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embrace natural history, in common with agriculture and gardening; and a magazine has been commenced in Australia, in which natural history forms a prominent feature.

So congenial are natural history pursuits to the human mind, and so much do they tend to the progress of civilisation, to increased domestic comfort, to peace between nations, and to human happiness, that to us it appears that it would be treason to nature to assert that this state of things will not be progressive, and will not go on increasing, till the condition of mankind every-where is improved to an extent of which we can at present form no idea.

The more frequent appearance of this Magazine, as well as the considerable addition to the quantity of matter which will be given in the course of the year, demands corresponding exertions on the part of its Editor and Conductor ; but our readers and contributors may safely rely on these being made. In conclusion, we cordially thank our contributors for their past assistance, and earnestly invite them to continue to add to the common stock of knowledge through the medium of our pages.

J. C. L. Bayswater, Nov. 10. 1834.

CORRECTIONS. In p. 78. line 4. from the bottom, for “ Apo Inp. 347. note , line 7. from the bottom, for crinites” read “ Apiocrinūtes.'

field flycatcher" read" pied flycatcher." In p. 137. line 29. for Witton” read" Wilton." In p. 369. line 5. from the bottom, for “ paraIn p. 158. line 20. for “ him " read “ it.”

sites " read “ epiphytes." In p. 161. line 10. from the bottom, for " they In p. 378. the antenna in fig. 49. a should have were" read “it was."

been shown broader at the tip than in any In p. 161. line 11. for“ octanfrácti” read “oct.

other part. anfrácta."

In p. 382. lines 3. and 4. obliterate“ subsequently In p. 176. lines 3. and 14. from the bottom, for raised to ls. 6d, each." « Lindegret” read “ Lindegren."

In p. 383. line 10. to “

appertain " add “ to In p. 180. affix the 6 to figure 36.

plants." In p. 191. line 11. place inverted commas after In p. 429. line 22. for “ grub" read " grubs."

the word “plants" : in line 17. for “ Rel. In p. 448. line 6 from the bottom, for reaches ham's" read "Relhan's."

to A” read “reaches to B." In p. 228. last line but one, for“ His loss" read In p. 454. line 30. for “Nov. 18." read “ Nov.

« The loss of him": in the last line, for 16.;." in line 35. for “could be” read "could " allowed " read “had allowed."

not be.” In p. 232. line 19. from the bottom, for "p. 233" In p. 492. lines 12. and 13. from the bottom, for read “ p. 231."

"Halichóndra" read “ Halichondria:"the In 246. line 6. from the bottom, for “ speaks " word from chalis, flint, and chondros, car. read " speak."

tilage; the cartilaginous skeleton of the crea. In p. 251. line 6, from the bottom, for “ 1833" ture is strengthened by siliceous spicula. read “1832"

In p. 506, the first word, for “rabbits” read In p. 260. line 10. from the bottom. for “ Va. “ rabbit."

nessa, Antiopa" read “ Vanessa Antiopa." In p. 539. line 7. from the bottom, for “ 570." In p. 262. line 20. for “1133" read “ 1833"

read "510.” In p. 269. line 28. the treatise on ants referred to in p. 567. and p. 636. for “ W. H. Y.” read

as in the Spectator, is in the Guardian, Nos. «'W. H. H." 156, 157.

P.

1832 and 1833, 52; the names of a few rather of Colias has been observed to pass in an exrare birds which have been met with in the tended column across Trinidad and the Gulf neighbourhood of Charmouth, Dorsets hire, of Paria, 610, note t; a profile of the human 513; a notice of the occurrence of certain less face is observable upon the upper side of the common species of birds in Lexden and its primary wings of Colias Edusa, female, 262. neighbourhood, in Essex, 18, 19; " In 1833, Conchology, British, a notice of the difficulties birds increased prodigiously, and, in consé which at present beset, 379. quence of the drought, were driven to desperate Cordulia Curtisii Dale, described, 60. measures," 197: see also Poultry; and, for other Crinoidea : information on the structure of the kinds of birds, see their English generic names. fossil animals of the genera Encrinites, Cy. Bittern, the, occurs at Maldon, Essex, 511. athocrinites, Apiocrinites, 78. 179; and PlatyBlackbird, a notice of its agency in consuming crinites, 180.

grubs in the soil, 459. and note * ; blackbirds Crocodile, an instance of its fascinating a bird, in white plumage, noted, 596.

