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- 328

- 420


A Description of the Habits of the Ringdove.

Remarks on the Natural Productions of Lexden Sketches of the Natural History of my Neigh-

By Charles Waterton, Esq.

and its Neighbourhood. By J. G. . 17

On designating Genera and Subgenera, and on

bourhood. No. 2., Fragments of Ornithology.
the Principles of_Classification which they

By C. Conway, Esq., of Pontnewydd Works,

involve. By the Rev. Leonard Jenyns, A.M. Notes on the Arrival of the British Summer



On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena, Vicis-

Birds of Passage in 1894, with incidental

situdes in the Seasons, prevalent Disorders,

Remarks on some of the Species. By Mr.

Edward Blyth

- 338

&c., contemporaneous, and in supposed con. Description of some new and rare British Species

nection, with Volcanic Emanations. By the

Rev. W. B. Clarke, A.M. F.G.S. &c. 193. 289. A Notice of Localities, Habits, Characteristics,

of Shells. By W. Turton, M.D., &c. • 350


Shakspeare a Naturalist

and Synonymes of a rare British Species of


On the Meteors seen in America on the Night Observations on the work of Maria Sibilla

Mýtilus. By Mr. Wm. Williamson, jun. 353

of Nov. 13. 1833. By the Rev. W. B. Clarke,

Merian on the Insects, &c. of Surinam. By

A.M. F.G.S. (A Supplement to Mr. Clarke's

the Rev. Lansdown Guilding, B.A. F.L.S.

Essay, No. 3., in p. 289-308., On certain


recent Meteoric Phenomena, Vicissitudes in Observations on some British Sérpulæ. By the

the Seasons, prevalent Disorders, &c., con-

Rev. M. J. Berkeley

temporaneous, and in supposed connection: On the Injury produced to Plantations of Sal-

with Volcanic Emanations)

Notices of certain Omens and Superstitions con.

lows and Osiers (Salices), and Loss of Gain

nected with Natural Objects. By the Rev. W.

to the Proprietor, by the Ravages, on the

T. Bree, M. A.

Foliage of these Plants, of the Caterpillars of


A short Sketch of the most remarkable of the

the Insect Nématus capreæ F.: with a Notice,

Vulgar Prejudices connected with Objects of

in Sequel, of the very great Importance of a

Natural History. By W. G. Barker, Esq. 559

Scientific Knowledge of Natural Objects to

those engaged in the Practices of Rural Eco-

nomy. By c. D.

. 422


On the most advisable Methods for discovering

Facts suggesting to Man his fittest Mode of Remedies against the Ravages of Insects;

defending himself from Attacks of Animals and a Notice of the Habits of the Onion Fly.

of the Feline and Canine Tribes. By Charles By J. O. Westwood, Esq. F.L.S. &c. Read

Waterton, Esq.

1 before the Entomological Society, May 5.

On the Green-winged Teals of America and 1834


Britain. By James Drummond Marshall, Thoughts on the Question, Why cannot Ani.


7 mals speak the Language of Man? By J. J.

An Illustration of the Structure of some of

the Organs of a Spider, deemed the Type of Facts and Arguments in relation to the Two
a new Genus, and proposed to be called Trí. Questions, Are all Birds in the Habit of allur
chopus libràtus. By C. M.


ing Intruders from their Nest? and, Why do

Illustrations in British Zoology. By George

Birds sing? By C. Conway, Esq. - 483

Johnston, M.D., Fellow of the Royal College A Notice of the Imitative Powers of the British
of Surgeons of Edinburgh . 13. 126. 230. 318 Mocking.Bird, or Sedge Bird (Sylvia [Cur-

490. 584. 638 rùca) salicaria), additional to that in V. 653,

Observations on the Habits of the Rook. By 654. By T, G., of Clitheroe, Lancashire 486

Charles Waterton, Esq.

100 A Notice of the Songs of the Bramble Finch,

An Introduction to the Natural History of

the Mountain Linnet, and the Tree Sparrow;

Molluscous Animals. In a Series of Letters. with Remarks on each Species. By Mr. Ed

By G. J.

. 106. 218. 408 ward Blyth

• 487

On the Structure of the Annulate Animals, and Fùsus Turtoni Bean, and Limnèa lineata Bean,

its Relation to their Economy. By Omega Two rare and hitherto undescribed Species of

121. 235 Shells, described and illustrated. By William

Illustrations of some Species of Eritish Animals Bean, Esq.


which are not generally known, or have not A List of some Land and Freshwater Species of

hitherto been described. By C. M. 129 Shells which have been found in the Neigh.

