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The miscellaneous scraps are articles with which I used to relax from the fatigues of business, and which I furnished to the Port Folio, the Emporium, &c. On passing a cursory glance over them at present, I find that some of them are too trite and trifling, and ought not to have found a place in the volume. These I resign to their merited condemnation.

Some of the various projects I have formed (I have been a great projector) for the public benefit, are introduced, although they have proved abortions—in the hope that some fortunate person may, perhaps when I am in the grave, attempt them under more favourable auspices. One, on the success of which I counted largely, and which would have been highly beneficial, is the plan for the republication, and distribution gratuitously, of English pamphlets (and of some American ones of too limited circulation) calculated to advance the best interests of society, and promote human happiness. (See page 401.) English pamphlets, whatever may be their merit, are scarcely ever-I might almost say never-republished in this country, because pamphlets rarely defray their expenses. And booksellers are mere traders, who cannot in justice be expected to republish articles by which the chances of loss are as a hundred to one. I flattered myself I could find twenty persons in Boston, New York, Baltimore, and Philadelphia, who would patronize this plan. I was grievously mistaken. I found but four! It would excite the most profound astonishment and regret, were I to mention the names of several gentlemen of the first rank in society, in point of wealth, acquired and acquiring—reputationand influence, to whom the project was submitted, and by whom it was rejected, although the subscription was limited to twenty-five dollars per annum, and obligatory only for one year, if the parties disapproved its execution or results. Some of the pamphlets contemplated would be infinitely beneficial to the country, and I think I might say worth their weight in gold. Works on religious controversy, politics, and political economy, were to have been entirely excluded.

The failure of the plan of the Annals of Benevolence (page 399) is more extraordinary. This required no money from the parties addressed. They were published gratuitously, so far as they went, wholly at my expense, and would have been so continued, had I been furnished with materials, which I sought in vain from persons who could and ought to have supplied them copiously. And in an age, when-it is unhappily but too true—“the besetting sin" of the times is a thirst for wealth, the dissemination of illustrious instances of charity, generosity, liberality, and magnanimity, (of which, spite of the opposite current, numerous cases occur) could not fail to have a salutary effect by way of example. I have published three series, each of three numbers, in 1823, 1826, and 1829, and for the whole have not received as much matter as would fill three pages—and not a line for the last. I have had to depend almost altogether on the newspapers, which, although they abound in instances of turpitude and atrocity-murders, rapes, and arsons-collected with industry, at home and abroad, and every where republished, forming a pestilential moral atmosphere-are too barren in cases calculated for the purpose of the Annals of Benevolence.

The failure of the plan urged on the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, of republishing old and rare pamphlets and books respecting the antiquities of this country, (see page 246) which could have been accomplished without expense or risque to the Society, is, I think, to be regretted. Those important articles are becoming yearly more and more rare, and effectual means ought to be taken, as early as possible, for their preservation.

I regret, likewise, the failure of the plan for preventing the spread of fires, (see page 289) which has three as strong recommendations as any plan ever had—it is simple, perfectly practicable, and would be completely effectual.

Philadelphia, November 13, 1830. N.B. Politics and political economy are wholly excluded from this volume, except two or three pages on the latter subject.

1. History of the Yellow Fover which prevailed in Philadelphia in the

year 1793, containing a full account of its rise, progress, and
termination; with various Anecdotes illustrative of the State

of Society
II. Review of the Evidence of the pretended General Conspiracy of

the Roman Catholics of Ireland, to massacre all the Protestants

who would not join with them, on the 23d of October, 1641 98

III. Reflections on the subject of Emigration from Europe, with a

view to a Settlement in the United States, containing a Brief

Sketch of the Moral and Political Character of this Country 119

IV. Review of the Policy of the Founders of the Colonies of Massa-

chusetts, Rhode Island, West Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland,

