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Medical Jurisprudence ; or, a Code of Ethics and Institutes adapted to . the Profeffions of Phyfic and Surgery. 8vo. Not Sold. . For this excellent work we are indebted to a most respectable veteran in medicine, and we trust we do not improperly betray the confidence reposed in us when we mention the name of Dr. Percival. We mention the name and we notice the work merely to express our wishes for its completion. What was designed for a beloved "fon may be finifhed for younger medical students, the author's adopted family.
The first section is on professional conduct relative to hospitals or other medical charities ;' the second, 'on professional conduct in private or general practice;' the third, on the conduct of physicians towards apothecaries.' These sections form a very valuable fupplement to Dr. Gregorie's Lectures on the Duties and Qualifications of a Physician, and deserve unqualified commendation. The fourik section treats • of the knowledge of law requisite for physicians and furgeons ;' and in a fifth it was proposed to treat of the powers, prie vileges, honours, and emoluments of the facolty; in a fixth, of the moral, religious, and political character of physicians; and to subjoin to the whole notes and illustrations. The unhappy event we have alluded to, has, for a time at least, prevented the author from proceeding beyond the fourth section : we trust the work will be foon resumed.
• A Discourse addrefied to the Gentlemen of the Faculty, the Offi. ters, the Clergy, and the Trustees of the Infirmary at Liverpool, on their respective Hospital Duties, preached in May, 1791, before the Governors of the Institution for the Benefit of the Charity, by the. Rev. T. B. Percival, LL. B.' is subjoined as a very suitable and proper appendix.
From this pamphlet we might have transuribed many useful and interesting passages; but what the author chose to confine to a circle of friends, it was improper in us to give to the world. On the Neceffity for controlling Cavities between the Venous Trunks
and the l'entricles of the Heart; on the Use of Venous Sinufes in the Head; on the sconderful Provision made for the Tranption from the Fætal to the Breathing State ; on Palpitation ; on Death; and . on Life: with Refleéiions on the Treatment of Animals. By John Walker. Svo. Darion and Harvey.
We find it impossible to give any account of the contents of this strange little pamphlet. We scarcely see any thing new in it; and if there be one idea which has the fightest claim to novelty, it is
buried in the incomprelienGble jargon of the whole. The theses at · the end were intended as preparatory to taking a degree of doctor
of inedicine at Leyden, and the Englith work as the balis of a thesis; but, from the title-page, the plan seems never to have been carried into execution. It is well known that the publication of opinions under the title of Theses is not sufficient to obtain the title of doctor in any Dutch univerfity,
Some new Experiments, with Observations upon Heat, clearly fnewing
the erroneous Principles of the French Theory. Also, a Letter to Henry Cavendish, Elg. containing some pointed Animadverfions ; with Strictures upon fome late Chemical Papers in the Philosophical Transactions, and other Remarks, By Robert Harrington, M. D. 8ve. 35. Cadell and Davies.
In the infancy of Dr. Harrington's labours and supposed improvements we declined any examination of them, for this reason, that we understood but a small part of his work, and what we did understand was clearly erroneous. At present we comprehend his meaning more completely; for
Gutta casat lapidem, non vi, fed fæpe cadendo. We are not, however, more disposed to engage in the discusion; for, though his observations be occasionally acute, his ideas in general are so strangely perverted, that we must first render his system intelligible before we could examine it: we must make the man of straw before we could attack it; and we fear that we might not construct it to his taste. We shall therefore leave his labours to be appreciated in the approaching century, remarking only that there seems to be an incipient coalition between him and Dr. Priestley. The latter, having opposed phlogiston, appears more gracious in the eyes of our author: and, in one or two places, there seems to be an effort towards a compliment. Of all coalitions, this is the most extraordinary: this is indeed the age of wonders!
EDUCATION. Of Education founded upon Principles. Part the First Time ;
previous to the Age of Puberty. By Thomas Northmore, E/4. 12 mo. 25. Reynolds. 1800.