5!9; Anthony Tempesta has, in his prints, Boatflies, Notonéctæ, facts on the habits of, 258. depicted the act of riding a crocodile, 334. Bómbus terrestris will perforate flowers to note .. make way to their nectar, 571.

Crossbill, facts on the habits of the, wild, and Bómbyx menthásiri, a pupa of, six pupas of the in captivity, 54, 58; an amendment in the sys

O phion vinulæ, and à pupa of Búmbyx tematic names of, proposed, 594. vinulus, all found in company within, and Crow, the carrion, its eggs are sometimes cobred from the hard cocoon of the Bombyx vered, 514; a pair of crows appropriate to vinulus, 60.

themselves a certain range, and beat intruders Booby, the, identified, 74; it acquires wariness from it, 51t; the crow pecks out the eyes of in places frequenteu by man, 75.

living sheep and lambs, 147; the crow does Brambling, or bramble.finch, a description of not distinguish rook's eggs from her own, and

the song of, 487; a note on the variation in does not know the length of time which her the plumage of, 489.

own require incubating, 103. 105; crows in Buccinum undàtum, a description of the ana. white plumage noted, 595. tomy of the proboscis of, 410; B. palustre Cucko), facts on the, 319. and note *; a cuckoo Müller, synonymes of, 380; figure of a trun. pursued by a meadow pipit, $18. cated variety of, 161. 380.

Curculionidæ, information on the habits of some, Bullfinch, a poetical notice of the, 148. note*; 459, note *

instances of the bullfinch in white plumage, Cuttlefish, description of the structure and ofnoted, 593, 594 ; an amendment in names for fice of the cup-like suckers upon the arms the bulltinch proposed, 593.

of, 417. Bustard, information on the great, 458; an in. Cyathocrinites, see Crinoidea.

dividual of the little bustard has been killed Cynthia cárdui, notes on the conditions which near Chatham, 458.

affect the periodical scarcity and abundance Butterfly, see Insects.

of, 200. Canine animals, facts suggesting to man his Cyrena trigónula Wood, described, and figured,

fittest mode of defending hiinself from the and its relations to c. deperdita Sowerby attacks of, 1.

stated, 275. Caprimulgus, see Nightjar.

Death watch, see Ptinidæ. Carex heleonástes Ehrhart, the circumstances Deiléphila perii and lineata, a note of the cap

of the discovering it in Switzerland, and a ture of each in England, 260, description of its habitat there, 499; Càrex Délphax saccharivora Westwood, additional Gauuiniàna Hoppe, characteristics and notice particulars on, 496; some of these employed of a Swiss habitat of, 500).

in an argument on another subject, 610. Cat, the domestic: one of its acts resembles, it Dew, facts and arguments on the causes of,

is suggested, one of the lion's, 139; sportsman. 453. like deeds of certain cats, 139. 502; an in. Dog, the, zoological recollections on, 321 ; instance of a cat's cognizance of the sound of a stances of dogs' feeding upon unusual food, door-bell, 502; the cat can, it is stated, imitate 137; an instance of a dog's feeding upon the voice of birds, and this to the end of en. fishes just caught, 20; dogs are remarkably ticing them, 510; instances of an extraor fond of the alpine mouse, 181 ; facts suggest. dinary capability of abstinence in cats, 140; ing to man his fittest mode of defending himnotices on the history of the taillese cats of self from canine animals, 1. the Isle of Man, 19. 142; zoological recol | Dormouse, the common, an individual of, cats, lections on the cat, 395; notices of certain of its own choice, certain insects, 113. omens connected with the cat, 545.

Doronicum Pardaliánches L. a British habitat Catbird of N. America, Wilson's defence of, of, 273.

from the prejudices prevalent against, 562. Dove, a notice of a hybrid, 154 ; zoological reCatocàla elocata, stated to hernt indigenous to collections on the dove, 406. Britain, 177.

Drosera rotundifolia L., occasionally exhibits Cerá mbyx bajulus bas eaten way through sheet its flowers in an expanded state, 273. lead, 456. note t.

