Tokugawa Confucian Education: The Kangien Academy of Hirose Tanso (1782-1856)

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SUNY Press, 1996 - 250 Seiten
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This book presents the world of Hirose Tanso, a late Tokugawa period (1603-1868) educator whose goal was to train men of talent in practical learning for the benefit of the country. Tanso founded a private academy called Kangien in Hita City of present-day Oita prefecture. Some 3,000 young men from 64 of the then total 68 provinces of Japan were educated at Kangien during Tanso's 50-year career as educator and administrator.

Firm in his conviction that the problems he and others faced in contemporary society would be solved by setting right the moral priorities of the people, Tanso established an educational program at Kangien based on the Neo-Confucian philosophical construct of reverence for Heaven. Tanso's educational program taught students reverence for Heaven by engaging in moral self-cultivation in the practice of actions of day-to-day behavior. Students were required to adhere to stringent school regulations governing every aspect of daily life at the school and to engage in a systematic study of a Confucian educational curriculum with concomitant, rigorous testing exercises. Tanso believed that an educational program supported by the twin pillars of regulations and curriculum would, by its very nature, accomplish social reform.

The microcosm of society Tanso created at Kangien provides a window through which the reader can glimpse the confluence of three important components of late Tokugawa society, institutional development; philosophical trends; and social structure. The values that Tanso stressed, study; hard work; frugality; and promotion based on merit, were, in many ways, responsible for the relative ease with which Japan emerged from hundreds of years of self-imposed isolation and became a powerful modern nation.

 

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Inhalt

2 Tokugawa Historical Setting
9
3 Tokugawa Educational Setting
23
4 Intellectual Setting
49
The NeoConfucian Stage in China
51
The NeoConfucian Stage in Tokugawa Japan
64
Hirose Tansos Philosophical Formulation
77
5 Reverencing Heaven
97
6 Tanso as Educator
117
Practical Education at Kangien
121
Tansos Legacy
143
Roundabout Words Ugeri Section Five Educational System
157
9 Essential Teachings Yakugen
173
Glossary
213
Bibliography
219
Index
231
Studies of the East Asian Institute
241

Educational Theory
118

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Über den Autor (1996)

Marleen Kassel is currently in the Education Department of the Asia Society and was formerly Assistant Professor of History at State University of New York at New Paltz.

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