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deeds of the law." 29. Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles allo: 30. Seeing it is one God, which shall justifie the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith. 31. Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid : yea, we establish the law.
CHAP: - IV.
as pertaining to the fleth, hath found? 2. For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory, but not before God. 3. For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness. 4. (1) Now to him that worketh, is the
reward 29. • See on A&s 10.35. ness. t Jam.2.23. The Scripture was CHAP. IV.
fulfilled, which faith, Abraham be2 + Ifa. 51. 2. Look unto lieved God, and it was imputed to him Abraham your Father, and un- for Righteousness. to Sarah that bare you..
t Rom. 11. - 6. If by b.: Rom. 3. 20.
Grace, then it is no more of Works: 3. c. + Gen. 15
6. He bea otherwise Grace is no more Grace. lieved in the Lord; and he countó But if it be of Works, then it is no ed it to him for righteousness. + Gal.3. more Grace': otherwise work is no 6. Even as Abraham believed God, and in more work. it was accounted to him for righteousChrist. Those who would see more on this Argument, may read what Mr. Oftervald says in his excellent Book of the Causes of the present Corruption of Christians, Part I. under Cause the 4th. Also Bishop Bull's English Works, Serm. I. and pag. 880. and his Harmonia Apostolica in his Latin Works. Also Dr. Wells's Discourse concerning the true Meaning of St. Paul as to his Doctrine of Justification by Faith, before the EpiAle to the Romans.
(1) By Working here, is treant a perfeet Obedience to the Law of God, by what Way foever it is made known to us. For Abraham's Working was before the giving of the Law of Mofes; and the Rule here laid down by the Apostle holds true of all manner of Works, whether of the Moral or Ceremonial Law. For whoever shall perfectly and in all Points keep the Law, the Reward of his Obedience is not conferred on him by Grace or Favour, but it is á Debt due unto him. But neither Abrahan, nor any other meer Man, did ever perform fuch an Obedience, consequently, he could not plead the Merit of his works for his Justification and Salvation, But by Vertue of God's Covenant and Promise, his Faith in the Goodness and Power of God to perform his Promise, was accounted to him for Righteousness ; that is, God did not lay the Guilt of his Sins to his Charge, but justified or pardoned him on the Account of his Faith, and dealt with him as a righteous Person, one who had never offended him. But this Faith obliged Abraham, as our Faith obliges us, for the future, to a sin. cete and universal Obedience to the Laws of God. If the ungodly re
reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. s. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. 6. Even as David also describeth the bleffedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteoufiets without works,
7. Saying, · Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven,and whole fins are covered. 8. Blelled is the man to whom the Lord will 110t impute fin. 9. Cometh'this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcifion also? For we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness
. 10. How was it then reckoned when he was in circumcifion,or in uncircumcision? not in circumcision, but in uncircum.cision .11.And he received the f sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumciled that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed unto them allo: 12.And'the ( 1 ) father of circumcifion to them who are not of the circumcifioii only, but also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham, which he had being yet uncircumcised. 13. For the Promise that he should be the h heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his feed through the law, but through the righteouliness of faith. 14. For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effe£t. 15. Because the law worketh wrath : for where mio
faw 7.et. Pfal. 32. 1, 2. Blessed is he tance be of the Law, it is no more while Transgrifion is forgiven, whole of Promife: but God gave it to Sin is covered.. Blessed is the Man Abraham by Promise. Gal. 2. 21. 'unto whom the Lord imputeth not I do not frustrate the Grace of Iniquity.
s God: for if Righteousness come by 11. f Gen. 17. 10. This is my the Law, then Christ is dead in Covenant, which ye shall keep bę. vain. tween me, and you, and thy Seed
Joh. 15. 22. If I had not afer thee; every Man-Child among come and spoken unto them, they had you shall be Circumcised. To not bad Sin : but now they have
+ Rom. 4:12,16. Gal. 3.7. no Cloke for their Sin. † Rom. 3: See on Luk.19.9.
