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SIR John Franklin was born at Spilsby, in Lincolnshire, and was educated at the Grammar Schoolof Louth, During his school days the fame of Nelson rang through the land-his daring and victories were the theme of conversation in every town, city, or village in the kingdom. Franklin, fired with the glorious reports, determined to be a sailor-and, perhaps, he also might do some deed whereof his country had need to be proud. His parents, not liking the profession which their son had chosen, sent him a voyage in the hope that it would disgust him with seafaring life. It did no such thing. It confirmed his love for it; and no hardships or terrors could set it aside. The manof-war, the stout “Polyphemus," commanded by Captain Lawford, in the year 1800, received upon its quarter-deck, amongst its petty officers, John Franklin, in his fourteenth year. He was privileged to take part in the glorious battle of Copenhagen.

His next voyage was with Captain Flinders, in the very leaky and unsound ship, the “Investigator." For two years the ship was beating

about that country to which Captain Flinders gave the name of Australia. Franklin, meanwhile, was enduring all the hardships of a long and perilous voyage.

In the January of 1804, he found himself on board the “Earl Camden," commanded by Captain Nathaniel Dance, sailing from Canton river, in charge of fifteen merchantmen laden with valuable Chinese produce.

When the convoy reached England, our hero entered as signal midshipman on board the “Bellerophon,"' in which vessel he took part in the

memorable battle of Trafalgar. When the muchdesired Peace came, his thoughts were again directed to maritime discovery. At that time the ever-recurring question of a North-West Passage was once more uppermost. On the 25th of April, 1818, we find the discovery brigs, “ Dorothea ” and " Trent," sailing down the Thames. The first vessel was commanded by Captain Buchan, the latter by Lieutenant John Frankliu.

Six months after the “ Dorothea " and "Trent” again entered the Thames, sadly battered and weather beaten. Their crews had a tale full of peril and wondrous escapes.

A twelvemonth had not

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passed, however, before Franklin was once more in the cold they are in general strongly opposed to superstition as well as regions. This time it was to be a boating expedition on the coasts tyranny, and seeking freedom from religious as well as civil of Arctic America. The expedition left England in 1819, and bondage, may be inferred from a remarkable Almanac issued by returned in 1822.

their ministers of State, and from which the following is an exOn the return of Franklin there was much rejoicing at his safety, tract: and at the daring manifested during the expedition. It was evident to all that Franklin was no common man.

Other Almanacs are prepared with deceptive regulations, all

In his absence he had having beguiling devices of the devil, deceiving and misleading the been made a commander ; and now, on his return, he was promoted people of the world. We your ministers have entirely excluded to the rank of captain.

such matter from this Almanac, because the months, years, and days In 1823, Eleanor Porden became his wife--and a true, noble wife are all appointed by our Heavenly Father, who has fixed and made she was, worthy of such a husband. They had been married only every year good and excellent, every month good and excellent, and two short years, however, when Franklin received a commission to every day and hour, good and excellent. Whence then are these proceed upon another arctic expedition. He was much distressed good and bad days, and why should fortunate days and lucky days at the thought of leaving his wife, and yet he could not reject the

be sought after? Truly whosoever shall with a true breast, reverence call of duty. Eleanor knew that the hand of death was upon her;

the heavenly Father, the high Lord God, will be looked upon by she might never see her husband more. But, forgetting self, and

Him with complacency, and whatsoever time such please to devote

to their business will be lucky and fortunate to them.' subduing her own wishes and inclinations, she conjured her husband to go forth at the call of his country; and, in the true spirit of

The above quotation cannot be read by real Christians witha noble woman, of whom England has need to be proud, she worked, out wonder and delight ; nor, it might be supposed, without with her own hands, a flag for hier husband to spread to the winds

shame by some nominal Christians, who, whilst professedly rewhen he gained the Frozen seas ! In the absence of the expedition nouncing heathenism, retain many heathenish views and practhe spirit of this excellent woman went to its reward.

tices—as for instance, if salt is spilled they throw some over On the return of the expedition their countrymen vied with each

their shoulder- if tallow carls in the candle, they call it a other in paying its members that honour which their endurance so windingsheet, and deem it an omen of death—they account it well merited. Three years after the death of Franklin's first wife, dangerous to be married on a Friday, or to sit down to dinner Jane Griffin committed herself to his keeping. Truer, nobler, more

if the precise number of thirteen surround the table. heroic woman, surely never plighted her faith with man.

