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Remarks on the Natural Productions of Lexden

and its Neighbourhood. By J. G. 17

On designating Genera and Subgenera, and on

the Principles of Classification which th

involve. By the Rev. Leonard Jenyns, A.M.

F.L.s. - - - - - 97

On certain recent Meteoric Phenomena, Vicis.
situdes in the Seasons, prevalent Disorders,
&c., o: and in supposed con-
nection, with Volcanic Emanations. By the
Rev. W. B. Clarke, A.M. o.o. 1; o;
Shakspeare a Naturalist - 309
On the Meteors seen in America on the Night
of Nov. 13, 1833. By the Rev. W. B. Clarke,
A.M. F.G.S. (A Supplement to Mr. Clarke's
Essay, No. 3., in p. 289—308., On certain
recent Meteoric Phenomena, Vicissitudes in
the Seasons, prevalent Disorders, &c., con-
temporaneous, and in supposed connection,
with Volcanic Emanations) 385
Notices of certain Omens and Superstitions con-
nected with Natural Objects. By the Rev. W.
T. Bree. M. A. - - 545
A short sketch of the most remarkable of the
Vulgar Prejudices connected with Objects of
Natural History. By W. G. Barker, Esq. 559

A Description of the Habits of the Ringdove.

By Charles Waterton, Esq. - 328

|Sketches of the Natural History of my Neigh-

| bourhood. No. 2., Fragments of Ornithology.

#. C. Conway, Esq., of Pontnewydd Works,

Monmouthshire - - 333

Notes on the Arrival of the British Summer

Birds of Passage in 1834, with incidental

Remarks on some of the Species. By Mr.

Edward Blyth - - - - - 3.

Description of some new and rare British Species

of Shells. By W. Turton, M.D., &c. - 350

A Notice of Localities, Habits, Characteristics,

and Synonymes of a rare British Species of

Mytilus. By Mr. Wm. Williamson, jun. 353

Observations on the Work of Maria Sibilia

Merian on the Insects, &c. of Surinam. By

the Rev. Lansdown Guilding, B.A. F.L.S.

&c. - - - 355

Observations on some British Sérpulao. By the

Rev. M. J. Berkeley - - - 420

On the Injury produced to Plantations of Sal-

lows and Osiers (Sálices), and Loss of Gain

to the Proprietor, by the Ravages, on the

Foliage of these Blants, of the Caterpillars of

the Insect Nématus caprea. E: with a Notice,

in Sequel, of the very great Importance of a

Scientific Knowledge of Natural Objects to

those engaged in the Practices of Rural Eco-

nomy. By C. D. - - 422

On the most advisable Methods for discovering

Remedies against the Ravages of Insects;

and a Notice of the Habits of the Onion Fly.

By J. O. Westwood, Esq., F.L.S. &c. Read

before the Entomological Society, May 5.

1834 - - - - - - 425

Thoughts on the "Question, Why cannot Ani-

mals speak the Language of Man 2. By J. J.


Facts and Arguments in relation to the Two

Questions, Are all Birds in the Habit of allur-

ing Intruders from their Nest 2 and, Why do

Birds sing 2 By C. Conway, Esq. - 483

A Notice of the Imitative Powers of the British

Mocking-Bird, or Sedge Bird (Sylvia [Cur-

rica] salicaria), additional to that in V. 653,

654. By T. G., of Clitheroe, Lancashire 486

A Notice of the Songs of the Bramble Finch,

the Mountain Linnet, and the Tree Sparrow;

with Remarks on each Species. By Mr. Ed.

ward Blyth - - - 487

Füsus Turtoni Bean, and Limněa lineata Bean,

Two rare and hitherto undescribed Species of

Shells, described and illustrated. By William

Bean, Esq. - - - - 493

A List of some Land and Freshwater Species of

Shells which have been found in the Neigh-

bourhood of Henley on Thames. By H. E.

Strickland Esq. - - - 494

Information on the Cane Fly of Grenada (Del-

Phax, saccharivora), additional to that given

in VI. 407–413. By J. O. Westwood, Esq.

F.L.S. &c. - - . - 496

A List of the more rare of the Species of In-

sccts found on Parley Heath, on the Borders

of Hampshire and Dorsetshire...and Neigh-

bourhood not exceeding Five Miles. By J.

C. Dale, Esq. A.M. F.L.S. &c. - - 497

Thoughts in relation to the Questions on the

Mode of Origin of Song in Birds (III. 145.

