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We have many recorded instances of individuals devoting Thx Rev. MR. HALL, of Arnsby, Mr. Evans, of Foxton, and

their spare moments to intellectual pursuits, and successfully overMR. CHRISTIAN, of Sheepshead, three eminently pious ministers

coming tho most formidable difficulties when poverty, or secular of the Gospel, attended a ministers' meeting at Mr. Woodman's, drudgory, seemed combined to crush their aspiring

souls. Sutton, Leicestershire. The day was solemn, and the discourses

THOMAS SIMPSON, a weaver in very humblo circumstances, delivered were very interesting and appropriate. In the even- prosecuted the study of mathematics during his leisure time with ing, these ministers spent their time together in the most agree, such diligenco and perseverance, that he was enabled to give able conversation. Amongst other subjects, one of them proposed to the world somo treatises on this most important science, and for discussion that passage in the ninth chapter of Job, 'If the ultimately to obtain the mathematical chair in one of our colleges. scourge slay suddenly, he will laugh at the trial of the innocent."

WILLIAM HUTTON, a stocking weaver, experiencing many hardDeep seriousness pervaded the conversation, while each gave his

ships and privations in his youthful days, rose to be a respectable thoughts on the text. When it came to Mr. Christian's turn,

bookseller; and, by assiduously employing amidst his difficulhe dwelt upon the subject with an unusual degree of feeling. He

ties what time he could steal from his daily duties, rendered cousidered it as referring to the sudden death of the righteous; himself capable of writing several historical works, including a and was expatiating very largely on the desirableness of such

history of Birmingham, which has maintained a high reputation. an event, and the happy surprise with which it would be at

JAMES FERGUSON first acquired the elementary principles of tended, when, amidst a flood of rapturous tears, he took his

natural philosophy while attending his father's sheep, and afterflight from the world while the words were yet faltering on his

wards while in the service of a farmer and miller. This great tongue !

man was also enabled to acquire by himself the art of painting, by

which he obtained for many years a comfortable subsistence; be• Which is the happiest death to die ?

sides making such advancement in philosophical studies as enabled “Oh!” said one, “if I might choose,

him to publish several works as the results of his investigation. Long at the gate of bliss I'd lie,

DANIEL DEFOE, a well-known writer, whose name is familiar And feast my spirit ere I fly

to most as the author of Robinson Crusoe, was apprenticed to a With bright celestial views.

hosier, and afterwards commenced in that trade himself, but Mine were a lingering death without pain.

before he had finished his apprenticeship he had acquired sufficient A death which all might love to see, And mark how bright and sweet 'would be

knowledge to give the public a political tract.

[Hints on Mental Culture. The victory I should gain.

The chief use of time, however, is to prepare for eternity. “Fain would I catch a hymn of love

Who can doubt this, that duly reflects upon the first article in
From the angel-harps that ring above,

this Number?
And sing it as my parting breath
Quivered and expired in death ;
So that those on earth may hear

The harp-notes of another sphere,

I've seen the dark ship proudly braving,
And mark, when nature faints and dies,

With high sails set, and streamers waving,
What springs of heavenly ligliv acise."

The tempest roar and battle pride.
“No," said another, “no, not I;

I've seen those floating streamers shrinking-
Sudden as thought is the death I'd die.

The high sail rent—the proud ship sinking
I would suddenly throw my shackles by,

Beneath the ocean tide;
Nor bear a single pang at parting,

And heard the seaman farewell sighing,
Nor see the tear of sorrow starting,

His body on the dark sea lying,
Nor hear the quivering lips that bless me,

His death-prayer to the wind !
Nor feel the hands of love that press mo,

But sadder sight the eye can know
Nor the frame with mortal terror shaking,

Than proud bark lost, and seaman's woe,
Nor the heart where love's soft bands are breaking

Or battle fire, or tempest cloud,
So would I dic !

Or prey-bird's shriek, and ocean's shroud-
All bliss, without a pang to cloud it !

The shipwreck of the Soul.
All joy, without a pain to shroud it !
Not slain, but caught up, as it were,

To meet my Saviour in the air !
So would I die !

In the churchyard of Innisbower, there is a simple tombstone with
Oh ! how bright

the following inscription :-
Were the realms of light,

Time flies!
Bursting at once upon the sight!
Even so

Weep not for me, my parents dear,
I long to go

* am not dead, but sleeping bere ;
These parting hours, how sad and slow !”