20. By the Law is the Knowledge 13. Gen. 17.8. I will be their
17. 8. I will be their of Sin. + Rom. 5.13, 20. -Sin God. See on Acts 3. 25.
is 14. it Gal. 3.18. If the Inheri. pent of and forsake their Sins, and cease to be ungodly, they may ob tain Pardon; but if notwithstanding their Faith, they still continue to be ungodly,'' they deceive and cheat themselves, if they hope to be saved by a meer notional and unfruitful Faith. (1) That is, the Father of chose who were circumcised.
law is, there is no tranfgreffioni. 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be ' by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed, not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, m who is the father of us all, '17. (As it is written, I liaven made thee a father of many nations) * before him [Or, like unto him) whom he believed, even God who quickneth the dead, and • calleth those things which be 110, as though they were : 18. Who against hope believed in hope, that he might be, come the father of many Nations ; according to that which was spoken, P So fhall thy feed be. 19. And being not weak in faith, 9 he considered not his own body now dead,
is not imputed when there is no 16. I See on Rom. 3. 24. Law. The Lap entred that the m Ifa. 51. 2. The Words under Offence might abound. Rom. j. 8, 10. Sin taking occasion by the
17. Gen. 17.5. Neither shall Commandment, wrought in me all sthy Name any more be called A. manner of Concupifcence. For bram; but thy Name shall be A.' without the Law Sin was dead. braham ; for a Father of many Natia And the Commandment which was ons have I made thee. ordained to Life, I found to be un of Rom. 8. 11. —He that raised to Death. Rom. 7. $, 13. When roup Christ from the Dead, shall also we were in the Flesh, the Motions
quicken your mortal Bodies, by his. of Sins which were by the Law, Spirit that dwelleth in you. did work in our Members to bring 18. p * Gen. 15. 5. --Look now forth Fruit unto Death. Sin, that it toward Heaven, and tell the Stars, might appear Sin, working Death in 15 if thou beableto Number them: And me by that which is good; that sin he said unto him,so shallthySeed be, by the Commandment might become
19. 97 Gen. 17. 17. Then A. exceeding sinful. t 1 Cor. 15.56. braham fell upon his face, and The Strength of Sin is the Law. laughed, and said in his Heart, # 2 Cor. 7. 9. Now. I rejoice, not 20 Shall a Child be born unto him that ye were made forry, but that that is an hundred years old ? and ye
sorrowed to repentance: for ye shall Sarah,that is ninety years old, were made forry after a godly man bear? + Gen. 18. 1. Now Abraner, that ye might receive Damage ham and Sarah were old, and weit by us in nothing + Gal. 3. 19, 23:25 Stricken in Age : and it ceased role Wherefore then serveth the Law ? with Sarah after the manner of Wo. it was added because of Transgreffions, men. Heb !1, 11, 12. Through till che Seed should come, to whom Kaich allo Sarah her self received the Promise was made. Before Strength to conceive Seed, and was Faith came, we were kept under delivered of a Child when the wa. the Law, shut up unto. The Faith paft Age, because the judged him which should afterwards be reveal faithful who had promised. There ed. '1 Joh. 3. 4. Whosoever fore sprang chere even of one, and committeth Sin, tranfgrefleth also
him as good as Dead, lo many as the the Law: for Sin is the Transgrel-35 Stars of the sky in multitude, and fion of the Law. 1: Joh. s. 17. All as the Sarid which is by the Sea unrighteousness is Sin ... thore innumerables
16. "' 10:19.
when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarahs womb. 20. He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in Faith, giving glory to God: 21. And being fully perfwaded, that what he had promised," he was able also to perform.. 22. And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. 23. Now it was 1100 s written for his fake alone, that it was imputed to him; 24. But for us also, to whom it shall be im, puted, if we believe on him that u raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25. Who was delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our Justification,
CH A P. V. Teace
HEREFORE a justified ''
peace with God, through our Lord Jesus Christ. 2, By whom also we have access by faith into this grace
wherein 21.' + Pfal.115.3. Our God is in give ụs all things ?. : Gal. 1.4. the Heavens, he hath done what Who gave himself for us. - Gal. soever pleased him. Luk. 1. 37.
