France and Women, 1789-1914: Gender, Society and Politics

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Psychology Press, 2000 - 286 Seiten
France and Women, 1789-1914 is the first book to offer an authoritative account of women's history throughout the nineteenth century. James McMillan, author of the seminal work Housewife or Harlot, offers a major reinterpretation of the French past in relation to gender throughout these tumultuous decades of revolution and war.
This book provides a challenging discussion of the factors which made French political culture so profoundly sexist and in particular, it shows that many of the myths about progress and emancipation associated with modernisation and the coming of mass politics do not stand up to close scrutiny. It also reveals the conservative nature of the republican left and of the ingrained belief throughout french society that women should remain within the domestic sphere. James McMillan considers the role played by French men and women in the politics, culture and society of their country throughout the 1800s.
 

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Inhalt

Defining womanhood the legacy of the Enlightenment
3
medical discourse and the female body
4
The philosophes and women
6
Salon women and their enemies
8
Female journalism and nascent feminism
11
The rights of man and the rights of woman Women and the French Revolution
15
Women in search of citizenship
16
Women and revolutionary activism
20
Education
98
Medical science and the female body
101
Sexuality and the double standard
103
the regulation of prostitution
107
Representations of the ouvriere the discourse on female labour
110
Working men and womens work
114
Womens voices
117
Reformulating the woman question from literary polemics to organised feminism
121

Women and counterrevolution
25
The public sphere redefined
27
Revolutionary aftermath The reconstruction of the gender order
32
the Code and the double standard
36
separate spheres the new domesticity and the redefinition of womanhood
41
181550 Public man private woman?
45
Angels of the hearth? Leisured ladies and the limits of domesticity
47
Wives and mothers
48
charity religion and female sociability
53
education and work
58
Labouring women Work family and community in the ciasses popuiates
63
France and industrialisation
65
the rural world
67
urban women
70
women and protest
75
Femmes nouvelles feminists socialists and republicans in the Romantic era
79
Utopian socialism and feminism
81
Feminism and the 1848 Revolution
84
The antifeminist backlash
90
185080 Discourses on woman
95
Femininity Constructions consequences control
97
Literary feminism
122
The beginnings of organisation
127
the Paris Commune and after
132
The progress of liberal feminism
135
18801914 Gender relations in crisis?
139
A new Eve? Bourgeois women in the belle epoque
141
Progress and prospects
142
Continuities
154
Gender at work women workers and the sexual division of labour
160
womens experience of work
165
Protecting women workers? Social reform and state intervention
177
syndical organisation and industrial militancy
181
In search of citizenship feminists and womens suffrage
188
the spectrum of activism 18891900
192
the CNFF and the consolidation of the centre 19005
201
the push for suffrage 190614
207
Epilogue France and feminism
217
Notes
231
Bibliography
258
Index
280
Urheberrecht

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