Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

convictions which must have been produced of their exist. ence. When this treatise was first published, we had confi. dence in its estimates of depredation on the public, though to fome persons the author might seem to have exaggerated the evils he pointed out. This opinion must have proceeded from inattention to the sources of mischief recapitulated in a sublequent passage of the preface.

• The enlarged state of society, the vast extent of moving property, and the unexampled wealth of the metropolis, joined to the depraved habits and loose conduct of a great proportion of the lower classes of the people ; and, above all, the want of an appropriate police, applicable to the object of prevention, wjil, after a careful porofil of this rork, reconcile the attentive mind to a belief of the actual existence of evils which could not oherwife have been credited.---Let it be reineinbered also, that this metropolis is unquestionably not only the greatest manufacturing and commercial city in the world, but also the general receptacle for the idle and deprived of, almost every country; particularly froin every quarter of the dominions of the crown_ here the temptations and reivurces for criminal pleasures---cambling, fraud, and depredation, almost exceed imagination; fine, belices being the seat of governirent, it is the centre of faillion, amuunenis, O pation, and folly.

Under fuch peculiar circumsances, while immorality, licen. tiousness, and crimes, are known to advance in proportion to the exceflive accumulation of wealth, it cannot fail to be a matter of deep regret, that in the progrefiive in lease of the latter the means of checking the rapid strides of the former have not been sooner discovered and effectually applied.

olun, however, ernestly to be hoped that it is not yet too late, Patriots and illanthropists who love their country, and glory in its profperi:y, will rejoice with the author in the prospect, that the great leading features of improvement suggested and matured in the present edition of this work will ultimateiy receive the fanction of the legiflature.

"May the author be allowed to express' his convi&tion that the former editions of this book tended, in no small degree, to remove various misconceptions on the subject of police, and, at the same time, evidenily excited in the public mind a desire to see such re. medies applied as ihould contribute to the iinprovement of the mo. rals of the people, and to the removal of the danger and insecurity which were universally felt to exist.

An imprellion it is to be hoped is generally felt from the exam, ple of the Roman government, when enveloped in riches and lux. urv; that national prosperity must be of lort duration when public nosab are too long neglected, and no effectuai measures adopted for the purpose citier of checking the alarming growth of depravity, or af guarding the rifing generation against evil çxamples,

• It is by the general influence of good laws, aided by the regu. lations of an energetic police, that the blessings of true liberty, and the undisturbed enjoyment of property, are secured.

The fole object of the autisviii. pointing out the accumulated wrongs which have tended in so great a deglie to abrige this liberiy, is to pave the way for the adoption of those practical remes dies which he has suggested, in conformity with the spirit of the laws, and the constitution of the country, for the purpose of bet. tering the state of society, and improving the condition of human life.'

We look forward with anxiety to the period when the police of this country, shall occupy ihe ferious and vigorous artention of its legislature. The wealth, the civilisation, the unrivalled political constitution of Great Britain, the excel, lence of the general spirit of its laws, loudly demand the purfuit of an object so eflentially conneted with the vital princi. ples of social intercourse, that without it all other civil ad. vantages would be inferior to the protection of a vigilant dc. spotilm.

MONTHLY CATALOGUE.

POLITICS. The Report of the Select Committee appointed by the House of Commons, to enquire into the Establishment of the Courts of Justice in Westminfter-hall; the Courts of Allize; the Civil Law Couros; and the different subordinate Offices attached to each Court, with the Fees, Duries, Appointments, and Duration of Interest of each Officers belonging to them. Agreeable to the Returns made by themselves to the Committee. 8v0. 2s.6d. Clarke and Son.

THIS is a part of a publication which we have already commend. and to which we cannot too often call the attention of the public, In whatever hape the Reports of the Select Committee are published, whether collectively or separately, we shall be happy to find that they have an extensive circulation. This is the first step towards cleanâng the Augean ftable; and much may be done by patience and perseverance. It is only to be feared that the gentlemen who drew up the reports will sleep over their labours, and leave to o:hers the difficult task of correcting the evils, which they have very faiihfally, and with great judgement, pointed out. This report gives an account, yet we must add but a small account; of our courts of law. Enough, however, is said to show the necessity of a moro stri&t inquiry. Nothing, indeed, calls more loudly for reform than the falary of different officers. A judge, an office which ought to be of the greatest respectability, receives less than some clerks. We may add, that in many cases the amount of fees are not, and cannot be, ascertained. If a reform should ever take place in this department, we may be permitted to hope that the patronage of certain persons m. iy be changed ; and thus that no appearance of profit to a judge from a prisoner may affect the bandage on the eyes of jura tice. A simple principle pervades the reform in this and every other branch on which the committee has reported. The country does not refuse ample rewards to those who do the duties of any office; but every farthing lavished on finecures is a cause of proportionable disgust. The Story of an injured Gentleman, in a Letter from John Bull 10 a

... Perfon in the North. 8vo. 15. C. Chapple. Ireland is represented as a most detestable proftilute, whom John Bull, though he is already married, determines, without any fear of the Old Bailey before his eyes, to take as his second wife. The story has no attraction for a reader of taste.

RELIGION. Curfory Remarks on a Work entitled Apeleutherus; or, an Effort to

attain Intellectual Freedom : in a Letter to a friend. Svo. Conder. 1800.

