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550. The celestial regions, to which Liberty | He er'n, into his tender system, took
He taught that life's judissoluble tanie,
Thepce try'd against the blond-polluted ineal,
And limbs yet quivering with some kindred soul,
To turn the human heart. Delightful truth !
It burn'd 'in Brutus; the proud Tarquins chas'd, Resum'd : “ Indignant, these last scenes I fed; With all their crimes ; bade radiant cras rise, And long ere then, Leucadia's cloudy cliff, And the long honours of the consul-line. And the Ceraunian hills behind me thrown,
"Here, from the fairer, not the greater, plan All Latium stood arous'd. Ages before, 10 Of Greece I vary'd; whose unmixing states, SO Great mother of republies! Greece had pour'd, By the keen soul of emulation pierci, Swarm after swarm, ber ardent youth around, Long way'd alone the bloodless war of arts, On Asia, Afric, Sicily, they stoop'd,
And their best empire gain'd. But to diffuse But chief on fair Hesperia's winding shore; O’er men an empire was my purpose now: Where, from Lacinium to Ftrurian vales,
To let my martial majesty abroad; They roll'd increasing colonies along,
Into the vortex of one state to draw And lent materials for my Roman reign.
The whole mix'd force, and liberty, on Earth; With them my spirit spread; and numerous states To conqner tyrants, and set nations free. And cities rose, on Grecian models form'd;
“ Already have 1 given, with flying touch, As its parental policy, and arts,
20 A broken view of this my amplest reign. Each had in bib'd. Besides, to each assign'd Now, wbile its first, last, periods you surrey, A guardian genius, o'er the public weal,
Mark how it labouring rose, and rapid fell. Kept an unclosing eye; try'd to sustain,
“ When Rome in noon-tide empire grasp'd the Or more sublime, the soul infus'd by me:
world, And strong the battle rose, with various wave, And, soon as her resistless legions shone, Against the tyrant demons of the land.
The nations stoop'd around ; though then appear'd Thus they their little wars and triumphs knew ; Her grandeur most, yet in her dawn of power, Their flows of fortrine, and receding times, By many a jealous equal people preseid, But alınost all below the proud regard
Then was the toil, the mighty struggle then; Of story row'd to Rome, on deeds intent 30 Then for each Roman I an hero told; That truth beyond the flight of fable bore.
And every passing sun, and Latian scene, 109 “ Not so the Samian sage; to him belongs Saw patriot virtues then, and awful deeds, The brightest witness of recording fame.
That or surpass the faith of modern times, For these free states his native iste forsock, Or, if believ'd, with sacred horrour strike. And a vain tyrant's transitory smile,
“ For then, to prove my most exalted power, He sought Crotona's pure salubrious air, I to the point of full perfection push'd, And through Great Greece his gentle wisdom To fondness or enthusiastic zeal, taught;
The great, the reigning passion of the free. Wisdom that calm'd for listening years the mind, That goullike passion! which, the bounds of self Nor ever heard anid the storm of zeal,
Divinely bursting, the whole public takes His mental eye first lanch'd intu the deeps 40 Into the heart, enlarg‘d, and burning bigh 110 Of boundless ether; where unnumber'd orbs, With the mix'd ardour of unnumber'd selves; Myriads on myriads, through the pathless sky Of all who safe beneath the voted laws Unerring roll, and wind their steady way. Of the same parent state, fraternal, live. There he the full consenting choir beheld;
From this kind sun of inoral nature flow'd There first discern'd the secret band of love, Virtues, that shine the light of human kind, The kind attraction, that to central suns
And, ray'd through story, warm remotest time. Binds circling earths, and world with world unites. These virtues too, reflected to their source, Instructed thence, he great ideas form'd
Increas'd its fame. The social charm went round, Of the whole-moving, all-informing God, 50 'The fair idea, more attractive still, The Sun of beings! beaming unconfind
As more by virtue mark'd : till Romans, all 120 Light, life, and love, and ever-active power : One band of friends, unconquerable grew. (voice, Whom nought can image, and who best approves “ Hence, when their country rais'd her plaintive The silent worship of the moral heart,