My glass is run, my grabe you see,
His voice grew faint, and fixed his eye,

Be sure, prepare to follow me.
As if gazing on visions of ecstacy.

This marks to the passing stranger the sca-boy's grave.
The hue of his cheeks and lips decayed,
Around his moath a sweet smile played.

They looked, he was dead !
His spirit had fled

The most famous of all whirlpools, as well as the most ter-
Painless and swift as his own desire.

rible, is that of the Maelstrom, on the coast of Norway, between The soul, undrest

the islands of Mosker, or Moskoe, and Warne. At this place From her mortal vest,

there is a deep channel, where the tides run with great violence Had stepped in her car of hcavenly fire,

from north to south for six hours; and when they are more And proved how bright

than ordinarily strong, or when their course is impeded by high Were the realms of light,

winds, a whirlpool is created. At high and low water, and Bursting at once upon the sight!'

when light winds are blowing, ships pass through the strait without much danger; but when a gale comes on they keep far out to sea, away from the dreaded spot. The fishermen who frequent these waters, and who have occasion to pass from one island to the other, sometimes cross it in their light tions of timber being jagged and notched, as though some boats, waiting for the calmest moment, and selecting the most | gigantic saw had been at work upon them. favourable spot to do so; but

It not unfrequently happens, they are well skilled in the signs

that animals perish in the Maelof the weather and the tides,

strom. Bears, sometimes, atand never venture when there is

tempting to swim from one the appearance of danger.

island to the other, are caught When the Maelstrom is lashed

by the eddy, and carried away up to its greatest fury, the aspect

in spite of all their struggles. it presents, and the sounds it

When fairly immersed in the causes, are truly terrific. Its roar,

circle, they appear to lose all which is said to be louder than

power of resistance, and submit that of the cataract of Niagara,

to their fate with loud roars of is heard, through all the noise

terror, which are plainly heard of the tempest, at the distance

upon the neighbouring coasts. of leagues, and the rocky shores

It is even said that the leviaby which it is bounded seem to

than of the deep, the gigantic thrill and tremble with the vio

whale, is occasionally caught, and lence of its reverberations. Far

shares the inability of all living from it, and long before the

creatures to contend against the threatening crests of its waves

insatiate foe. In vain it plies its are seen, a strong current rush

flippers, and lashes its tail, and ing towards it draws objects,

casts its vast form out of the apparently a long distance be

water in mad bounds for life. yond its influence, toward the

The invisible power which rules centre of the vortex-and once

the waves surely hurries it on in the stream, destruction is

to the centre, draws it down, inevitable. Nothing that cou

dashes it against the rocks, and, rage can prompt, or skill can

a few hours afterwards, casts it execute, will avail to avert

maimed and dead upon the the threatened danger: onward,


[Wonderful Things. spite of helm or sail, goes the

Can anything be more terriluckless ship, once within the

fic, more to be avoided, than the scope of its force, to certain destruction. Borne swiftly on, Maelstrom ? Yes! What does Mr. Gough say, in our second the waters buoy it up till

, where the whirling waves thunder article ? What say the lines that almost immediately precede the loudest, the vortex is reached ; and then, amid the foam this account? whirling round in spiral lines with fearful rapidity, it rushes madly round in circles growing each moment narrower, and is at last sucked down to where the jagged rocks of the rugged LABOURS AND PROSPECTS OF THE BAPTIST bottom lie nearly two hundred and fifty feet below the boiling

MISSIONARY SOCIETY IN INDIA. surface. The remains of whatever shares this fate are cast up In the report of the Baptist Missionary Society in 1853, it by the next tide, rent and torn into fragments; the larger por- is intimated, that full one half of the sixty-two millions who



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(Sce page 86.)


inhabit Bengal have no Christian teachers among them, and that experience as to the truth of these gracious declarations. His the remaining half are most inadequately supplied with reli- example, one would think, ought to go a long way in enforcing gious instruction—that the past labours of the Socisty in that what he said. But God giveth the increase.' The seed was province have been followed by very cheering results (many sown, and there we must for the present leave the still dissolute Christian churches having been formed, and some fifteen hundred Hindus having been gathered into the fold of Christ, As to our friend, he has seen the truth of the promise, They exclusive of those who have left the Church militant on earth that seek the Lord shall not want any good thing.' The family for that triumphant in heaven)—that the prospects of future and have removed into a better house, and have many more comforts enlarged success are highly encouraging, the political and social about them. Especially we may notice an increase in the condition of the people being eminently favourable to Mis- number of books. Over the fireplace is a miniature of the wife, sionary efforts-that even the once haughty Brahmin now and

in the centre a large picture of our Saviour's charge to Peter condescends to investigate the claims of Christianity, and is -Feed my sheep. Feed my lambs.' Then there is a map of the constrained to confess that 'Hinduism is sick unto death.' world, perhaps a Missionary one, and an air of comfort is diffused

