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• What though on hamely fare we dine,
Wear hoddin grey, and a' that;
A man's a man for a' that:
Their tinsel Nhow, and a' that;
Is king o' men for a' that.
Wha struts, and stares, and a' that;
He's but a coof for a' that:
His ribband, star, and a' that,
He looks and laughs at a' that.
A marquis, duke, and a'thar;
Gude faith he mauna fa' that!
Their dignities, and a'that,
Are higher ranks than a' that.
As come it will for a' that,
May bear the gree, and a' that,
Its comin yet for a' that,
Shall brothers be for a' that.' Vol. iv. p. 216. We shall conclude our extracts with the Chevalier's Lament, a pathetic lyrical ballad, written in the character of the brave, though untortunate, young pretender.
· The small birds rejoice in the green leaves returning,
But 'tis not my sufferings thus wretched, forlorn,
Vol. ii. P. 145. The fourth volume, from which we have taken the greater part of our extracts, is occupied by Burns's correspon, dence with Mr. Thomson, the cuitor of A select Collection of original Scottish Airs.' This correspondence exhibits Burns in a very interesting point of view. Actuated by a pure and patriotic zeal for the honour of his native land, he gratuitously supplied Mr. Thomson with his most beautiful lyric productions; nor could he be persuaded to accept any pecuniary re. compense till the pressure of extreme poverty at length impelled him to apply to Mr. Thomson for five pounds, in addition to the like fum, which, in the outset of their correspondence, that gentleman had forced upon his acceptance. .
On closing our review of these volumes, we hesitate not to say that Dr. Currie has most religiously fulfilled the duties of an editor. In every part of the work he has exercised the disa cretion of sound judgement, and the diligence of stri& attention. The flowers which he has scattered over the humble grave of Burns will for ever blooin to his own honour; and we cordially subscribe to the generally received opinion, that if the biographer have been happy in the selection of a poct worthy the exertion of his talents, the poet is no less fortunate in the possession of a biographer competent to do justice to his various and surprising merits.
Animadversions on the Elements of Christian Theology by the
Reverend George Pretyman, D. D. F. R. S. Lord Bishop of Lincoln; in a Series of Letters addressed to his Lord;hip by William Frend. 8vo. 35. sowed. Ridgway. 1800.
THE favourite position of lord Shaftesbury, that ridicule is the test of truth, seems, in some measure, to have operated upon the inind of Mr. Freed in the composition of the letters before us: and there is, in consequence, a degree of huinour pervading the whole work, which some of our readers may be apt to regard as a misapplication of levity. We bring no fuch, charge, however, against the author ourselves; and are fice to contess, that amidst the vapid and jujune warfare into which we are so frequently compelled by polemical combatanis, we have been far more entertained by this novel mode of allack than by the usual and more ponderous one of dull and formal disquisition. The light artillery of humour conititutes, nevertheless, not the only weapons with which Mr. Frend enters the
field of conteft. Much solid argument, oftentimes mathematically correct, is intermingled with the arch severity of his fatire-and while we are amused we are instructed.
The • Animadversions' consist of twenty letters, personally addressed, as the title-page itself expresses, to the bi!hop of Lincoln, upon his · Elements of Christian Theology'-a work which has already passed with encomium beneath our notice *; and as the introductory letter explains the general object of the writer, and is composed with the true fpirit of courtesy and liberality, we shall transcribe it with much pleasure.
• Reasons for writing- ameful system of two divines reprobated—the bifhop's opinion of subscription to the thirty-nine artis cles--the writer's excuse for abstaining from long quotations.
"My Lord, "On hearing that your lord lip had published an elementary work on theology, my curiosity was excited to discover the progress which had been made within the last hundred years in that much neglected science; and to learn, from good authority, what are the present doctrines of the church of England. Your work gratified me in both respects; and I should have contented myself with the pleasure derived from the first perusal, if a fingularity in the conclusion had not forcibly attracted my attention, and led me into a farther investigation of your lordship's principles. You stand forward the decided advocate of truth-the pernicious system which, with suameless effrontery, has been promulgated by two doctors of the church of England, receives no countenance from your lordship-you require of persons who dedicate themselves to the office of teaching, that they should really believe, what, in your lord fhip's presence, they have subscribed. You do not admit the specious gloiies and jeluitical pretences, by which these divines palliate the most notorious frauds, and would make the church of England an asylum for the credulous and the incredulous, the pious and the impious, the active searcher after truth, and the rapacious hunter after preferment. I honour you, my lord, for your decifion. May it produce the desired effect on your brethren on the bench! May it dffipate a system founded on a flagrant abuse of talents, and calcu-" lated to produce a total neglect of moral duty in the clergy, and an entire diftrost of them among the laity!
