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CONTENTS

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III. Straw of Cereals and Legumes

XIV. Roots, TUBERS, AND OTHER SUCCULENT FEEDS.

XV. Silos AND SILAGE.

B. DESCRIPTION OF CONCENTRATES

XVI. THE CONCENTRATES.

I. Cereal Grains.

II. Leguminous and Oil-bearing Seeds.

XVII. VARIOUS FACTORY BY-PRODUCTS

1. Flour and Cereal Mill Feeds.

II. Brewery and Distillery Feeds.

III. Starch and Glucose Factory Feeds.

XVIII. SUGAR FACTORY FEEDS AND OIL MEALS.

I. Sugar Factory Feeds..

II. Oil Meals.

XIX. ANIMAL FEEDS.

I. Packing-house Feeds.

II. Dairy Feeds

XX. MISCELLANEOUS FEEDS.

I. Proprietary Feeds.

II. Feeds of Minor Importance.

III. Condimental Stock Feeds.

163

163

175

179

179

188

190

192

192

195

204

204

205

210

210

210

. 212
APPENDIX

TABLE

I. COMPOSITION OF FEEDING STUFFS..

II. DIGESTION COEFFICIENTS FOR FEEDING STUFFS..

III. DRY MATTER, DIGESTIBLE CRUDE AND TRUE PROTEIN.

IV. TABLE OF FEED UNITS..

V. MANURIAL VALUE OF FEEDING STUFFS.

VI. WEIGHTS OF CONCENTRATED FEEDS..

359

366

369

373

374

376

FIG.

7825

36

92

PAGE
Composition of Feeding Stuffs (Colored Chart)... Frontispiece

1. Water in Common Feeding Stuffs, in Per Cent..

2. Mineral Matter in a Ton of Common Feeds, in Pounds.

3. Fats in Common Feeding Stuffs, in Per Cent...

12

4. Fiber in Plant Materials, in Per Cent....

15

5. View of a Chemical Laboratory for Analysis of Feeding Stuffs and

Other Agricultural Products...

17

6. Composition of Live Animals Less Contents of Stomach and Intes-

tines, in Per Cent......

20

7. The Digestive Apparatus of Ruminants..

27

8. Digestible Components and Nutritive Ratios of Common Feeds, in

Per Cent....

9. A View of the Respiration Calorimeter at the Pennsylvania Experi-

ment Station..

40

10. Manurial Value of Feeding Stuffs ..

89

11.

Shade Trees and a Running Stream in the Pasture Make for the

Health and Comfort of Farm Animals...

12. Indian Corn Grown for the Silo or for Soiling.

95

13. The Relative Expense of Producing and Feeding Soiling Crops is

Considerably Greater than in the Case of Silage. .

98

14. A Field of Dwarf Black-hull Kafir Corn..

110

15. A Soybean Nitrogen Factory..

114

16. Alfalfa will Furnish an Abundance of Green Feed Throughout the

Growing Season..

115

17. Curing and Harvesting Alfalfa.

116

18. Crimson Clover...

120

19. Sweet Clover is an Excellent Soil Builder..

122

20. A South Carolina Vetch Field ..

123

21. A Field of Soybeans....

125

22. Half-sugar Mangels.

134

23. Rutabagas (Bloomsdale), a Good Type for Stock Feeding..

135

24. Carrots for Stock Feeding.

136

25. Pigs on Rape..

139

26. Spineless Cactus Yields Large Crops of a Very Watery Feed under

Favorable Conditions..

146

27. Stave Silos.....

149

28. A Good Concrete Silo...

152

29. A California Dairy Barn with Concrete Silos .

153

30. A “Re-saw” Silo Being Filled with Alfalfa.

154

31. Battery of Four Cement Silos on a California Cattle Ranch.

155

32. Corn and Soybeans Grown for Silage. ....

160

33. Weeds Growing from Seed Found in a Mixed “Dairy Feed"....... 171

34. Types of Grain Sorghums.

173

35. Diagram Showing Increase in Area Sown to Grain Sorghum in

Kansas during the Decade 1904-13.

174

36. Section of Corn Kernel...

185

37. Cross-section of Flaxseed Showing the Different Layers of Cells.... 196

38. The Swelling Test...

197

39. Holstein Skim-milk-Calves.

208

40. Dairy Calves in the Pasture...

217

41. At Meal Time the Calf is Fed Warm, Sweet Milk in a Clean Pail,

While Securely Fastened in a Comfortable Stanchion... 218

42. Calves in Stanchions in Pasture....

219

43. Dairy Cows of Good Breeding and Well Kept and Cared for Make

Excellent Returns “at the Pail”....

