Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective, Band 70

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Shahid Naeem, Daniel E. Bunker, Andy Hector, Michel Loreau, Charles Perrings
OUP Oxford, 30.07.2009 - 388 Seiten
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How will biodiversity loss affect ecosystem functioning, ecosystem services, and human well-being? In an age of accelerating biodiversity loss, this timely and critical volume summarizes recent advances in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research and explores the economics of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The book starts by summarizing the development of the basic science and provides a meta-analysis that quantitatively tests several biodiversity and ecosystem functioning hypotheses. It then describes the natural science foundations of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research including: quantifying functional diversity, the development of the field into a predictive science, the effects of stability and complexity, methods to quantify mechanisms by which diversity affects functioning, the importance of trophic structure, microbial ecology, and spatial dynamics. Finally, the book takes research on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning further than it has ever gone into the human dimension, describing the most pressing environmental challenges that face humanity and the effects of diversity on: climate change mitigation, restoration of degraded habitats, managed ecosystems, pollination, disease, and biological invasions. However, what makes this volume truly unique are the chapters that consider the economic perspective. These include a synthesis of the economics of ecosystem services and biodiversity, and the options open to policy-makers to address the failure of markets to account for the loss of ecosystem services; an examination of the challenges of valuing ecosystem services and, hence, to understanding the human consequences of decisions that neglect these services; and an examination of the ways in which economists are currently incorporating biodiversity and ecosystem functioning research into decision models for the conservation and management of biodiversity. A final section describes new advances in ecoinformatics that will help transform this field into a globally predictive science, and summarizes the advancements and future directions of the field. The ultimate conclusion is that biodiversity is an essential element of any strategy for sustainable development.

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Über den Autor (2009)

Shahid Naeem is Professor of Ecology and Chair, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University. Dr. Naeem pioneered experimental tests of the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem function (Naeem et al. 1994) and has been a leader in the field. He co-chaired the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Biodiversity Synthesis Report (Duraiappah and Naeem 2005), co-edited Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives (Loreau et al. 2002) and haspublished more that 50 peer-reviewed research papers. Daniel Bunker is an Assistant Professor at the New Jersey Institute of Technology (Newark, New Jersey, USA). Dr. Bunker in co-director of the BioMERGE project and the TraitNet project. Dr. Bunker focuses on understanding the effects of global climate change on species diversity and composition, and the concomitant effects on ecosystem functioning and services. Additional research foci include functional diversity, trait based ecology, and ecoinformatics. Andy Hector is a community ecologist interested in the links between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Andy gained a BSc. (Honours) in Natural Environmental Science from the University of Sheffield in 1991 and received his PhD from Imperial College London in 1996. He did his first post-doc as scientific coordinator of the BIODEPTH project and later held research fellowships at the Centre for Population Biology funded by NERC and the Royal Society. In 2003 he was appointed Assistant Professor within the Institute of Environmental Sciences at the University of Zurich where he is currently undergoing tenure review for a full Professorship. Michel Loreau is Full Professor and Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in theoretical ecology at McGill University (Montreal, Canada). He has won several scientific prizes, including the International Ecology Institute Prize, the Silver Medal of the National Centre for Scientific Research (France), and the Agathon De Potter and MaxPoll Prizes of the Royal Academy of Belgium. He has been member of numerous national and international scientific committees. In particular, he chaired the Scientific Committee of DIVERSITAS, the international programme of biodiversity science, the International Steering Committee of the consultative process towards an International Mechanism of Scientific Expertise on Biodiversity (IMoSEB), and the Steering Committee of the European Science Foundation programme LINKECOL. He is the author ofover 200 scientific publications in the fields of theoretical ecology, community ecology, ecosystem ecology, population ecology, and evolutionary ecology. Charles Perrings is Professor of Environmental Economics, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University. He has served as President of the International Society for Ecological Economics and as Vice Chair of the Scientific Committee of Diversitas. He is the 2008 winner of the Kenneth E. Boulding Prize for ecological economics. He has authored or edited 11 books and monographs on the economics of the environment, labor and education, and has published over 100 scientific papers on environmental, resource and ecological economics; the resilience and stability of dynamical ecological-economic systems; and the economics of biodiversity change. He has been engaged in the various processes to follow-up the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the IMOSEB consultation with the establishment an international body on biodiversity change,the Intergovernmental Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES).

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