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The critic eye, that microscope of wit,
Walker! our hat”-nor more he deigu'd to say, Sees hairs and pores, examines bit by bit: But, stern as Ajax' spectre, strode away. How parts relate to parts, or they to whole; In flow'd at once a gay embroider'd race, The body's harmony, the beaming soul,
And tittering push'd the pedants off the place: Are things which Kuster, Burman, Wasse shall see, Some would have spoken, but the voice was drown'd When man's whole frame is obvious to a flea. By the French horn, or by the opening hound.
"Ah, think not, mistress ! more true Dulness lies To first came forwards, with as easy mien, In Folly's cap, than Wisdom's grave disguise. 240 As if he saw St. James's and the queen. 280 Like buoys, that never sink into the flood,
When thus th' attendant orator begun, On Learning's surface we but lie and nod,
" Receive, great empress, thy accomplish'd son: Thine is the genuine head of many a house, Tbine from the birth, and sacred from the rod, And much divinity without a Nous.
A dauntless infant! never scard with God. Nor could a Barrow work on every block,
The sire saw, one by one, his virtues wake : Nor has one Atterbury spoild the flock.
The mother begg'd the blessing of a rake. See! still thy own, the heavy canon roll, Thou gav'sť that ripeness, which so soon began, And metaphysic smokes involve the pole.
And ceas'd so soon, he ne'er was boy, nor man. For thee we dim the eyes, and stuff the head Through school and college, thy kind cloud o'erWith all such reading as was never read : 250)
cast, For thee explain a thing till all men doubt it, Safe and unseen the young Æneas past : 290 And write about it, goddess, and about it: Thence bursting glorious, all at once let down, So spins the silk-worm small its slender store, Stunn'd with his giddy larum half the town. And labours, till it clouds itself all o'er. What though we let some better sort of fool
REMARKS. Thrid ev'ry science, run through erery school? Ver. 280. As if he saw St. James's) Reflecting Never by tumbler through the hoops was shown on the disrespectful and indecent behaviour of Such skill in passing áll; and touching none, several forward young persons in the presence, so He may indeed (if sober all this time)
offensive to all scrious men, and to none more than Plague with dispute, or persecute with rhyme. 260 | the good Scriblerus. We only furnish what he cannot use,
Ver. 281. th' attendant orator] The governor Or wed to what he must divorce, a Muse:
above-said. The poet gives him no particular Full in the midst of Euclid dip at once,
name; being unwilling, presume, to offend or Ind petrify a genius to a dunce:
to do injustice, to any, by celebrating one only Or set on metaphysic ground to prance,
with whom this character agrees, in preference to Show all his paces, not a step advance.
so many who equally deserve it.-Scribl. With the same cement, ever sure to bind,
Ver. 284. A dauntless infant! never scar'd We bring to one dead level every mind.
with God) i. e. Brought up in the enlarged princiThen take him to develop if you can,
ples of modern education; whose great point is, And hew the block off, and get out the man. 270 to keep the infant mind free from the prejudices But wherefore waste ( words? I see advance of opinion, and the growing spirit unbroken by Whore, pupil, and lac'd governor, from France. terrifying names. Amongst the happy conse
quences of this reforined discipline, it is not the REMARKS.
least, that we bave never afterwards any occasion Ver. 245, 246. Barrow, Atterbury] Isaac Bar- for the priest, whose trade, 'as a modern wit row, master of Trinity, Francis Atterbury, dean informs us, is only to finish what the nurse began. of Christ-church, both great geniuses and eloquent -Scribl. preachers; one more conversant in the sublime Ver. 286.--the blessing of a rake.] Scriblerus geometry, the other in classical learning ; but who is here much at a loss to find out what this blessing equally made it their care to advance the polite should be. He is sometimes tempteri to imagine arts in their several societies.