228

44. Normal Changes in Monthly Yield and Fat Content of Milk from

Dairy Cows...

230

45. Liberal Rations Fed to Cows of Beefy Tendencies Produce a Gain

in Weight.

235

46. Areas of Circles Representing Average Values of the Products from

the Best Ten or the Poorest Ten Cows in the Wisconsin Dairy

Cow Composition, 1909-1911....

236

47. Spring Milk-Scale Enabling the Farmer to Keep Accurate Milk

Records of his Cows with but Very Little Extra Effort.

237

48. Babcock Test Apparatus....

238

49. Production and Size are the Factors Determining the Feed Re-

quirements of Dairy Cows...

239

50. Alfalfa is, as a Rule, Fed in Racks in the Corrals (Feeding Yards)

to Milch Cows in the Western States......

246

51. The “Meal Cart" Used for Weighing Concentrates for the Individual

Cows in the Herd.......

247

52. Weighing Rations for the Dairy Herd..

248

53. Lily of Willowmoor, 22269, Ayrshire Record Cow

249

54. Murne Cowan, 19597, Guernsey Record Cow.

249

55. Countess Prue, 43785, Guernsey Record Cow ..

250

56. Duchess Skylark Ormsby, 124514, Holstein Record Cow..

250

57. The Number and Value of Cattle Other than Milch Cows in the

United States, April 15, 1910.

254

58. Number of Beef Cattle in the Corn Belt States, 1913.

254

59. Increase in Number of Cattle in this Country from 1890 to 1910... 255

60. Tennessee Steers in the Feed Lot ...

260

61. The Amount of Grain Required to Produce a Hundred Pounds of

Gain in Fattening Steers Increases with the Range of the Feed-

ing Period from about 730 Pounds to 1000 Pounds....

264

62. Steer Feeding Barns and Feeding Troughs on a California Cattle

267

63. Beef Cattle Fattened on Corn, Fed in Large, Flat Troughs. 268

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64. The Self-feeder is Used by Many Farmers in the Corn Belt States

for Feeding Corn or Grain Mixtures to Fattening Steers. 268

65. A Mississippi-raised “Baby Beef :' Calf..

269

66. A Grand Champion Shorthorn Bull..

270

67. Fattening Steers in California.

272

68. Draft Horses that Give a Good Account of Themselves in the

Show Ring, as Breeding Animals and for Doing Heavy Work. 278

69. Horses on the Western Range.

289

70. A Team of Farm Work Mules...

291

71. A Group of Young Berkshire Pigs.

295

72. The Amount of Feed Consumed Per 100 Pounds of Gain for

Fattening Pigs Increases with Their Live Weights...

296

73. Well-fed, Busy Youngsters that will Grow into Good Porkers.. 297

74. The “Hog Motor," a Device for Making Pigs Grind the Corn They

Eat.

298

75. Diagram Showing the Acreage of Corn and Number of Swine and

Cattle Listed in the Twelve Leading Corn-growing States

the Union, According to the Census of 1910 .

299

76 and 77. Pigs Fed for “Fat and Lean”,

301

78. Meal Time for the Swine Herd..

302

79. Making Pork on Rape and Oats.

303

80. Making Pork on Blue Grass..

304

81. A Thrifty Bunch of Sows and Pigs Crowding around the Feed

Troughs......

307

82. A Cement Feeding Floor Provided with Sanitary Substantial

Troughs is an Essential to a Well-equipped Piggery.

309

83. Portable Hog-houses with Low, Flat Roofs...

310

84. Interior Arrangement of Hog-houses at Illinois Station....

311

85. The Self-feeder Saves Labor in Feeding Pigs and other Farm

Animals...

... 313

86. A Convenient Self-feeder for Supplying Charcoal and Mineral

Matter to Pigs on Pasture..

315

87. Pure-bred Flock of Mutton Sheep at the Morgan Horse Farm... 319

88. A Fine Bunch of Yearling Rams..

320

89. A Good Type of Mutton Sheep.

320

90. Grade Dorset Lambs from Merino Ewes Make Excellent Hot-

house Lambs.....

326

91. Range Sheep in Feed Yards at Caldwell, Nevada.

328

92. A Flock of Sheep on a Western Range. .

328

93. Lamb-feeding Corrals in Nevada..

94. Winter Scene of Range Sheep in the Nevada Mountains.

330

95. A Flock of Angora Goats in the California Foothills.

332

96. An Imported Swiss Milch Goat..

333

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