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"I'll See You at Atlantic City!"

"I

Il n'LL SEE YOU AT ATLANTIC City!"

Sixth Deputy Police Commissioner, New York Yes, you can say that with a good deal of (Mr. MacDonald has developed neighborhood

confidence because many of your friends will councils and the special police program for the be there. Letters, long distance calls and personal prevention of delinquency in New York City); inquiries give clear indication of the growing in- F. L. McReynolds, Extension Specialist, 4-H terest and assured attendance.

Club, Purdue University; Arthur S. Hotchkiss, The program is practically complete. The co- Director of Recreation, Tennessee Coal, Iron and operation that has been shown by outstanding Railroad Company, Birmingham, Alabama; V. K. board members, educators from colleges and pub- Brown, Chief, Recreation Division, Chicago Park lic schools, recreation executives and others, has District; Professor George Shipman, Princeton been splendid. The discussion groups alone enlist University; F. G. Crawford, School of Citizenthe leadership of 150 men and women as presid- ship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University; ing officers, discussion leaders and summarizers. Harold S. Buttenheim, Editor, American City, The printed list of questions which will be used and Col. Ernest G. Smith, publisher, Wilkes in the discussion groups are in the mails within Barre, Pa. the next two weeks. Every section of the country

Radio Round Table will be represented by executives and lay leaders, officials and volunteers.

The radio round table will be one of the most Since the last issue of RECREATION many new interesting features of the program. The subject names have been added to the list of speakers and is intriguing—"Is Public Recreation Pampering leaders. Among these are Frank S. Lloyd, Pro- Youth?” Mr. John G. Winant will be master of fessor of Education, New York University; H. ceremonies. He will state the question, explain J. Baker, Director, Cooperative Extension Work what is meant by public recreation and review in Agriculture and Home Economics, New Bruns- some of the questions raised by people who really wick, New Jersey; Dr. F. W. Maroney, Teachers believe that recreation pampers youth. Mr. Otto College, Columbia University; Ernest M. Best, T. Mallery, lawyer, connected with the PlayPresident, Springfield College; Julian H. Salo- ground and Recreation Association of Philadelmon, Field Coordinator, National Park Service, phia, will share in the discussions from the point Washington, D. C.; Hon. Richard Hartshorn, of view of the business man; Mrs. James H. Van Judge, East Orange, New Jersey; Ellen Eddy Alen will represent the lay woman's point of Shaw, Brooklyn Botanic Garden ; Mrs. Ruby M. view ; George Hjelte will speak for recreation, Payne, Crispus Attucks Recreation and Com- and Edward Ballinger, a student at New York munity Center, Lancaster, Pennsylvania; George University, will speak for youth. W. Farny, mining engineer, Morris Plains, New This able group should answer with some Jersey; George Hjelte, Superintendent of Recre- finality the questions so often heard: ation, Los Angeles, California ; Professor Emery "Why do we now need leaders of recreation? E.Olson, American University, Washington, D.C.; We grew up without them." Mrs. Eva W. White, Elizabeth Peabody House, "Is too much being done now for young Boston; Professor Harley T. Lutz, Department people?" of Economics, Princeton University; J. E. Ben- Do they appreciate it after all?" nett, Commissioner of Public Affairs, Portland, "Does public recreation destroy originality?" Oregon; Dr. O. E. Jennings, Carnegie Museum, "Why should we give money for amusement ?" Pittsburgh; William H. Tur

Board Members, Committeener, Secretary, Conservation A FINAL ANNOUNCEMENT Association of Regina, Sas

men and Volunteers katchewan, Canada; Walter

The Twenty-Second National Recreation
Congress will be held at Atlantic City

This Congress will be markScott, Superintendent of Rec- May 17-21. The Headquarters Hotel will ed by an unusually large repreation, Long Beach, Cali- be the Ambassador. It is not too late

resentation of board members, fornia ; Byrnes MacDonald, for you to make your plans to attend. committeemen and volunteers. 90

(Continued on page 113)

Why Not a Stay-at-Home Vacation?

