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THEODORE WIRTH - PIONEER IN PARK PLANNING

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acres of land, although few improvements had tion of the system "keep off the grass" signs disbeen accomplished. The need for park facilities appeared from Minneapolis parks, and he introwas pressing in the growing city, and the Board duced playgrounds and other features of park utilirealized that a full program of work must be

ties suitable for the intensive use to which mupressed forward at once. Mr. Wirth undertook nicipal park systems must be put. Horticultural that job and developed a park system of 5,200

advancement in park work has been one of his

chief aims. acres which included enlargement of Glenwood Park from 60 to more than 680 acres, with es- One of the most important principles to which tablishment of the nursery in the park and con- Mr. Wirth has adhered in his park administrative struction of Glenwood Parkway; the acquisition work is that the expense of facilities for any of Camden Park and its improvement as a highly- special interest, such as golf, together with the developed recreational area; the converting of the cost of operation and maintenance, should be met old King's Farm into Lyndale Farmstead with its by those who participate in these specialized forms central warehouse, its well-appointed storage fa- of recreation. He also insisted that no service in cilities, workshops, and greenhouses; the acquisi- parks should be conducted for private gain, and tion and improvement of The Gateway as an ar- remained opposed to concessions in parks. He tistic entrance to the city ;

advocated that refectories, the development of The

boat, and other revenueParade into a centrally

producing facilities be "There is enough glory, satisfaction and located, city-wide athletic happiness in what has been accomplished

operated by the Park Defield; the establishment of

in the building up of the city's park and partment in the interest of the Rose Garden, lilacs, recreation system since the creation of

the public. peonies, perennial border,

the Park Commission 52 years ago to A pioneer in many and rock garden at Lyn

bring pride to the heart of every citizen. dale Park to form the sevTo the continuity of the service and the

phases of planning, Vr. never-faltering policy of faithful, diligent

Wirth was one of the first eral units of a horticultural

foresight and economical administration to advocate beauty along exhibit; the Chain of of your Honorable Board is due the con

highways. He never ceasLakes, comprising Lake stant, steady and healthy growth to what

ed to emphasize the imCalhoun, Lake of the Isles,

we now have in our park system.
Your kindness and confidence in me have

portance of roadside imand Cedar Lake; the ac

been an inspiration and constant encour- provement from the standquisition and improvement

agement in my endeavors and in

my

work. point of appearance. of Victory Memorial

It seems as though it were but a few Drive and St. Anthony years since I came and I am so thank

Honors Conferred Boulevard; the paving and ful that I did come."—Mr. Wirth, in his

Mr. Wirth brought fame developing of Minnehaha reply to the tribute of the Park Board.

to himself as well as to Parkway; the acquisition

Minneapolis through his and transformation of the

park work, and he has reswamplands of Lake Amelia and Rice Lake into ceived highest honors as a park planner and executhe attractive and useful Lake Nokomis-Hiawatha tive. He was a charter member and has long been a Park area; the improvement of Powderhorn Lake prominent and untiring worker of the American Park; acquisition and construction of Armour,

Institute of Park Executives and the American Meadowbrook, and Lake Hiawatha golf courses, Park Society, of which he served twice as presiand the establishment of a host of neighborhood

dent and for a number of years as treasurer. At parks and playgrounds, giving Minneapolis an en- the 1934 convention of the institute he was elected viable playground system. Another achievement to honorary membership. The Twin City Florduring Mr. Wirth's administration was the acqui

ists' and Gardeners' Club and the Minnesota State sition and improvement of the Municipal Airport

Florists' Association: were organized largely and the development of this field into one of the through the efforts of Mr. Wirth, and he was the outstanding airports of the country.

first president of the latter organization. His in

terest in flower shows never lagged, and in 1913 Parks Are for the People

the Society of American Florists and Ornamental Mr. Wirth's philosophy of park use has been Horticulturists, of which he was vice-president, that the parks are for the people. Under his direc

(Continued on page 52)

Bead Craft as a Playground Activity

Wing leisure time activity in our city. Chil

TOODEN BEAD projects have proved a fascinating leisure time activity in our city. Chil

By MAURINE E. MADER dren, men and women are all interested in

Assistant making purses, belts, collars, bracelets, pins, but

Playground and Recreation Commission tons and head bands. In the varied types of bead

Springfield, Illinois work offered-weaving, knitting, crocheting, embroidery on canvas, porcelain bead mats, and many articles which may be made with wooden beads

may be purchased in the same way. Bead work there are projects to suit all tastes.