It is very gratifying to learn, from the same report, that the over the whole room. We should not overlook the little boy, who Society have formed the noble intention of endeavouring to so winningly goes up to the poor visitor and takes his arm. He send forth at least twenty additional Missionaries, at a probable is evidently well taught in the law of kindness, so that the annual cost of £5000, in order to place on an efficient footing appearance of the man does not repulse him. Doubtless it might the Society's stations now occupied, and in some degree to seize be said of our friend, as was said by the Lord of Abraham, He the present openings for the extension of Christ's kingdom.' May will command his children and his household after him, and they these endeavours be crowned with the most abundant success ! shall keep the way of the Lord.'

The Missionaries and Native Evangelists, it further appears, Our next engraving will be the sixth and last of the serieshave been especially delighted by the willingness with which The ‘Closing Scene.' multitudes of the native population now hearken to the oral proclamation of Gospel truth ; listening attentively to evangelical addresses, whether delivered in the streets of Calcutta,

I'LL HAVE ONE. its suburban villages, its bazaars, or at its road-sides,' or in I HEARD recently a very interesting illustration of the manner places and tracts of country distant from the metropolis ; and

in which the Bible commends itself to the various classes of they are greatly inspirited by perceiving that everywhere a society. A colporteur in France was wending his way among change is apparent in the tone and temper of the people, with the villages of an agricultural district, endeavouring to sell his respect to the Gospel of Christ.'

Bibles. He came to a place where he saw a remnant of the The engraving, kindly lent by the Directors of the Society, feudal system. A farmer, of some standing, was sitting in his represents a bazaar in Monghir, in which their agents stopped

hall at dinner, and at the same table were his servants. The at a shop where a number of young men were gambling. The

parties were all of a sceptical turn. When the colporteur preMissionaries thus describe the result— The gamblers were at

sented himself at the entrance of the hall, they asked him what first unwilling to leave their game, but afterward laid it aside, he had got to sell. He replied, that he came to sell a book. and after some discussion they gave us seats, and with much

• What book ?' it was asked. La parole de Dieu,' the Word apparent pleasure sat down to hear our preaching.' The bre

of God,' said the man. At first they laughed at him; but after thren add, This was not the only time during our visit that we dinner was concluded, they thought they would have some had the pleasure of turning a gambling party into a congrega

sport, and one of them said to him, "Take out your book and tion to hear the word of God.' (See engraving, page 84.)

read, that we may see what it is like.' So he began-Servants, obey your masters. The master, sitting at the top of the table,

at once exclaimed, “I'll have one.' He then read, Masters, THE EARNEST ENTREATY.

render unto your servants that which is just and equal ;' and all (See engraving, page 85.)

down the table the cry was sent forth, I'll have one, I'll have

one.' This is a specimen of the manner in which the Bible We have seen the happy subject of a gracious change proceed

commends itself to all manner of persons.-Dr. M`Neile, ing from strength to strength growing in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Our present paper leads us to call the attention of our readers to the first engraving of the series (page 53.) There they will see the man whose

SUNSHINE AT MIDNIGHT. career we have traced, in the hands of a companion who tried to THERE is nothing that strikes a stranger more forcibly, if he detain him in the gin-palace, and laughed at the entreaties and visits Sweden at the season of the year when the days are misery of the poor man's wife and family. Now of this compa- longest, than the absence of night. Dr. Baird had no conception nion we have seen nothing sin that time. When our

of it before his arrival. He arrived at Stockholm froin Gotenabled, by God's grace, to give up his evil habits, he of course tenburg, four hundred miles distant, in the morning, and in the forsook his former companions. For what fellowship hath light afternoon went to see some friends. He had not taken note of with darkness ?' And his late friends would be just as averse to time, and returned about midnight-it was as light as it is here his company, now that his life condemned their evil practices, as half an hour before sundown. You could see distinctly. But he would be to theirs.