W

HY NOT ENJOY a stay-at- By MARESE ELIOT sourcefulness on the part of the home vacation ? Public Information Service, WPA

individual members and can be This was the question

New York City

measured by their determination that came to mind after a casual

to make the time mutually reencounter and even more casual

creative. words, the other afternoon. A stay-at-home vacation will give

“New Yorkers are almost you a chance to discover what your Getting Ready for Vacation strangers in their home town," community has to offer you in the

In planning such a stay-atway of leisure time opportunities. declared the dynamic little lady And you'll be surprised to find out

home period, the first activity who is "chief" of all the "white how much there is to enjoy without

that should be undertaken in collar” projects of the New leaving your own home! Set out on advance of vacation time is an York City Works Progress Ad- a journey of discovery this summer! investigation of the neighborministration.

hood and all it can offer for rec"That applies to America gen

reation. This is group activity erally," I agreed, “In spite of our motor and trail- for winter and spring evenings as the family ers and auto camps."

gathers around the hearth after dinner. She smiled. “That seems so. I live across from Suppose you decide to experiment this year. the Brooklyn Botanical Garden," she continued, Find a map of the locality in which you live. Sev"I go walking there on week-ends and can you eral types are useful but those readily available believe this?-I rarely hear English spoken dur- through the U.S. Geological Survey in Washinging those walks! German, French, Czech, Span- ton give the correct picture of the terrain, revealish, yes, and even Polish and Russian, but only a ing back roads, elevations, water courses and few old couples are speaking the English tongue. lakes. A map, carefully backed with a thin linen The younger generation pass our gorgeous Bo- or closely woven cotton, can be folded without tanical Garden by-if they even know it exists." fear of tearing along the creases or at the edges.

Two images crossed my mind — the quaint Check off parks and other scenic spots as obplanting of annuals in Central Park that is called jectives for hikes and picnics. Gather all the inShakespeare's Garden, since it gives root to every formation concerning these spots and the facilities flower and herb mentioned by the bard, and the they offer for entertainment. The library will charm of the tip of Manhattan Island whose rocky probably contain books that reveal old buildings crest is crowned with Fort Tryon Park. Though and approximate location of historic events. In I have lived in New York nearly two decades, I the vicinity of New York City sites of old Revohad only discovered these treasures a few days lutionary forts are still unknown and light on their before. Most of us scarcely know our own towns actual location adds a focus to the trip. A folder or our own country.

can be made for the maps together with such deOne of the most fruitful phases of the WPA tailed information as train schedules and rates for Recreation Department program has been the train and boat trips both for the places at some opening to youth and adult the possibilities within distance and also for the ones that are reachable their neighborhood for leisure time activity.

by trolley. The knowledge of schedules coming Pocketbooks that are lean—and ever so many and going will often save tiresome waits at inadestill are in that condition may not support a vaca- quate wayside stations. The gathering of such tion away from home. Even if the call of moun- data about the neighborhood places of interest tains, lakes and ocean must be denied, why should makes a pleasant occupation for the winter and families not find rest and recreation by experi- spring evenings and the results can be neatly filed nenting in a Stay-at-Home vacation? For father, away ready for the momentous vacation period. the office will not be calling in the mornings; for In the city, locations of municipal pools and the children, school bells will not be ringing. With bathing beaches should be ascertained and the the entire family at home, the enjoyment of the hours and days that they may be used, together vacation period can be limited only by lack of re- with all information as to the necessary equipment

92

Il'HY NOT A STAY-AT-HOME VACATION?

that the family will need to take advantage of the pool. If there are no such public places in the community, then research can be made along private lines. Some settlements have pools. The hours and prices may be discovered and filed away for that hot afternoon during the stay-at-home vacation when the family feels it must have a swim. Some of the hotels have pools, as do some of the larger clubs. Often they have special hours at reduced rates. The vacation folder can file away all such data for that occasion when knowledge is valuable.

Many communities have golf courses that are open to the public. If the older members of the family already play golf or have a desire to learn the game, the information in advance will save time when vacation days are at hand. This data should include the necessary permits and the schedules of the course. Most parks boast of tennis courts which will add to the vacation pleasure of younger members of the group. In many places grounds are laid out for croquet and horseshoe and quoits. Again it will be well to know in advance and file for reference the methods that must be employed to use these community activities. Some of these grounds must be booked in advance, some require a small fee, some do and some do not provide the apparatus. Be prepared to take advantage of the courts during the holidays.

ing and absorbing than that purchased. Children, indeed, need materials for construction.

