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neither get into the court to live with you, nor you get into the country to live with us; so we will take up with what we can get that belongs to you, and make ourselves as happy as we can in your house.

I hope we shall be brought into no worse company, when


all come to Richmond : for whatever our friend Gay may wish as to getting into Court, I disclaim it, and desire to see nothing of the court, but yourself, being wholly and solely

Your, &c.


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July 21. OU have the same share in my meniory that good

things generally have: I always know (whenever I reflect) that you should be in my mind; only I reflect too feldom. However, you ought to allow me the indulgence I allow all my friends (and if I did not, they would take it) in consideration that they have other avocations, which may prevent the proofs of their remembring me, tho' they preserve for me all the friendihip and good-will which I deserve from them. In like manner, I expect from you, that my past life of twenty years may be set against the omilfion of (perhaps) one month: and if you complain of this to any other, 'tis you are in the spleen, and not I in the wrong. If you think this letter splenetic, conGder I have just receiv'd the news of the death of a friend, whom I esteem'd almost as many years as you; poor Fenton. He died at Easthamstead, of in

dolence and inactivity; let it not be your fate, but use exercise. I hope the Duchess * will take care of you in this respect, and, either make you gallop after her, or teize you enough at home, to serve instead of exercise abroad. Mrs Howard is so concern'd about you, and so angry at me for not writing to you, and at Mrs Blount for not doing the same, that I am piqu’d with jealousy and envy at you, and hate you as much as if you had a great place at court; which you will confess a proper cause of envy and hatred, in any Poet militant, or unpension'd. But to set matters even,

I own I love you; and own, I am, as I ever was, and just as I ever shall be,

Your, &c.


O&t. 6. 1727. I

Have many years ago magnify'd, in my own mind,

and repeated to you, a ninth Beatitude, added to the eight in the Scripture; “Blessed is he who expects “ nothing, for he fhall never be disappointed.” I could find in my heart to congratulate you on this happy dismission from all Court-dependence ; I dare say I shall find you the better and the honefter man for it, many years hence: very probably the healthfuller, and the chearfuller into the bargain. You are happily rid of many cursed Ceremonies, as well as of many ill and vicious Habits, of which few or no men escape the infection, who are hackney'd and tramelled in the ways of a court. Princes indeed, and Peers

• Of Queensberry.

(the lackies of Princes) and Ladies (the fools of Peers) will smile on you the less; but men of worth, and real friends will look on you the better. There is a thing, the only thing which Kings and Queens cannot give you (for they have it not to give) Liberty, and which is worth all they have; which, as yet, I thank God, Englishmen need not ask from their hands. You will enjoy that, and your own integrity, and the fatis. factory consciousness of having not merited such graces from courts as are bestow'd only on the mean, fervile, flattering, interested, and undeserving. The only steps to the favour of the Great are such complacencies, such compliancies, such distant decorums, as delude them in their vanities, or engage them in their passi. ons. He is their greatest favourite, who is the falsest: and when a man, by such vile gradations, arrives at the height of grandeur and power, he is then at best but in a circumstance to be hated, and in a condition to be hang’d, for serving their ends : So many a MiniIter has found it ! I believe you did not want advice, in the letter

you sent by my Lord Grantham; I presume you writ it not, without: and you could not have better, if I guess right at the person who agreed to your doing it, in respect to any Decency you ought to observe: for I take that person to be a perfect judge of decencies and forms. I am not without fears even on that person's account: I think it a bad omen: but what have I to do with Court omens ?-Dear Gay, adieu. I can Vol. VI.


only add a plain uncourtly speech: While you are ne body's servant, you may be any one's friend; and as such I embrace you, in all conditions of life. While I have a shilling, you shall have six-pence, nay eightpence, if I can contrive to live upon a groat. I am faithfully

Your, &c.



From Mr GAY to Mr Pore.

Aug. 2. 1928. WAS two or three weeks ago that I writ you

a letter; I might indeed have done it sooner I thought of you every post-day upon that account, and every other day upon fome account or other. I must beg you to give Mrs B. my sincere thanks for her kind way of thinking of me, which I have heard of more than once from our friend at court, who seem'd in the letter she writ' to be in high health and spirits. Considering the multiplicity of pleasures and delights : that one is over run with in those places, I wonder how

any body hath health and spirits enough to support them: I am heartily glad she has, and whenever I hear fo, find it contributes to mine. You see I am not

free from dependence, tho'l have lefs attendance than I had formerly; for a great deal of my own welfare still depends upon hers. Is the widow's house to be dispos'd of yet? I bave not given up my pretensions to the Dean ; if it was to be parted with, I wish one of us had it; I hope you wish fo too, and that Mrs Blount and Mrs Howard with the same, and for the very same reason that I wish it. All I could hear of you of late hath been by advertisements in news-papers, by which one would think the race of Curls was multiplied: and, by the indignation such fellows show against you,


you have more merit than any body alive could have. Homer himself hath not been worse us’d by the French. I am to tell you that the Duchess makes you her compliments, and is always inclin'd to like any thing you do; that Mr Congreve admires, with me your fortitude: and loves, not envies your performance, for we are not Dunces.



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April 13. 1730. F my friendship were as effectual as it is sincere, you

would be one of those people who would be vaftly advantaged and enrich'd by it. I ever honour'd those Popes who were most famous for Nepotisn, 'tis a sign that the old fellows loved Somebody, which is not usual in such advanced years. And I now honour Sir Robert Walpole for his extensive bounty and goodnefs to his private friends and relations. But it vexes me to the heart when I reflect, that my friendship is so much less effectual than theirs; nay fo utterly useless, that it cannot give you any thing, not even a dinner at this distance, nor help the General whoin I greatly love, to catch one fish. My only consolation is to think you happier than myself, and to begin to envy you, which is next to hating you (an excellent remedy

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