The principles on which this system of education is founded are to give the child a sound mind in a sound body. That the body may be found, he is to be nourished by his mother's milk, is not to fuffer in his limbs by unnatural swaddling clothes or tight ligatures, and when he can use his limbs is to do every thing pollible for himfelf. This last is, fays the author, the great principle of early education; and it is certainly a very desirable attainment: but it is remarkable that the writer, who reprobates in many respects our great schools, has not reflected on their advantage in this respect. Where is this principle put in practice fo well? When the boy has left his paternal roof, whatever may be his rank, whatever may have been his indulgence at home, all cease at Eton, Winchester, Harrow, Westminster, and indeed in almost all our larger seminaries. The boy must act for himself; and some perhaps on the continent may be inclined to think that we carry this principle too far. Few Gtuations indeed give the opportunities which this plan proposes that the boy is to have his wheelbarrow when his father's land is underdrained, is to sow seeds and dig trenches with him ; but it come tainly might be deemed of some advantage if our boys could be instructed a little more than they are in manual arts and ufeful labours. On going to bed and rising early most people in this country agree; and in our schools the practice is uniform. If we are desirous of giving a boy a firm and collected spirit, public schools have in this point the superiority over private education; and to encourage the detestation of falsehood they are perhaps peculiarly adapted. Hence we do not see much proposed in one part of this work that is not in general practice in our country. Women for the most part suckle their children: these last are loosely clothed; they run about freely, and are accustomed to the air: they have sufficient experience to shift for themselves in public schools. On learning to read, it is proposed that the boy should teach himself to spell by spelling two or three words that he has read; and thus he will daily improve in the art, and rejoice in the improvement. This ought to be done, and is, we suppose, done by all teachers, for they lose a great opportunity if they do not, at the close of every lesson in reading, desire the children ta spell some words contained in it. To learn a foreign language, the boy is to be carried into the country where it is spoken; and this is, we doubt not, the best method : but, as few boys can have this advantage, we must be content with the inferior modes of receiving instruction. Translation and re-translation are recommended : this we remember was the plan at our grammar school, and is in general adopted in others; and we must here join our wishes to those of the author, that the tiresome mode of teaching Latin and Greek, by labouring through the rules of grammar, may be disused, and that the masters of great schools would condescend to ask of those persons who have learned a considerable number of ancient and modern languages, what progress they should have made if they had learned by heart in each the rules of its grammar. On school correction it is in vain to argue against the generally received notions, equally injurous to delicacy and to the spirit of honour which should be so carefully cultivated in early life. Those who teach the arts of dancing and of fencing do not flog: why should the doctor in divinity and the christian divine be armed with so much terror? Literary discuflion and moral conver. fation are other helps recommended for the child's education; but men in active life have not leisure to put this in practice before each child, and perhaps the conversation of children at school will be more inftru&tive to them than that of men four times their age. On the whole, though we approve many things recommended in this scheme, and esteem the pains bestowed on the subject highly praiseworthy, we do not think the author has sufficiently discriminated between the advantages and disadvantages attending a private and a public education : he has not adequately considered the feasibility of some of his maxims. By his plan, each parent would be fufficiently occupied by a Gngle child; and, with all the appeare ance of attention to nature, there is more danger that the child would enter into life a made-up artificial boy, than if he had been, as is very much the case in England, left to his own nature and the correction of it by himself in a public school. L'Art de parler et d'écrire correctement la Langue Françoise, og Grammaire philofophique et littéraire de cette Langue, &c. Pai
M. l'Abbé de Lévizac. Seconde Edition. The second Edition of Lévizac's Art of Speaking and writing French
rith Accuracy, or philofophical and literary Grammar of that Language. 8vo. 6s. ferved. Dulau. 1800. When this grammar first appeared *, we recommended it as a work of great merit, though capable of improvement. It has since been enlarged and altered in a manner which reflects credit on the writer.
