open another fine field for doing and supported by the local gogood."

vernment, and either instructed,

or disinclined to stretch themJAVA.—After a residence of selves beyond the narrow limits more than four months on this of a small

congregation of beautiful island, Mr. Abeel thus Dutch, Portuguese, or native writes. As success, though Christians. There is very little eventually certain, is beyond question that other missionaries the province of instruments; would be allowed to coöperate and as the command of God with Mr. Medhurst, and thus and the opportunity of obeying amplify the field of gospel culit are decisive of duty, Java ture. The island is by no means urges many appeals to the cha as insalubrious as is generally rities and obligations of the supposed.” Christian world. With a popu Of the Chinese in Batavia, lation, nearly half as numerous he remarks, that they compose as the whole United States, the majority of tradesmen in that there are but two missionaries place, “ being more ingenious, on the island. The Dutch have shrewd, laborious, and gainsent forth many missionaries to seeking, than the natives. their other colonies; but the Where money is to be obtained widest field is suffered to lie in by dint of traffic, manufacture, desolation. Those who reside gambling, or gulling, Chinamen ini Java are generally appointed are sure to be found.”

LITERARY NOTICES.

Notitia Lingua Sinicæ. Auc- A general account of Chinese tore P. Premare. Malaccæ : Cu- books; 2. on the order and ra et sumtibus, Collegii Anglo- method of studying them ; 3. an Sinici. 1831.

account of various dictionaries. Mention was made of this II. On Chinese Characters. book in our last nuinber, as 1. On the written character; one of the works, which, dur. 2. on the mode of pronouncing ing the last

year was issued it. -1.) On Chinese accents; 2.) from the press in connection on Chinese tones.---(1.) On the with the College at Malacca. initial letters: (2.) on the medial The last report coutains the letters; (3.) on the final letters. following account of this work. III. An Appendix, containThe body of the book is pre-. ing a general index of all the ceded by a copious introduc words in the Chinese language, tion which comprises three ge and distributed into nine classes, neral heads.

arranged according to the final I. Ou Chinesc Authors. 1. sound of a syllable: a speci

1

1832.

Notitiu Lingua Sinica

153

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men is also given of each of the 2. On the particles which occur
tones in all the different mono in speaking.-1.) negative; 2.)
syllabic sounds of the language. augınentative ; 3.) diminutive;
The introduction closes with 4.) initial; 5.) final,-together
notes to the preceding index. with twenty paragraphs on par-

The body of the work is di- ticular words. 3. On Figures.
vided into two parts. Part the -I.) On repetition. (1.) The
first, is on the peculiarities of samne character repeated' twice
the colloquial Jauguage ; and or thrice with greater effect. (2.)
part the second, on the higher Two synonymes, or

at least
style of writing as practiced by words of a kindred signification,
the best authors. Of the first elegantly repeated and forming
part, the author says, it will frequent phrases of four cha-
assist missionaries to render racters each. (3.) The same
themselves more intelligible to word being used with others,
the Chinese when conversing which are synonymous, anti-
with them, more readily to thetic, or of a kindred significa-
understand their discourse, to tion. (4.) Two words, whether
appreciate better those books synonymous, of a kindred mean-
which are written in a less ele- ing, or antithetic, being placed
vated style, to acquire the col in contrast with each other. (5.)
loquial medium more quickly, The frequent repetition of the
and, when there is necessity, to same phrase used either numer.
practice this species of writing. ically, or to impress the senti-
Of the second part he observes, ment more deeply on the mind.
it will be very useful to the mis- (6.) 'The same word being re-
sionaries, in teaching them to peated with the particle Ti in-
apprehend the sense of ancient tervening to denote the partici-
writings, to translate them cor- pial form. 2.) On antithesis. 3.)
rectly into another language, On interrogation. 4.) A collec-
and, if they please, to acquire tion of proverbs, one hundred
an elegant style of writing, and sixty-five in number, with
The object of the author in em which the first part of the work
ploying the Latin is to render closes.
his work inore extensively use The second part of the work
ful. The first part is divided is on the more dignified style
into two heads.

of the written language, and
I. Ou the Granmar and Syn- exemplified under five general
tax of the common language. heads.
1. Grammar ;-1.) nouns ; 2.)