The calendar also points out Sundays, and Sundays alone, a3 The summer of 1844 had come. The scientific world was once

the days which God has set apart for religious worship. again agitated with the news of another arctic expedition. Officers and seamen were using all the influence at their command to have their names enrolled in the band of gallant men who were to open A MILLION CHINESE NEW TESTAMENTS. up the North-West Passage. Sir John Franklin put in his claim for the command, as being the oldest arctic explorer. It was clear

The British and Foreign Bible Society, in a manner worthy Franklin bad made up his mind to go. The command of the two

the occasion, have resolved to make a vigorous effort to print vessels, the “Erebus " and " Terror," was therefore given to him;

and circulate in China, ONE MILLION COPIES OF THE NEW TESTAthe “Terror" being under the command of Captain Crozier. On the 18th of May, 1845, the two vessels started on their long voyage.

By the indefatigable exertions of Dr. Morrison, the arduous Aster encountering appaling dangers, the vessels were secured at task of preparing a Chinese Dictionary was accomplished, at a Beechy Island for winter quarters, where Franklin is laid on a death

cost to the East India Company of £10,000. Drs. Morrison, bed. But not before the object for which he had toiled was secured.

Milne, and Medhurst, and other learned and diligent labourers, Franklin, in his last hour, knew that, though his body was interred

have completed a translation into Chinese of the entire Bible. The witbin the Frozen regions, his country would not forget to honour

Rev. Samuel Dyer performed the exceedingly difficult work, by some at first thought to be impossible, of preparing a font of Chinese moveable types at an expense to the London Missionary

Society of £4000. In consequence of these preparatory toils and HUNG-SEN-TSUEN.

grants, and by the gratuitous use both of the translation and of

the type, a New Testament can now be printed in China, at the LEADER OF THE CHINESE PATRIOTS.

very small cost of fourpence per copy.

Who, that has the means, can refuse to assist the Bible Society OR very many ages the Chinese

in carrying into effect their benevolent and important design?
have been the victims of superstition.
In later times they have also suffered
grievously from the oppression of
their Tartar rulers. Within the last

twenty years however a happy change
for the better commenced. In 1834,

'COULD oceans, rivers, springs and lakes,
a native named LEANG AFAH was

All that the name of water takes,
converted to Christianity by the la-
bours of DR. MILNE. Very desirous

Beneath th' expanded skies,
of spreading the Gospel among his

Be turn’d to ink of blackest hue, countrymen, this zealous disciple pre

Add too the drops of morning dew,
pared a Christian Treatise, entitled

To make the wonder rise;
*Counsels for the Age, and at the hazard of liberty and life,
circulated many thousand copies of it in Canton. One

A book so large could we suppose,
of these little Treatises was received by a young student,

Which thinnest paper could compose, named HUNG-SEN-TSUEN. The youth read it with great

As the whole earthly ball; attention. He was convinced by it of the folly and wickedness of idol worship, and of the necessity of acknowledging the one

Were every shrub and every tree, true and only God. It is supposed that this same HUNG-SEN

And every blade of grass we see, TSUEN now heads the Patriots in their opposition to idolatry and

A pen to write withal ; misrule.

Were all who ever lived on earth,

Since nature first received her birth,

Most skilful scribes to place
It is not surprising that the followers of HUNG-SEN-TSUEN

In clearest light that wondrous love, from their scanty knowledge of the Christian religion should be

Found in the heart of God above, chargeable with some very serious crrors and excesses; but that

Toward Adam's sinful race;

his memory



Were each Methuselah in age,

brother John till 1696, when, at John's death, he became sole And every moment wrote a page,

master of all Russia. They'd all be tired and die ;

He was a man of great energy of mind and of a very enter. The pens would every one wear out,

prising spirit, by ineans of which he rose superior to the great

disadvantages under which he laboured from a defective and bad The book be filled within, without,

education. It is not practicable within the limits of this periodical The ink be drain'd quite dry

to give even a brief outline of the wars in which he engaged, the

dangers from which he escaped, the works which he accomAnd then, to show that love, O then !

plished (of which building St. Petersburgh was one), and the Angels above as well as men,

various benefits he conferred upon his country ; in consequence of

which he was styled, Peter the Great. Interesting and instrucArchangels e'en would fail :

tive instances may however be furnished of his humility and Yea, till eternity should end,

ardour, which are among the peculiarities and excellences of his A whole eternity they'd spend,

character. Nor then have told the tale !'