The voice of pleading Nature was not heard ; That joys in bounteous Heaven, and spreads the joy. And in their hearts the fathers throbb’d no more: Nor scorn'd the soaring sage to stoop to life, Stern to themselves, but gentle to the whole. And bound his reason to the sphere of man. Hence sweeten'd pain, the luxury of toil; He gave the four yet reigning virtues name, Patience, that bamed Fortune's utinost rage; Inspir'd the study of the finer arts,
High-minded Hope, which at the lowest ebb, That civilize mankind, and laws devis'd 60
When Brennus conquer'd, and when Canna bled, Where with enlighten'd justice mercy mix'd. The bravest impulse felt, and scom'd despair. 150
Hence Moderation a new conquest gain'd; Was thence kept firm, and with trinraphant prow
Stood on the threatening point of civil war
Those sons of virtue calm. Their generous hcarts, In whom Corruption could not lodge one charm, Unpetrify'd by self, so naked lay, While he bis honest roots to gold preferr'd; 140 And sensible to truth, that o'er the rage 210 While truly rich, and by his Sabine field,
Of giddy faction, by oppression swellid, The man maintain'd, the Roman's splendour all Prevaild a simple fable, and at once Was in the public wealth and glory plae'd : To peace recover'd the divided state. Or ready, a rough swain, to guide the plough; But if their often-cheated hopes refus'd Or else, the purple o'er his shoulder thrown, The soothing touch ; still, in the love of Rome, In long majestic flow, to rule the state,
The dread dictator found a sure resource. With Wisdom's purest ere; or, clad in steel, Was she assaulted ? was her glory stain'd? To drive the steady battle on the foe.
One common quarrel wide-inflam'd the whole. Hence every passion, ev'n the proudest, stoop'd, Foes in the forum in the field were friends, To cominon good : Camillus, thy revenge ; 150 By social danger bound ; each fond for cach, 220 Thy glory, Fabius. All submissive hence,
And for their dearest country all, to die, Consuls, dictators, still resign'd their rule,
“ Thus up the hill of empire slow they toil'd: The very moment that the laws ordain'd.
Till, the bold summit yain'd, the thousand states Though Conquest o'er them clapp'd her eagle-wings, Of proud Italia blended into one ; Her laurels wreath'd, and yok'd her snowy steeds Then o'er the nations they resistless rush'd, To the triumphal car; soon as expir'd
And touch'd the limits of the failing world. The latest hour of sway, taught to submit
“ Let Fancy's eye the distant lines unite. (A harder lesson that than to command)
See that which borders wild the western main, Into the private Ronan sunk the chief. 159 Where storms at large resound, and tides immense : If Rome was serv'd, and glorious, careless they From Caledonia's din cerulean coast,
230 By whoin. Their country's fame they deem'd their And moist Hibernia, to where Atlas, lodg'd And, above envy, in a rival's train, (own; Amid the restless clouds, and leaning heaven, Sung the loud lös by themselves deserv'd.
Hangs o'er the deep that borrows thence its name. Hence matchless courage. On Cremera's bank, Mark that oppos’d, where first the springing Morn Hence fell the Fabii; hence the Decii dy'd; Her roses sheds, and shakes around her dews : And Curtius plung'd into the flaming gulf.
From the dire deserts by the Caspian lar'd, Hence Regulus the wavering fathers firm’d,
To where the Tigris and Euphrates, join'd, By dreadful counsel never given before,
Impetrious tear the Babylonian plain; For Roman honour sued, and his own doom. And blest Arabia aromatic breathes. Hence he sustain’d to dare a death prepar'd. 170 See that dividing far the watery north,
240 By Punic rage. On earth his manly look
Parent of floods! from the majestic Rhine, Relentless fix'd, he from a last embrace,
Drunk by Batavian meads, to where, serenBy chains polluted, put his wife aside,
mouth'd, His little children climbing for a kiss;
In Euxine waves the flashing Danube roars; Then dumb through rows weeping wondering To where the frozen Tanais scarcely stirs A new illustrious exile! press'd along. (friends, The dead Mcotic pool, or the long Rha, Nor less impatient did he pierce the crowds In the black Seythian sea his torrent throws. Opposing his return, than if, escap'd
Last, that beneath the burning zone behold. From long litigious suits, he glad forsook
See where it runs, from the deep-loaded plaius The noisy town a while, and city clouil, 130 Of Mauritania to the Libyan sands, To breath Venafrian, or Tarentine air.