447. ; IV. 420. ; VII. 245. 484.). By W. H. H.


Facts on Humming. Birds, their Food, the Man-

ner in which they take it, and on their Habits;

with Directions for preserving the Eggs of

Humming. Birds, and the Forms of the Bodies

of Spiders, and Pupae and Larvae of Insects.

By the late Rev. Lansdown Guilding, B. A.

F.L.S. &c. - - 569

The Accumulation of all possible Information

respecting the Habits of the Rock Birds of

Britain, by the Cooperative Agency of Natu-

ralists residing near Headlands on the Coasts,

suggested. By J. D. Salmon, Esq. - 573

On the Habits and Note of the Grey Wagtail,

and on the Note of the Spring Wagtail.

T. G., of Clitheroe, Lancashire - 57.7

Notes on Luminous Insects, chiefly of the West

Indies; on Luminous Meteors; on Ignes

Fatui ; on the Luminousness of the Sea; and

on the Powers possessed by the Races of

Lizards, of voluntarily changing their Colour:

with other Information on the Habits of

Lizards. By the late Rev. Lansdown Guild-

ing, B. A. F.L.S. &c. - 579

Observations on some of the Diseases in Poultry.

By J. M. Coby, Esq., Member of the Royal

College of Surgeons in London, of the Provin-

cial Medical and Surgical Association, of the

Medical and Philosophical Society of London,

&c. - - - 6:30

Information on the Habits of a Species of Capri-

mūlgus (or of some closely allied Genus) which

t inhabits the Neighbourhood of Lima. By

Mr. Andrew Mathews, A. L.S., Travelling

Collector of Natural Productions in South

America - - - 633

Reasons in support of an o advanced that

the Mackerel is not a Migratory Species of

Fish. By O. - 637

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Switzerland - 499


Retrospective Criticism

- 62. 164. 276 | Queries and Answers


| Wolcanoes.


A Description of a Fossil Vegetable of the

Family Fucoides in the Transition Rocks of

North America, and some Considerations in

Geology connected with it. By R. co,

sq. - - - - - - -

Remarks and Illustrations on the Decay of the

Stems of succulent Plants. By Frederick

C. Lukis, Fsq. - - 32

A Notice of some important Geological Dis.

coveries at Billesdon Coplow, Leicestershire;

with Observations on the Nature of their

Relation to the modern System of Geology.

By Joseph Holdsworth, Esq. - - 38

By W. M. Higgins, Esq. F.G.S.,

Lecturer on Natural Philosophy to Guy's

Hospital - - - - 431

A Notice of some of the Contents of the Fresh-

water Formation at Copford, near Colchester,

Essex. By J. Brown, Esq. - 436

Enquiries on the Causes of the Colour of the

Water of the Rhine; by J. R. : with Re-

marks, in Contribution to an Answer; by

the Rev. W. B. Clarke, A.M. F.G.S. - 438

On the Cause of Volcanic Action; a Reply to

Professor Higgins's Review, in p. 434, 435., of

Dr. Daubeny's Theory. By Dr. Daubeny,

King's Professor of Botany and Chemistry in

the University of Oxford - 588

Some Account of the Salt of the Mountain of

Gern, at Cardona, in Catalonia, Spain ; with

some Facts indicative of the little Esteem

entertained by Spaniards for Naturalists. By

W. Perceval Hunter, Esq. - 640

Facts and Considerations on the Strata of Mont

Blanc ; and on some Instances of Twisted

Strata observable in Switzerland; by J. R. :

with Remarks thereon, by the Rev. W. B.

Clarke, A. M. F.G.S. &c. - 644


Some Observations on a very interesting Aurora

Borealis, witnessed at Hull on the Evening

and Night of October 12, 1833. By George

H. Fielding, Esq. M.R.C.S. L., Member of

the British Association for the Advancement

of Science, Treasurer and Hon. Curator of

Comparative Anatomy to the Hull Literary

and Philosophical Society, &c. &c. - 50

A Statement of the Quantity of Rain which

has fallen at High Wycombe, Bucks, during

the last Ten Winters, with Remarks. By

James G. Tatem, Esq. - 239

Data towards determining the Decrease of

Temperature in Connection with Elevation

above the Sea Level in Britain. By H. C.

