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shall not break a BONE thereof. This plainly shows, that Christ was to suffer a death, a part of which was the breaking of the bones of the sufferer. But the providence of God orderėd, that he should be so particularly preserved from it, as not a bone of him should be broken. For the Romans, in compliance with the laws. of the Jews, which did not allow the body of a man to hang on a tree in the night, instantly broke the bones of those whom they crucified in Judea ; but, as the history informs us, when they found him dead already, they brake not

HIS bones.

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These are the principal figures worthy your observation concerning this fact. The prophecies that foretold Christ's death, are no less clear, and worthy of notice. When God declares in the Prophet Zechariah, that Christ should suffer from the sons of men, he says expressly, They shall look on him whom they pierced ; plainly showing, that he speaks of the Son of God, who was to be called the Son of man. The words of Psalm xxii. 17, speak, likewise, most pointedly to the particular manner of his death-They pierced my hands and my feet ; which we know were nailed to the cross. And a further proof of this is 'afforded us in the expression of the doubting disciple Thomas : Exçept I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my fingers into the print of the

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nails, I will not believe. And our condescending, blessed Lord, said unto him, Reach hither thy fingers, and behold my hands, &c.

No prophecy is more powerfully evident, as to the death of our Saviour, than these words of Isaiah, liii. 7, 8–10: He was brought (saith the Prophet) as a lamb to the slaughter ; he was cut off out of the land of the living, and made his soul an offering for sin.

We will now take a short view of the testimonies of the New, as confirming the predictions of the Old Testament, and the opinions of the Apostle concerning this fact.-And, first, let us consider what St. Paul delivered to the Corinthians as having received, doubtless, from inspiration, how that Christ died for our sins, according to the Scriptures; that the Messiah was the lamb slain before the foundations of the world : and further (Heb. ix. 22), that without shedding of blood there is no remission. And in Heb. xiii. 11, 12, he proves, from the nature of the law, by which the paschal lamb was to be slain, and also from those sacrifices of sin which presignified a Saviour, that as the bodies of those beasts whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp; therefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people by his own blood, suffered without the gate.

Having said sufficient, I hope, to convince

you of the PRE-appointment of Christ's death, by types and promises, let us now examine the evidence in support of the assertion, that Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. (1 Cor. v. 7.) The actions of his enemies, and the barbarous spectators of his fate, would alone sufficiently confirm the fact for ever. They who wished, they who thirsted for his blood, they who obtained, who effected, who extorted his death even they believed that Jesus of Nazareth was surely dead. The chief priests, the scribes, the pharisees, the publicans and sinners, all were satisfied. If they had doubted it, why did they apply for a guard over his body, after it was taken down and buried ? But if they had denied it, the language of all nature would have confirmed it. Why did the sun put on darkness ? why were the graves opened? why did the earth tremble? why were the rocks rent? why did all nature express such marvellous signs, but that he, by whom all things were created, in that moment left the tabernacle of mortal flesh, this human nature, which he had taken, and that, as the Son of man, he died? Why did the multitude, who delight in seeing such tragic sights, beat on their breasts, from inward conviction of the reality of what they saw, but that they were well assured, it Now WAS FINISHED? No more was to be seen, all was over; no compassion actuated the merciless

an end.

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soldiers to spare the further mangling of his

mbs, but that, seeing he was dead, they fulfilled the scriptural prediction just now related. And the circumstance of their disappointment in this particular, procured a further proof in consequence of barbarous security and wanton villany: they pierce his side, and thus become still stronger witnesses of his death ; for, from the wound proceeded blood and water, a certain sign that the functions of human life were at

And the disciple who saw it bears record to the fact; and, as he saith himself, his record is true, and he knoweth that he saith true, that

ye might believe. We believe, therefore, that our blessed Lord and Saviour was truly and properly dead upon the cross. As he had the true mortal nature, which the sons of Adam have, so did he undergo a real death, in the same manner we die : that is, the soul, which by the wonderful power of God, when in union with the body, is what causeth motion, feeling, and every living appearance ; so it being actually separated, the body became no more than that liféless part of us, which would for ever have remained inactive, had not God breathed the breath of life

The real distinction of the soul of man from his outward body, cannot be more clearly taught than by this admonition of our blessed Saviour: Fear not them which kill the

into man.

body, but are not able to kill the soul; but rather fear Him, who, after he hath killed, is able to destroy both body and soul in hell. Now, as death can be nothing else but the privation of life, we are then most truly said to die, when we cease to live. The fact appears further by our Lord's own resignation of his vital part to Him who gave it; Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit; and likewise by the Evangelist's plain expression, And having said this, he gave up the ghost ; that is, his soul, or spirit, departed from the body. The CAUSE also of his death, both in a natural and spiritual point of view, is another argument for the reality of it.

As to the former, by outward violence, and the effect of painful torture, the body is rendered unfit to continue the vital union of the soul. The torments Christ endured on the cross, brought him to that state, in which life could not any longer be preserved, and death must naturally follow, unless supernatural power interfered. That he died sooner than those who suffered with him (and which occasioned Pilate to marvel he was dead so soon), whose strength required further pains to end their mortal being, may be easily accounted for, from what has been observed of his previous sufferings, both in mind and body, which the malefactors did not experience; as likewise the probable difference between them as to delicacy of frame

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