all was quiet in the streets-it seemed as if the inhabitants had. In our present engraving, however, we again see the companion gone away, or were dead. No signs of life-stores closed. The of our friend's former evil days. Possibly he had heard of the sun in June, at Stockholm, goes down a little before ten o'clock. growing prosperity of his old acquaintance; or possibly-and the There is a great illumination all night, as the sun passes round black band round his hat seems to render it not unlikely–he had the earth toward the north pole; and the refraction of its rays been in trouble, and thought that, after all, he was going on in the is such, that you can see to read at midnight. Dr. Baird read wrong way. Troubles often suggest wholesome thoughts of this a letter in the forest near Stockholm at midnight, without artikind. They are indeed sent for that purpose—for our profit.' ficial light. There is a mountain at the head of the Gulf of At all events, here he is. He has found our friend out, and has Bothnia, where, on the 21st of June, the sun does not go down perhaps confessed that he is no better than he was. The confes- at all. Travellers go up there to see it. A steamboat goes up sion was hardly needful, for his appearance proclaims it. He is from Stockholm, for the purpose of carrying those who are earnestly entreated to turn from his evil ways to accept God's curious to witness the phenomenon. It only occurs one night. gracious promise of a free pardon through Jesus Christ for all The sun goes down to the horizon, you can still see the whole that is past, and strength, by the aid of the Holy Spirit, for his face of it, and in five minutes it begins to rise. At the North leading a new life in time to come. Doubtless he is directed to Cape, latitude 72°, it does not go down for several weeks. Now many such passages of Scripture as these-Come now, and let us (June 23) it would be, at midnight, about twenty-five degrees reason together, saith the Lord: though your sins be as scarlet, above the horizon. The way the people there know it is midthey shall be as white as snow ; though they be red like crimson, night, is by seeing the sun begin to rise. they shall be as wool.' Him that cometh to me I will in no wise The changes in those high latitudes, from summer to winter, cast out.'.. And our friend would be able to speak from his own are so great, that we can have no conception of them at all. In

end was

11 winter time, the sun disappears, and is not seen for six of his talents and piety, Shall I,' said he, think it beneath me weeks. Then it shows its face. Afterward it remains for ten, to admire what my God did not think it beneath him to create. fifteen, or twenty minutes, and then descends; and, finally, it does and beautify, and cherish ?' Ray, in his Wisdom of God in not set at all, but makes almost a circle round the heavens. Creation,' says, “Think not that anything God has vouchsafed to

Dr. Baird had been asked how they managed in regard to hired create is unworthy thy cognizance—to be slighted by thee. It is persons, and what they consider a day. He could not say, but pride and arrogance, or ignorance and folly, in thee so to think. supposed they worked by the hour, and twelve hours would be There is a greater depth of art and skill in the structure of the considered a day's work. Birds and animals take their accus- meanest insect than thou art able to fathom or comprehend. tomed rest at their usual hours, whether the sun goes down How much of God,' says a talented writer, "may be seen in the or not. The lens take to the trees about seven in the after- structure of a single leaf, which, though so fragile as to tremble in noon, and stay there till the sun is well up in the morning; and every wind, yet holds connexions and living communications with the people get into the habit of late rising, too. The first morn- the earth, the air, the clouds, and the distant sun, and, through ing Dr. Baird awoke in Stockholm, he was astonished to see the these sympathies with the universe, is itself a revelation of an sun shining into his room. He looked at his watch, and found Omnipotent mind.' it only three o'clock. The next time he awoke it was five o'clock, The above is taken from that interesting and useful publicabut there was nobody in the streets. The Swedes in the cities tion, The Christian Treasury. are not very industrious, owing, probably, to the climate. The sun is up so long, that the atmosphere becomes very hot, though not so hot as our summer weather. The shopkeepers

THE LESSER WEEVER. of Stockholm, in the middle of the day, used to shut up their

This little fish belongs to the Perch family. Its scientific shops, and take their rest; but the government allowed the Jews

name is Trachinus draco (or T. riperu). Our engraving will to come in, and the Swedes were obliged to change.

sufficiently explain its general appearance. It is, says Yarrell, [Notes of Dr. Baird's Lectures on Europe.

about five inches in length; active and subtle in its habits, There is a moral darkness that-not for a few weeks, but burying itself in the loose soil at the bottom of the water, the always-enshrouds the greater portion of our earth. But a day head only being exposed. It thus waits for its prey-aquatic is coming, known to the Lord, when ‘at evening time it shall

insects or minute crustaceous animals - which the ascending be light. May it soon arrive !

position of its mouth enables it to seize with certainty. If trod Great Sun of Righteousness, arise !