For the small ones, the sand box is the spot in the play yard which will keep them happy and quiet for the longest periods. The older members of the group can construct the frame. The box should be built of boards carefully planed to prevent splintering. Its depth should be about ten or twelve inches. The size is regulated by the space available. A narrow shelf around the top provides a place for the children to sit and a space on which they can play. Play materials consist of tin cups, molds, old spoons, and shells from previous seashore trips, which make, with the clean sand filling the box, a source of absorbing interest.

To the side of the fence, the woodshed or on the laundry pole, a heavy wire twisted into a ring may be attached. This forms a basketball goal. Plenty of goal shooting practice is enjoyable during vacation time.

With a small plot of turf there can be constructed a putting field for father, mother and neighbors who want to improve their game off the course. This can be easily made by sinking some old tin cans in the turf. Provided there is sufficient room, the so-called game of "clock golf" may be laid out and used with real advantage to those who need to perfect the putting side of their game. A net swung in circular form from several posts may be used as a net into which father can practice his drive. Using the side of the garage or the back fence as a backstop, this driving tee makes an excellent practice ground The same spot is excellent to practice drive shots for tennis skills.

Hiking is one of the most fascinating and varied of the family activities which can be enjoyed during the vacation period. Family hikes begun at this time can be continued when the actual holidays are only memories. Hikes may be planned and their course marked on the map during the winter evenings. They may be begun before the actual vacation time. A luncheon may be packed and ready so that on the spring evenings when the children come from school and father from his office, the whole family can set out for a walk in the woods to some scenic spot for a campfire and supper, drawing a dividend from daylight saving time! Thus the vacation time can be savoured in advance and later lengthened into the fall after the precious holidays are past.

Hiking trips are particularly opportune for developing hobbies both for the entire family and its

(Continued on page 115)

Home Resources Important Perhaps the family is located in a community where no such facilities are provided for leisure time. Then they are thrown back upon the home resources. If preparation is made in advance of vacation, the old adage of "no place like home" will prove true to the stay-at-home vacationer.

The back yard is the ideal spot around which to center the holidays at home. Little money will be needed to develop it so that it can be used not only for the weeks of entirely free time but also in those hours of leisure which are growing every year. Such a playground need not be filled with costly apparatus in order to provide a healthful, happy place for adults and children to spend their leisure.

For the children of the family, slides, swings, see-saws, as well as sand boxes for the tiny ones, can all be made by the group themselves. It is a curious fact that the apparatus which children are able to construct alone or with the aid and supervision of grown ups, often proves more interest

Youth to the Rescue!

Young People of Cleveland work through the NYA
to increase the city's recreational facilities

T

HE ADDITION of seventeen playgrounds to NYA wood and cement projects. A number of

Cleveland's recreation system will not come untrained youths were assigned to the projects,

merely as a "happening." It will be the re- and several broken packing boxes were dragged sult of careful planning by the Division of Rec- from the basement for them to knock apart. Tools reation of the Department of Parks and Public at the beginning of the venture consisted of one Property, of which J. Noble Richards is Commis- hammer and two old saws. Other tools were sioner, the Mayor's Advisory Board on Play- secured later. Green youths worked with green grounds and Recreation, and the National Youth lumber. The packing boxes were transformed Administration. Cooperatively these groups last into work benches. Hands unaccustomed to tools August worked out plans for the utilization of the learned to guide a saw accurately and the mysterservices of young people in the NYA during the ies of blue prints were carefully explained. fall and winter months. The plan involved the Three thousand feet of lumber were delivered collection and repair of city playground equip- by NYA and the city together. Supervisors ment; the manning of “continuation" playgrounds, showed the willing youths how to shape molds the operation of a workshop for the manufacture and treat them to keep the wood from warping. of permanent facilities and the construction of Of course there were difficulties. The experipermanent improvements on city-owned play- mental stage was a hard one on both youths and grounds. Such a program, it was Mr. Richards’ supervisors. Nevertheless they at last went into plea, would give the young people year-round oc- production and did a creditable job. cupation, and more would be accomplished for the

