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redress, and he rebuked and accused them of being idle, and refused relief; and as they came forth from Pharaoh, seeing they were in evil case, they met Moses and Aaron who stood in the way, and made bitter complaints that they had made their burdens heavier, and caused their savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh. In this deplorable state, Moses returned unto the Lord, and the Lord said unto Moses, “ Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh : for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.”
Exodus, chap. 6, verse 2-“And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the Lord.” In verse 3—“And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.” This appears to have given Moses fresh courage to proceed in the great work God had designed.
It is acknowledged by the learned, that the name JEHOVAH is a name that no other words can fully explain, or define. This is a name which the Almighty God claims exclusively to himself, as his peculiar, undoubted proper name. Men of the profoundest learning have attempted to explain this incommunicable name Jehovah, so far as to say it signifies essence, or existence, or bringing into effect; and it contains other inexplainable ideas, they say, and whatsoever else may be deduced from the definition given, as revealed by him to be signified thereby.
This same Jehovah or God Almighty attends Moses and the children of Israel in their sojournîngs. He appears in a pillar of cloud by day, and a pillar of fire by night,” till they came to Mount Sinai. It may be profitable here to stop a time, and recall and review a portion of the evidence of Stephen. Acts, chap. 7, verses 37, 38— “ This is that Moses which said unto 'the children of Israel, a prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren like unto me; him shall ye hear. This is he that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the Mount Sinai, and with our fathers who received the lively oracles to give unto us." There can be no doubt if Stephen be accredited, but this same Jehovah who attends Moses and the children of Israel, is that prophet which Moses spoke of, and which the Lord God, he says, would raise up unto them out of their brethren-and “this is he,” that is the person or character that was in the church in the wilderness with the angel, &c.. Stephen, it is evident in the words “this is he,” refers to the Lord Jesus Christ in his pre-existent state, who is the prophet Moses spoke of, who was to be raised up unto them out of their brethren, who was in the church in the wilderness with the angel, and consequently could not be the Angel. This same character to which Stephen refers in the words “ this is he," is not Moses, but is him that spake to Moses in Mount Sinai, and with our fathers who received the lively oracles to give unto us. And to show that the character Stephen referred to was not the angel, nor Moses, but the Lord Jesus Christ, we may plainly discover by going on with Stephen in his testimony. In verse 44, he saith, “Our fathers had a tabernacle of witness in the the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen." Stephen proceeds in his testimony by declaring that this tabernacle was by « our fathers that came after” brought into the promised land, and Solomon built an house for the God of Jacob.
In order for us to reap some advantage from this tabernacle of witness given to Moses in the wilderness, and to prove that this was our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ who dwelt in this tabernacle by his sacred presence, before he taber nacled in the flesh, we shall soon have recourse to sundry passages of scripture in the old and new testament. And in order that we may receive the most full and clear views of the inten-, tion of the inspired writers, it will become ne cessary to quote at length the passages which afford this testimony; but before we enter upon this portion of the subject, which is deferred to the next chapter, the attention of the reader is once more called to the consideration of the point, that all Divine Revelations and communications from the Father, are made by and through the Son. It is asserted in John, chap. 1, verse 18—“No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.” This declaration is confirmed by our Lord, for saith the Lord, “Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he who is of God, he hath seen the Father." Our Lord's testimony is explained by John, who tells us in the text last cited, who this character is “ who is of God,” viz. " The only begotten son who is in the bosom of the Father," he hath seen the Father. “He hath declared him," in a two-fold sense, Ist, by revealing his Father's
will to us, and 2d, by revealing his own glory to us, he being the image of his Father's glory, and the essence and substance of his eternal nature. The declaration of Paul confirms the same fact. 1. Timothy, chap. 1, verse 17, “ The king eternal, immortal, invisible,” &c. Again, chap. 6, verse 16, “ Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see.” Yet Moses informs us respecting the fearful presence of God that appeared upon Mount Sinai, and afterwards dwelt in the tabernacle, who styled himself the God of Israel. Exodus, 19th chap. verses 19, 20, 21, “And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.. And the Lord came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the Lord called Moses up to the top of the mount: and Moses went up. And the Lord said unto Moses, go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the Lord to gaze, and many of them perish.” Moses is again called to the mount, Exodus, 24th chap. verses 9, 10, 11, "Then went up Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphirestone, and as it were the body of Heaven in his Clearness. And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand : also they saw God, and did eat and drink.” And Moses is again called up into the mount, Exodus, 34th chap. verses 5, 6, “And the Lord descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the Lord. And the Lord
passed by before him, and proclaimed, The Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth." Here Moses not only receives in charge and to deliver to the children of Israel the ten commandments written on tables of stone, but a long code of ordinances and commands, for their rule of obedience until our Lord came in the flesh, as writes the apostle to the Galatians, chap. 3, verse 19, “Wherefore then serveth the law ? it was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made."