1. On Grammar and Syntar.
pronouns; 3.) verbs; 4.) the oth- This head is subdivided into
er parts of speech. 2. Syntax. three sections, each illustrative

II. On the true Genius of the of the grammatical strueture of
Chinese language, illustrated by the parts of speech used in good
copious quotations from native composition.
authors, in a series of para II. Ou Particles. This head
graphs distributed under three is distributed into eighteen ar-
leading articles. Art. 1. On ticles, some of which are sub-
the uses of certain characters, divided to illustrate such words
comprising fifteen paragraphs as are used in different senses;

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and concludes with a general moreover, parables, symbols, index of particles.

apologues, enigmas, and faIII. On diversity of style and bles." Chwang Tsze and Leé the best kind of composition. 1. Tsze are the authors who prinOn the gradations in diversity cipally excel in this species of of style. 2. General rules re- composition. specting style. 3. Select exam V. A collection of clegant ples, exeinplifying the preced- sayings consisting of one, two, ing articles.-1.) The same sen and three words each, together timent expressed differently at with a nuinber of select phrases different times; 2.) various ex of four words, from the best amples of each kind of style, authors. Here the manuscript quoted from the Le Yih, the terminates somewhat abruptly, She King, the Shoo King, the indeed evidently in an unfinishiTa Heo, and the Lun Yu, and ed stale, there being a heading, also from Chwang T'sze, Yang * Paragraph the filth. Select Tsze, Sun T'sze, Gavu Yang- phrases of five words," with sew, and Soo Tungpo.

which this part of the work colle IV: On Figures of Speech. cludes without any expamples. 1. Antithesis, under which is A copious index to the whole is given a copious list of antithe subjoined. The work consists of lic words. '2. Repetition. 1.) 300 quarto pages. Words and phrases ; 2.) Lusus It is to be regretted that the Verborum. 3. Climax. 4. On author did not finish his design. interrogations as used in con So much excellent inatter, eltroversy. 5. Description: exam- tirely practical, as he has ples are adduced from Mencius, collected together in this vofrom the Shoo King and Chung lume, cannot fail of proving Yung, also from Gaou Yang- highly usesul to the student of

6. On thirty modes of Chinese. The principles of the varying Chinese style. The au- language are always illustrated thor concludes this article with by copious quotations from the a discourse (written, we pre best native works. Convinced sume, by himself) on the aitri- from the almost undefinable laws butes of God, the style of which of Chinese composition, that illustrates successfully the high- mere precepts, however good in er qualities of Chinese compo- theinselves, would be of little sition. 7. Different kinds of practical utility to the student comparison.—1.) Simple com of the language, the author has parison ; (1.) comparison deriv- drawn from the best accessible ed froin celebrated characters; sources, a great number of ex. (2.) comparison sought from amples, by which the idiom and things.--2.) On Pi-yu, or the genius of the language may be inethod of illustrating a subject most satisfactorily ascertained. by examples; 3.) metaphors; lle bas spared no pains to ac4.) on Yu-yen, the apologue or cumulate the greatest possible fable. On this term the author variety of Chinese phraseology ; remarks, “ It neither signifies a and lias, in our humble opinion, bare comparison, nor a solitary succeeded so well in his remetaphor; but comprehends, searches, is to make a very con

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siderable addition to the excel the appearance of this publicalent and useful works which we tion in China. Budhism, espe. already possess on Chinese phi- cially the Budhism of China, is lology The British nobleman, a subject hitherto little known. by whose munificent liberality Any new information from the the work has been given to the pen of a scholar so learned in world, will feel no small share of the chief Budhistic languages gratification in thus contributa as Abel-Rémusat is, must thereing to smooth the path of the fore be very acceptable. inquisitive student, who is un consider it very desirable that weariedly seeking a competent those whose object it is to acquaintance with the language preach the gospel to the heathen and literature of China. Anglo- Budhists and Taouists, should C. College Report for 1831. acquire considerable acquaint

ance with the peculiar doctrines BUDHISM.-M. A bel-Rému- which they are laboring to sat has in preparation a com

subvert. prehensive memoir on Budhism, the chief object of which is to CALCUTTA CHRISTIAN OBfix the point at which the in SERVER.- By a prospectus, requiries of European scholars ceived a few days ago, we learn have arrived in respect to that

that the first number of this new peculiar religion, and to point monthly religious and literary out what is still necessary to periodical was to appear on the be known, in order to make its 15th of last June. principal dogmas clearly under It is to consist of three parts. stood. The first part will con

In the first will appear, essays tain an analysis of Mr. Hodg- on particular branches of theoson's dissertations on the sub- retic and practical theology, ject of the Budhism of Nepaul, on the principles of biblical accompanied by a systematic criticism and translation-on table of the opinions of the the origin, progress, and future Budhists of that country, on the prospects of missionary opera. points of theology and cosino tions throughout the world; togony ;--the second will be de- gether with various articles of a voted to an examination of Mr. miscellaneous nature, original Schmidt's memoirs, -sead be and selected. fore the Imperial Academy at • The second part will be deSt Petersburgh, on the Budhism voted chiefly to reviews and noof the Mongols, with a sketch tices of works on religion and of their system contrasted with general literature, which may that of the Hindoos. The third interest or edify, convince or part will exhibit a comparison persuade; by argument, or apof the theistic Budhism of the posite illustration, or practical Nepaulese with the partheistic appeal. system of M. Schmidt, in con The third part will be chiefnection with the Samanæan doc- ly confined to the impartation trines of the Chinese.”—Asiatic of religious and missionary inJournal, October, 1831.

telligence. In this department We shall hail with pleasure nothing that occurs in any part

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