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general Dundas ; but, in some respects, his system may be improved.' With regard to the battalion, he thinks that the drawing-up of three deep might be abolisbed; that, if the Prullian manquvres thould be continued, every one frould be executed in quick time with the. cadenced step of one hundred and eight steps in the minute; that the whole Britih army should, to a certain degree, be made nrasters of those nian ceuvres which are at present peculiar to the light in-i fantry. For thefe improvements he gives cogent reasons, and concludes with requesting that ó one regiment in each district be ordered to try this alteration--in a word, that every man who has troops under his command thall teach thein to act with rapidity, and direct their attention to those movements which it is likely they will be called upon to practise.'. The observations are written with very good intentions, and deserve the norice of all who are concerned with or are fond of tactics. A brief Statement of Fafis; qoherein, several Infances of unparalleled
Inhumanity, Oppression, Cruelty, and Negle7, in the Treatment of the Poor, in the Parish of Damerhamn South, in the County of Il'ilts, are confidered and exposed. By Philip Henvill, Cuale. 810. 2:. Egerton.
It gave us pain to find, from a perusal of this narrative, that a ; worthy clergyman, from whose sermons we have derived pleasure, fould have found himself so unpleasantly involved in disputes with , the farmers, &c, of his parish on the subject of the poor. The state. , ment which he has in this pamphlet submitted to the public, is such as, not only for the honour of Englishmen, but even of human nature, we could have willed to confute; but, when the facts of inhumanity, oppreflion, cruelty, and neglect of the poor of South Damerham are verified by an explicit publication, to which the name of the regdent clergyman is annexed, we cannot doubt the existence of the evils of which he fo forcibly complains. Sad must, be the lot of the minister in being connected with fuch wfeeling wretches as those whom he has here velervedly exposed; and still worse must be the fate of those unhappy beings whom the chilling blalts of poverty drove into the poor-house, exposed to the Janger of perishing ihrough the inhumanity of those whore immediaie business it was to administer relief! As far as we can judge, it appears that Mr. Han vill very properly exerted hiipfelf to remedy the evils which so loudly called for redress; and we trust that bis efforts, in conjunction with those of the neighbouring magiftratus, have procured that amelioration of the state of the poor of Damernin which gentler remonftrances were unable to accomplith.. . Select Eulogies of Members of the French Academy, with a cres, by
the late M. D'Alembert. Translated from the French, with a Preface and Additional Notes, by 7. Aikin, M. D. 2 Vols, Svo. los. Boards. Cadell and Davies. D'Alembert's Eulogies are well known to every person con
versant with French literature. The author (hone equally as a man of science and a nian of taste: the soundness of his judgement, the independence of bis spirit, and the elegance of his style, qualified him above all bis contemporaries to do honour to the French academy in perpetuating the praises due to its members. His eulogies are not to be lowered to a level with those which were delivered from the French pulpits, where the orator was constrained to ex. aggerate the virtues or extenuate the vices of one over whom fashion or the pride of a court prescribed the necessity of a funeral oration. D'Alembert is paving the tribute due to real genius; and his own genius best discovers itself in the praise or cenfure which he befiors with impartial hand on the writings or chara&ters of his predecessors. It must, however, be recollected, that he was of the new School of philosophy, and that bis disgust at a religious fyftem full of tyranny, absurdity, and superstition,' led him to reject that reve. lation in whose service his talents might, both for himself and his country, have been so worthily employed; but, as the translator justly remarks, he deserves praise for having treated religious subjeets with more decorum and reserve than many of his contemporaries. Perhaps we have gone too far in allowing with the translator that he deserves pinise for this conduct: we would express ourselves in a different manner, and allow that he deserves less censure than the greater part of his contemporaries. On religion and government we can seldorn give him any praise; and there are times when, even in his peculiar element, in his criticisms on tafte and in his style, we find him open to considerable censure. The translator is sensible of the faults in the style of his author, his frequent prolixity and accumularion of images; and to such a translator we can allow the liberty which he has sometimes taken with the text, and Atill more with the notes, from which he has with great propriety expunged such matier as is likely to give offence to the English reader.
