The Construction of Orthodoxy and Heresy: Neo-Confucian, Islamic, Jewish, and Early Christian Patterns
SUNY Press, 16.04.1998 - 265 Seiten
This book presents the first systematic and cross-cultural exploration of ideas of heresy, as well as orthodoxy, in a group of major religious traditions, including Neo-Confucianism, Sunni Islam, rabbinic Judaism, and early Christianity. It shows how authorities in all four of these traditions used common strategies to distinguish orthodox truth from heretical error. These same strategies often appear in modern ideological polemics and studies of deviance as well as in traditional religious controversies. The party that most effectively uses these strategies often gains a decisive advantage in the struggle among competing claimants to orthodoxy.
The author also shows how orthodoxy depends on heresy. Without heresy, or at least ideas of heresy, orthodoxy could not establish or perpetuate itself. In fact, in all four traditions orthodoxy constructed itself by creating an inversion of the heretical other.
By highlighting the common patterns in constructions of orthodoxy and heresy in four major religious traditions, this book also sets in relief subtler variations that give each tradition a special character. In this way this study strikes a balance between the universal and the particular: it illuminates a general pattern in world intellectual history, but also shows how the traditions that illustrate this pattern are distinctive.
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al-Baghdadi ancient antiquity Ash'arite attributes Bary Boulluec Buddhism catholicity century Ch'an Ch'en Chien Ch'eng Ch'eng-Chu scholars Ch'eng-Chu school China Chinese Christian heresies Christian heresiologists Chu Hsi Chu's Church claim classical comp condemned Confucian Confucius creeds developed divine doctrine doxy early Christian Epiphanius error faith Fathers Genealogy Gnosticism Hanbalite heresiarchs heresiographical heresiological heresiologists heretical heterodoxy Hsi's hsiieh-an Ibid Ibn Taymiyya idem imams intellectual Irenaeus Islamic heresiographers Jewish Jews Karaite Laoust later Lewinstein Lu Hsiang-shan Maimonides major medieval Mencius middle Ming modern Mu'tazilites Muslim Neo-Confucian Neusner notion d'heresie ortho Orthodox Corruption orthodoxy orthodoxy and heresy particularly Pelikan Pharisees philosophical polemical political position Prophet Qur'an rabbinic Judaism refute religion religious traditions Sadducees sages Schisms sectarian sects Shi'ites Simon Studies Sung Sunni syncretism T'ang Taipei Tao Learning Taoism teaching theologians Theology thodoxy tion Torah traditions surveyed trans transmission unity University Press Wang Yang-ming Watt Yang Chu York