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“ Who broke no promise, serv'd no private end, “ Who gain'd no title, and who lost no friend l; 70 “ Ennobled by himself, by all approv’d,

, " And prais'd unenvy'd, by the Muse he lov’d.”

NOTES. favourite maxim, that, however factious men thought proper to distinguish themselves by names, yet, when they got into power, they all acted much in the same manner; saying,

“ I know how like Whig ministers to Tory." And among his manuscripts were four very sensible, though not very poetical lines, which contain the most solid apology that can be made for a minister of this country :

“ Our ministers like gladiators live :

'Tis half their business blows to ward, or give :
The good their virtue would effect, or fense,

Dies between exigents and felf-defence.” Yet he appears sometimes to have forgotten this candid reflection.

WARTON. Ver. 72. And prais’d unenvy'd, by the Muse he lov’d.] It was not likely that men acting in so different spheres, as were those of Mr. Craggs and Mr. Pope, should have their friendship disturbed by Envy. We must suppose then that some circumstances in the friendship of Mr. Pope and Mr. Addison are hinted at in this place.


Who that reads this highly finished compofition, but must lament to find the same person, here celebrated, addressed in very different tones by the fame Author :

" Who would not weep if Atticus were he !” I am myself satisfied, that the breach between Addison and Pope was certainly owing to Pope's jealousy, and not to any indirect and unhandsome conduct in Addison. Some reasons for this opinion, the reader will see in Volume IV., where the subject is mentioned. Pope, considering Addison as the author of the translation of the first book of Homer, which came out at a time when it could be only confidered as the rival to his own, felt no doubt aggrieved: but there is no evidence that the translation was Addison's, farther than Pope's surmise and assertion ; and a candid person will confider what credit is due, when the testimony is against a perfon, in all other points of most exemplary character, to such proof as Pope sums up his accusation with." Tickel himself, who is a fair man, has since, in a manner, as good as, owned it to me!"-Pope's own words to Spence, on which he seems to reft the certainty of the faa. But what was mentioned many years fince the death of the person accused, what Tickel, “ in a manner," as good as, “ own'd,” surely is not entitled to much credit. But be this as it may, the beauty of this Poem, both in versification and imagery, is in its kind unrivalled, dignified, melodious, and poetical. It is to be lamented, that, like the Essay on Criticism, it contains any stroke of ill-nature. VADIUS here is introduced with the same effect, as Appius in the Effay. Nothing can fo Atrongly evince Pope's turn to Satire,

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