Virginia, and Carolina, as regards Liberty of Conscience


V. Remarks on a Passage in Horace


VI. Essays on the Public Charities of Philadelphia, intended to vindi-

cate the Benevolent Societies of this city from the charge of

encouraging Idleness; and to place in strong Relief, before an

enlightened Public, the Sufferings and Oppression under which

the greater part of the Females labour, who depend on their

industry for a support for themselves and Children


VII. Thoughts on the Case of the Revolutionary Officers


VIII. Letter to James Barbour, Esq., Secretary of War, on the Sub-

ject of the Changes of Location of the Officers of the Army 211

IX. Essays on African Colonization

X. Reflections on the Emancipation of the Slaves in the United States 222

XI. Essay on the Employment of Slave Labour in Manufactures 232

XII. Essay on the Character and Merits of Junius


XIII. Remark on the Orthoepy of Theophrastus


XIV. Essay on the Merits of, and Gratitude due to, Robert Fulton 238

XV. Circular to the Members of the American Philosophical Society 241

XVI. Circular to the Members of the Historical Society of Pennsyl-



XVII. Circular to the Presidents and Directors of the different Banks

of the City of Philadelphia, on the Suspension of Specie Pay-


XVIII. Preface to the Letters to the Directors of the Bank of Phila:

delphia, on the pernicious Consequences of the prevailing Sys

tem of reducing the Amount of Bills Discounted


XIX. Essay on Banking


XX. Circular to the Directors of the Bank of the United States, on

the Operations of that Institution in the year 1819


XXI. Report on Female Wages


XXII. Address to the Liberal and Humane


XXIII. Address to the Public

XXIV. Address to those Ladies in New York who have undertaken to

establish a House of Employment


XXV. Address submitted for consideration to, and accepted by, the

Impartial Humane Society of Baltimore

XXVI. Address on the Condition of the Poor


XXVII. On the Extinguishment of Fires


XXVIII. Dedication of the Religious Olive Branch


XXIX. Dedication of the Vindicia Hibernica


XXX. Dedication of the New Olive Branch


XXXI. Dedication of Letters on Religious Persecution


XXXII. Address on the Subject of the Greeks


XXXIII. The Case of the Greeks stated


XXXIV. Final Address of the Greck Committee


XXXV. Thoughts on Infant Schools


XXXVI. The Philadelphia Infant Schools, State of the


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XXXVII. Reminiscences on the Subject of Intemperance
XXXVIII. Thoughts on Emigration from Ireland, and Immigration

into the United States
XXXIX. Address on the Formation of a Society for the Promotion of

Internal Improvement
XL. The Crisis, August 24, 1814
XLI. Memorial to Simon Snyder
XLII. Some Notices of Kentucky, particularly of Lexington
XLIII. Circular on the Annals of Benevolence
XLIV. Circular addressed to the Printers of Daily Papers in Phila:

XLV. Circular on the Formation of a Society for the Republication of

Valuable English Pamphlets
XLVI. Critical Examination of the Tragedy of Hamlei
XLVII. Advice to Husbands and Wives
XLVIII. Vindication of Sterne against the Charge of Plagiarism
XLIX. Advertisement of a Pamphlet on the Urgent Necessity of an

Immediate Repeal of the Whole Penal Code against the Ro.

man Catholics. Dublin, 1779
L. Essay on the Effects of Prosperity and Adversity
LI. Essay on the Drama, and the Management of the Orchestra
LII. Extract from the Volunteers' Journal, 1784
LIII. Report on the Encouragement of Faithful Domestics
LIV. Memorial to the Legislature of Pennsylvania on the Subject of

Imprisonment for Debt
LV. Extract from an Essay on the Establishment of a College for

English Literature, the Arts, &c.
LVI. Address to the Congregation of St. Mary's
LVII. Memorial to the Board of Controllers on the Support of Infant

LVIII. Memorial to the Legislature of Pennsylvania on the same sub-


1. On the Absurdity of Baptising Children with Names too Common
2. On Titles of Books
3. On the Vicar of Wakefield

4. On the Theatre

5. Absurd Idea of Voltaire

6. Biblical Note

7. On the Earthquake at Lisbon

8. Horrible Refinement in Cruolty

9. Rules respecting Unseated Lands

10. Education Epitomized

11. A cruel Fair One

12. A Striking Contrast

13. Difference between Sense and Understanding

14. Duelling

15. Tenacity of the Vital Principle

16. Legal Forms

17. Pay what thou owest

18. Conversation-Spirit of Contradiction

19. On the Revolutionary Merits of Thomas Paine

20. On the Fallacy of History

21. On the Merits of Richard Calef, in the times of the Salem Witch-


22. Savage Barbarity

23. Refined Amusement

24. Free and Easy

25. A Free Translation

26. Too much and too little Reading

27. Epigram from the French



















28. Mineral Waters

29. French Leave

30. Geographical Illustration

31. Men more susceptible of Flattery than Women

32. Female Labour, April, 1810.

33. Hoaxing

34. American Slaves

35. Twins

36. Sound Argument and Exemplary Urbanity

37. Egyptian Toleration and Kindness to Christians

38. Elegant Fashions

39. Let both speak at onco

40. Sound Advice worthy of the most serious attention

41. Dr. Johnson's Vertu

42. Tripolitan Fashion

43. A Man of Taste

44. The Mountain in Labour

45. A Neat Bull for a Learned Female

46. A Wonderful Treo

47. Dexterity

48. A Nautical School

49. A Correct Style and Judicious Criticism

50. Newspaper Scurrility

51. A Curious Question

52. Idiocy, Extent of, in Barcelona

53. A Mountain of Salt

54. Leprosy, Extent of, in Spain

55. Unparalleled Modesty

56. Renovation of the Human System

57. Extraordinary Phonomenon

58. Longevity

59. Bachelors, Beware!

60. Wonderful Memory

61. A New Coat of Mail and Elegant Decorations

62. Misnomer

63. Royal Clemency

64. An Elegant Translation

65. Female Energy

66. A Profile of Ambition

67. A Sack full of Heads

68. A Man of Refinement

69. Religious Liberty

70. Scruples of Conscience

71. Stupendous Wickedness

72. Humanity

73. Blasphemous Adulation

74. Vanity and Folly

75. A Dreary Wilderness

76. “A Sailor's Life's a Life of Wo"

77. Cogent and Benevolent Reasons of State

78. Cumberland's Memoirs

79. Duncan M'Intosh

80. The Mohocks

81. Jugglers, Extraordinary Feats of

82. Synonymous Words

83. Premature Judgment

84. Stage and Steamboat Travelling

85. A miserable Prejudice-Yankee Tricks

86. Irish Impudence-a vile Libel

87. Curious Forms of Expression

&c. &c. &c.

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