Ducks, certain, thought to have proceeded from Cerùra vinula, remarks on the colour of its a union between the domestic duck and the eggs, 532.

domestic fowl, characteristics of, 516; a men. Chama'leon, see Lizards.

tion of an individual of the ferruginous duck Char, a fact on the habits of the, 657.

shot, 151. Chélífer cancroides, facts on the habits of, 162. Dungtiy, the, facts on, 61. 530. Chough, the red-legged, occurs in Jersey, 462. Dytiscus glaber, and minùtus, facts on, 260; D. Cicada, a notice of the note of a species in St. marginalis, see Limnýcharis. Vincent, 371.

Eagle : two cinereous or white-tailed eagles Cicindèla, synonymy belonging to, 78.

have been taken on a rabbit-warren, near Classification : remarks on the conditions ne Thetford, Norfolk, 52; Mr. Waterton's ana. cestary to be complied with in consociating lysis of Mr. Audubon's account of an aerial species into subgenera, genera, families, and encounter of an eagle and a vulture, 69. other groups, 62. 61. 97.

Eel, the, sometimes breeds in isolated ponds, Climate, see Volcanic emanations.

601; a habitat of, 538; a clew to information Clytus Arietis, facts on, 251.

on the moue of propagation and on the habits Cuccidæ of the West Indies, a note on, 602.

of, 233. Colias Hyale and Edusa, notes on the condi- Eggs of anomalous structure, facts and remarks

tions which affect the periodical abundance on, 335; facts and considerations on the con. and scarcity of, 260; notes on C. Edusa, as ditions which aj pertain to birds in their proobserved in the Isle of Jersey, 473; a species ducing of their eggs, S36.

Empires, some of the natural boundaries of, Grain, notes on some species of insects which
noted, 95.

consume, 255.
Encrinites, see Crinöidea.

Grakle, the purple, incidents in the history of,
Entomologia rustica, hints for a, 423.

102.
Entomological Society of London, a notice of Granite, see Switzerland.
the first meeting of the, 59.

Grenada, information on an insect which ra.
Entozda, a clew to information on, 94.

vages the sugar cane in, 496.
Eristalis tenax, information on, 181.

Guernsey and Jersey, the rook is rare in, and
Falcónidæ, the, return, by the mouth, the does not build in, 462 ; the reputed origin of

indigestible remains of the food they have the Guernsey lily's inhabiting Guernsey, 271;
swallowed, 514; instances of the falcons the red-legged chough occurs in Jersey, but
grasping their prey with remarkable tenacity, is rare there, 462; notices on lepidopterous

St; a notice of localities for certain species insects observed in Jersey, 479.
of Fálco, and facts on the habits of these Gull: some of the habits of an individual of the
species, 333.

lesser black-backed gull in partial confine.
February the second, adages on, relatively to ment, 511; notice of an attack of a large sea-
the weather on, 539.

gull, in the manner of a species of rapacious
Feline animals, facts suggesting to man his fit. bird, upon a kitti wake gull, 512; the kitti.

test mode of defending himself from the at. wake is common on the coast of Dorsetshire,
tacks of, 1.

513.
Fieldfare, a notice of the song of, and facts on, Hare: white hares, 504; a two-coloured hare,
a caged one, 151.

505; black hares, 505 ; instances of sagacity
Flies: notice of a mode of deterring house flies in the hare, 506; an instance of monstrosity

from entering apartments, 271; flies have been in a hare, 506; an orren connected with the
observed to feed eagerly on the extravasated hare, 546. note t; zoological recollections on
sap of elm trees, and have been found dead the hare, 402.
afterwards, 527; flies, of various species, dead Hawfinch, a notice of instances of persons find.
in the posture of life, facts and remarks upon ing, in Britain, the nest and eggs of the, 156;
several instances of, 530.

suggestions on the English and systematic
Fox, facts on the habits of the, 134 ; circum. names of the bawfinch, 594.

stantial evidence in proof that the fox will Hawks, a fact suggesting the question, Have
capture fishes for food, 210; some of the fox's they such power of sight as is usually ascribed
observances when hunted, 401. note t; a to them? 335; zoological recollections on the
chained fox has spread some of its food within hawk, 406.
the range of its chain, to tempt poultry within Hedgehog, the, is subject to persecuting preju.
its reach, 401. note t; zoological recollections dices, 559. 65+; pleas for it against these, 559.
on the fox, 401.