Apeleutherus deserved the castigation which, in this pamphlet, he has received. Both writers indulge in the same style of writing, and do not aim at the greatest degree of accuracy in their reasonings. If the one too-highly values the philosophers of the ancient world, the other detracts from their merits. In speaking of the an. cients, he quotes their vices only, and seems not to recollect, that the versatility and levity of Erasmus, the meanness of Bacon, the intolerance, bigotry, arrogance, and despondency, of Johnson, if we consider their superior advantages from the light of Revelation, bring them nearly to a level with the sages of antiquity. Even Newton and Locke, whom, in this illustrious host, he brings for, ward with great appearance of respect to their names, maintained opinions of the Christian religion, which, from various parts of their works, must in his estimation place them in, or very near to, the class of the infidels. Christianity does not require such a comparison; and the best under this difpenfation will be the first to make allowances for the defects of others, and the last to claim any thing on their own merits. At the cross of Christ all these distinctions vanish ; and in the glory of the Redeemer's character the ex-. cellence of his religion is manifest, ,

Apeleutherus, our readers will recollect (or more probably they have forgotten it), would abolith public worship and the priesthood; and, clearing the Christian religion from every mark of divine character, reduce it to a mere system of dry morality. His antagonist follows him closely, and exposes the weakness of his arguments, often with great ingenuity. The contempt in which he holds Apeleutherus and others is expressed in rather too strong language ; and the author would have employed himself to greater advantage if, as Apeleutherus dwells constantly on the abuses of various inftitutions, he liad drawn a line between their uses and abuses; and, in candidly allowing the validity of some of the objections, had pointed out the means of rectifying them, with the facility of rendering the institution itill more favourable to its original pur. pore.

If any one has really been maken, which we can hardly believe to have been the case, by the insinuations of Apeleutherus, he will, we are persuaded, either find in this work a remedy to his doubts; or, by balancing the weight of the respective affertions on each side, be enabled to pursue his Christian course without interruption. The zeal of the writer, though it is not sufficiently tempered with charity, we admire; and our readers must receive a very favourable impression of the work from a simile which does him great honour.

• A near friend of mine when at Rome, a few years Gnce, was often prompted by curiosity to wander among the splendid ruins of that once famous city. One morning, in climbing over the Collileum, he sat himself down, for a few moments, on the highest archway, to contemplate the scene before him ; when hc could not help lamenting, to his attendant, the ravages which had been committed on that magnificent building. “Alas,” returned the man, with looks of expressive sensibility, “ the Vandals, who could not discern its beauty, at first greatly defaced it: since then, it has been cruelly used by various popes and princes, who have, at different times, robbed it, to build or to embellish their palaces; and lastly, its materials have been more than once employed in repairing the walls of the city ; walls, whose feebleness serves only more to die splay the weakness of the place; and yet, Sir,” he cried with rapture, “ the mighty fabric stands, majestic and firm.” Apply this Limile to Christianity. This also has been, by Gothic and barba. rous hands, oftentimes defaced ; by its false friends it has been not unfrequently applied to unworthy purposes; and yet, my friend, it stands!

• There is one point, however, wherein my fimile gloriously fails. The Colliseum is, at best, but a splendid ruin! Not so with Chriso tianity; for that building will survive the ruins even of time it. self.' P. 43.

A Ser mon preached in the Parish Church of Clare, in Suffolk, at the

Presentation of the Colours to the military Affociation of that Place, on Wednesday, June 26, 1799. By C. Hayward, Vicar of Haa verhill, Sujolk. 810. is. Robinsons.

« That, for a considerable time before, and uniformly lince, the French revolution, infidclity has, by means of French writers and French principles, been gaining ground in this country, with great and rapid strides, is a fact which is hardly denied by any, except those who exult in the truth of it, and only wait for a riper opportunity of avowing their exultation. P. 15.

We are among those who deny that infidelity has been gaining ground in this country; and we lament that so many preachers can indulge themselves in fuch unwarranted atlertions, or, in consequence of their delutions, in such strange language as the following:

• God forbid that religious opinions of any kind flould ever again be propagated by the sword; but, sooner than the glorious fabric of the Gospel Mall even totter in our land-sooner than the batteries of foreign illuminati, aided by the phrenzv of a misguided multitude, thall play against itlet every man, in the literal sense of our Saviour's words, “who has no word, fell his coat and buy. one;" and let us consider it as an honourable distinction, if we are. allowed to be the lowest agents in the fulfilment of the grand promise of our Lord respecting his Gospelom the gates of hell Thall not prevail against it." P. 17.',

We advise this preacher to purchase the armour described by St.. Paul; and, with the sword of the spirit, he will do more execution on the minds of the wicked than he can possibly expect to effect with a carnal sword at the head of his volunteers. On the Measure and the Manner of Dijiriburing -- A Ser mo!! preached , at St. Mary's Church, Nating han, on Tuesday, September 4, 1798, before the Governors of the General Hospital. By Edward Pearson, b. D. &c. 8vo. Is. Rivingtons. . . .

This discourse contains many excellent remarks on the disposal of wealth. It is written with greater clearness iban is utual in the composition of this writer; and we are happy in the opportunity afforded us of recommending it to the particular attention of the Tiberal and the serious reader. The paitage relative to the expectations of the rich and poor, arising out of the inequality of wealth, and the tempers formed by it, is a sufficient specimen of the found discrimination which distinguishes the discourse.

..That this intention of Providence, in the unequal distribution, of property, is not fulfilled in so great a degree as night reasonably be expected, arises, in part, from the want of preparation in bo:h rich and poor to make due allowance for each other's failures. It

[ocr errors]
« ZurückWeiter »