The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification

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Timber Press, 01.01.2008 - 290 Seiten

Irises and their relatives are lily-like plants related to the orchid and narcissus families, with whom they share a propensity for large, brightly colored, attractive flowers. Many have longlasting flowersÑIris, Gladiolus, and Freesia are among the most important cut-flower crops in the world. The intricate flowers of the iris family are finely adapted for pollination by a variety of animals, including hummingbirds, sunbirds, beetles, butterflies, moths, wasps, and bees. This intimate connection between flower form and pollination biology reveals how the marvelous range of flower colors, shapes, and scents are vital to the lives of the species. The diversity of Iridaceae is illustrated in more than 200 superb photographs supplemented by expert line drawings. A lifetime of work by the world's expert on Iridaceae is distilled in this definitive account. Botanists, ecologists, naturalists, and gardeners will find this an essential reference.

 

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Inhalt

Preface
9
Plant Form
16
Natural history
49
evolution and Classification
78
systematics of the Iris Family
89
subfamily aristeoideae
98
subfamily Nivenioideae
104
Nivenia
105
Tritonia
186
Ixia
189
Dierama
193
subfamily Iridoideae
195
Key to Genera of Iridoideae
196
Diplarrena
199
Iris
200
Dietes
204

Klattia
108
Witsenia
110
subfamily Crocoideae
113
Tritoniopsis
116
Cyanixia
118
Zygotritonia
120
Savannosiphon
123
Lapeirousia
124
Pillansia
127
Thereianthus
130
Micranthus
133
Watsonia
135
Gladiolus
138
Melasphaerula
142
Crocosmia
144
Devia
147
Freesia
149
Xenoscapa
152
Radinosiphon
155
Romulea
157
Afrocrocus
160
Syringodea
163
Crocus
165
Geissorhiza
169
Hesperantha
172
Babiana
175
Chasmanthe
178
Sparaxis
181
Duthieastrum
184
Bobartia
207
Ferraria
209
Moraea
211
Libertia
215
Orthrosanthus
216
Olsynium
219
Sisyrinchium
221
Solenomelus
225
Tapeinia
226
Pseudotrimezia
229
Alophia
232
Calydorea
233
Cipura
235
Cobana
237
Cypella
238
Eleutherine
240
Ennealophus
241
Gelasine
242
Herbertia
243
Hesperoxiphion
246
Larentia
247
Nemastylis
250
Salpingostylis
251
Tigridia
253
Glossary
257
literature Cited
264
Index
279
Urheberrecht

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Über den Autor (2008)

John C. Manning is Senior Specialist Scientist, Compton Herbarium, South African National Biodiversity Institute, Kirstenbosch. Peter Goldblatt is B.A. Krukoff Curator of African Botany at the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis and holds the International Bulb Society's Herbert Medal.

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