• In opposition to thefe divines, your lord lip justly asserts, " that the clergy thould unfeignedly believe the truth of the doc*trines contained in the thirty-nine articles; and, that " it behoyes cvery one, before he offers himself a candidate for holy orders, to peruse carefully the articles of the church, and to compare them with ihe written word of God. If upon mature examination," your lordhip adds, “ he believes them to be authorised by scripture, he may
* Sec our XXVllIch Vol. New Arr. p. 35.
conscientiously subscribe them; but if, on the contrary, he thinks, that he sees reason to diffent from any of the doctrines asserted in them, no hope of emolument or honour, no dread of inconvenience or disappointment should induce him to express his folemn af. sent to propofitions, which, in fact, he does not believe.” Such lapguage is worthy of the overieer of any church; and your lordfhip's farther exhortation deserves to be recorded. “ Let it be re. membered, that in a business of this serious and important nature no species whatever of evasion, fubterfuge, or reserve, is to be al. lowed, or can be practised without imminent danger of incurring the wrath of God. The articles are to be subscribed in their plain and obvious sense; and affent is to be given to them fimply and unequivocally. Thus only can a person offer himself at the table of the Lord, as his minifter, with safety : thus only can he expect 10 receive the divine blessing upon that course of life, to which he has solemnly devoted himself.”
· These extracts, according entirely with my own sentiments, I have copied with great pleasure; and in the future letters, which I fall have the honour of addressing to your lordthip, my eye will be continually directed to them, thạt, if any thing Mould be found in your interpretation of the articles to be not conlistent with the forms. laid down for subscription, I may give your lordship the opportunity of farther examination; and your lordship's condescension in declaring, that you “ shall very readily attend to any suggestion or advice, whether it relates to error or omission," induces me to hope, that you will not be difpleased at this intrusion on your time, and interesting avocations. I must premise only, that it is not in my power to imitate your lord Chip in referring to and making copious extraets from a variety of writers: my scanty library does not contain those valuable writings in which my time was once so agreeably and, I thought, usefully employed : your lord hip's work, and my old friends Trommius, Schmidt, Griesbach's Greek Teftaineni, and Leusden's Hebrew Bible, are the only works to which I shall have recourse, unless perchance I should, in a friend's library, be enabled to cast my eye on some of the works quoted in the margin of your Elements of Theology. Of this defect I do not, in this instance, complain very bitterly; as every position, in which we agree or differ, must be brought to the test of scripture, and cannot be determined by any other authority. . With great respect I beg leave to subscribe myself, my lord, your lord ship's affectionate brother in Chrift,
WILLIAM Frend.' To convey to our readers a knowledge of the subjects of the ensuing Letters,' we shall transcribe their titles.
"LETTER II. Vulgar prejudices on christening-disputes on baptism-fashionable folly of the members of the church-difficulties on the subject-bishop's solution of them-examined by fcrip
ture-biliop's interpretation of a Greek word--baptism can be performed only by dipping.
"JII. Christians divided on the extent of the baptismal precept
its perpe’uity maintained by a very great majority on two fpecious arguments—grounds for the rire among Jews and Christians
the end of the world in the baptismal precept, a mis-translation
advantages from our ignorance in the hiftory of the apoftolical and following age-reasons for the cessation of baptism with the apoftolical age-baptism worthy of great refpect.
• IV. Mischiefs derived from it-sentiments of the church of England on this subject right---derivation and meaning of the term -right to excommunicate who ought either to be excommuni.. cated or to excommunicate themselves.
V. How to treat an excommunicated persoi-heathens and publicans--dangerous opinion of the bilhop-consequeace of the civil power interfering with excommunication-Christian excommunication-the writer's and bishop's mode of excommunicating each other.
. VI. Difficulties of the early protestants--the bishop and the writer hereticks--the church of England's decision right--abuse of authority--a curious instance-question to the bithop.
VII. The fainous fires in Alexandria and London-the writer takes a journey-is much abused on the road--finds the early fathers—Jifferent ways of travelling some very strange parties galloped over a great number of people.
VIII. Derivation and meaning of the words church, bishop, presbyter-a long ladder-uninterrupted succeflion of bifhops where
alliance of church and state--alliance of kirk and state-all Chrifiians equally priests—but a public teacher or reader may be useful.
• IX. Fables according to the bishop dangerous, deceitful and blasphemous—the Lord's Supper in its origin--how changed—not a fupper but a feast upon a sacrifice.
X. Invasion of the king's prerogative--attempt to restore it objections to the perpetuity of the rite of the Lord's Supper-use and abuse of it.
• XI. Unchristian disputes on the Trinity-Jewise opinions of the oveness of God-belief nominal or real - archbishop Seckerartist's widow-Hindoo Trinity.
XII. Erroneous judgement-singular use of language instanced in the Norfolk dialect did not lead the Jews into error-and is not an apology for the fops of Japhet.
• XIII. Search after the Trinity in the New Testament--three pasiges examined- nine persons in the Trinity-- Trinity not found by the bishop in either Old or New Testament.
XIV. Jesus not God before he was thirty years old-made himself God afterwards, if we believe the Jew's-denies that be ever nade himtelf God----the Jews put him to death against their lav.