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of uncollected accounts, which will be available before the date named.

If the financial pressure of the times were less stringent, we might not find it necessary to estimate so closely. But with the decline in values which now occupies the thoughts of all business men throughout the United States, it is of imperative necessity that the expenses of the institutions should also be brought down to a coin basis; and this we are endeavoring to accomplish as rapidly as possible, without injury to the interests represented.

The final result of these calculations, which have now been spread before the legislature with great minuteness of detail, is that it will be necessary to appropriate for the ordinary expenses, only, of the state institutions, for two years, from July 1, 1879, the aggregate sum of $1,050,000, of which $497,000 is for the expenses of the year 1879– 80, and $553,000 for the expenses of the year 1880–81.

The sum recommended by us may be compared first with the amount appropriated by the 30th general assembly for similar purposes for 1877–79, viz.: $1,045,636 50. But we anticipate an increase of one-fourth in the number of inmates cared for.

It may also be compared with the amount asked by the institutions themselves, which is $1,189,500. We propose to cut their requests down $145,500.

The average number of inmates during 1877–78 has been two thousand, two hundred and eighty. We estimate the average number during 1879–80, at two thousand, eight hundred and fifty-five. The amount appropriated by- the last general assembly, therefore, for ordinary expenses, was equivalent to $20. 85 annually for each inmate. The amount recommended by us is equivalent to $183 88 for each inmate. The actual expense, during the past two years, has been $2-7 98 per capita; we estimate the actual expense for the next two years at $209 10. But the excess of cost over the amount appropriated will be met out of the surplus now on hand and from the petit income.

We present, on the following page, a table exhibiting, in condensed form, all the figures which enter in to the foregoing calculation.

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ACTUAL EXPENSE.
Total ordinary expense 1877-8. $ 211,793 71 $ 203, 740 89 $ 137,217 14 $ 165 579 25 $ 52,758 53 $ 84, 702 40 $ 87,389 18 $ 31, 318 63 $ 65, 129 66 $ 1,039, 629 39
Average number of inmates.

481
492

285

65 122 283

59
173

2, 280
Cost per capita..

220 16 207 04 214 40 290 49 405 83 397 14 154 40 265 41 188 23 227 98
EXPENSE TO STATE
Total cost 1877-8.

$ 20 793 71 $ 203, 740 89 $ 137,217 14 $ 165, 579 25 $ 52,758 53 $ 84,702 40 $ 87,389 18 $ 31, 318 63 65, 129 66 1,039, 629 39
Income not from state.

19, 939 32 30,319 60 12.653 49 13, 216 51 3,500 31 5,826 94 823 18 1,408 50 8, 702 87 96, 390 75 Cost to state..

$ 191, 854 39 $ 173, 421 29 $ 124,563 65 $ 152, 362 74 49, 258 19 $ 78,875 46 $ 86,566 00 $ 29, 910 13 $ 56, 426 79 $ 943,238,64
Cost to state per capita.
199 43 176 24 194 63 267 30

378 91 323 26 151 35 253 47 163 08 206 85
ESTIMATE FOR 1879-80.
Total ordinary expense.

$ 216, 000 00 $ 240,000 00 $ 190, 000 00 $ 176,000 00 $ 54, 000 00 $ 116, 000 00$ 89, 000 00 $ 41,000 00 $ 72,000 00 $ 1,194,000.00
Average number of inmates

525 625 475 325

80 225 300 100 200

2,855 Estimated cost per capita.

205 71 192 00

200 00 270 76 337 50 240 00 148 33 205 00 175 00 .. 209 10 Income not from state.

16, 000 00 20,000 00 10,000 CO 16, 000 00 4,000 00 8,000 00 1,000 00 1, 000 00 12,000 00 88, 000 00 Estimated cost to state.

200, 000 00 220, 000 00 180,000 00 160,000 00 50,000 00 108, 000 00 88,000 00 40,000 00 60,000 001, 106, 000 00
Cost to state per capita..
190 48 176 00 189 47 246 15 312 50

146 66 200 00 150 00 ..183 88
APPROPRIATIONS NECESSARY
For year 1879-80.

$ 100, 000 00 $ 110,000 00 $ 66,000 00 $ 76,000 00 $ 21,000 00 $ 46,000 00 $ 34,000 00 $ 20,000 00 $ 24,000 00 $ 497, 000 00
For year 1880-81.

100,000 00 110, 000 00 90,000 00 80,000 0025, 000 00 54,000 00 44,000 00 20,000 00 30,000 00 553, 000 00 For both years...

$ 200,000 00 $ 220, 000 00 $ 156,000.00 $ 156, 000 00 $ 46,000 00 $ 100,000 00 $ 78, 000 00 $ 40,000 00 $ 54,000 00 $ 1,050,000 00
Probable surplus July 1, 1879.
24, 000 00 4,000 00 4,000 00 8,000 00 10,000 00

6,000 00 56,000 00
Total cost to state, two years.. $ 200,000 00 $ 220, 000 00 $ 180, 000 00 $ 160,000 00$ 50, 000 00 $ 108, 000 00 $ 88,000 00 $ 40,000 00 $ 60,000 00 $ 1,106, 000 00

COMPARISON.
Appropriations for 1877-8.

$ 199 550 00 $ 166, 086 50 $ 170,000 00 $ 154, 000 00 $ 56, 000 00 $ 116, 000 00 $ 90,000 09 $ 34,000 00 $ 60,000 00 $ 1,045, 636 50 Asked by institutions 1879-80.... 206, 500 00 230,000 00184, 000 00185, 000 00 50,000 00144, 000 00 90,000 00 40,000 0060, 000 001, 189, 500 00

SPECIAL APPROPRIATION.