Helix octdna Pennant, synonymes of, 161. 379;
Freshwater_formations at Copford, near Col. a contribution towards the synonymy of H.

chester, Essex, an account of the strata of, octdna L., 580.
and of their fossil contents, 436; some notice Henharrier and ringtail are identical, 335.
of the lacustrine formations at Siutton, by the Heron, the common, facts on, 513.
side of the river Stour, about six miles south Hespèria Actæ`on has been taken in plenty at
of Ipswich, and of some of the fossil shells Lulworth, 499.
within them, 274.

Hippárchia' Janira, a profile of Chancellor
Frost, see Hoarfrost.

Brougham is, it is said, observable on the
Fucoides alleghaniensis Harlan, a description reverse of the wings of, 262.

and figure of, and notices of the geological Hirundinidæ, those which visit Britain, dates
relations of the places and strata in which it when first seen in spring, and last seen in
is found, 27. 163,

autumn, 337. and note t; their habits of
Fúngi, a description of a mode practised, by M. flight described, 346. See Swift.
Klotzsch, of drying specimens of, for preserv- Hoarfrost, facts and arguments on the causes
ation in herbariums, 131 ; a brief notice of of, 153.

several species of epiphyllous Fungi which Hog, zoological recollections on the, 397.
I have been observed in the neighbourhood of Hoopoe, facts on the habits of, as observed near

Oxford, and have not been hitherto generally Bordeaux, 155; instances of the occurrence
known to occur in Britain, 24; Æcidium Ber of the hoopoe in Britain, 155.
béridis Persoon, and Puccinia Gráminis Per. Hornet, facts on the habits of, 529.
soon, can never inhabit the same species of Horse, zoological recollections on the, 315.
plant, 26, 27.

Humming-birds, a notice of the structure of the
Fusus 'T'uridni Bean, a figure and description tongue of, of its fitness to collect the nectar of
of, 493.

flowers, of the manner in which they take this,
Gall-bladder, a list of animals which have not and of some of their habits, 549; directions for
a, 317.

preserving the eggs of, for cabinets, 572; Mr.
Geology: illustrations, by figures and remarks, Waterton's analysis of Mr. Audubon's ac.

of the dissimilar appearances presented by the count of the precocious flying of the young of
dead stem of Sempervivum arboreum L., dur the ruby-throated humming-bird, 71; and of
ing the successive stages of decay, to the end his account of the nest of this species, 72;
of reconciling the dissimilar appearances of notes on the habits of the red-throated species
specimens of stems of fossil species of plants, (Tróchilus Colubris), 510 ; some information,
32; a notice of some important geological and a clew to more, on humming-birds, 91.
discoveries at Billesdon Coplow, Leicester. Hydráchnadæ, information on the, 161.
shire, with observations on the nature of their Ice and icebergs, remarks on the causes of the
relation to the modern system of geology, 38. colour or, 410; facts on the conditions of ice
See, also, Freshwater formations, Fucoides, in various places, 618-630.
and Switzerland. The geological museum of Ichneumons, a notice of certain, which, in a
G. Mantell, Esq., is about to be removed to winged state, devour the larvæ of other in.
Brighton, 49.

sects, 266; a note on the power of stinging in
Geotrupes Bannà ni Bromfield, characterised, ichneumons, 266.
183.

Ignes fatui, views on the origin of, 580.
Gern, see Salt.

Insects : essays in explanation of the structure
Glowworm, localities in which the, has been of insects, and of its relation to their eco-

seen, and various facts in contribution to the nomy, 191.235; an explanation of the process
natural history of the glowworm, 250.

of the circulation of the blood, and of that of
Goèrius ùlens, facts on the habits of, 253, 254. respiration, in insects, 235; a case in which
Gold, instances of the occurrence of, 647.

life in an insect's eggs is thought to have been
Goldfish with a double tail-tin, an instance of, very persistent, 250; extreme cold does not
159; an opinion on the cause of, 283.