it might be the marrying a great fortune: but Ver. 272. lac'd governor] Why lac'd? Because this, again, for the vulgarity of it, he rejects, as gold and silver are necessary trimming to denote something uncommon seemed to be prayed for. the dress of a person of rank, and the governor And after many strange conceits, not at all to must be supposed so in foreign countries, to be the honour of the fair sex, he at length rests in admitted into courts and other places of fair re- this, that it was, that her son might pass for a Ception. But hor? comnes Aristarchus to know at wit; in which opinion he furtifies himself by rer. sight that this governor came from France ? Know? 316. where the orator, speaking of his pupil, says, Why, by the laced coat.-Scribl.
that he Ibid. Whore, pupil, and lac'd govemor] Some Intrigued with glory, and with spirit whorld, critics have objected to the order here, being of which secms to insinuate that her prayer was opinion that the gorernor shorld have the pre- heard. Here the good seholiast, as, indeed, cedence before the whore, if not before the pupil
. everywhere else, lays open the very sou! of But were he so placed, it might be thought to modern criticism, while he makes his own ignorance insinuate that the governor led the pupil to the of a poetical expression hold open the door to #hore; and were the pupil placed first, he might much erudition and leurned conjecture: the be supposed to lead the governor to her. But blessing of a rake signifying no more than that our impartial poet, as he is drawing their picture, he might be a rake; the effects of a thing for the represents them in the order in which they are
thing itself, a.common figure. The careful moginerally seen; rumely, the pnpil between the ther only wished her son might be a rake, as well
hore and the governor, but placcth the whore first, knowing that its attendant blessings would fullore as she usually governs both the other.
Intrepid then, o'er seas and lands he few :
Her too receive (for her my soul adores), Europe he saw, and Europe saw him too.
So may the sons of sons of sons of whores There all thy gifts and graces we display, Prop thine, o empress ! like each neighbour Thou, only thou, directing all our way:
And make a long posterity thy own." (throne, To where the Seine, obsequious as she runs, Pleas'd, she accepts the hero and the dame, Pours at great Bourbon's feet her silken sons; Wraps in her veil, and irees from sense or shame. Or Tyber, now no longer Roman, rolls,
Then lookid, and saw a lazy, lolling sort, Vain of Italian arts, Italian souls ;
300 Unseen at church, at senate, or at court, To happy convents, bosom'd deep in vines, Of ever-listless loiterers, that attend Where slumber abbots, purple as their wines : No cause, no trust, no duty, and no friend, 340 To isles of fragrance, lily-silver'd vales,
Thee too, my Paridel; she mark'd thee there, Ditlising languor in the panting gales :
Stretch'd on the rack of a too easy chair,
And heard thy everlasting yawn confess
Benigner influence on thy nodding head.
But Annius, crafty seer, with ebon wand, Watts the smooth eunuch and enamour'd swain. And well-dissembled emerald on his hand, Led by my hand, he saunter'd Europe round, 311 False as his gems, and canker'd as his coins, And gather'd every vice on christian ground; Came, cramm'd with capon, from where Pollio Saw every court, heard every king declare
350 His royal sense, of operas or the fair;
Soft, as the wily fox is seen to creep, The stews and palace equally explorid,
Where bask on sunny banks the simple sheep, Intrigued with glory, and with spirit whord; Walk round and round, now prying here, now there, Try'd all hois d'auvres, all liqueuss detin d, So he; but pious, whisper'd first his prayer. Judijous drank, and greatly-daring din'd; “Grant, gracious goudess! grant me still to cheat, Dropt the dull lumber of the Latin store,
O may thy cloud still cover the deceit! Spoild his own language, and acquir'd no more ; Thy choicer mists on this assembly shed, All classic learning lost on classic ground; 321 Put pour them thickest on the poble head. And last turn'd air, the echo of a sound ;
So shall each youth, assisted by our eyes, balf cur'd, and perfeetly well-bred, See other Casars, other Honiers rise;
360 With nothing but a solo in his head;
Through twilight ages hunt th’ Athenian fowl, As much estate, and principle, and wit,
Which Chalcis gods, and mortals call an owl, As Jansen, Fleetwood, Cibber shall think fit; Now see an Attys, now a Cecrops clear, Stol'n from a duel, follow'd by a nun,
Nay, Mahomet! the pigion at thine ear: And if a borough chuse him, not undone;
Be rich in ancient brass, though not in gold, See, to iny country happy I restore