The eulogies are selected with judgement. Malillon, St. Pierre, Bossuet, Boileau, afford the materials for the first volunie; Flechier, La Mothe, Perrault, Fleury, Deítouches, Crebillon, for the second. From there eulogies, and the notes on each, an excellent estimate of French literature for the last hundred years may be formed; and, as the tranlation is worthy of the original, we cannot recommend it too Itrongly to such of our readers as wish to improve their minds by the judicious criticisms and noble fentiments which abound in this work. Thoughts on Non-Residence, Tishes, Lucifres, Rare Landlads, Rich
Tinants, Regimental Chaplains, &c. &c. &c. By the Author, Svo. 25. Weit and Hughes. 1800. .
There is too much truth in the satire conveyed in these pages on miny of our non-refdent clergy; and it is to be lamented that the talk of reclaining them to their duty has devolved fro!n the bishops to a lay informer. Exhortations on this head have hitherto proved uselefs; and the evil seems to have gained such ground as to baffle ore dinary reinedies. We agree with our author in willing for the reestablilhment of army chaplains, and the reasons for this will do him honour both as a man and a soldier.
• Reasoning from what they ought to be, and what they might be, they are not the useless appendages to an arıny profligacy and jgnorance inay have reprefented, or assumed them. If obliged to attend their duty, they would have it in their power to do much good. They would be a check on the profaneness and ribaldry that often disgrace the fociety of uneducated military men ; and by their adınonitions, might diffuse principles of religion where all must own they are fadly wanted. And I will venture to say, that he, who has been taught to fear God more than man, will not make the worse soldier on that account ; that he, who hopes for happiness in the next world, will not be the more afraid to quit this. I could give fome instances in support of this assertion, (for I am an old an old man and an old soldier), in a set of men whom I reinember more than forty years ago in our army in Flanders; who, to the ridicule of many, would meet to fing hymns in a barn or a fawpit : and those fellows, I will add, were always amongit the first to court danger, and the last to quit their posts.' P. 52. Biographical Sketches of Henrietta Duchess of Orléans, and Louis of
Bourbon Prince of Conde. To which are added, Bojjuet's Orations, pronounced at their intermeni. . Translated from the French. With Sele&t Extracts from other Orations by the fame Author. 8vo. 25. Clarke.
The characters here sketched out are well known to the general reader: the orations are translated with fufficient fidelity; and the remarks on the intolerance of the orator deserve the attention of the true protestant. .. Analysis of Horsemanship; teaching the whole Art of Riding, in the Manège, Military, Hunting, Racing, or Travelling System.
Together with the Merhod of Breaking Horses, and Dressing them, to all kinds of Manège. By John Adams, Riding mater. 8vo. 55. Boards. Cadell and Davies.
This is only the firat volume of a work which professes to explain the whole system of horsemanship, and particularly to reconcile the manège with the travelling system. Mr. Adarns, in the present volume, has finished only the manège system, and cominenced that of military ridwon. We bave perused it with fine care, and find the directions clear and judicious. On the whole, we consider this as likely to be a work of considerable utility, and we ardently will for its continuation.
1733 Mwards, frem 4. 1713 Perfors,'
Human Longevity : recording the Name, Age, Place of Residence,
and Year,, of the Decease of 1712 Perfors, who attained a Cintury, and upwards, from A. D. 66 to 1799, comprising a Period of 1733 Years. With Anecdotes of the most remarkable. By James Easton. Svo. 6s. Boards. White. .
Mir. Eafion informs us, thai, in this list of persons, who have attained an extraordinary old age, he has not inserted one instance, of the authenticity of which he had the smallest doubt; but a life
doubly extended, beyond that of the oldet man, could not have ,afcertained one-tenib part of the various facts recorded in this list.