destroy life in insects' eggs, 246 522 ; notices

of instances of insects appearing in extraordi- | Locusts, instances of abundance of, in various nary numbers at certain times and places, places, 195, 196, 308, 309.610. adduced in connection with an argument that Lumbricus ? Clitéllio Savigny? pellucida, figured these appearings are owing, indirectly or di. and described, 131. rectly, to volcanic emanations, 193, 308, 309. Lycæ'na dispar has occurred in two successive 610; Gonépteryx rhamni, Vanéssu urticæ, summers, in a locality which was under waV. 1o, and Amphidasis pilosària, mentions of ter for a considerable time in the intervening their early vernal appearance in Switzerland, winter, 522; an instance of difference of shape and remarks in argument that they are indi. in the upper wings of two males of L. dispar, viduals which have newly escaped from the 60; L. Arion and A cis have been taken in pupa, not individuals which have hibernated, plenty, 499. 20; a notice of certain species which are Lycdris margaritàcea Lamarck, a figure and a deemed to hibernate in England, 523 ; insects description of, 230. employ, for any merely mechanical end, any Mackerel, the common, reasons for deeming it suitable mechanical object, 534 ; a mention not a migratory species, 637. of one instance, and references to others, of Macroglóssa stellatàrum, facts on the habits of, insects perforating the corolla of plants, to 475, 532. make way to the nectar contained, 571; notes Magpie, instances of enmity evinced by the, to on luminous insects, chiefly of the West In the kestrel, 149; a magpie has grasped and dies, 579; a note on insects of extraordinary held fast a kestrel that had attacked it, 150; configuration, 601; a list of the more rare or magpies have been employed to capture magthe species of insects found on Parley Heath, pies, 334. note *; the magpie in cream-coon the borders of Hampshire and Dorset shire, loured plumage, noted, 595; the magpie is and neighbourhood not exceeding five miles, termed nanpie in Yorkshire, 565. 497 ; remarks on lepidopterous insects noticed Malachius, bipunctatus Bab., and other species in the Isle of Jersey, 473; criticisms on figures of, information on the diagnostics of, 178. 378. and accounts of certain of the species of in 525; with figures of two of the species, 378. sects figured in Wood's Index Entomologicus, Malcòmia marítima Brown, a British habitat and Stephens's Illustrations of British Ento of, 271. mology, 176; notes on, and names of, some Man: facts suggesting to him his fittest mode species of insects which consume pulse, grain, of defending himseli from attacks of animals biscuits, &c., 255; suggestions on the most of the feline and canine tribes, 1 ; an instance advisable methods for discovering remedies of a high moral sentiment excited in man by against the ravages of insects, 425; the au. the singing of birds at early dawn, in summer thorship of the prefixes pro, meso, and meta time, 143; a notice of a white negro, 589. belongs to Mr. Newman, not to Mr. Haliday, Mantel, G., Esq., about to reside in Brighton, 77, 78; criticism on Mr. Newman's nomen. and remove his geological museum thither, clature for the thoracic appendages of insects, 49. 178; a notice of a mode of injecting the bo- Marten, facts on the, 503. dies of the larvæ and pupæ of insects, 572. Martins and swallows, a mode of preventing Iris, the Persian, the odou: of its flowers, and their affixing their nests to the surface of an

the idiosyncrasies therewith connected, 179. object, 82 Jackdaws consort with rooks, 106; instances of Melolúntha fúllo, the fact of the capture of

anomalous plumage in the jackdaw, 595 ; one, 258; mentions of M. vulgàris, 217. 309. anecdotes of a domesticated jackdaw, 150 ; Membråcis, figures of three species of, and in

notice of a tame jackdaw, so attached to its ferences on their habits, 602. ! protector as to accompany him wherever he Merian, Madame, observations on most of the may go, 515.

insects and plants figured in her work on the Jay, a description of the song of the, 515. insects, &c., of Surinam, 355. Jersey. See Guernsey.

Meteoric phenomena, see Volcanic emana. Kestrel, a, has been held fast by a magpie it

tions. had struck at, 150; a mention of the kes- Meteors, an extraordinary display of, seen in trel, 334.

America, in the night of Nov. 13. 1833, 289; Kite, notes on the, 334. 511.

speculations on the conditions of, 289. 385. Lacefly, the common, affixes its pedunculated 611; luminous meteors are very common in eggs to almost any object, 534.

the West Indies, 580; a notice of the occur. Lacustrine formations. See Freshwater form. rence of meteors, on Nov. 13., in 1834, 654. ations.

Mirage, facts and arguments in relation to the Lark: the skylark sometimes sings before dawn causes of, 450. in fine weather, 144.