- The Son of God, who With God nothing shall be imposible. loved me, and gave himself for me. : Heb. 11, 19. (Abraham] Ace 5 Eph.5.2. Walk in Love, as Christ al. counting that God was able to raise fo hath loved us,and hath given himhim up even from the Dead. self for us an Offering and a Sacrifice 23.5 7 Rom: 15.4. Whatsoever
to God, for a sweet smelling Savour. things were written aforétime, were 2 Cor, 's: 21. He hath made him to written for our Learning ; that we 10 be sin that is, a Sin-offering) for through Patience and Comfort of us, who knew no Sin.--. Tim. the Scriptures might have hope. 2.6. Who gave himself a Ransom i Cor. 9. 19. For oyr fakes, no for all. Tit. 2. 14. Who gave doubt, this is written.- ti Cor. himself for us. Heb. 9. 14. How 10. 6,11. Now these things were much more thall the Blood of
IS cur Examples, to the intent that we Chrift, who through the eternal should not lust after evil things as Spirit, offered himself without they also lufted Now all these Spot to God, purge your Confcience things hapned unto them for en from dead Works to serve the liv. famples: and they are written for 20 ing God? our Admonition.– 2 Tim. 3. 16. ; 1 Cor. 15. 17. If Christ be All Scripture is given by inspiration not raised, your Faith is vain ; yo of God, and is profitable for Doctrine, are yet in your
Sins. for Reproof, for Correction, for Instru
CH A P. V. &tion in Righteousness.
See on A&s 13. 39: Also 24.
u • Acts 13. 30. See on the Note on Rom. 3. 28. Acts 2. 24.
See on Joh. 16.33. 25.
a Mat. 20. 28. The Son of 3.° Joh. 15.9. I am the Door ; Man came not to be ministred un, by me if any Man enter in he shall to, but to minister, and to give hisze be saved - Joh. 14.6. Jesus faith Life a Ranfom for many. Rom. 8. unto him, I am the Way, and the 32. He that fpared not his own Truth, and the Life: No Man Son, bur delivered him sp
us all, cometh unto the Father but by me. how fl all he not with him f.eely
· wherein we stand, and a rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
3. And not only so, but we e glory in tribulations also, f knowį ing that tribulation worketh patience; 4. And patience,
: experience; and experience, hope : 5. And hope ma-, keth not ashamed, because the love of God is thed abroad in our hearts, i by the holy Ghost which is given unto us. 6. For when we were yet * without ftrength, * in due time [Or, according to the time] Chrift died for the ungodly. 7. For scarcely for a righteous man will one m die : yet perad, venture for a good man fome would even dare to die. 8. But God commendeth his n love towards us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. 9. Much more then being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from o wrath through him. 10. For if when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son:
much * Eph. 2. 18. Through him we
s. ħ Pfal. 22.5.-They trusted in both have an access by one Spirit' thee, and were not confounded. unto the Father. + Eph. 3. 12. In :: Phil. 1. 20. According to my whom we have boldness and access earnest Expectation and my Hope, with confidence by the Faith of that in nothing I shall be afbahim. Heb. 4. 16. Let us there. med. fore come boldly unto the Throne of i Rom. 8. 16. The Spirit it self Grace, that we may obtain Mercy, beareth witness with our Spirit, that and find Grace to help in Time of we are the Children of God. need. Heb. 10. 19, 20, 21, 22:10
6. Eph. 2. !. You hath he Having therefore, Brethren, boldness quickned who were dead in Trefor to enter into the holiest by the Blood passes and Sins. Heb. 7. 18. For of Jesus, by a new and living Way there is verily a disanulling of the which he hath consecrated for us Commandment going before, for through the Vail, that is to fay is the Weakness and unprofitableness his Flesh; And having an high" thereof. Priest over the House of God : See on Mar. 1.15. Let us draw near with a true Heart, 7. 21 See on Joh: 15.13. in full Assurance of Faith.
8. Pet. 3. 18. t Joh. 3. + Heb. 3. 6. But Christ as a 16. f 1 Joh. 4. 9. See an Joh. Son over his own House : whose?o
15. 13. House are wę, if we hold fast the
i Thef. 1. 10.
Rom. 8. 32. He that e See on Acts 5:41.
Spared not his own Son, bür delivered . Jam. 1. 3. Kriowing this,'him up for us all, how fhall he not that the trying of your Faith work with him freely give us all things ? etb Patience.
+ 2 Cor.'s, 18, 19. All things are 4.5 2 Cor. 1: 5. For as the Suf. of God, who hath reconciled us to ferings of Christ abound in ús, lo himself by Jelus Christ. God was our Consolation also aboundet b by 3° in Chrift reconciling the World Chrift. 2 Tim. 4.17. The Lord unto himself, not imputing their stood with me." and frengthued Trespasses unto them. Eph.