Where Ammon lifts amid the torrid waste 250 Nced I these high particulars recount?
A verdant isle, with shade and fountain fresh; The meanest bosom felt a thirst for fame;
And farther to the full Egyptian shore, Flight their worst death, and shame their only fear. To where the Nile from Ethiopian clouds, Life had no charms, nor any terrours fate, His never-draind ethereal urn, descends. When Rome and glory call’d. But, in one view, In this vast space what various tongues, and states! Mark the rare boast of these unequal'd times. What bounding rocks, and mountains, floods and Ages revolv'd unsully'd by a crime:
seas ! Astrea reign'd, and scarcely needed laws
What purple tyrants quell'd, and nations freed! To bind a race elated with the pride
190 “ O'er Greece descended chief, with stealth Of virtue, and disdaining to descend
The Roman bounty in a food of day: [divine, To meanness, mutual violence, and wrongs. As at her Isthmian games, a fading pomp ! 260 While war around them rag'd, in happy Rome Her full-assembled youth innumerous swarm'd. All peaceful smild, all save the passing clouds On a tribunal rais'd Flaminius sat ; That often hang on Freedom's jealous brow ! A victor he, from the deep phalanx pierc'd And fair unblemish'd centuries elaps'd,
Of iron coated Macedon, and back When not a Roman bled but in the field.
The Grecian tyrant to his bounds repell’d. Their virtue such, that an unbalanc'd state, In the high thoughtless gaiety of game, Still between noble and plebeian tost,
While sport alone their unambitious hearts As dow'd the wave of Auctuating power, 200 l Possess'd; the sudden trumpet, sounding hoarse,
Bade silence o'er the bright assembly reign. Streams into blood, and darkens into woe."
Began to feel the swift approach of fate,
Her deep divisions kindling into rage,
349 The crowd astouish'd half, and half informid, And war with chains and desolation «barg'd. Star'd dubious round; some question d, sume ex- From an unequal balance of her sons claim'd,
These fierce contentions sprung; and, as increas'd (Like one who dreaming, between hope and fear, This hated inequality, more fierce Is lost in anxious joy) ‘ Be that again,
They fiain'd to tumult. Inde peudence fail'd; Be that again proclaim'd, distinct, and loud.' Here by luxurious wants, by real there; Loud, and distinct, it was again proclaiın'd; And with this virtue erery virtue sunk, And still as midnight in the rural shade, 280 As, with the sliding rock, the pile sustain'd. When the gale slumbers, they the words devour'd. A last attempt, too late, the Gracchi made, A while severe amazement held them inute, To fix the flying scale, and poise the state. 350 Then, bursting broad, the boundless shout to On one side swell'd aristocratic pride; Heaven
With Usury, the villain! whose fell gripe
And Luxury rapacious, cruel, mcan,
Fit for proscriptions, for the darkest deeds,
This firm republic, that against the blast
Nurs'd on feracious Algidum, whose boughs
The dead serene of prosperous fortune, pin’d. And music, sparkling wine, and converse warm, Nought now her weighty legions could oppose ;370 Their raptures wak'd anew-Ye gods!' they Her terrour once on Afric's tawny shore, cry'd,
Now smok'd in dust, a stabling now for wolves; * Ye guardian gods of Greece! And are &e free? And every dreaded power receiv'd the yoke. Was it not madness deein'd the very thought? Besides, destructive, from the conquer'd, east, And is it true? How did we purchase chains ? In the soft plunder came that worst of plagues, At what a dire expense of kindred blood ?