may be as expensive or inexpensive as one wishes. Wooden Beads. Wooden beads are imported depending on the article to be made and the vaand are made of hard wood. They come in many riety of beads used. Bracelets may be made for shapes-round, square, oval and flat, and in

prac- as little as five cents, while belts cost from fifteen tically any color. They are finished so that they cents up, depending on the length desired. Purses do not fade or rub off. Many useful and desirable for children may be made for forty-five cents up. articles may be made from them, and the art of While beads may be purchased for the individual putting the beads together can be mastered after a projects, they may also be bought in lots of a few minutes of practice. This craft may easily thousand. After the participant has made some of turn out to be your chief hobby or favorite pas- the articles it is a little less expensive to buy in time. Your own patterns and designs can be bulk, for it is possible to find at home materials worked out on paper and colored with crayons so suitable for lining purses or for use in connection that you may see exactly how the finished product with other articles to be made. We have found it will look.

desirable to sell the beads in lots of not less than A bead loom, which the children can make out a hundred though they may be secured in strings of a cigar box, may be used for weaving belts.

of fifty. Bead mats are a popular project and they may be We use a waxed linen button and carpet thread made in many different shapes-hexagonal, round, which may be purchased at any notion department. square or scalloped. Any cross stitch design may We have had no trouble with thread breaking; be worked out in beads;

we do, however, double baskets of flowers in A few of the articles which have been produced

it as this gives the article cross stitch in Springfield, Illinois, by the use of beads

more body are especially well adapted

Our Experi. for mat con

ence in Spring struction.

field Equipment.

We started Bead outfits

bead work as may be pur

a playground chased ac

project. It was cording to the

an experiment project to be

with us and made. Kits

we wondered are made up

just how valincluding

uable a handbeads, design,

craft project thread, nee

it would be dles, lining

We estimated and zipper for

the approxipurses. Equip

(Continued on ment for mats

page 52)

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regulation ball diamonds, volley ball courts, handball courts, shuffleboard, horseshoe, basketball and hard surfaced tennis courts will be built.

ALONG with the new The Problem of.

advance in nature recNature Vandals

reation goes liability,

Dr. William G. Vinal has pointed out. A further word of warning comes from a museum director: "I can but feel that all this sending of the general public into the country works havoc with the wild life. ... The ‘clearing up and improving' of the wilderness and the establishment of recreation centers spell the end of natural conditions. ... The ‘general public' cannot be educated to appreciate the wilderness and are for the most part vandals.”

COLUMBUS, Ohio, Camping in Indian

is to have a new Atmosphere

$50,000 camp for chil

dren, the contribution of FERA and WPA. The camp was used last summer for four weeks though it had not been completed. Children from the various playgrounds between the ages of nine and sixteen spent a few days in camp at the very nominal fee of 50 cents a day which included transportation to and from the camp grounds. As the camp is located in the territory of the old Wyandotte Indians, Indian lore was very much a part of the program. The camp will consist of twelve new bunk houses, a director's cottage, a new recreation hall and a mess hall. The athletic field will be graded and

THE Museum of NatCleveland Museum's Out-of-Door Program

ural History of Cleveland, Ohio, has de

veloped a program of out-of-door recreation work, including nature and wild flower trails, trailside museums, out-of-door lectures, bird walks, conducted trips in the parks for school classes and other groups, and field work for a university summer class.

THE average boys' Their Very Own

club in school buildClub Room!

ings or community

centers has a place equipped for its special activities and thereby has an excellent start toward its club program. There are still clubs, however, which must initiate their activities in a school basement room with nothing to work with but four walls, and these walls and the ceiling are close together! This was true of a club conducted by the Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Recreation and Playground Association. But this did not daunt the boys. Using candles for illumination, they helped wire the room, then made homemade screens for the windows and backstops for basketball. With the help of a few borrowed tools and packing boxes collected from the

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GROUP WORK INSTITUTE

May 31 - June 19, 1937 Western Reserve University A three weeks institute for experienced professional group workers including credit courses in Principles of Group Work, Supervision of Group Work, Work with Individuals in Groups, The Use of the Skills (dramatics, crafts, music).

A bachelor's degree from a college of approved standing is required for admission.

For information address SCHOOL OF APPLIED SOCIAL SCIENCES

Western Reserve University

CLEVELAND, OHIO

Moscow Plans for the Future— The Moscow Planning Commission has evolved a ten year plan, according to the December, 1936 issue of The Architectural Record, whereby the incorporated area of the city has been expanded from 2,850,000 to 6,000,000 acres, chiefly to the southwest where the country is high and rolling. Beyond the city limits an immense circular belt of forest and park land is being developed. Under the existing plan, a completely integrated system of arterial highways, both radial and concentric, will be built. Intimately connected with the development of the street pattern is that of parks and waterways. The boulevards which radiate in all directions from the city's heart are also parkways which, broadening as they approach the city limits, directly link the peripheral parks to the city proper. The margins of Moscow River and the numerous canals and lakes are also being developed as parkways upon which a great deal of the city's new housing will front.

neighborhood stores, magazine racks and work benches were constructed. The same packing boxes furnished material for a bird house project. The club now has facilities for wood work of a simple nature, whittling and coping saw projects, basketball, ping pong, shuffleboard, harmonica classes, shu-quoi, wrestling and boxing. It also has a group of officers and conducts a short business meeting previous to the program of activities. The fact that the boys were obliged to make most of their equipment before using it was no drawback. The club room is their room—didn't they help to equip it?