Facts and Considerations on the Natural His. bourhood of Henley on Thames. By H. E.

tory and Political Impropriation of the Salmon Strickland Esq.


Fish. By T. G., of Clitheroe, Lancashire 202 Information on the Cane Fly of Grenada (Dél-

A Notification of 'the Occurrence, in the Island phax saccharivora), additional to that given

of Guernsey, of a Species of Testacéllus, and in VI. 407-413. By J. 0. Westwood, Esq.

of some of its Characteristics and Habits, as F.L.S. &c.

- 496

observed there. By Frederick C. Lukis, Esq. A List of the more rare of the Species of In.

To which are added Notes on other species sects found on Parley Heath, on the Borders

of Testacellus

of Hampshire and Dorsetshire, and Neigh-

Origines Zoologicze, or Zoological Recollections. bourhood not exceeding live Miles, By J.

By William Turton, M.D. &c. . 315. 390 C. Dale, Esq. A.M. F.L.S. &c.

- 436

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Thoughts in relation to the Questions on the


Mode of Origin of Song in Birds (111. 145. A Description of a Fossil Vegetable of the

447. ; IV. 420. ; VII. 245. 484.). By W. H. H.

Family Fucöldes in the Transition Rocks of


North America, and some Considerations in

Facts on Humming.Birds, their Food, the Man.

Geology connected with it. By R. C. Taylor,

ner in which they take it, and on their Habits;


with Directions for preserving the Eggs of Remarks and mustrations on the Decay of the
Humming Birds, and the Forms of the Bodies

Steins of succulent Plants. By Frederick

of Spiders, and Pupæ and Larve of Insects.


By the late Rev. Lansdown Guilding, B. A. A Notice of some important Geological Dis.

C. Lukis, Esq.

F.L.S. &c.

• 569

coveries at Billesdon Coplow, Leicestershire

The Accumulation of all possible Information with Observations on the Nature of their

respecting the Habits of the Rock Birds of

Relation to the modern System of Geology:

Britain, by the Cooperative Agency of Natu.


ralists residing near Headlands on ihe Coasts, Volcanoes. By W. M. Higgins, Esq. F.G.S.,

By Joseph Holdsworth, Esq.

suggested. By J. D. Salmon, Esq.

On the Habits and Note of the Grey Wagtail,

Lecturer on Natural Philosophy to Guy's


and on the Note of the Spring Wagtail. By A Notice of some of the contents of the Fresh.

T. G., of Clitheroe, Lancashire

- 577

Notes on Luminous Insects. chiefly of the West

water Formation at Copford, near Colchester,

Indies ; on Luminous Meteors; on Ignes Enquiries on the Causes of the Colour of the

Fatui; on the Luminousness of the Sea; and

Water of the Rhine; by J. R. : with Re.

1 on the Powers possessed by the Races of

marks, in Contribution to an Answer; by

Lizards, of voluntarily changing their Colour :

the Rev. W. B. Clarke, A.M. F.G.S.

. 438

with other Information on the Habits of On the Cause of Volcanic Action; a Reply to

Lizards. By the late Rev. Lansdown Guild.

Professor Higgins's Review, ini p. 434, 435., of

ing, B. A. F.L.S. &c.


Observations on some of the Diseases in Poultry.

Dr. Daubeny's Theory. By Dr. Dalbeny,

King's Professor of Botany and Cheinistry in

By J. M. Coby, Esq., Member of the Royal


College of Surgeons in London, of the Provin. Some Account of the Salt of the Mountain of

the University of Oxford

cial Medical and Surgical Association, of the

Medical and Philosophical Society of London,

Gern, at Cardona, in Catalonia, Spain; with

some Facts indicative of the little Esteem



Information on the Habits of a Species of Capri-

entertained by Spaniards for Naturalists. By

W. Perceval Hunter, Esq.

. 640

múlgus (or of some closely allied Genus) which Facts and Considerations on the Strata of Mont

inhabits the Neighbourhood of Lima. By

Mr. Andrew Mathews, A.L.S., Travelling

Blanc; and on some Instances of Twisted

Collector of Natural Productions in South

Strata observable in Switzerland ; by J. R. :


with Remarks thereon, by the Rev. W. B.

Reasons in support of an Opinion advanced that

Clarke, A. M. F.G.S. &c.

the Mackerel is not a Migratory Species of

Fish. By 0.