In his youthful days he formed a company of fifty soldiers. He placed officers over them, and himself entered into the lowest post, that of drummer, afterwards rising in rank according to his desert. He did this to teach his nobility that merit, not birth,

formed the only solid title to distinction. CONVERSATION WITH A BARONET.

In 1697, he was very desirous of learning the art of building

ships, and to acquire it went to Holland. To accomplish his Many years ago, on a Saturday, I was in stage coach with

object thoroughly, he there engaged himself to a Dutch builder journeying to —, where I was to preach the

as a journeyman ship's carpenter. He wore a dress suited to following day. The playful Baronet said to me,

his occupation, and served his master zealously, lending a help'So, my young friend, I hear you have given up the law and

ing hand at rope-making, sail-making, smith's work, and every taken to the Gospel. I suppose that now your heart is in a thing belonging to the art he wished to learn. One day, sitting capital state-nice and tender, isn't it? I suppose you are now near the spot where some men were carrying a large beam of a saint, are you not ?'

wood, his employer called out to him Peter, why don't you Déar Sir , let me ask you, are you a saint, or are you assist these men' The czar immediately placed his shoulder not? what sayest thou of thyself ?

under the heavy log, and helped to carry it to its proper place. He paused-found himself in a dilemma; had he said yes- His first lodging consisted of two little rooms, in a small then why laugh at me? if no-then by his own confession he was

house occupied by a poor widow, in which he lived contentedly, an unholy man. I proceeded

often lighting his own fire and cooking his own food. I tell you what, Sir before I left the law, I used He was an early riser, and a hard working man throughout occasionally to put notices into the papers to the following effect, the day. On one occasion, having received his wages, This wil! “if the next of kin of so and so, will call at such a place, at such

serve,' said he, to buy me a pair of shoes, of which I stand in a time, they shall hear of something to their advantage.' I now great need,' at the same time showing those he wore, which beg leave to give you notice, that if you will come to-morrow had been already soled. He then went and bought the shoes, to place of worship, at halfpast ten o'clock in the morn- saying, 'I have earned these well

, by the sweat of my brow, ing, by divine help, you shall hear something to your allvantage.' with hammer and anvil.' A bar of iron forged with his own "I'll come,'- in great good humour, he replied,

hands is still in the cabinet of the Academy of Sciences at He did come at the exact time, took his seat in a pew, St. Petersburgh. joined in the worship which was carried on, and attentively He went on board some fishing-ships, which had just relistened to the discourse. Whether he derived any material ad- turned from Greenland, inquired into the manner of catching vantage or not from the service, is best known in the unseen whales, how the blubber was cut off, the oil boiled, the whaleworld into which he not long after entered. We need not how- bone cut out, and considered nothing too troublesome--nothing ever go into the world of spirits to know that we ought promptly about the fishing ships too offensive-whilst acquiring that to embrace every opportunity of doing good to our fellow-men. knowledge after which he thirsted. * Blessed are they that sow beside all waters'--' In the morning Peter at this period was in the twenty-sixth year of his age sow thy seed, and in the evening withhold not thy hand.' and has been described by those who saw him as a robust

H. T.

strong-built man ; having bold and regular features, dark-brown hair, that fell in natural curls about his neck; and a dark keen eye, which glanced from one object to another with great speed.

During this season of his voluntary humiliation, and whilst at HONESTY OF A SLAVE.

his work in the docks, he was visited by the celebrated duke of

Marlborough. The stately general looked with amazement at The 'Anti-slavery Reporter,' for October, says that, a very the czar of Muscovy, dressed in a red woollen shirt, duck large diamond has been discovered in Bagagem, in the pro- trowsers, and a sailor's hat; and seated on a rough log of timber, vince of the Mines, South America. The finder, an old black with an adze in his hand, as he was conversing with some slave woman, immediately carried it to her master, a Bra- strangers. The duke approached, and opened a slight converzilian, who was in very needy circumstances. He sent his bro- sation by some remarks about the art of ship-building. Suddenly ther to Rio with the diamond. The Commercial Bank advanced a messenger in a foreign costume appeared, bearing an enormous him about £10,000 on the gem, which is to be sent to England. Jetter in his hand. The journeyman carpenter started up, tore It is said to be a stone of extraordinary beauty.