Traité des Sons de la Langue Françoise, &c. A Treatise, by M. Lévizac, on the Sounds of the French Language,
followed by Remarks on Orthography and Punctuation. 8vo. 25. Dulau. 1800.
This is a proper companion to the grammar of the same author. A Guide to the Study of the History of England. In a Series of
Questions upon Goldsmith's Abridgement, By M. Florian. 12 mo. 15, Newbery.
These interrogatories, put to young persons who have read the epitome of Goldsmith's History of England, will not only teach them to treasure up in their minds the chief incidents and most memorable transa&tions, but will enable them in fome degree to argue or reason upon the different particulars. The questions terminate with the year 1790. A brief Account of the Life and Writings of Terence. For the Use of
Schools. 8vo. 15. White. The writer of this manual obferves in his preface, that schoolboys, by being acquainted with the history of the authors whom they ftudy, will feel themselves more interested in the perufal of their works. For the benefit of the youthful student who is entering on Terence's comedies, he has collected the scanty particulars which are now known of the life of this friend of Scipio and Lælius. To his biographical sketch he has prefixed some observations on the nature of comedy, for which he acknowledges his obligations to Dr. Blair ; and he has extracted from Colman's preface and notes a few remarks on each of the plays of Terence which have survived the hand of Time,
* See our XXIIId Vol. New Arr. p. 346.
PO E T RY. Sans Culorides : By Cincinnatus Rig Shaw, Professor of Theophilan
thropy ; Member of the Corresponding and Revolutionary Societies ; Brother of the Ros Crofs; Knight Philofopher of the Order of Illuminati; and Citizen of the French and Hibernian Republics. 410. 55. fewed. Chapple. 1800.
This publication, as its title imports, contains a violent attack upon the phalanx of incorrigible jacobins--that redoubtable body which has so long haunted the vilions of ministerial declaimers of all ranks, from the polished orator of St. Stephen's to the rude hiftorian of the village alehouse. It is dedicated to the people's most excellent majesty, contains two profe essays on political alchemy, imitations of the third, fixth, eighth, and tenth eclogues, and the first, and part of the fourth books of the Georgics of Virgil. The dedication and the essays are written in a style of grave continued irony. Much strength and peculiarity of talent is requisite to maintain an equable degree of spirit in this species of writing through a space of twenty pages in quarto—and these qualifications Mr. Cincinnatus RigMaw does not appear to us to possess. Accordingly his periods soon becoine languid, his wit evaporates, and nothing remains in the poetic alembic but a large caput mortuum of dullness. In his imitations of Virgil he has been much more successful. He has travestied the original with a considerable pora tion of humour. By the magic of his wand, Melibæus and Da. mætas become Sheridan and Tooke the precepts of husbandry are transnuted into lestons of fedition; and Aristeus, complaining to bis mother of the loss of his bees, is metamorphosed into Charles Fox bewailing to Mrs. Windfor the loss of his political credit. Mr. Rigshaw's versification is here melodious and manly, and proves that he poffefes powers which would secure him no small fhare of applause, were they employed in the composition of legitimate sa. tire, We are sorry to observe such respectable talents prostituted to the odious task of heaping abuse upon the remnant of oppofiion. Abuse, indeed, fo completely sullies every page and every paragraph of this work, that we could not extract a single passage but is poi. soned by its virulence, and are compelled therefore to taciturnity and regret. It niay nevertheless be perused with no small pleasure by staunch believers in the profligacy of every one who differs in opinion from his majesty's present minifters. We beg leave to arfure them that its author inflicts on Mes. Fox, Sheridan, Smith, &c, &c, an unrestrained portion of poetic flagellation; and that if a work of parallel merit were published on the other side of the ques. tion, it would have no small chance of attracting the attention of the attorney general.
We cannot but think Mr. Rigshaw unfortunate in having selected as a subject of ridicule the humane exertions of fir Francis Burdett Jones to procure an inquiry into the state of Cold-Bath-Fields' pri