329 And keep his Larrs, though his house be sold; This glorious youth, and add one l'enus more.
To hearliss Phabe hus fair bride postpone,
Lord of an Otho, if I vouch it true ;
Blest in one Niger, till he knows of two." 370 their force of imagery and colouring, emulate and equal the pencil of Rubens. Ver. 308. And Cupids ride the lion of the
Ver. 331. Her too receive, &c.] This confirms deeps ;] The winged lion, the arms of Venice. what the learned Scriblerus advanced in his note This republic heretofore the most considerable in
on ver. 272, that the governor, as well as the Europe, for her naval force and the extent of pupil, had a particular interest in this lady. her commerce; now illustrious for her carni
Ver. 341. Thee too, my Paridel !) The poet vals.
seems to speak of this young gentleman with great Ver. 318. greatly-daring din’d;] It being in- affection. The name is taken from Spenser, who deed no sinall risque to eat through those extraor
gives it to a wandering courtly sqnire, that tra. dinary compositions, whose disguised ingredients velled about for the same reason for which many are generally uuknown to the guests, and highly young squires are now fond of travelling, and inflaminatory and unwholesoine.
especially to Paris. Ver. 324. With nothing but a solo in his head;} Ver. 317. Anvius,] The name taken from AnWith nothing but a solo? Why, if it be a solo, nius the monk of Viterbo, famous for many imhow should there be any thing else? Palpable positions and forgeries of ancient manuscripts and tautology! Read boldly an op. ra, which is enough inscriptions, which he was prompted to by mere of conscience for such a head as has lost all its vanity, but our Annius had a more substantial Latin.-- Bentl.
motive. Ver. 326. Jansen, Fleetwood, Cibber] Three Ver. 363. Attys and Cecrops] The first king very eminent persons, all managers of plays; who, of Athens, of whom it is bard to suppose any though not governors by profession, had, each in coins are extant; but not so improbable as what his way, concerned themselves in the education of follows, that there should be any of Mahomet, youth; and regulated their wits, their morals, or
who forbad all images; and the story of whose their finances, at that period of their age which is pigeon was a monkish fable. Nevertheless one the most important, their entrance into the polite of these Anniuses made a counterfeit medal of world. Of the last of these, and his talents for that impostor, now in the collection of a learned this end, see Book i. ver. 199, &c.
Mummias o'erheard him; Mummius, fool-re-I bought them, shrouded in that living shrine, nown'd,
And, at their second birth, they issue mine." Who like his Cheops stinks above the ground, “Witness great Ammon! by whose horns I swore,” Fierce as a startled adder, swellid, and said, (Reply'd soft Annius) “ this our paunch before Rattling an anxient sistrum at his head ;
Still bears them, faithful; and that thus I eat, Speak'st thou of Syrian princes) Traitor Is to refund the medals with the meat. 390 base!
To prove me, goddess ! clear of all design, Mine, goddess ! mine is all the horned race. Bid me with Pollio sup, as well as dine: True, he had wit, to make their value rise ; There all the learn'd shall at the labour stand, From foolish Greeks to steal them, was as wise : And Douglas lend his soft, obstetric hand." More glorious yet, from barbarous hands to keep, The goddess smiling seem'd to give consent; When Sallee rovers chas'd him on the deep. 380 So back to Pollio, hand in hand, they went. Then taught by Hermes, and divin-ly bold,
Then thick as locusts blackening all the ground, Down his own throat he risqu'd the Grecian gold.
A tribe, with weeds and shells fantastic crown'd, Receir'd each demi-god, with pious care,
Each with some wondrous gift approach'd the Deep in his entrails rever'd them there,
power, A nest, a toad, a fungus, or a flower. 400 But far the foremost, two, with earnest zeal,
And aspect ardent, to the throne appeal. Ver. 371. Mummius] This name is not merely an allusion to the Muinmius he was so fond of, Great queen, and common mother of us all !