off the seals; and whilst eagerly engaged in perusing it, the great Honesty is the best policy. Had the poor slave attempted Marlborough walked away unregarded. o dispose of the diamond, she would doubtless have been se. The emperor died in 1725, at the age of 53. A magnificent verely punished; but acting as she did, she was not only com- equestrian statue, by Falconet, (see page 37,) has been erected to mended but gained her freedom : which her master, gratified by his memory, and is one of the most celebrated sculptures of her good conduct immediately bestowed.

modern times. A large block of granite, weighing fifteen hundred tons, was dragged a distance of four miles to St. Petersburgh, to form the pedestal. On this was placed a metallic

figure of Peter, who is represented as on horseback, with his hand PETER THE GREAT.

extended, and springing up a rock at full speed. The form of a

serpent is skilfully introduced by the sculptor, at once to support PETER I., czar, or tsar, afterwards cmperor of Russia, was the massy horse, and to suggest its rider's victories. The statue the founder of the Russian empire. He was born in 1672, is : bout seventeen feet in height, and contains about forty proclaimed czar when ten years of age, ruled jointly with his thousand pounds weight of bronze.


distance, through roads almost impassable, they are lodged in VIEWS OF WAR.

ill-prepared receptacles for the wounded and the sick, where the BY A CLERGYMAN.

variety of distress baffles all the efforts of humanity and skill, The following account of scenes after the battle of Soldin and renders it impossible to give to each the attention he (Prussia) is taken from the pen of a clergyman. 'At one o'clock demands. Far from their native home, no tender assiduities of the cannonading ceased; and I went out on foot as far as Soldin, friendship, no well-known voice, no wife, or mother, or sister is to learn to whose advantage the battle had turned. Toward near to soothe their sorrows, relieve their thirst, or close their evening, seven hundred Russian fugitives came to Soldin, a most eyes in death. Unhappy man! and must you be swept into the pitiful sight! some holding up their hands, cursing and swear

grave unnoticed and unnumbered, and no friendly tear be shed ing; others praying, and praising the king of Prussia ; without for your sufferings, or mingled with your dust! hats, without clothes ! some on foot, others, two on a horse, with If statesmen, if Christian statesmen at least, had a proper their heads and arms tied up; some dragging along by the feeling on this subject, and would open their hearts to the stirrups, and others by the tails of the horses. When the battle reflections which such scenes must inspire, instead of rushing was decided in favour of the Prussians, I ventured to the place eagerly to arms, would they not hesitate long, would they not where the cannonading had been. After walking some way, a try every expedient, every lenient art consistent with national

I Cossack's horse came running at full speed towards me.

honour, before they ventured on this desperate remedy, or ted him; and on my way, for seven miles and a half on this side

rather, before they plunged into this gulf of horror? the field of battle, I found the dead and wounded lying on the While the philanthropist is devising means to mitigate the ground, sadly cut in pieces. The

evils and augment the happiness further I advanced, the more these

of the world, a fellow - worker poor creatures lay heaped one up

together with God in exploring on another. That scene I shall

and giving effect to the benevonever forget. The Cossacks, as

lent tendencies of nature, the warsoon as they saw me, cried out,

rior is revolving, in the gloomy • Dear sir, water, water, WATER,!'

recesses of his capacious mind, Righteous God! what a sight!

plans of future devastation and Men, women and children, Rus

ruin. Prisons crowded with capsians and Prussians, carriages

tives, cities emptied of their inhaand horses, oxen, chests and bag

bitants, fields desolate and waste, gage, all lying one upon ano

are among his proudest trophies. ther to the height of a man;

The fabric of his fame is cemented and seven villages around me in

with tears and blood; and if his flames, and the inhabitants either

name is wafted to the ends of the massacred, or thrown into the

earth, it is in the shrill cry of suffire! Nor were the embers of

ering humanity ; in the curses and mutual rage yet extinguished

imprecations of those whom his in the hearts of the combatants ;

sword has reduced to despair. for the poor wounded were still firing at each other in the great