Three, at least, we krozy to be apocryphal, and probably many others are equally so. Extreme old age, or the reputation of it, if accompanied with tolerable health, is an excellent mean of support; and many of the children of this world wisely avail themselves of it. The youngest daughter of one of these (the name is recorded) had a child within twenty years of the time me professed her. seif more than 100 years. Few, very few, have exceeded 100;. yet from the cases recorded,
• Of males and females, who lived from 100 to uo years (both inclusive) the instances have been - - - 1310 to use above 110 to 120 - - 277
- 120 to 130 --- 130 to 140 -- 140 to 150 ---- 150 to 160
- ilo to 170
1712.' P. xvi. The author's meaning seems, however, to be good ; and, if he can irradiate the dreary moments of old age with hope, and if that hope can give pleasure, far be it from us to intercept the gleam. Hit Account of the Proceedings of the aliisg Governors of the House
of Induftry, in Dublin, for live Years, Sto. 15. Cadell and
The frequent endeavours of individuals and of the public to ameliorate the condition of the poor, and inure them to habits of industry, do great honour to the present age; and it is with pleasure we read the accounts of various leares of industry, and the improvemenis which are gradually miude in their management. Among them, this account from Dublin is worthy of notice; and i!le attention p:id in the house by some leading perfons in the city,' will, we hope, excite a general emulation in their fuccellors to fol. low so good an example. On the perufal of this statement we were ! particularly pleled with the allowance of a third of the earnings to : the industrious poor, the bestowing of the rewards in coin current only in the house (by which means the earnings are no longer wasted in fpirituous liquers, fince by thops within the house they
can have every thing that is useful or convenient at little expence), and the printing of the accounts of the house at stated times, fo that its inprovement or decay may be eafily noticed. There are many things allo relative to beggars and public kitchens which deserve the attention of the guardians of the poor in many cities, where, from the accumulation of abuses, the poor are wretchedly kept, and their morals increase in depravity. Address to the Public, concerning Political Opinions, and Plans lately
adopted to promote Religion in Scotland, &c. &c. By Robert Haldane, Ela. Svo. Is. 6d. Ogle. 1800...
Mr. Haldane, a gentleman of fortune in Scotland, fold his estate, not to liquidate a debt of honour, for fuch he never contracted ; not to satisfy the demands of creditors, 'accumulated by extravagance on horses, dogs, carriages, and company, for such he never created; not to engage in lucrative concerns of commerce, for he was contented with his pofleffions, and was not infected with the luft of gain; not we might go on with many other reasons for the sale of an estate, but we will omit them for that which may appear fingular and capricious to the sons of the world : he fold his estate, that he might have the ineans of furthering, to the utmost of his power, his own views of the gospel. The love of Christ constrained him, and the a&t fixed on hiin calumnies innumerable. He has been represented as an enemy to the establishment of Scotland, and as a jacobin; and, after the most violent insinuations, proleilor Robison would have given him the fatisfaction, as it is ridiculously calleit, of a gentleman. To vindicate bimself from the afpertious cast on his character, and to show, by a candid declaration of his sentiments, that he is not an enemy to any establishment, whether of religion or government, le makes this manly, firm, and serious adurels to the public. Without entering into bis views of religion, we can applaud the difintereftedness of his conduct; without embracing his principles, we can reject the calumnies of his enemies; and, though we have always expresed, and continue to enieriain, the greatest contempt for the conceits of Barruel and Robison, we may approve of the exposure here made of the strange inconlistency and credulity of the latter, of which this very respectable writer affords, in his perton, a remarkable instance. To all, who have read professor Robison's book, we re. commend the correspondence in this volume between the profeffor, Mr. Huldane, Mr. Sonierville, and Mr. Ewing; and the perfeverance of these latter gentlemen, in pursuing the profetior through all his windings, entitles thein to the gratitude of the public.
On selling his eltate, Mr. Haldane's intention was to promote the knowledge of the gospel in the East-Inities; but the obitacles arising froin our connection with the East, which do no honour to a Cyrila tian nation, prevented the execution of this design. Baffied in this respect, he turned his views to his own country, and was very in- : ftrumental in forming the society for propagating the gospel at home, and was one of the leaders in promoting the evangelical inte