The first thus open'd; “ Hear thy suppliant's call, but probably referred to the Roman general of Fair from its humble bed I rear'd this flower, that name, who burned Corinth, and comunited Suckled, and cheerd, with air, and sun, and the curious statues to the captain of a ship, assur
Soft on the paper ruff its leaves I spread, (shower: ing him, that if any were lost or broken, he
Bright with the gilded button tipt its head. should procure others to be made in their Then thron'd in glass and nam'd it Caroline : stead;" by which it should seem (whatever
Each maid cried, charming! and each youth, may be prétended) that Muinmius was no vir
Did Nature's pencil ever blend such rays, Ibid. --Fool-renown'd] A compound epithet in Such varied light in one promiscuous blaze! the Greek manner, renown'd by fools, or renowned
Now prostrate! dead ! behold that Caroline: for making fools.
No maid cries, charming! and no youth, divine ! Ver. 372. Chrops) A king of Egypt whose
And lo the wretch! whose vile, whose insect lust body was certainly to be kvown, as being buried Lay'd this gay daughter of the Spring in dust. alone in his pyramil, and is therefore more ge
Oh punish him, or to th' Elysian shades nuine than any of the Cleopatras. This royal Disiniss my sonl, where no carnation fades.” mummy, being stolen by a wild Arab, was pur
He ceas'd, and wept. With inno-ence of mien, chased by the consul of Alexandria, and trans
Th' accus'd stood forth, and thus address'd the mitted to the museum of Mummius; for proof
420 of which be brings a passage in Saudys's Travels, “ of all th' enamel'd race, whose silvery wing where that accurate and learned voyager assures
Waves to the tepid zep!yrs of the spring, us that he saw the sipulchre empty, which agrees
Or swims along the fluid atmosphere, exactly (salth he) with the time of the theft above
Once brightest shin'd this child of beat and air. mentioned. But he omits to observe that Hero
I saw, and started from its vernal bower dotus tells the same thing of it in his time.
The rising game, and chas'd from flower to flower. Ver. 375. Speak'st thou of Syrian princes ? It fled, I follow'd; now in hope, now pain; &c.] The strange story following, which may be
It stopt, I stopt ; it mov'd, I mov'd again. taken for a fiction of the poet, is justified by a true relation in Spon's lovagi's. Vaillant (who wrote the history of the Syrian kings as it is to be found on inedals) coming from the Levant,
Ver. 387. Vitness great Ammon !) Jupiter where he had been collecting various coins, and
Ammon is called to witness, as the father of Alex. being pursued by a corsair of Sallee, swallowed ander, to whom those kings succeeded in ine divis dox twenty gold medals. A sudilen bourasque siop of the Macedonian empire, and whose horns freed him from the rover, and he got to land with
they wore on their medals. theon in his belly. On his road to Avignon he met Lwo physicians of whom he demanded assistance. ing and no less taste; above all, curious in what
Ver. 394. Douglas) A physician of great learnOne advised purgations, the other vomits. In
related to Horace, of whom he collected every this uncertainty he took neither, but pursued his edition, translation, and comment, to the numway to Lyons, where he found his ancient friend
bor of several hundred volumes. the famous physirian and antiquary Dufour. to
Ver. 409. and nam'd it Caroline:] It is a comwhoin he reaid his arlecature. Dufour, with pliment which the forists usually pay to princes out staying to inquire abou: the uneasy syniptoms and great persons, to give their names to the most of the burt hen be carried, first asked him, Whe
curious flowers of their raising: some have bce'a ther the medals were of the higher einpire? He
very jealous of vindicating this honour, but none assured hiin tey were. Dufiyur was ravished with
more than that ambitious gardener, at Hammerthe hope of possessing so rare a treasure ; he bar- smith, who caused his favourite to be painted on gained with him on the spot for the groost curious his sign, with this inscription, This is my Queen of them, and was to recover them at his own ex
At last it fixt, 'twas on what plant it pleas'd, Let others creep by timid steps and slow, And where it fix'd, the beauteous bird I seiz'd: 430 On plain experience lay foundations low, Rose or carnation was below my care;
By common sense to common knowledge bred, I meddle, goddess ! only in my sphere.