BY LORD BROUGHAM. est exasperation! The field of

My principles- I know not battle was a plain two miles and

whether they agree with yours : a half long, and so entirely cover

they may be derided, they may ed with dead and wounded, that

be unfashionable; but I hope they there was not even room to set my

are spreading far and wide-my fvot without treading on some of

principles are contained in the them! Several brooks were so fil

words which that great man, led up with Russians, that they lay

Lord Falkland, used to express heaped one upon another as high

ia secret, and which I now exas two men, and appeared like

pres3 in public - peace, PEACE, hills to the even ground! I could

PEACE! I abominate war as hardly recover myself from the

unchristian. I hold it the greathorror occasioned by the miser

est of human crimes. I deem it able outcries of the wounded.

to include all others—violence, A noble Prussian officer, who had

Llood, rapine, fraud, every thing lost both his legs, cried out to

which can deform the character, me, “Sir, you are a priest, and

alter the nature, and debase the preach mercy; pray show me

name of man, some compassion, and despatch

ORIGIN OF WARS. (Page 37.) me at once."


What a boundless spendthrift is war! It is estimated that Real war is a very different thing from that painted image of every gun of our navy costs on an average fifteen thousand do-which you see it on parade, or at a review. It is the most awful lars a-year; enough to support twenty or thirty missionaries ! scourge that Providence employs for the chastisement of man. It Forty millions of dollars wasted in our war with a handful of Inis the garment of vengeance with which the Divinity arrays him- dians in Florida ! fifty millions a year in our last war with Engself, when he comes forth to punish the inhabitants of the earth. land! hundreds of millions in our old revolutionary war

It is impossible for a humane mind to contemplate the rapid Still worse do we find it in the old world. England, as stated extinction of innumerable lives without concern. To perish in a by one of her ablest and best men, has lavished upon the duke of monient, to be hurried instantaneously, without preparation and Wellington alone, eleven millions of dollars! As much uron a without warning, into the presence of the Supreme Judge, has single warrior ; as all Christendom has ever given in five years for something in it inexpressibly awful and affecting.

the support of missionaries among the heathen! The war operaWhat a scene must a field of battle present, where thousands tions of England, near the time of the battle of Waterloo, are said are left without assistance and without pity, with their wounds to have consumed one million sterling a day; about twice as much exposed to the piercing air, while the blood, freezing as it flows, every day as the whole church of Christ is even now contributing binds them to the earth, amid the trampling of horses, and the annually for the spread of his Gospel! It has been estimated, that insults.of an enraged foe! If they are spared by the humanity the late wars of Europe, in little more than twenty years, wasted of the enemy, and carried from the field, it is but a prolongation in one way and another some 40,000,000,000 dollars, the bare of torment. Conveyed in uneasy vehicles, often to a remote interest of which would be, at six per cent, 3,400,000,000 dol

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lars a year, and, at only two and a half per cent, no less than A hearty blow was the reply, and then a battle began. It 1,000,000,000 dollars! the simple interest at this low rate, enough being Saturday, all the boys of both schools were on the ice, and to support, at 500 dollars each, two millions of missionaries, or one the fight instantly became general. I asked one of the party to every three hundred souls in all the pagan world!

what they were pelting the others for ? BY A SCOTCH WRITER.

O naething at a' man ; we just want to gie them a good

thrashing.' A Scotch writer, in illustrating the history of wars, says, the After fighting till they were quite exhausted, one of the

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PETER THE GREAT. (Page 55.) history of every war, is very like a scene I once saw in Nithsdale. principal heroes, covered with blood and his clothes in tatters, Two boys from different schools met one fine day upon the ice. thus addressed the hostile ranksThey eyed each other with rather jealous and indignant looks, • Weel, I'll tell ye what we'll do wi' ye: if ye'll let us alane, and with defiance seated on their brow. (See engraving, page we'll let ye alane. 36.) They soon proceeded to words and blows.

There was no more of it: the war was at an end, and the What are ye glowrin' at, Billy ?!

boys scampered away to their play. I thought at the time, and • What's that to you! I'll look where I have a mind, an' have often thought since, that that trivial affray was the best Linder me if you dare.'

epitome of war in general that I have ever seen. Rulers and

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