That pestilence of mind, a fever'd thirst And are they now dissolv'd ? And scarce one drop For the false joys which luxury prepares. For the fair first of blessings have we paid ? Unworthy joys! that wasteful leave behind Courage, and conduct, in the doubtful field, No mark of honour, in reflecting hour, When rages wide the storm of mingling war, 310 No secret ray to glad the conscious soul ; 386 Are rare indeed; but how to generous ends At once involving in one ruin wealth, To turn success, and conqucst, rarer still : And wealth-acquiring powers: while stupid self, That the great gods and Romans only know. Of narrow gust, and hebetating sense Lives there on Earth, almost to Greece unknown, Devour the nobler faculties of bliss. A people so magnanimous, to quit
Hence Roman virtue slacken'd into sloth ; Their native soil, traverse the stormy deep, Security relax'd the softening state ; And by their blood and treasure, spent for us, And the broad eye of government lay clos'd; Redeein our states, our liberties, and laws! No more the laws inviolable reign'd, There does! there does! ob, saviour Titus! Rome!' And public weal no more: but party rag'd; Thus through the happy night they pour'd their And partial power, and licence unrestrain'd, 999 And in my last reflected beams rejoic'd. (souls, Let discord through the deathful city loose, As when the shepherd, on the mountain brow,322 Pirst, mild Tiberius, on thy sacred head Sits piping to his Rocks, and gamesome kids ; The fury's vengeance fell; the first, whose blood Meantime the Sun, beneath the green Earth sunk, Had since the consuls staind contending Rome. Slants upward o'er the scene a parting gleam: Of precedent pernicious! with thee bled Short is the glory that the mountain gilds,
Three hundred Romans; with thy brother, next, Plays on the glittering flocks, and glads the gwain; Three thousand more; till, into battles turn'd 'To western worlds irrevocable rollid,
Debates of peace, and forc'd the trembling laws, Rapid, the source of light recalls his ray."
The forum and comitia horrid grew,
When, half-asham'd, Corruption's thievish arts, Equal they live; though plac'd, for common good, And ruffian force began to sap the mounds Various, or in subjection, or command;
And majesty of laws; if not in time
“ Thus luxury, dissension, a mix'd rage A rage impatient of an equal name;
And who no less a vain superior scoru'd.
Both bled. but bled in vain. New traitors rose,
The renal will be lought, the base hare lords.
The last of Romans, matchless Brutus! lay,
Spread to the north untam'd a rapid wing.
The chain to clinch, and make it softer sit
On the new-broken still ferocious state.
From the dark third, succeeding, I beheld
Vindictive, sent the scourge of human-kind !
Whose blind profusion drain'd a bankrupt world;
Whose lust to forming Nature seems disgrace ;
Of ancient blood, that yet retain'd my flame,
By brutal Marius, and keen Sylla, first 430 Titus indeed gave one short evening gleam; 500
More cordial felt, as in the midst it spread
Of storm, and horrour. The delight of men;
And arts revir'd beneath their gentle beam:
Then was their last effort : what sculpture rais'd
On that triumphal arch, the forms of Greece.
“ Meantime o'er rocky Thrace, and the deep
Of rocks, resounding torrents, gloomy heaths,
Where Nature frowns: though sometimes into
She softens; and immediate, at the touch 520
Lakes, headlung streams, and floods, and oceans
Yet there life glows; the furry millions there,
And there a race of men prolific swarms,
The nursery of nations !--These I rous'd,
Till from alınost perpetual night they broke,
As if in search of day; and o'er the banks
Of yielding empire, only slave-sustain’d,
470 | Resistless rag'd, in vengeance urg'd by ine.
1 A POEM.
THE CONTENTS OF PART IV.
Nought but its pride and fierceness yet appear'd.