Tons of sand and sacks of cement followed the city's facilities than municipal appropriations building of molds. Just as painstakingly were they could make possible for years.

taught to mix and pour the concrete as they had The officials who cooperated in the project were been instructed in working with wood. At last enthusiastic over the plan. And in addition it was they were ready to mix concrete of the right conbacked by neighborhood groups and organizations sistency and pour it into the waiting molds. such as Kiwanis and Rotary Clubs, the American Today, stacked neatly, awaiting their turn to Legion, garden clubs and foreign groups whose

become a part of some city playground, are huge interest was enlisted in cooperating with the au

piles of building blocks, paving blocks, copings, thorities in maintaining play areas, beautifying drinking fountains, park benches both plain and them, and securing additional facilities and equip- fancy, horseshoe boxes, curbings, foundations for ment.

handball and shuffleboard courts and ping pong

tables. At the other end of the line are other earnThen They Began!

est youths who are grading, constructing walks, And so they started out, these young people, straightening the high wire fences and painting with little in the way of materials or leadership them, building substantial concrete retaining walls from skilled workers, but with the will to do! and laying cement blocks and curbings. When the What they accomplished has

last cement block has been laid been outstanding.

It is an interesting story, as told by and the last tree planted, the city A large room in the old Glenn W. Carter of the Cleveland

of Cleveland will have seventeen Thomas Edison school previDivision of Recreation, of the work

model playgrounds to gladden ously used by Mr. Richards for done by young people of that city

the hearts of thousands of chilthe work of the Cuya hoga

to improve and increase recreational
equipment and facilities, and to

dren who can forsake the danger County Recreation Commission

make possible a richer leisure time of city streets for a safe and became the workshop of the program for themselves and others. happy sanctuary.

94

YOUTH TO THE RESCUE!

In the basement of Brookside Zoo, another group began their work repairing an almost unbelievable mass of broken slides, rusty swings trailing rusty chains and splintered seats, teeters which are tottering, and the vast hodge-podge of faulty equipment which has accumulated through

the years.

In another room is a different scene. Here are slides, repaired and painted, swings whose chains gleam in the light with a coat of aluminum paint skilfully applied, giant strides which fairly invite the small Clevelander to give them a try. Where a piece of equipment proves hopeless it is taken apart and parts used to repair more hopeful cases. Tools and equipment? Borrowed. Material? Odds and ends of other equipment. The paint was donated in large part by public-spirited Clevelanders.

bolts, fifteen pounds of linen twine, and nine pieces of lumber! With the lumber the supervisor fashioned a loom, and with this the girls have made rapid progress. The nets are thoroughly tested as the girls finish them and then they receive a waterproof treatment which is the old navy man's secret formula.

All the city playgrounds and tennis courts will now have real nets at surprisingly low cost-and the knots will not slip!

A miniature playground, the work of a young NYA artist, has been viewed by visitors from all over the United States. Occupying the space of an ordinary table top, it shows a finished playground with benches, drinking fountains, walks built of cement blocks in mosaic patterns, volley ball and basketball courts, slides, swings, shelter house and shade trees.

The outcome of it all? Many young people who otherwise would have been unemployed after the summer season have worked throughout the winter on these NYA projects learning skills which will help them enter industry. Donations by public-spirited citizens, a few borrowed tools chiefly from the WPA warehouse, scraps of lumber and a small outlay by the city and NYA will result in seventeen new playgrounds, all of which will be completed by the end of the summer.

Miles of Nets !

The girls in the NYA shared the honors at the Central Avenue Bath House. Here a small net factory is in operation. New basketball, tennis, volley ball and ping pong nets are being made and old ones are repaired. This project was started in the basement of the City Hall at first without even the aid of looms. The girls followed the procedure shown in a picture in a magazine. The knots, however, would not stay put. When the project was moved out to its present quarters a supervisor was put in charge who had been in the navy for eighteen years. With the aid of his nautical knowledge the girls have learned to tie a good many knots

[graphic]

per hour.

All these girls had to start with was six pounds of nails, twelve pounds of nuts and

Large quantities of net are being made for the play areas of Cleveland by eager young workers

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