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my mistress by. But a note of gentle criticism is early heard, and Shakespeare's subsequent careernay,
the very phrases of his own Dedication-went far to justify those who, with the Cambridge Judicio in the Third Parnassus play, wished to see ‘his sweeter verse,' with its heart-throbbing life,' applied to 'a graver subject'
Without love's foolish lazy languishment ; or who, like the aging Gabriel Harvey, turned with some relief from the Venus and Adonis, in which 'the younger sort take much delight,' to 'his Lucrece and his Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark,' which have it in them to please the wiser sort.' Harvey had once, it is true, done his best to persuade Spenser to renounce the Faerie Queene ; his recognition of Hamlet shows that the 'pedantry' for which we brand his name did not rest entirely upon prosaic temper and bad taste.
VENUS AND ADONIS
Vilia miretur vulgus; mihi flavus Apollo
Pocula Castalia plena ministret aqua.'
RIGHT HONOURABLE HENRY WRIOTHESLEY,
EARL OF SOUTHAMPTON, AND BARON OF TITCHFIELD.
I KNOW not how I shall offend in dedicating my unpolished lines to your lordship, nor how the world will censure me for choosing so strong a prop to support so weak a burden : only, if your honour seem but pleased, I account myself highly praised, and vow to take advantage of all idle hours, till I have honoured you with some graver labour. But if the first heir of my invention prove deformed, I shall be sorry it had so noble a god-father, and never after ear so barren a land, for fear it yield me still so bad a harvest. I leave it to your honourable survey, and your honour to your heart's content ; which I wish may always answer your own wish and the world's hopeful expectation.
Your honour's in all duty,
Even as the sun with purple-colour'd face
3. Adonis, the son of Myrrha, phone, queen of the underworld, and favourite of Aphrodite, was who refused to give him up to consigned to the care of Perse- Aphrodite. Zeus, on appeal VOL. X
Sick-thoughted Venus makes amain unto him,
Thrice-fairer than myself,' thus she began,
The field's chief flower, sweet above compare,
Nature that made thee, with herself at strife,
Vouchsafe, thou wonder, to alight thy steed,
Here come and sit, where never serpent hisses,
And yet not cloy thy lips with loathed satiety,
A summer's day will seem an hour but short,
With this she seizeth on his sweating palm,
Being so enraged, desire doth lend her force
being made to him, decided that Adonis should spend four months of each year with Persephone, four with Aphrodite, and retain four for his own pleasure. He was wounded by a boar, and Aphrodite, unable to staunch the wound and save his life,
won from Zeus the promise that Adonis should spend six months of each year with her.
9. Stain, source of disgrace, 2.e. Adonis outshone them all.
26. precedent, indication.
Over one arm the lusty courser's rein,
She red and hot as coals of glowing fire,
The studded bridle on a ragged bough
So soon was she along as he was down,
And kissing speaks, with lustful language broken,
He burns with bashful shame; she with her tears
He saith she is immodest, blames her miss;
Even as an empty eagle, sharp by fast,
Even so she kissed his brow, his cheek, his chin,