Translating Italy for the Eighteenth Century: Women, Translation, and Travel Writing, 1739-1797
St. Jerome Pub., 2002 - 169 Seiten
Translating Italy in the Eighteenth Century offers a historical analysis of the role played by translation in that complex redefinition of women's writing that was taking place in Britain in the second half of the eighteenth century. It investigates the ways in which women writers managed to appropriate images of Italy and adapt them to their own purposes in a period which covers the 'moral turn' in women's writing in the 1740s and foreshadows the Romantic interest in Italy at the end of the century.
A brief survey of translations produced by women in the period 1730-1799 provides an overview of the genres favoured by women translators, such as the moral novel, sentimental play and a type of conduct literature of a distinctively 'proto-feminist' character. Elizabeth Carter's translation of Francesco Algarotti's II Newtonianesimo per le Dame (1739) is one of the best examples of the latter kind of texts. A close reading of the English translation indicates a 'proto-feminist' exploitation of the myth of Italian women's cultural prestige.
Another genre increasingly accessible to women, namely travel writing, confirms this female interest in Italy. Female travellers who visited Italy in the second half of the century, such as Hester Piozzi, observed the state of women's education through the lenses provided by Carter. Piozzi's image of Italy, a paradoxical mixture of imagination and realistic observation, became a powerful symbolic source, which enabled the fictional image of a modern, relatively egalitarian British society to take shape.
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Debates on the degree of separation between theory and practice have been a
fundamental preoccupation of translation studies since the earliest attempts at
systematizing the new discipline ( Holmes 1994 ) . This debate has been lately ...
This means that translation must look behind itself in order to justify its existence
as a textual practice . But its derivative nature is not only a ' debt ' that has to be
recognized : it is the very condition upon which the transformative power of ...
One of the favourite topics of eighteenth - century travel writers who visited Italy
was the social practice of the cavalieri serventi , or cicisbei , as the men who
accompanied married women to attend social events were familiarly called .
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Female Translators in the Eighteenth Century
Elizabeth Carters Translation of Algarottis Newtonianismo
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