And last, to Nature's Cause through Nature led. I tell the naked fact without disguise,
All-seeing in thy mists, we want no guide, And, to excuse it, need but show the prize ; Mother of arrogance, and source of pride! 470 Whose spoils this paper offers to your eye, We nobly take the high priori road, Fair ev'n in death! this peerless butterfly.” And reason downward, till we doubt of God: “My sons !”( she answer'd), both have done your Make Nature still encroach upon his plan, parts :
And shove him off as far as e'er we can: Live happy both, and long promote our arts. Thrust some mechanic cause into his place; But hear a mother, when she recommends Or bind in matter, or diffuse in space. To your fraternal care our sleeping friends. 440 Or, at one bound o'erleaping all his laws, The common soul, of Heaven's more frugal make, Make God man's image, man the final cause, Serves but to kerp fools pert and knaves awake;
Find virtue local, all relation scorn, A drowsy watchman, that just gives a knock, See all in self, and but for self be born : 480 And breaks our rest, to tell us what's a clock. Of nought so certain as our reason still, Yet by some object every brain is stirr'd;
Of nought so doubtful as of soul and will. The dull may waken to a humming-bird ;
Oh hide the God still inore ! and make us see The most recluse, discreetly open'd, find
Such as Lucretius drew, a god like thee : Congenial matter in the cockle kind;
Wrapt up in self, a God without a thought, The mind in metaphysics at a loss,
Regardless of our merit or default.
Which Theocles in raptur'd vision saw, Pois'd with a tail, may steer on Wilkins' wings. Wild through poetic scenes the genius roves,
"O! would the sons of men once think their eyes Or wanders wild in Academic groves ;, 490 And reason giv'n them but to study flies !
That Nature our society adores, See nature in some partial narrow shape,
Where Tindal diciates, and Silenus snores." And let the author of the whole escape;
Rous'd at his name, up rose the bowzy sire, Learn but to trifle; or, who most observe, And shook from out his pipe the seeds of fire ; To wonder at their Maker, not to serve."
Then snap'd bis box, and strok'd his belly down, “ Be that my task” (replies a gloomy clerk, Rosy and reverend, though without a gown. Sworn foe to mystery, yet divinely dark ; 460 Bland and familiar to the throne he came, Whose pious hope aspires to see the day
Led up the youth, and call'd the goddess dame.. When moral evidence shall quite decay,
Then ihus. “ From priestcraft happily set free, And damns inplicit faith, and holy lies,
Lo! every finish'd son returns to thee :
Ver. 492. Where Tindal dictates, and Silenus Ver, 441. The common soul, &c.] in the first snores.] It cannot be denied but that this fine edit. thus :
stroke of satire against atheisin was well intended.
But how must the reader smile at our author's Of souls the greater part, Heaven's common
officious zeal, when he is told, that at the time make, Serve but to keep fools pert, and knaves awake; wolf in England as an atheist? The truth is,
this was written, you might as soon bave found a And most but find that centinel of God,
the whole species was exterininated. There is A drowsy watchman in the land of Nod.
a trifling difference indeed concerning the author REMARKS.
of the achievement. Some as Dr. Ashenhurst, Ver. 452. Wilkins' wings) One of the first pro- save it to Bentley's Boylean Lectures. And he jectors of the Royal Society, who, among many
so well convinced that great man of the truth, enlarged and useful notions, entertained the extrava
that wherever afterwards he found atheist, he gant hope of a possibility to fly to the Moon ; always read it A Theist. But, in spite of a claim which has put some volatile geniuses upon making so well made out, others gave the honour of this wings for that purpose.