Mocking-bird, British, see Sedge-bird. Leptocephalus Morrisii Pennant, corrections to Mole: the fact of the capture of a mole of a the engraving of, 77.

silvery ash-grey colour, with an orange mark Lerot, le, of Cuvier's Règne Animal, a descrip. under the lower jaw, and a line of the same

tion of, and facts on the habits of an animal colour down the belly, 143, believed to be identical, 182; has this animal Molluscous animals, an introduction to the ever been seen wild in Britain ? 182.

natural history of the: their respiration, 106; Lexden, near Colchester, Essex, and its neigh their food and digestive organs, 218; the food bourhood, remarks on the natural produc and digestive organs of carnivorous Mollusca, tions of, 17.

408. Limnèa lineata Bean, a figure and description Monkey : the original anecdote of a monkey's of, and of a reversed variety of, 493.

employing a cat's paw, to preserve its own Limnèi, the British, are ill-defined and ill-under. from burning, 326. note *; a mention of two stood, 879; three synonymes of Limneus elon. white monkeys, 591.

gåtus Turton, 379; in reply to enquiry in, 161. Mont Blanc. See Switzerland. Limnocharis Latr., a species of, parasitic upon Mouse, a notice of a species of, possibly an un. Dytiscus marginális L., 161.

described one, which has abounded in Inver. Linnet, the mountain, a description of the song ness-shire and Ross-shire, 181. of, 489.

Müllèria papilldsa Johnston, a figure and a deLion, incidents on the hunting a, with sugges. scription of, 584.

tions on the fittest mode of defending one's Muscle, the freshwater, notice of a portion of self from the attack of a, 3; zoological recol pearly matter found within a shell of, and of lections on the lion, 320.

the reason why it was formed there, 160. Lizards, notes on the voluntary changing of Mytilus subsaxatilis Williamson, characteris.

colour in several genera of lizards, and more tics, affinities, and habitats of, 358. especially in Chamæleon and Andlis, 581; Nais L. serpentina Gmel., figured and described, lizards like music, 583.

130.

Nature is an exhaustless source of means of the feelings of man, 382 ; a notice of supersti.
intelligence, 558.

tions connected with plants, 555. See Fungi.
Nématus capreæ F., facts on its habits, 265. Platycrinites. See Crinoidea.

422 ; instances of the effects of the ravages of Plectróphanes lapponica, a notice of the cap-
the caterpillar of, 422.

ture of, along with larks, near Preston, Lan.
Nématus ribèsii Stephens, facts on, 265.

cashire, 56.
Nightjar; facts on the migratory movements Pleurobránchus plūmula Flem., a figure and a

of the species which visits Britain, 156. 317, description of, 348.
and note * ; certain localities of, 156. 317; Plumage of birds: the structure of the plurage
information on the habits of a species of of water-inhabiting, is adapted to the resist.
nightjar, in Peru, 633, and the external cha. ance of water, 73; conditions pertaining to
racteristics of it, 635; mentions of the night variations in the plumage of certain birds,
cries of the species of nightjar, 156 ; vulgar named, 489; instances of birds in anomalous
prejudices against species of nightjar, 559, plumage, 593.
560; pleas against these, 559, 560; remarks Polygonum Persicdria, a superstition connected
on the unfitness of certain names applied to with, mentioned, 567.
the family of nightjars, 636.

Polyómmatus Alexis, I'carus, and Icàrius, in-
Noddy, the, identified, 74.

formation on synonymy relative to, 82; the
Omens and superstitions connected with na name P. Aléxis referred to certain facts pre-

tural objects, notices of certain, 545–567. viously stated, 532.
Onion-fly, thc, a notice of the habits of, 425; the Polypes, the, incidental remarks in distinguish.
fly described, 428. note *.

ment of polypes from the compound Alcy-
Ophion vínulæ, see Bómbyx menthåstri. dnia, 13.
Ophrys fucífera, a notice of a habitat of, and Polýpori, a habitat of certain, 5.38.
notes on the plant, 272.

Poultry, a few facts and investigations on dis.
Origines zoologica, 315. 390.

eases in, expressed in the language of com-
Otter, notice of a mode of taking the, facts on parative morbid anatomy, 630; a notice of a

the otter's habits, 506. 538 ; the dimensions barn-door hen which crowed and had plumage
of a fine otter, 592 ; a species of otter is em. like that of a cock, 103.
ployed by man, in India, to aid him in cap- Pterophori, notes on, with a description of
turing fishes, 592.