Some Observations on a very interesting Aurora


Borealis, witnessed at Hull on the Evening

On the Altitude of the Habitats of Plants in and Night of October 12. 1833. By George

Cumberland, with Localities of the rarer H. Fielding, Esq. M.R.C.S.L., Member of

Mountain Species. By Mr. Hewett Watson 20 the British Association for the Advancement

A brief Notice of several Species of Epiphyl. of Science, Treasurer and Hon. Curator of

lous Fungi which have been observed in the Comparative Anatomy to the Hull Literary

· Neighbourhood of Oxford, and have not been and Philosophical Society, &c. &c.


hitherto generally known to occur in Britain. A Statement of the Quantity of Rain which

By Mr. William Baxter, A.L.S., Curator of has fallen at High Wycombe, Bucks, during

the Botanic Garden at Oxford

- 24

the last Ten Winters, with Remarks. By

A Description of a Mode, practised by M. James G. Tatem, Esq.

- 239

Klotzsch, of drying Speciinens of Fungi for Data towards determining the Decrease of

preservation in Herbariums. By William Temperature in Connection with Elevation

Christy, jun. Esq. F.L.S. &c. &c.

above the Sea Level in Britain. By H. C.

On the supposed generic Distinction of Ra Watson, Esq. F.L.S.

núnculus Ficària of Linné. By Charles C. Facts and Arguments in relation to the Chuses

Babington, M. A. F.L.S. &c.

. 375 of a singular Appearance of a Rainbow, of

In ormation on the Habitat of Carex heleonás. an unusual Appearance of the Sky, of Mirage,

tes Ehrhart in Switzerland, and on the Cir. of Dew, and of Hoar-Frost. By a Subscriber

cumstances connected with the Discovery and


Identification of this Species; with like In.

formation on the Carex Gaudiniàna Hoppe. Short Communications 52. 134. 940. 378. 455

By J. P. Brown, Esq., Thun, Canton of Berne,

501. 589. 654



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- 131

. 43

Retrospective Criticism

62. 164. 276 | Queries and Answers

- 80. 181. 540


Catalogue of Works on Natural History, lately | Literary Notices

published, with some Notice of those con.
sidered the most interesting to British Natur.
alists . 83. 185. 284. 381. 176. 543. 603. 655

96. 192. 288. 384. 479. 514

608. 656

INDEX to Books reviewed and noticed



- 058




- 378

• 529

- 602

- 225



Page No.

1. The common teal of Britain
8 33. Sèsia stomoxyfórmis Hüb.

177 2. The green-winged teal of North Ame 44. Lampyris noctiluca; a, female; b, male 250

378 3 The great bustard (o'tis tárda L.), male 458 49. 6; c, Malachius bipunctatus Babington; Diagrams of the notes of the grey and

b, male; c, female
spring wagtails
• 578 49. d, Malachius ruficollis Panzer

- 378 Marks of disease on the peritoneal coat 63. Scólytus destructor Olivier:; a, of the of a fowl


natural size; d, as magnified ; b,

track of the female parent; cc, tracks MOLLUSCOUS ANIMALS.

of the larvæ of

525 4. Aplidium fallax Johnston

15 64. Track of the Scólytus destructor Oli. 5. Aplidium nutans Johnston 16 vier, and tracks of its larvæ

527 94. Ascidia ? gémina

. 129 65. The hornet (Véspa Cràbro) 25. Ascidia ? Holothuria? ánceps 130 68. a a, Membràcis ensåta ; b, M. fuscata; 37. Digestive organs of the freshwater

c, M. spindsa muscle (A'nodon cygneus)

221 38. Digestive organs of the Teredo navàlis 223

SPONGES. 39. Three figures of the Testacéllus scutu.

491 lum Sowerby

60. Spongia subèria Montagu

224 40. c, Testacéllus Maugèi Fér.; d, shell of it 225

CORALLINES. 40. a, Limax agréstis; b, eggs of it 41. a, b, c, Testacéllus baliotideus Faune 69. Retépora cellulosa Lamarck

. 639 Biguet, var. a. Fér.

228 41. d, e, Magnified views of the shell of T.

PLANTS, scutulum Sow.

228 28–31. Diagrams exhibitive of the sections of 41. , &, Views of the shell of T. Maugè;

Fungi fittest to be made in preparing Fér.