exploit to a latter Boylean lecturer. A judicious Ver. 462. When moral evidence shall quite apologist for Dr. Clarke, against Mr. Whiston, decay,] Alluding to a ridiculous and absurd way says, with no less elegance than positiveness of of some mathematicians, in calculating the gra- expression, “ It is a most certain truth, that the dual decay of moral evidence by mathematical demonstration of the being and attributes of God, proportions : according to which calculation, in has extirpated and banished atheism out of the about fifty years it will be no longer probable that Christian world,” p. 18. It is much to be lamenJulius Cæsar was in Gaul, or died in the senateted, that the clearest truths have still their dark house. Sec Craig's Theologia Christiane Princi
side. Here we see it becomes a doubt which of pia Mathematica. But as it seems evident, that
the two Herculeses was the monsterqueller. faets of a thousand years old, for instance, are
hat of that? Since the thing is done, and the Dow as probable as they were five hundred years proof of it so certain, there is no occasion for so agn; it is plain, that if in fifty more they quite nice a canvassing of circumstances.-Scribl. disappear, it must be ouing, not to their argu
Ibid. Silenus) Silenus was an Epicurean pilosoments, but to the extra or linary power of our pher, as appears froin Virgil, Eclog. vi. where he gorldess; for hose help therefore they have reason
sings the principles of that philosophy in dris drink.
First slave to words, then vassal to a name,
But, sad example! never to escape
But she, good goddess, sent to every child
Firma Impudence, or Stupefaction mild; 5.30
Which no one looks in with another's eyes ;
But, as the flatterer or dependant paint,
On others luterest her gay livery flings,
With that, a wizard old his cup extends; No more, alas ! the voice of Fame they hear,
How quick Ambition hastes to ridicule !
The sire is made a peer, the son a fool. Lost is his God, his country, every thing;
On some, a priest succinct in amice white
Attends; all flesh is nothing in his sight! 550
And the huge boar is shrunk into an urn:
Turns hares to larks, and pigeons into toads.
away the shape, and left the human mind; his Ver. 506. Sinil?di on by a queen!] i. e. This takes away the mind, and leaves the human" queen or goddess of Dulness
shape. Ver. 517. With that a wizard old, &c.). Here Ver. 529. But she, good godiless, &c.] The beginneth the celebration of the greater mysteries only comfort people can receive, must be owing of the goddess, which the poet, in his invocation, in some shape or other to Dulness; which makes ver. 5. proinised to sing.
some stupid, others impudent, gives self-conceit Ver. 518. —forgets his former friends, ] Surely to some, upon the flatteries of their dependants, there little needed the force of charins or magic presents the false colours of interest to others,
to set aside an useless friendship. For of all the and busies or amuses the rest with idle pleasures : accommodations of fashionable life, as there are or sensuality, till they become easy under any
none more reputable, so there are none of so little infamy. Each of which species is here shadowed
Ver. 532. Cibberian forehead, or Cimmerian same time is ready to give place to every passion sloom.) i. e. She communicates to them of her that offers to dispute possession with it. ---Scribl. own virtue, or of her royal colliagues. The Cib.
Ver. 523, 524. Lost is his God, his country-berian forehead being to fit them for self-conceit, And nothing left but homage to a king!] So self-interest, &c. and the Cinunerian gloom, for Strange as this must seein to a mere English the pleasurrs of opera, and the table.--Scribl. reader, the fainous Mous, de la Bruyere declares Ver. 553. The board with specious iniracles he it to in the chara ter of every good subject in. a loavis, &c.; Seriblerus serms at a loss in this monarchy : “ Wiere,” says be, “there is no place. Speciosa miracula (savs he) according to such thing as love of our country, the interest, liburace, were the monst ous fable's of the Cya the glory and service of the prince, supply its lops, La trygons, Sevilla, &". What relation place." - De la Republique, chap. X.
have these to the transformation of hares into of this duty another eclebrated French author Serks, or of pigeons into tonds? I shall tell there. speaks indeed a little more disrespectfully; whicha The Lestrygous spiuted meipon spears, as uc for that reason, we shall not translate, but give in lo larks upon skewers; and the fair pigeon his own words, “ L'Aigour de la le grand turned iv a ivad, is similar tu the fair virgin Scylla