BEING THE FOU'RTA PART OF
“ In the bright regions there of purest day, DIFPERENCE betwixt the ancients and moderne Far other scenes, and palaces, arise,
slightly touched upon, to vrt. 30. Description Adorn'd profuse with other arts Jivine.
of the dark ages. The goddess of Liberty, who All beauty here below, to the compard,
during these is supposed to have left Earth, Would, like a rose before the mid-day Sun,
returns, attended with Arts and Science, to rer. Shrink up its blossom ; like a bubble, break
100. She first descends on Italy. Sculpture, The passing poor magnificence of kings.
Painting, and Architecture fix at Rome, to reFor there the King of Nature, in full blaze,
vive their several arts by the great models of Calls every splendour forth; and there his court
antiquity there, which many barbarous invasions Ainid ethereal powers, and virtues, holds :
had not been able to destroy. The revival of Angel, archangel, tutelary gods,
these arts marked out. That sometimes arts Of citics, nations, empires, and of worlds. 560 may fourish for a while under despotic governBut sacred be the veil, that kindly clouds
ments, though never the natural and genuine A light too keen for mortals : wraps a view
production of thein, to ver. 254. Learning begins Too softening fair, for those that here in dust
to dawn. The Muse and Science attend Liberty, Must cheerful toil out their appointed years.
who in her progress towards Great Britain raises A sense of higher life would only damp
several free states and cities. These enumerated, The school-boy's task, and spoil his playful hours. to ver. 381. Author's exclamation of joy, upon Nor could the child of reason, feeble man,
seeing the British seas and coasts rise in the With vigour through this infant being drudge ; vision, which painted whatever the goddess of Did brighter worlds, their unimagin'd bliss
Liberty said. She resumes her narration. The
Liberty, associates Great Britain into his doini
nion, to ver. 451. Liberty received and conVer. 7. The last struggles of liberty in Greece. gratulated by Britannia, and the native Genii Ver. 15. A promontory in Calabria.
or Virtues of the island. These described. Ani. Ver. 32. Pythagoras.
mated by the presence of Liberty, they begin Ver. 34. Samos, over which then reigned the ty- their operations. Their beneficent influence conrant Polycrates.
trasted with the works and delusions of opposing Ver. 37. The southern parts of Italy, and Sicily, demons, to ver. 626. Concludes with an abso called because of the Grecian colonies there stract of the English history, marking the settled.
several advances of Liberty, down to her com-
Struck with the rising scene, thus I amaz'd: Ver. 286. The Isthmian games were celebrated “Ah, goddess, what a change! Is Earth the same at Corinth.
Of the same kind the ruthless race she feeds? Ver. 369. Carthage.
And does the same fair Sun and ether spread Ver. 390. Tib. Gracchus.
Round this vile spot their all-enlivening soul? Ver. 465. Pub. Servilius Rullus, tribune of the Lo! beauty fails; lost in uulovely forms people, proposed an Agrarian Law, in appearance of little pomp, magnificence no more very advantageous for the people, but destructive Exalts the mind, and bids the public smile: of their liberty ; and which was defeated by the While to rapacious interest glory leaves eloquence of Cicero, in his speech against Rullus. Mankind, and every grace of life is gone.” 10 Ver. 489. Tiberius.
To this the power, whose vital radiance calls Ver. 496. Thrasea Pætus, put to death by Nero. From the brute mass of man an order'd world: Tacitus introduces the account he gives of his death “ Wait till the inorning shines, and from the thus.--" After having inhumanly slaughtered so Of Gothic darkness springs another day. (depth many illustrious men, he (Nero) burned at last | True genius droops; the tender ancient taste with a desire of cutting off virtue itself in the person of beauty, then fresh-blooming in her prime, of Thrasea, &c."
But fajntly trembles through the callous soul, Ver. 505. Antoninus Pius, and his adopted son And grandeur, or of morals, or of life, Marcus Aurelius, afterwards called Antoninus Sinks into safe pursuits, and creeping cares. Philosophus.
Ev'n cautious virtue seems to stoop her tight, 20 Ver. 311. Constantine's arch, to build which, And aged life to deem the generous deeds that of Trajan was destroyed, sculpture having been Of youth romantic. Yet in cooler thought then almost entirely lost.
Well-reason'd, in researches piercing deep Ver. 515. The ancient Sarmatia contained a vast Through Nature's works, in profitable arts, tract of country running all along the north of And all that calm experience can diselose, Curope, and Asia.
(Slow guide, but sure) behold the world anew