228 41. h, i, Views of the shell of T. ambiguus

specimens of these plants for drying 132,

133 Fér.

228 7–19. Conditions of the stem of Semper. 46. Pleurobránchus plūmula Flem., four

vivum arboreum L. in the progresviews of, and two views of the shell of 318 sive stages of decay

3136 50. Proboscis of Buccinum undatum 51-53. The structure of the proboscis of

Buccinum undatum, and views of the
organs by which the proboscis is ope.

22. A diagram of an aurora borealis wit.

nessed at Hull, on Oct. 12-13. 1833 . 51 rated

411 54. View of a portion of the enlarged

57. Diagram of the relations of varied conditions of rainbow seen at one time

418 part of the foot of Loligo sagittàta 417 54. b, The jaws of Loligo sagittàta

- 417 55, 56. Two views of the stomach of Loligo

GEOLOGY. vulgaris

418 70. A view of the Aiguille de Servoz, and 59. Térgipes púlcher Johnston


of the position of the strata of which

it is constituted SHELLS,

71. A view of the Aiguille de Dru and its 32. Two views of a truncated variety of the

strata shell of Buccinum palustre Müller 161. 72. A diagram of the position of the strata


in the Mont Blanc and the Mont 39-41. Views of the shells of species of

40. a, The shell of Helix nemoralis

224, 225. 228 73. A view of the position of the strata of
the rocks at Cluse

649 47. Crenátula Travisii Turton

350 74. A view of the position of the strata of 48. Views of the configuration of the shell,

the rocks at the Nant d'Orli

650 mature and in a young state, of My 75, 76. Sketches of the position of the strata tilus subsaxatilis Williamson

354 of the rocks at the Nant d'Arpenaz 651, 61. Fusus Turtoni Bean 493

652 62. a, Limnéa lineata Bean; b, a reversed 77. A sketch of the position of the strata of variety of it


the rocks near the Nant d'Arpenaz 653 WORMS.

FOSSILS 03. Sérpula tubulària Montagu - 126. 421

6. Fucöldes alleghaniénsis Harlan

29 26. Nàis serpentina Gmelin


7–19. Conditions of the stem of Semper 97. Lumbricus ? Clitellio Savigny? pellu.

vivum arboreum L. in the progrescida

sive stages of decay, to the end of 42. Lycoris margaritacea Lamarck

- 231

accounting for the various aspects of 66. Müllèria papillosa Johnston, and details

fossil stems of plants

- 34436 of the structure of it

584 20. Two states of Phytolithus verrucosus 37 A CLASS BETWEEN THE ANNELIDES 21. Three states of the Phytolithus cancel.



34, 35. Diagrams exhibitive of the disposi. 67. Phylline grossa Johnston, a front and

tion of the column, pelvis, costals, back view of


and scapula of specimens of CyathoCRUSTACEOUS ANIMALS.


179, 180

36. Diagram of the position of the column, 43. Æga monophthalma Johnston

233 and plates of the pelvis, of a Platya crinites


45. a,b, Views of states of Cyrèna trigónula 3. Trichopus libràtus, and magnified views


275 of several of its organs

11 45. с, A view of Cyrèna depérdita Sowerby 275

- 644

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JANUARY, 1834.


ART.I. Facts suggesting to Man his fittest Mode of defending himself from Attacks of Animals of the Feline and Canine Tribes. By CHARLes WATERTON, Esq.

A MAN, at some period or other of his life, may have the misfortune to come in contact with the larger individuals of these two desperate and sanguinary races of quadrupeds. Perhaps a few hints, of a precautionary nature, in case of collision, may not be altogether unacceptable to Mr. Loudon's readers. The dog and the lion are both most formidable foes to an unarmed man; and it is singular enough that the very resistance which he would be forced to make, in order to escape being worried by the former, would inevitably expose him to certain destruction from the claws and teeth of the latter. All animals of the dog tribe must be combated with might and main, and with unceasing exertion, in their attacks upon man: for, from the moment they obtain the mastery, they worry and tear their victim, as long as life remains in it. On the contrary, animals of the cat tribe having once overcome their prey, they cease, for a certain time, to inflict further injury on it. Thus, during the momentous interval from the stroke which has laid a man beneath a lion, to the time when the lion shall begin to devour him, the man may have it in his power to rise again, either by his own exertions, or by the fortuitous intervention of an armed friend. But then, all depends upon quiet, extreme quiet, on the part of the man, until he plunges his dagger into the heart of the animal: for,

if he tries to resist, he is sure to feel the force of his adverVol. VII.- No. 37. B

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