upon, or only touched, while thus on the watch, it strikes with Fill the whole earth with heavenly light !

force either upwards or sideways. (See engraving, page 88.) Thy Gospel makes the simple wise,

The chief feature in this fish is its spinous dorsal fin, plainly Thy laws are pure, thy judgments right.'

shown in the engraving. The spines of this inflict very painful and serious wounds, whence the names applied to the fish ---draco,

vipera (serpent, viper). We have twice seen the weever ; once at The flakes of smooth bark peeled off the pinaster, and subdivided

Deal, when a couple of men were using a sweep-net along the into thin laminæ, were used by the ancients for writing on. They shingly beach, in search of the atherine, or sand smelt. On also formed a papyrus from the bark of the mulberry-tree, whence hauling the net they found a weever, and would scarcely allow us the Latin word liber signified both the bark of a tree and a book;

to examine it, so anxious were they for its destruction, which was and the term folium was, on the same account, applied to both,

not thought sufficiently complete until the poor fish was actually pounded to a paste. One of the men told us he had known a wound from this fish to lay a fisherman up for four months! The second time we saw it was on Yarmouth sands, when one was

enclosed in a ground net. Here, too, the men were equally THE USE OF NATURAL HISTORY.

anxious to destroy the fish, and to prevent any over-curious and THE study of natural history, if rightly conducted, leads to inexperienced stranger from touching it. deeper impressions of the wisdom and goodness of God. It is Notwithstanding this, the little weever is 'good for food.' possible to study the works of creation without any reference to The greater weever (T. major) is of different habits, preferring the great Creator. How sinful, however, to shut out God from his deep, water, where it lives constantly near the bottom. Both own world, and to deny him the praise proclaimed by his own species survive a considerable time out of water. works! Not so our first parents in their primeval innocence.

Although we do not know the use of this dangerous little fish, Their adoring song, according to the bard of Paradise, was— we may be quite sure that it has its part to perform equally with These are thy glorious works, Parent of good!

larger and more harmless creatures. For the great Creator made Almighty! Thine this universal frame,

nothing in vain, nor anything which was not very good.'
Thus wondrous fair ; thyself how wondrous, then !
Unspeakable-who sitt'st above these heavens,

To us invisible, or dimly seen
In these thy lowest works; yet these declare

This very extraordinary plant, this 'vegetable wonder,' as it
Thy goodness beyond thought, and power divine.

has been not unaptly termed, is allied to the water-lily, and

grows in British Guiana. It was discovered by Sir R. H. SchomA well-known writer speaks of the person who is a stranger to burgh in 1837, on the banks of the Berbice. In the same year he vernal delight amidst the beauty and freshness of spring, as sent over drawings of it from New Amsterdam to the Botanical guilty of sullenness against nature. Can he altogether clear him- Society in London, accompanied by the following communication. self of ingratitude, however unintentional, towards God, who • It was on the 1st of January, this year, while contending derives no pleasure from beholding the wonderful works of his with the difficulties nature opposed in different forms to our prohand ? If the rose, according to the Persian poet, fills with love gress up the river Berbice, in British Guiana, that we arrived at a the heart of his bulbul, the nightingale, can man be blamelessly point where the river expanded and formed a currentless basin : dead to its beauty, and regardless of its fragrance, though that some object on the southern extremity of this basin attracted my beauty and fragrance were intended to yield him delight, and to attention-it was impossible to form any idea of what it could be, speak to his heart of the loving-kindness of the Lord ? Want of interest in the works of creation is no proof of

and, animating the crew to increase the rate of paddling, shortly

afterwards we were opposite the object which had raised my superior piety, nor is a deep interest in them a symptom of defi- curiositya regetuble wonder! All calamities were forgotten. I ciency of pious feelings. The venerable Carey, who spent a life of devotedness in India in the service of his Master, had great

felt as a botanist, and felt myself rewarded. A gigantic leaf, from delight, in his few moments of leisure from more important light green above, and a vivid crimson below, resting upon the

five to six feet in diameter, salver-shaped, with a broad rim of a matters, in prosecuting the study of botany, in which he had made great proficiency. When some of his worthy associates, who had

water: quite in character with the wonderful leaf was the no taste for these pursuits, expressed their wonder at his zeal, and

luxuriant flower, consisting of many hundred petals, passing in Intimated that his great delight in flowers was beneath a person

alternate tints from pure white to rose and pink. The smooth water was covered with them: I rowed from one to another, and

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