Pteruphorus similidáctylus Curt. 263.
Ouzel, water, information on the song, nest, Ptilinus pectinicórnis F. (one of the Prínidæ),

and habits, and on habitats of, 183. 510—543. facts on the habits of, 173.
Owls capture fishes, alive, for food, 146; an in. Ptinidze: the Andbium striatum ticks as a

stance of the barn owl's seeking its food at deathwatch, 468; the ticking imputed to the
midday, 146; the fur and bones of two field larva's gnawing its progress through the wood
campagnols found in the pellet of an owl, 147; which it perforates, 470; instances of the
notes on owls, 335; a notice by Shakspeare, Plinidx consuming wood, 172.
of the owl's manner of flight, 593; a notice Pulse, notes on some species of insects which
of omens connected with the owl, 518.

consume, 255.
Ox, zoological recollections on the, 390. Purre, the, breeds at Martin Mere, 599.
Oxycera, a notice of the discovery of unde-Quail, facts on the, 517.
scribed species of, 61.

Rabbit, domestic, some instances of depraved
Oyster-catcher, facts on the habits of, 151. 576. appetite in the, 136.
Papiliónidæ, see Insects.

Racodium cellare, a habitat of, 537.
Paris quadrifolia, the floral conditions of cer- Rain, a statement of the quantity of, which has
tain flowers of, 378.

fallen at High Wycombe, Bucks, during the
Partridge, the Virginian, Mr. Audubon's notice last ten winters, with remarks, 039.

of the comparative powers of swimming of, Rainbow, facts and arguments in relation to the
criticised by Mr. Waterton, 72.

causes of a singular appearance of a, +18.
Pea fowl, facts in proof that the, is naturally an Rat, the, an instance of its impatience of thirst
enemy of the serpent tribe, 152.

impelling it to gnaw through the wall of a
Petrel, the storm, a defence of, from the pre. leaden water-pipe, 455 ; and to expose itself
judice extant against, 563.

by day, after rain, 455, 455, note* ; instances
Pheasant, the, has been seen with the blind of rats gnawing, for food, the roots of trees,

worm (A’nguis frágilis) in its beak, 153; a 136. note t; an instance of a rat's conveying
notice of some of the habits and anatomical a brood of young turkeys to a cubterranean
conditions of a pair of hybrid birds obtained depository, where inost of them were found
from the union of a male pheasant with hens alive, 457; rats will pass under water upon the
of the Bantam fowl, 153, 154 ; instances of the mud at the bottom of the water, 592; tacts on
pheasant in anomalous plumage, 595.

the habits of the water rat, 458.
Phlócerus Menetrièsii Fischer, a mention of, Ranunculus Ficària L., an exhibition of the
187, 188.

floral condition of 2682 specimens of, to the
Phyllinc grossa Johnston, a figure and a descrip end of determining the genus of, 375.
tion of, 587.

Rattlesnakes of America, information on the,
Phytólithus verrucosus and cancellatus, figures 105.
of, and remarks upon, 137.

Reason versus instinct, 501.
Pigeon, historical and literary recollections on Redpole, a second species of, is thought to exist
the, 406.

in Britain, 488.
Pike, the, its capture of a rat and a swallow, Redstart, a male, has aided in sustaining and
noted, 600.

protecting the oflspring of another pair of
Plants : on the altitude of the habitats of plants redstarts, 245.

in Cumberland, with localities of the rarer Redwing, the common, is resident, throughout
mountain species, 20; a notice of the proxi. the year, in the extreme north of Scotland
mity of the Alpine Aowers to the eternal and in the Isles, 175. See, also, Thrush.
snows and glaciers, 249; plants and subjacent Ringdove, a description of the habits of the,
rocks, facts in argument, on the relations be. 328; a notice of a male ringdove domesti-
tween, 274; facts and considerations discord. cated in a good degree, 517.
ant with the idea of an affinity between plants Retépora cellulosa Lamarck, synonymes, figures,
and the rocks subjacent to their habitats, 535; and a description of, 638.
varieties with white corollas of species whose Rhine and Rbone, iniormation on the causes of
corolla is not white, instances of, and en. the colour of the water of the, 458.
quiries and conjectures on the cause of them, Robin, the, an instance of its building its nest
530; a notice of habitats of certain less com in the festoon of a bel, and rearing a brood
mon species of plants in Lexden and its of young there, 517; the nest of ihe robin
neighbourhood, in Essex, 18; plants school sacred even to boys, 506; a pair of robins

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