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PAGE Citizen Leadership in Today's Leisure Time, by Glenn Frank, LL.D..... 635 The Amusement Industry

639 Model Playgrounds for Cleveland, by Leyton E. Carter and Edward A. Levy

643 Fair Play, in Football and So On, by John Palmer Gavit.

648 Kenosha's Cultural Center, by G. M. Phelan.

649 A Progressive Game Kit, by Freda S. Combs

651 Recreational Training for Catholic Institutions.

653 Map Making for Community Study, by Harold W. Copp.

656 Use of Radio in the Local Recreation Program.

657 Social Opportunity through Community Planning, by Frederick M. Machamer

660 Beautification by Cooperation, by J. C. Watkins.

663 Lighting of Outdoor Recreation Facilities..

665 Your Museum

667 Even the Theater Takes to the Trailer

670 With the American Municipal Association

671 With the American Shore and Beach Preservation Association.

671 You Asked for It!

672 World at Play

673 Ellen M. Tower

683 Magazines and Pamphlets

683 Snow Sports in Southern California .

684 A Notable Gift

685 New Publications in the Leisure Time Field.

686

Entered as second-class matter June 12, 1929, at the Post Office at New York, New York, under Act of March 3, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in Section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized May 1, 1924.

Copyright, 1938, by the National Recreation Association

Getting the Spirit of Recreation into the

Human Relations of Government T

THE field of human relations is to a considerable degree an unexplored, unadventured,

unconquered territory. The earth's surface has been fairly well covered. Human relations on this earth yet remain to be worked out.

What in government gives abundant life to man? What about business and industry and labor relations from the point of view of life values — current human satisfactions ? What forms of service satisfy most - what activities, what recreations are essential to different types of individuals?

The task is not for those who seek to reduce everything to dry, dusty formulas. The task is rather warmly human to be lived out, worked out, in the spirit of recreation, of good clean fun.

Government, education, social work, health work, civic work exist for securing certain very definite and concrete results, but at the same time human relations and a certain spirit of living are established and developed that may be more important than the immediate results in controlling fire loss, preventing crime, reducing cancer, tuberculosis.

What builds the human spirit, what promotes the growth of man as man, not man primarily as a worker, as a storer up of goods, as a developer of the earth's surface, but man as liver, creator, artist, musician, comrade, neighbor, citizen?

The first question to ask about a government from the point of view of the recreation movement is not-merely-does it make the trains run on time, does it keep the streets clean, does it insist on good building? Rather this and much more,-what is the given government doing to the human spirit, is it helping men to grow, is it making men of parts, is it making mellow citizens who live richly?

Those who are interested in recreation, interested in the leisure time of citizens, interested in living itself—are vitally concerned in the spirit which the government and all community institutions are creating, what they are doing to the men, women, and chil. dren. Are men made richer personalities, more independent, original, creative, self-reliant, thoughtful? Or are the citizens becoming more dependent, submissive, more of one pattern with less individuality, less sparkle, with fewer points at which they have a lively interest?

The spirit of the playground, of the recreation center is something which should affect all of life. The recreation emphasis on creativeness, growth, humanness, personality, long time human satisfactions, happy human relations has a bearing on the form of government and the system of administration in all community institutions. The measure of democracy and consideration for human growth and the simple joys of life in all community institutions are important to the fundamental purpose the recreation leader serves.

HOWARD BRAUCHER.

FEBRUARY, 1938

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Citizen Leadership in Today's Leisure Time

T Commission is an organiz

HE CHICAGO Recreation
By GLENN FRANK, LL.D.

leaders now, as in every gen

eration, is limited. So unless I ed assumption of local re

On November 18, 1937, the Recrea- wholly misread the problem it sponsibility to plan and effect tion Commission of Chicago held its is planning in the nation rather a program for the productive

third annual meeting attended by 1500 than planning of the nation use of the leisure time of its people. We are presenting extracts

that America so sorely needs. from an address given before the citizens through the collaboConference by Dr. Glenn Frank.

As an example of planning in rated efforts of public and pri

the nation the Chicago Recreavate agencies. First, the Chi

tion Commission is significant. cago Recreation Commission admits and assumes Third, the Chicago Recreation Commission unlocal responsibility for a local problem. That is dertakes to correlate all the public and private refreshing in view of the almost America-wide agencies concerned with exercising the use of the tendency to relinquish local responsibility and re- leisure time of its citizens. Here again I think fer everything to the Federal Government. When this Commission symbolizes something significant. the nation was passing through the valley of the There are two groups of extremists to which I shadow of economic death it was essential that hope the American people will never give loyalty. the Federal Government supplement local action One group is against the government's doing anyand appropriation. Emergency periods call for thing very much beyond preserving order and colemergency policies. But it is never easy to con- lecting taxes, provided the taxes aren't too high. fine emergency policy to emergency periods. An The other group is for the government's doing extensive intervention of the Federal Government about everything there is to do. The first group into local situations when emergencies are on, how- are unconscious anarchists, although their conever justified, may cut the nerve of local respon- servative souls would shudder at the label. The sibility well over into a post-emergency period. other are unconscious fascists, although their libIn a time of stress when the Federal Government eral souls would rebel at being so named. The must operate rescue squads it is easy for cities to fact is that we need a properly balanced number get the habit of becoming chronic mendicants, of public and private agencies running neck and asking alms at the gates of government. It is easy neck in a cooperative competition. It is desirable for cities to lose the habit of assuming local re- to have private agencies in the field of social sersponsibility for local problems and it is even pos- vice in a time like this when the world around sible that a state's racket can be substituted for there is a decisive shift in the balance between state's rights. As a symbol of a wholesome ten- voluntary social action and imposed governmental dency the bold attack of the Chicago Recreation action. I think the avowed purpose of the Chicago Commission on the local problem is significant. Recreation Commission to tackle this city's prob

Second, the Chicago Recreation Commission lem of leisure time through a correlation of pubfrankly undertakes a path of social planning for lic and private agencies is significant. Chicago. Now, social planning, in my judgment, I want now with the utmost brevity to state is of crucial importance to the American future what seem to me some of the more fundamental but again in my judgment social planning can aspects of the problems of leisure which call this hamstring instead of harness the creative forces Commission into being. The first thing I want to of American life unless the planning is evolved on say is that the ultimately right solution of the the ground where it is to be executed and unless problem of leisure time use in American civilizait is in terms of units small enough to be really tion and in our great cities is going to depend manageable. I am frankly skeptical of the more upon the success or failure we have in developing ambitious dreams for national planning, because certain qualities of mind in the leadership of the I honestly believe that nobody knows enough to community, state, and nation. I want to suggest plan this entire country. The complexity of so that there are three qualities of mind that this great a nation is limitless and the capacity of its nation-wide problem of leisure time use calls for.

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