The last general assembly appropriated $487,639 10 for specific uses, as follows.

For the Northern Hospital for the Insane :-
For repairs, $5,000 per annum....

grading and shrubbery, $1,000 per annum
alteration in heating and ventilation.
new boiler house.
straw barn.....
refrigerating house.
hydraulic elevator, in kitchen..
cisterns for rain water...
furniture for new rooms.
cottages and lodges..
furnishing cottages.

$10,000 00

2,000 00 10,000 00 6,897 85 1,500 00 2,500 00

500 00 1,500 00 2,000 00 6,000 00 2,000 00

Total....

$44,897 85

For the Central Hospital for the Insane :
For repairs and improvements, two years.

ironing, mending and store-rooms.
portico, walks and improvement of grounds.
amusement hall....
fire-plugs
seed house, broom shop, etc..
summer houses in airing courts.
drainage...

60

$12,000 00

7,000 00 3,000 00 2,500 00 1,500 00 1,500 00 1,000 00 1,000 00 1,200 00 75,000 00

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$105,700 00

For the Southern Hospital for the Insane :

For repairs, $5,000 per annum

improvements of grounds, $1,000 per annum.
finishing road from Anna.
coal house..
carpenter shop.
frame barn..
fire pump and hose...
rotary oven.
dry closet.

$10,000 00

2,000 00 2,500 00 1,000 00

400 00 3,500 00 1,800 00 1,000 00 2,500 00

Total...

$24,700 00

For the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb :

66

For repairs and improvements, $3,000 per annum.

pupils' library, $500 per annum.... “ workshops, machinery, etc.

coal house.. extension of sewer.

$ 6,000 00

1,000 00 15,000 00 1,000 00 1,000 00

Total...

$24,000 00

For the Institution for the Blind :

66

For repairs and improvements, $1,250 per annum.

books and maps for pupils, $500 per annum. final settlement with Bruce & Loar...

$2,500 00 1,000 00 2,701 25

$6,201 25

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Total.....
For the Asylum for Feeble-Minded Children :-
For furnishing new building.

fencing...
walks...
scales and scale house.
enclosing passage ways
barn and cow stable.
coal house..
fifteen COWS.
cisterns...
repairing boiler
Berryman heater.
twenty acres of land

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$25,000 00 1,360 00 400 00

400 00 1,000 00 2,500 00 1,000 00

500 00 1,000 00

750 00 1,030 00 4,000 00

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Total.....

$ 8,940 00

For the Soldiers' Orphans' Home :-
For improvements and repairs, $1,500 per annum.

library, school books, etc., $250 per annum.
new roof on main building.
new floors.....
painting roof and cupola
painting main building and school house.
calcimining and whitewashing .
plastering...
additional furniture..

$3,000 00

500 00 1,200 00 1,000 00

275 00 1,200 00

400 00

400 00 1,500 00

Total......

$9,475 00

For the Eye and Ear Infirmary :
For repairs and improvements, $1,500 per annum

furniture, $1,500 per annum..
boiler house, kitchen, dispensary, etc.
purchase of additional lots..

$ 3,000 00

3,000 00 5,925 00 10,000 00

Total.....

$21,925 00

For the State Reform School :

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For repairs and improvements, $2,000 per annum.

library, etc., $200 per annum....
additional building.
furnishing and heating the same...
attorney's fees, Institution vs. E. A. lement.
repairs to work shop.....

$ 4,000 00

400 00 5,500 00

500 00 400 00 1,000 00

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Total....

$11,800 00

For the Eastern Hospital for the Insane :-
For purchase of the site and farm, and for constructing

buildings, and for plumbing, heating, and for the venti-
lation of the same, and to fit the same for occupancy
and use.

$200,000 00

As will be observed, on examination of the foregoing list of appropriations, the thirtieth general assembly provided for a number of additional buildings, but for most part of comparatively small size. These smaller buildings have all been erected. They have done much to make the institutions more complete in equipment and satisfactory in working

The principal events of the past two years have been the purchase of a site and the partial erection of buildings for the new eastern hospital for the insane, at Kankakee; the extension of the hospital at Jacksonville by the building of two additional wings; the completion of the hospital at Anna; and the establishment of the asylum for feeble minded children in its new building, at Lincoln.

The new wings at‘Jacksonville are a story lower than the old ones. The wing for male patients was completed and ready for occupancy, April 15, 1878; that for female patients is not yet completed. The two have been erected without the intervention of any contractor, under the supervision of the superintendent of the hospital, in a satisfactory manner, without exceeding the amount appropriated. They will accommodate seventy-five patients cach, or one hundred and fifty in all, making the total easy capacity of the hospital six hundred.

At Elgin, also, some additional accommodation is afforded by the completion of the new cottages, one for each sex, upon the hospital grounds. The trustees and superintendent have not sufficient experience of the working of these cottages, to be able to express any very decided opinion as to their value: the one designed for men has thus far given complete satisfaction both to the patients who occupy it and to the officers of the institution; but an unfortunate suicide occurred in the cottage for women, the circumstances of which are stated in the report of the hospital. We do not see that the occurrence of a suicide in a cottage is any better reason for discarding the use of cottages than the occurrence of suicides and homicides in wards, such as are in common use, is a reason for discarding and condemning such wards. We believe that, if proper care is exercised in the selection of patients for the cottages, they will prove of great

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