Watson, Esq. F.L.S. - 443

Facts and Arguments in relation to the Causes

of a singular Appearance of a Rainbow, of

an unusual Appearance of the Sky, of Mirage,

of Dew, and of Hoar-Frost. By a susco,

Short Communications - 52. 134. 240. 378. 455

501. 589, 654


- 80. 181. 540

- 96. 192. 288. 384. 470. 544.

608. 656

Literary Notices

- 657

- 638

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vulgaris - - - 418 59. Térgipes pālcher Johnston - - 490 SHELLS.

32. Two views of a truncated variety of the shell of Báccinum palāstre Müller - o

39–41, Views of the shells of species of Testacéllus - - 224, 225. 228 40. a, The shell of Helix nemoralis - 225 47. Crenåtula Travisit Turton - - 350 48. Views of the configuration of the shell, mature and in a young state, of My

tilus subsaxátilis Williamson - 354 61. Fūsus Turtoni Bean - - 493 62. a, Limněa lineata Bean ; b, a reversed

variety of it - - - 493


23 Sérpula tubulária Montagu - 126. 421 26. Nāis serpentina Gmelin - - 130 27. Lumbricus 2 Clitéllio Savigny F pellū

cida - - - 131 42. Iycoris margaritacea Lamarck - 231 65. Mülleria papillösa Johnston, and details

of the structure of it - - 584

A CLASS BETWEEN THE ANNELIDES AND THE WORMS. 67. Phylline gróssa Johnston, a front and back view of - - - 587 CRUSTACEOUS ANIMALS. 43. Ega monophthalma Johnston


3. Trichopus libråtus, and magnified views of several of its organs -

- 233

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Fāngi fittest to be made in preparing specimens of these plants for drying 132, 133

7–19. Conditions of the stem of Semper

vlvum arboreum L. in the progres-
sive stages of decay - - 34–36


A diagram of an aurora borealis witnessed at Hull, on Oct. 12-13. 1833

. Diagram of the relations of varied con

ditions of rainbow seen at one time


. A view of the Aiguille de Servoz, and of the position of the strata of which it is constituted - - 644 . A view of the Aiguille de Dru and its strata - - - - 645 A diagram of the position of the strata in the Mont Blanc and the Mont Breven - - - 645 A view of the position of the strata of the rocks at Cluse - - 649 A view of the position of the strata of the rocks at the Nant d'Orli - 650 75, 76. Sketches of the position of the strata of the rocks at the Nant d'Arpenaz 651, 652

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6. Fucóldes alleghaniénsis Harlan 7–19. Conditions of the stem of Sempervivum arboreum L. in the progressive stages of decay, to the end of accounting for the various aspects of fossil stems of plants - - 34–36 20. Two states of Phytólithus verrucosus - 37 21. Three states of the Phytólithus cancellatus - - - - 37 34, 35. Diagrams exhibitive of the disposition of the column, pelvis, costals, and scapula of specimens of Cyathocrinites - - - 179, 36. Diagram of the position of the column, and plates of the pelvis, of a Platycrinites - - . . - 180 45, a, b, Views of states of Cyrena trigonula Wood - . ... • - 275 45, c, A view of Cyrena depérdita Sotocrby 275

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JANUARY, 1834.


ART.I. Facts suggesting to Man his fittest Mode of defending himself from Attacks of Animals of the Feline and Canine Tribes. By CHARLes WATERTON, Esq.

A MAN, at some period or other of his life, may have the misfortune to come in contact with the larger individuals of these two desperate and sanguinary races of quadrupeds. Perhaps a few hints, of a precautionary nature, in case of collision, may not be altogether unacceptable to Mr. Loudon's readers. The dog and the lion are both most formidable foes to an unarmed man; and it is singular enough that the very resistance which he would be forced to make, in order to escape being worried by the former, would inevitably expose him to certain destruction from the claws and teeth of the latter. All animals of the dog tribe must be combated with might and main, and with unceasing exertion, in their attacks upon man: for, from the moment they obtain the mastery, they worry and tear their victim, as long as life remains in it. On the contrary, animals of the cat tribe having once overcome their prey, they cease, for a certain time, to inflict further injury on it. Thus, during the momentous interval from the stroke which has laid a man beneath a lion, to the time when the lion shall begin to devour him, the man may have it in his power to rise again, either by his own exertions, or by the fortuitous intervention of an armed friend. But then, all depends upon quiet, extreme quiet, on the part of the man, until he plunges his dagger into the heart of the animal: for,

if he tries to resist, he is sure to feel the force of his adverVol. VII.- No. 37. B

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