The Lancaster Hiking Club - A program which may be suggestive for other hiking clubs was that held in December 1936 by the Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Hiking Club. It consisted of an address on the subject, “The Horseshoe Trail," a talk by the curator of F. and M. College, who was the first leader of the club's Saturday hikes, and the showing of moving pictures of scenes along the horseshoe trail. These pictures showed local hikes taken during the past eight years by G. D. Brandon, Director of the Recreation and Playground Association. Under his auspices the club has been developed.

WPA Recreation Projects in Chicago Dr. Philip L. Seman, Chairman of the Chicago, Illinois, Recreation Commission, has announced the consolidation of all WPA recreation projects in Chicago into one city-wide project under the sponsorship of the Chicago Recreation Commission. This new project involves some 4,000 workers and a sum of money totaling $2,000,000 or more. Wilfred S. Reynolds, director of the Council of Social Agencies, was appointed by Dr. Seman to serve as chairman of a committee of the Commission which will handle the Commission's sponsorship duties and act as its representative. This committee will also be advisory to other public and private groups and agencies seeking federal aid for recreation. Other members of this committee are V. K. Brown, Chief of Recreation, Chicago Park District; Walter Wright, Superintendent, Bureau of Parks, Recreation and Aviation; Dr. William H. Johnson, Superintendent of Schools; Miss Agnes Nestor, President of the Women's Trade Union League, and Dr. Anthony J. Todd of Northwestern University. A number of other committees have been appointed by Dr. Seman to serve in an advisory capacity to the individual agencies, both public and private, sponsoring certain of the projects.

A Practical Gift - Word has been received from Willis H. Edmund, Director of Recreation, Akron, Ohio, that the Recreation Commission has received from the Board of Trustees of Akron University for use in connection with its outdoor program the complete flood lighting system of the University stadium. This gift will make it possible for the Recreation Commission to enlarge its program materially.

The Cost of Crime-J. Edgar Hoover of the Federal Bureau of Investigation states that crime is costing America at least $15.000,000,000 a year

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Happiness in Service-Lord Baden-Powell, founder of the Boy Scout movement, on his eightieth birthday sent the following message to the Boy Scouts of the world : "Eighty years may seem to you a long time, but I can't remember a time when I wasn't busy, and as long as you are busy you can't help being cheerful. If you ever find yourself without something to do, remember there are always lots of people wanting help, old people or infirm and poor people who would be only too glad of a helping hand. However poor or small you may be you can always find someone worse off than yourself, ill or old or crippled. If you go and help them and cheer them up a funny thing happens. You find that by making others happy you are making yourself all the happier, too.

“I want you to have as long and jolly a life as I have had. You can get it if you keep yourself healthy and helpful to others. I will tell you my secret for this: I have always tried to carry out the Scout promise and the Scout law in all that I do. If you do that you will make a success of your life and will have a very happy time even if you live to eighty.

number of speakers will talk on the subject, "Our Theme in Relation to the Community and Girls Out of School." It is suggested that anyone desiring to attend this luncheon communicate with Miss Mary Van Horn, Women's Division, N. A. A. F., 303 West 42nd Street, New York City.

Meetings of the Women's Division, N.A.A.F. -The Women's Division of the National Amateur Athletic Federation has planned a number of meetings which will be of interest to recreation workers.

On April 21st the annual meeting of the Division will be held from 9:00 to 12:00 in the Garden Room of the Hotel Martinique, New York City. The theme of the meeting will be "Athletics As a Social Force," and there will be two main addresses—“Rural Problems in Recreational Activities," by Ella Gardner, United States Department of Agriculture, and “Socializing Sports in the City," by Mark McCloskey, NYA Director, New York City. This meeting will be followed at 12:30 by the fourteenth birthday luncheon. A

Music on the Akron Playgrounds-A total of 540 boys and girls of Akron, Ohio, were organized last summer into fourteen different bands and orchestras. During the summer these groups presented a total of thirty-one concerts. The season closed with a final musical program at the fair grounds in which a 100 piece orchestra participated. The services of the WPA music staff made it possible to conduct 170 classes in singing throughout the city. Eight community sings were held and sixteen amateur shows produced.

Hockey Goal Nets — Discarded tennis nets, the Montreal Parks and Playgrounds Association has found, can be used to make very satisfactory goal nets for hockey. One of the most common reasons for the wearing out of nets is that the bottom of the net freezes to the ice surface, and carelessness in taking it in often results in the

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